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[[Image:Chris Terrio.jpg|thumb|300px|Chris Terrio won the best adapted screenplay Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards, defeating a strong field that included Tony Kushner for Lincoln and David O Russell for Silver Linings Playbook. Terrio's screenplay was based on [http://www.wired.com/magazine/2007/04/feat_cia/ an article from Wired magazine Joshuah Bearman]<ref>[http://www.wired.com/magazine/2007/04/feat_cia/ Wired Magazine.  "How the CIA Used a Fake Sci-Fi Flick to Rescue Americans From Tehran" by Joshua Bearman.  April 24, 20107.]</ref>, as well as the [http://www.amazon.com/books/dp/0060957913 book by CIA agent Tony Mendez, ''The Master of Disguise'']<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/books/dp/0060957913 Amazon.  "The Master of Disguise: My Secret Life in the CIA" by Tony Mendez.]</ref> that tells the story of the extraction of six hostages from the 1979 US embassy siege in Iran. Argo marks Terrio's first appearance as an Academy Award nominee.<ref>[http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2013/feb/25/chris-terrio-adapted-screenplay-oscar-argo The Guardian.  "Oscars 2013: Chris Terrio wins best adapted screenplay for Argo" by Andrew Pulver.  February 24, 2013.]</ref> In his acceptance speech, Terrio dedicated his award to Mendez: "Thirty-three years ago, Tony, using nothing but his creativity and his intelligence, got six people out of a very bad situation, and I want to dedicate this to him."<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay"  February 25, 2013.]</ref> Photo:  [http://www.flickr.com/photos/disneyabc/8505523169/sizes/o/in/photostream/ Disney ABC Television Group] Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic ]]
 
[[Image:Chris Terrio.jpg|thumb|300px|Chris Terrio won the best adapted screenplay Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards, defeating a strong field that included Tony Kushner for Lincoln and David O Russell for Silver Linings Playbook. Terrio's screenplay was based on [http://www.wired.com/magazine/2007/04/feat_cia/ an article from Wired magazine Joshuah Bearman]<ref>[http://www.wired.com/magazine/2007/04/feat_cia/ Wired Magazine.  "How the CIA Used a Fake Sci-Fi Flick to Rescue Americans From Tehran" by Joshua Bearman.  April 24, 20107.]</ref>, as well as the [http://www.amazon.com/books/dp/0060957913 book by CIA agent Tony Mendez, ''The Master of Disguise'']<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/books/dp/0060957913 Amazon.  "The Master of Disguise: My Secret Life in the CIA" by Tony Mendez.]</ref> that tells the story of the extraction of six hostages from the 1979 US embassy siege in Iran. Argo marks Terrio's first appearance as an Academy Award nominee.<ref>[http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2013/feb/25/chris-terrio-adapted-screenplay-oscar-argo The Guardian.  "Oscars 2013: Chris Terrio wins best adapted screenplay for Argo" by Andrew Pulver.  February 24, 2013.]</ref> In his acceptance speech, Terrio dedicated his award to Mendez: "Thirty-three years ago, Tony, using nothing but his creativity and his intelligence, got six people out of a very bad situation, and I want to dedicate this to him."<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay"  February 25, 2013.]</ref> Photo:  [http://www.flickr.com/photos/disneyabc/8505523169/sizes/o/in/photostream/ Disney ABC Television Group] Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic ]]
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'''A Biography of Director and Screenwriter Chris Terrio'''
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by [http://hughpickens.com Hugh Pickens], July 3, 2013
 
by [http://hughpickens.com Hugh Pickens], July 3, 2013
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'''Academy Award winning screenwriter Chris Terrio is the author of the the screenplay [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=EW_Marland_and_%22The_Ends_of_the_Earth%22 "The Ends of the Earth"] about Ponca City oil magnate E. W. Marland and his wife Lydie that will be filmed in 2014 or 2015. Learn more about the Marland movie at:
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In the beginning is the word.  Movies start on paper and screenwriting is the art and craft of writing scripts that become feature films. Screenwriters are responsible for researching the story, developing the narrative, writing the screenplay, and delivering it in the required format to development executives. Screenwriters therefore have great influence over the creative direction and emotional impact of the screenplay and, arguably, of the finished film. They either pitch original ideas to producers in the hope that they will be optioned or sold, or screenwriters are commissioned by a producer to create a screenplay from a concept, true story, existing screen work or literary work, such as a novel, poem, play, comic book or short story.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_1:1 Wikipedia. "John 1:1"  retrieved June 20, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://www.utsandiego.com/uniontrib/20080224/news_1a24script.html  UT San Diego.  "In the beginning was the word" by Lee Grant.  February 24, 2008.]</ref><ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screenwriting Wikipedia.  "Screenwriting" retrieved June 20, 2013.]</ref>
*[http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=EW_Marland_and_%22The_Ends_of_the_Earth%22 The Ends of the Earth]'''
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In the beginning is the word.  Movies start on paper and screenwriting is the art and craft of writing scripts for feature films. Screenwriters are responsible for researching the story, developing the narrative, writing the screenplay, and delivering it in the required format to development executives. Screenwriters therefore have great influence over the creative direction and emotional impact of the screenplay and, arguably, of the finished film. They either pitch original ideas to producers in the hope that they will be optioned or sold, or screenwriters are commissioned by a producer to create a screenplay from a concept, true story, existing screen work or literary work, such as a novel, poem, play, comic book or short story.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_1:1 Wikipedia. "John 1:1"  retrieved June 20, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://www.utsandiego.com/uniontrib/20080224/news_1a24script.html  UT San Diego.  "In the beginning was the word" by Lee Grant.  February 24, 2008.]</ref><ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screenwriting Wikipedia.  "Screenwriting" retrieved June 20, 2013.]</ref>
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'''Chris Terrio,''' born on December 31, 1976 in Midland Beach, NY,<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay"  February 25, 2013.]</ref> is an Academy Award winning American film director and screenwriter based in New York City.  Terrio won the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_Award_for_Best_Adapted_Screenplay Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay]<ref>http://www.oscars.org/</ref> on February 24, 2013, for his  screenplay for ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argo_(2012_film) Argo]''—which was directed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Affleck Ben Affleck], and released by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warner_Bros._Pictures Warner Bros. Pictures]. On February 17, 2013, Terrio also won the Writers Guild Award for Best Adapted Screenplay of 2012.<ref>[http://www.wga.org/wga-awards/nominees-winners.aspx The Writers Guild Awards.  "2013 Nominees and Winners"]</ref> At the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/70th_Golden_Globe_Awards 70th Golden Globe Awards] Terrio was nominated for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Globe_Award_for_Best_Screenplay Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay]. The Argo script also brought Terrio a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BAFTA BAFTA] nomination and the 2013 Los Angeles Film Critics Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Wikipedia. "Chris Terrio"  retrieved May 23, 2013.]</ref>
 
'''Chris Terrio,''' born on December 31, 1976 in Midland Beach, NY,<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay"  February 25, 2013.]</ref> is an Academy Award winning American film director and screenwriter based in New York City.  Terrio won the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_Award_for_Best_Adapted_Screenplay Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay]<ref>http://www.oscars.org/</ref> on February 24, 2013, for his  screenplay for ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argo_(2012_film) Argo]''—which was directed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Affleck Ben Affleck], and released by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warner_Bros._Pictures Warner Bros. Pictures]. On February 17, 2013, Terrio also won the Writers Guild Award for Best Adapted Screenplay of 2012.<ref>[http://www.wga.org/wga-awards/nominees-winners.aspx The Writers Guild Awards.  "2013 Nominees and Winners"]</ref> At the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/70th_Golden_Globe_Awards 70th Golden Globe Awards] Terrio was nominated for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Globe_Award_for_Best_Screenplay Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay]. The Argo script also brought Terrio a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BAFTA BAFTA] nomination and the 2013 Los Angeles Film Critics Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Wikipedia. "Chris Terrio"  retrieved May 23, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
==Path to Filmmaking==
 
==Path to Filmmaking==
[[Image:Chris terrio yearbook.jpg|thumb|200px|1993 yearbook shows a picture of Chris Terrio when he went to St. Joseph by-the-Sea High School. “Chris was dynamic — spectacular from the day he walked into the building,” says Josephine Cummings, who taught honors English at the Catholic school for 36 years adding that Chris "had a big mind and character.”<ref>[http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv-movies/staten-island-chris-terrio-shocked-win-oscar-writing-argo-article-1.1273316 NY Daily News. "Oscars 2013: Chris Terrio was 'shocked' to win Academy Award for writing 'Argo' by Joe Dziemianowicz.  February 25, 2013.]</ref>]]
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[[Image:Terriohighschool.jpg|thumb|250px|1993 yearbook shows a picture of Chris Terrio when he went to St. Joseph by-the-Sea High School. “Chris was dynamic — spectacular from the day he walked into the building,” says Josephine Cummings, who taught honors English at the Catholic school for 36 years adding that Chris "had a big mind and character.”<ref>[http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv-movies/staten-island-chris-terrio-shocked-win-oscar-writing-argo-article-1.1273316 NY Daily News. "Oscars 2013: Chris Terrio was 'shocked' to win Academy Award for writing 'Argo' by Joe Dziemianowicz.  February 25, 2013.]</ref><html><HR></html>'''Yearbook Caption: <html><BR></html>Altar Servers 9, 10, 11, 12; <html><BR></html>Catholic Action 9, 10, 11, 12; <html><BR></html>Dance Committee 10; <html><BR></html>Debate Team 10, 11, 12; <html><BR></html>Drama 9, 10, 11, 12; <html><BR></html>ITV 9, 10, 11, 12; <html><BR></html>National Honor Society 11, 12; <html><BR></html>Newspaper 11, 12; <html><BR></html>Student Council 10, 12; <html><BR><BR></html>"The future... it is in the depths, small, isolated, a pin-point, brilliant but threatened on all sides by the dark forces that surrounds it; nevertheless, no more danger than a star in the jaws of the clouds." (Victor) Hugo.<html><BR><BR></html>"If you don't understand my silence, you will never understand my words."]]
 
[[Image:Sea high school.jpg|thumb|450px|Terrio grew up in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hell's_Kitchen,_Manhattan Hell's Kitchen] and Staten Island<ref>[http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323549204578316334199702650.html WSJ.  "The Oscars' Outside Man" by Barbara Chai.  February 20, 2013.]</ref> and his path to filmmaking began with impressive high-school grades at St. Joseph by-the-Sea High School<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Advance.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay" by John Annese.  Feruary 25, 2013.]</ref> at in Staten Island.  St. Joseph by-the-Sea High School (also known as SJS or Sea) is a co-educational Catholic school in the Huguenot neighborhood of Staten Island, New York. Though technically an independent school, it functions for all intents and purposes as a school of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York; though it has its own board of trustees. The school serves approximately 1,400 young men and women in 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th grades.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Joseph_by_the_Sea_High_School Wikipedia.  "St. Joseph by the Sea High School" retrieved on July 19, 2013.]</ref>]]
 
[[Image:Sea high school.jpg|thumb|450px|Terrio grew up in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hell's_Kitchen,_Manhattan Hell's Kitchen] and Staten Island<ref>[http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323549204578316334199702650.html WSJ.  "The Oscars' Outside Man" by Barbara Chai.  February 20, 2013.]</ref> and his path to filmmaking began with impressive high-school grades at St. Joseph by-the-Sea High School<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Advance.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay" by John Annese.  Feruary 25, 2013.]</ref> at in Staten Island.  St. Joseph by-the-Sea High School (also known as SJS or Sea) is a co-educational Catholic school in the Huguenot neighborhood of Staten Island, New York. Though technically an independent school, it functions for all intents and purposes as a school of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York; though it has its own board of trustees. The school serves approximately 1,400 young men and women in 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th grades.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Joseph_by_the_Sea_High_School Wikipedia.  "St. Joseph by the Sea High School" retrieved on July 19, 2013.]</ref>]]
 
[[Image:Adams House.jpg|thumb|450px|Terrio studied English and American literature at Harvard University and while at college acted and directed in theatre<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ A Laughter of Inner Devils ~ N.P. Thompson on film, books, and the visual arts. "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N.P. Thompson.  June 16, 2005.]</ref> graduating in 1997.<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html The Harvard University Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 2997.]</ref> While at Harvard Terrio lived at Adams House. Adams House is one of the twelve undergraduate houses at Harvard University, located between Harvard Square and the Charles River in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Before Harvard College opted to use a system of randomization to assign living quarters to upperclassmen, students were allowed to list housing preferences, which led to the congregation of like-minded individuals at various Houses. Under the aegis of Masters Bob and Jana Kiely (1972–1999) Adams became an artistic and literary haven; during this period, Adams also became widely regarded as the most gay-friendly house, in an era before equal rights for people of different sexual orientations were even considered a viable alternative at Harvard. Adams, under the Kielys, was also the first Harvard House to become fully co-ed. Notable residents of Adams House include Franklin D. Roosevelt, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Charles Schumer, Henry Kissinger, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., William Randolph Hearst, Jr., William Burroughs, Robert Frost, and Buckminster Fuller.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adams_House_(Harvard_University) Wikipedia.  "Adams House"  retrieved July 19, 2013.]</ref> Photo: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Adams_House_Dining_Hall.JPG Wikipedia]]]
 
[[Image:Adams House.jpg|thumb|450px|Terrio studied English and American literature at Harvard University and while at college acted and directed in theatre<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ A Laughter of Inner Devils ~ N.P. Thompson on film, books, and the visual arts. "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N.P. Thompson.  June 16, 2005.]</ref> graduating in 1997.<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html The Harvard University Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 2997.]</ref> While at Harvard Terrio lived at Adams House. Adams House is one of the twelve undergraduate houses at Harvard University, located between Harvard Square and the Charles River in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Before Harvard College opted to use a system of randomization to assign living quarters to upperclassmen, students were allowed to list housing preferences, which led to the congregation of like-minded individuals at various Houses. Under the aegis of Masters Bob and Jana Kiely (1972–1999) Adams became an artistic and literary haven; during this period, Adams also became widely regarded as the most gay-friendly house, in an era before equal rights for people of different sexual orientations were even considered a viable alternative at Harvard. Adams, under the Kielys, was also the first Harvard House to become fully co-ed. Notable residents of Adams House include Franklin D. Roosevelt, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Charles Schumer, Henry Kissinger, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., William Randolph Hearst, Jr., William Burroughs, Robert Frost, and Buckminster Fuller.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adams_House_(Harvard_University) Wikipedia.  "Adams House"  retrieved July 19, 2013.]</ref> Photo: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Adams_House_Dining_Hall.JPG Wikipedia]]]
  
===Early Life and Education===
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===1977: Early Life and Education===
 
Chris Terrio (Full name:  Christopher Francis Terrio<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/05.29/HoopesPrizesGoT.html Harvard News. "Hoopes Prizes Go To Undergraduates and Thesis Advisers"  May 29, 1997.]</ref>) was born on December 31, 1976 in Midland Beach, NY<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay"  February 25, 2013.]</ref> and grew up in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hell's_Kitchen,_Manhattan Hell's Kitchen] and [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staten_Island Staten Island].<ref>[http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323549204578316334199702650.html WSJ.  "The Oscars' Outside Man" by Barbara Chai.  February 20, 2013.]</ref> "I was born in New York and every day rode the Staten Island ferry so my dream job was to be out on the water all day doing something that felt like it had some tangible reality," said Terrio.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ui2kFHP-bSc Hollywood Reporter.  "The Writers: Full Uncensored Interview" November 15, 2012.]</ref> Since he was a boy, Terrio loved New York and never felt that his home was anywhere else.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/movies/05gold.html?_r=0 New York Times.  "How Her Little Play Became His Big Movie" by Sylviane Gold.  June 5, 2005.]</ref> "I would take the boat into Manhattan all the time and look up at the kind of Emerald City Skyline. Since I was 8 years old, I've had a slightly romantic view of the city."<ref>Palm Beach Post. "Director Fell in Love with NYC as a Child" by Hap Erstein.  July 8, 2005.</ref>
 
Chris Terrio (Full name:  Christopher Francis Terrio<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/05.29/HoopesPrizesGoT.html Harvard News. "Hoopes Prizes Go To Undergraduates and Thesis Advisers"  May 29, 1997.]</ref>) was born on December 31, 1976 in Midland Beach, NY<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay"  February 25, 2013.]</ref> and grew up in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hell's_Kitchen,_Manhattan Hell's Kitchen] and [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staten_Island Staten Island].<ref>[http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323549204578316334199702650.html WSJ.  "The Oscars' Outside Man" by Barbara Chai.  February 20, 2013.]</ref> "I was born in New York and every day rode the Staten Island ferry so my dream job was to be out on the water all day doing something that felt like it had some tangible reality," said Terrio.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ui2kFHP-bSc Hollywood Reporter.  "The Writers: Full Uncensored Interview" November 15, 2012.]</ref> Since he was a boy, Terrio loved New York and never felt that his home was anywhere else.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/movies/05gold.html?_r=0 New York Times.  "How Her Little Play Became His Big Movie" by Sylviane Gold.  June 5, 2005.]</ref> "I would take the boat into Manhattan all the time and look up at the kind of Emerald City Skyline. Since I was 8 years old, I've had a slightly romantic view of the city."<ref>Palm Beach Post. "Director Fell in Love with NYC as a Child" by Hap Erstein.  July 8, 2005.</ref>
  
 
Terrio's path to filmmaking began with impressive high-school grades at St. Joseph by-the-Sea High School<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Advance.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay" by John Annese.  February 25, 2013.]</ref> in Staten Island where he graduated in 1993. "I went to Catholic school for 12 years, where my very good Latin teacher said, 'You don't have to be timid about where you apply'" so Terrio became the first from his school to go to Harvard.<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref>
 
Terrio's path to filmmaking began with impressive high-school grades at St. Joseph by-the-Sea High School<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Advance.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay" by John Annese.  February 25, 2013.]</ref> in Staten Island where he graduated in 1993. "I went to Catholic school for 12 years, where my very good Latin teacher said, 'You don't have to be timid about where you apply'" so Terrio became the first from his school to go to Harvard.<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref>
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“Chris was dynamic — spectacular from the day he walked into the building,” says Josephine Cummings, who taught honors English at the Catholic school for 36 years adding that Chris "had a big mind and character.”<ref>[http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv-movies/staten-island-chris-terrio-shocked-win-oscar-writing-argo-article-1.1273316 NY Daily News. "Oscars 2013: Chris Terrio was 'shocked' to win Academy Award for writing 'Argo' by Joe Dziemianowicz.  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
While in High School Terrio worked as a teen correspondent for the Staten Island Advance newspaper<ref>[http://www.examiner.com/article/staten-island-s-chris-terrio-wins-for-argo The Examiner.  "Staten Island's Chris Terrio wins for 'Argo'" by Elena Hart-Cohen.  February 26, 2013.]</ref> but chose not to pursue a career in journalism. "I wasn't good enough, I was too lazy... I'm a little bit too manic to let things happen for me, and when you're a journalist and trying to prod people in the wrong way then it's disastrous."<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay"  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
 
While in High School Terrio worked as a teen correspondent for the Staten Island Advance newspaper<ref>[http://www.examiner.com/article/staten-island-s-chris-terrio-wins-for-argo The Examiner.  "Staten Island's Chris Terrio wins for 'Argo'" by Elena Hart-Cohen.  February 26, 2013.]</ref> but chose not to pursue a career in journalism. "I wasn't good enough, I was too lazy... I'm a little bit too manic to let things happen for me, and when you're a journalist and trying to prod people in the wrong way then it's disastrous."<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay"  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
  
===Harvard University===
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===1993: Harvard University===
 
Terrio studied English and American literature at Harvard University and while at college acted and directed in theatre<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ A Laughter of Inner Devils ~ N.P. Thompson on film, books, and the visual arts. "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N.P. Thompson.  June 16, 2005.]</ref> graduating in 1997.<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html The Harvard University Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 1997.]</ref>
 
Terrio studied English and American literature at Harvard University and while at college acted and directed in theatre<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ A Laughter of Inner Devils ~ N.P. Thompson on film, books, and the visual arts. "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N.P. Thompson.  June 16, 2005.]</ref> graduating in 1997.<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html The Harvard University Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 1997.]</ref>
  
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In 1997 Terrio wrote his senior thesis on Virginia Woolf<ref>[https://twitter.com/vlryan/status/305901920374095872 Twitter.  Vanessa Ryan.  February 24, 2013.]</ref> entitled '''The Greatest Book in the World': Toward Virginia Woolf's Literary Phenomenology'' winning a $2,500 Thomas Temple Hoopes Prize for excellence in scholarly work and research for his thesis together with his supervisor [http://dornsife.usc.edu/cf/faculty-and-staff/faculty.cfm?pid=1003327 Professor William Handley].<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/05.29/HoopesPrizesGoT.html Harvard News. "Hoopes Prizes Go To Undergraduates and Thesis Advisers"  May 29, 1997.]</ref> “My thesis was on phenomenological philosophers and modernist writers. Somehow I ended up in film.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Maples.  July 18, 2008.]</ref>  Terrio continued his interest in Woolf and in 2005 said he hoped one day to do a film adaption of one of Woolf's novels. "Some day I'd like to do the film that's closest to my heart and my training, you know--maybe some day I'd do an adaptation of something like [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Waves ''The Waves''] or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/To_the_Lighthouse ''To The Lighthouse''] and really see if I have the muscle to be faithful to Woolf in a different medium," says Terrio.  "I'm so much a Woolf lover that even in mentioning [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orlando:_A_Biography ''Orlando''] and how much I love Tilda Swinton in that film, I have to say that it falls pretty far short--not to mention [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mrs_Dalloway ''Mrs. Dalloway,''] which, no matter how great Vanessa Redgrave is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mrs_Dalloway_(film) in that film], is essentially not a Woolf anymore after all was said and done there. You'd think with the script and the actor, they would've gotten closer--but it's tricky."<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20120305080738/http://filmfreakcentral.net/notes/cterriointerview.htm Film Freak Central.  "HEIGHTS director Chris Terrio isn't afraid of Virginia Woolf" by Walter Chaw.  July 10, 2005.]</ref>
 
In 1997 Terrio wrote his senior thesis on Virginia Woolf<ref>[https://twitter.com/vlryan/status/305901920374095872 Twitter.  Vanessa Ryan.  February 24, 2013.]</ref> entitled '''The Greatest Book in the World': Toward Virginia Woolf's Literary Phenomenology'' winning a $2,500 Thomas Temple Hoopes Prize for excellence in scholarly work and research for his thesis together with his supervisor [http://dornsife.usc.edu/cf/faculty-and-staff/faculty.cfm?pid=1003327 Professor William Handley].<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/05.29/HoopesPrizesGoT.html Harvard News. "Hoopes Prizes Go To Undergraduates and Thesis Advisers"  May 29, 1997.]</ref> “My thesis was on phenomenological philosophers and modernist writers. Somehow I ended up in film.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Maples.  July 18, 2008.]</ref>  Terrio continued his interest in Woolf and in 2005 said he hoped one day to do a film adaption of one of Woolf's novels. "Some day I'd like to do the film that's closest to my heart and my training, you know--maybe some day I'd do an adaptation of something like [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Waves ''The Waves''] or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/To_the_Lighthouse ''To The Lighthouse''] and really see if I have the muscle to be faithful to Woolf in a different medium," says Terrio.  "I'm so much a Woolf lover that even in mentioning [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orlando:_A_Biography ''Orlando''] and how much I love Tilda Swinton in that film, I have to say that it falls pretty far short--not to mention [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mrs_Dalloway ''Mrs. Dalloway,''] which, no matter how great Vanessa Redgrave is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mrs_Dalloway_(film) in that film], is essentially not a Woolf anymore after all was said and done there. You'd think with the script and the actor, they would've gotten closer--but it's tricky."<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20120305080738/http://filmfreakcentral.net/notes/cterriointerview.htm Film Freak Central.  "HEIGHTS director Chris Terrio isn't afraid of Virginia Woolf" by Walter Chaw.  July 10, 2005.]</ref>
  
===University of Cambridge===
+
===1998: University of Cambridge===
After Harvard Terrio was among four scholarship winners chosen from 124 applicants<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html Harvard University Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 1997.]</ref> to attend University of Cambridge<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> under a Harvard-Cambridge Scholarship after being the named the John Eliot Scholarship recipient at Jesus College in 1997.<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html Harvard University Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 1997.]</ref> “I did undergrad at Harvard in Literature," says Terrio. "But because John Harvard went to Cambridge, they have this thing called the Harvard Scholarship Fellowship where they send a couple of scholars from Harvard to Cambridge to do graduate work. You live in John Harvard’s rooms and go to cocktail parties. It’s a fantastic thing. You get travel money. I don’t think I’ve ever been as rich as I was that year."<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05  Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2013.]</ref>
+
After Harvard Terrio was among four scholarship winners chosen from 124 applicants<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html Harvard University Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 1997.]</ref> to attend University of Cambridge<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> under a Harvard-Cambridge Scholarship after being named the John Eliot Scholarship recipient at Jesus College in 1997.<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html Harvard University Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 1997.]</ref> “I did undergrad at Harvard in Literature," says Terrio. "But because John Harvard went to Cambridge, they have this thing called the Harvard Scholarship Fellowship where they send a couple of scholars from Harvard to Cambridge to do graduate work. You live in John Harvard’s rooms and go to cocktail parties. It’s a fantastic thing. You get travel money. I don’t think I’ve ever been as rich as I was that year."<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05  Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
Terrio studied English Modernism at the University of Cambridge, specifically [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenomenology_(philosophy) phenomenological philosophy], the study of the structures of subjective experience and consciousness, and how that affected ideas about time and subjectivity.<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20120305080738/http://filmfreakcentral.net/notes/cterriointerview.htm Film Freak Central.  "HEIGHTS director Chris Terrio isn't afraid of Virginia Woolf" by Walter Chaw.  June 28, 2007.]</ref> "The real and the really false, make-believe and belief-made, were distinctions which held no meaning for me as a boy," Terrio wrote in his application essay. "In college, my academic passion has been, through literature, to explore those processes which construct and re-make our experience of the actual world."<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html Harvard University Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 1997.]</ref> At Cambridge Terrio extended his undergraduate studies of Woolf to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T._S._Eliot T. S. Eliot] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Heidegger Heidegger]. "Heidegger, especially, rocked me. Heidegger is endlessly applicable to film but I say that with this strong caveat that I'm nowhere advanced enough making movies to have even thought about how to apply this stuff," said Terrio in 2005 adding that "theory is one thing and practice is another and I'm nowhere near to the point, if I ever get to the point, where I can blend the two like, say, someone like [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Luc_Godard Godard] does."<ref>[http://www.filmfreakcentral.net/ffc/2013/07/the-modernist-ffc-interviews-chris-terrio.html Film Freak Central.  "The Modernist: FFC Interviews Chris Terrio"  by Walter Chaw.  July 10, 2005.]</ref>
 
Terrio studied English Modernism at the University of Cambridge, specifically [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenomenology_(philosophy) phenomenological philosophy], the study of the structures of subjective experience and consciousness, and how that affected ideas about time and subjectivity.<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20120305080738/http://filmfreakcentral.net/notes/cterriointerview.htm Film Freak Central.  "HEIGHTS director Chris Terrio isn't afraid of Virginia Woolf" by Walter Chaw.  June 28, 2007.]</ref> "The real and the really false, make-believe and belief-made, were distinctions which held no meaning for me as a boy," Terrio wrote in his application essay. "In college, my academic passion has been, through literature, to explore those processes which construct and re-make our experience of the actual world."<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html Harvard University Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 1997.]</ref> At Cambridge Terrio extended his undergraduate studies of Woolf to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T._S._Eliot T. S. Eliot] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Heidegger Heidegger]. "Heidegger, especially, rocked me. Heidegger is endlessly applicable to film but I say that with this strong caveat that I'm nowhere advanced enough making movies to have even thought about how to apply this stuff," said Terrio in 2005 adding that "theory is one thing and practice is another and I'm nowhere near to the point, if I ever get to the point, where I can blend the two like, say, someone like [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Luc_Godard Godard] does."<ref>[http://www.filmfreakcentral.net/ffc/2013/07/the-modernist-ffc-interviews-chris-terrio.html Film Freak Central.  "The Modernist: FFC Interviews Chris Terrio"  by Walter Chaw.  July 10, 2005.]</ref>
  
Headed for a Ph.D. in literature, Terrio felt "the walls closing in"<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/movies/05gold.html?_r=0 New York Times.  "How Her Little Play Became His Big Movie" by Sylviane Gold.  June 5, 2005.]</ref> and made the decision to go into film while at Cambridge. "I was going to go to graduate school in English and philosophy in language theory and [things] like that,"<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ui2kFHP-bSc Hollywood Reporter.  "The Writers: Full Uncensored Interview" November 15, 2012.]</ref> says Terrio but after a while he found himself hanging out at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art all the time and not doing any of his course work at Cambridge. "That’s kind of when I began getting tipped off that I should do something else," said Terrio.<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ A Laughter of Inner Devils ~ N.P. Thompson on film, books, and the visual arts. "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N.P. Thompson.  June 16, 2005.]</ref> "I thought maybe I would a professor and write about books.  I thought maybe I would write for the theatre. Then one day, we were at Cambridge, and I said what about film?"<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJbD6-74Tq8 YouTube.  "Chris Terrio at the Alianza Part 4"]</ref> "I wanted to write but I wasn't quite sure what I wanted to write.  I didn't know if I wanted to write fiction, or plays so I decided to go to film school. I had never been to California before but I worked for a summer for a law firm as a legal assistant to make some money then I just got in a car and drove [out to USC Film School]."<ref>[http://www.voicebase.com/autonotes/public_detail/244454/refine/Cambridge WNYC.  "Chris Terrio on Writing the "Argo" Screenplay"]</ref>
+
Headed for a Ph.D. in literature, Terrio felt "the walls closing in"<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/movies/05gold.html?_r=0 New York Times.  "How Her Little Play Became His Big Movie" by Sylviane Gold.  June 5, 2005.]</ref> and made the decision to go into film while at Cambridge. "I was going to go to graduate school in English and philosophy in language theory and [things] like that,"<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ui2kFHP-bSc Hollywood Reporter.  "The Writers: Full Uncensored Interview" November 15, 2012.]</ref> says Terrio but after a while he found himself hanging out at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art all the time and not doing any of his course work at Cambridge. "That’s kind of when I began getting tipped off that I should do something else," said Terrio.<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ A Laughter of Inner Devils ~ N.P. Thompson on film, books, and the visual arts. "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N.P. Thompson.  June 16, 2005.]</ref> "I thought maybe I would [become] a professor and write about books.  I thought maybe I would write for the theatre. Then one day, we were at Cambridge, and I said what about film?"<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJbD6-74Tq8 YouTube.  "Chris Terrio at the Alianza Part 4"]</ref> "I wanted to write but I wasn't quite sure what I wanted to write.  I didn't know if I wanted to write fiction, or plays so I decided to go to film school. I had never been to California before but I worked for a summer for a law firm as a legal assistant to make some money then I just got in a car and drove [out to USC Film School]."<ref>[http://www.voicebase.com/autonotes/public_detail/244454/refine/Cambridge WNYC.  "Chris Terrio on Writing the "Argo" Screenplay"]</ref>
  
===USC School of Cinematic Arts===
+
===2000: USC School of Cinematic Arts===
 
After Cambridge Terrio began to feel "the pressure to be specialized" and get on the the Ph.D. track but instead applied to USC film school, which was amenable to Terrio's scholarship in place of a Super-8 background.<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio"  by Sheila Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref>  "I was at University of Cambridge studying literature and I was getting claustrophobic and I knew that I didn't want to do that for the rest of my life and I decided to go to USC film school."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref> Terrio was admitted to the MFA program in directing at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USC_School_of_Cinematic_Arts USC School of Cinematic Arts] receiving his master's degree from USC in 2002 in film production.<ref>[http://cinema.usc.edu/alumni/hotsheet/2012_08.cfm USC Cinematic Art.  "Hot Sheet"  August 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Wikipedia.  "Chris Terrio"  retrieved May 23, 2013.]</ref> “In Cambridge I found myself always working in theater and working with actors and hanging out in London at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. So I just decided that I would try film. I’d never done anything serious with film. So luckily they took a chance on me at USC and I got in."<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05  Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2013.]</ref>
 
After Cambridge Terrio began to feel "the pressure to be specialized" and get on the the Ph.D. track but instead applied to USC film school, which was amenable to Terrio's scholarship in place of a Super-8 background.<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio"  by Sheila Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref>  "I was at University of Cambridge studying literature and I was getting claustrophobic and I knew that I didn't want to do that for the rest of my life and I decided to go to USC film school."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref> Terrio was admitted to the MFA program in directing at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USC_School_of_Cinematic_Arts USC School of Cinematic Arts] receiving his master's degree from USC in 2002 in film production.<ref>[http://cinema.usc.edu/alumni/hotsheet/2012_08.cfm USC Cinematic Art.  "Hot Sheet"  August 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Wikipedia.  "Chris Terrio"  retrieved May 23, 2013.]</ref> “In Cambridge I found myself always working in theater and working with actors and hanging out in London at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. So I just decided that I would try film. I’d never done anything serious with film. So luckily they took a chance on me at USC and I got in."<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05  Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
Terrio has mixed feelings about his two years at USC Film School. "There were certain professors there that I really loved.  I don't like to talk shit about [USC] because then I feel like it impugns them and what they did. There were three or four people there that were really great. I have more complicated feelings about film school in general. It's tough. Obviously USC has a great film school, one of the best, but it is tough to take whatever nugget of thing that you have if you want to be a writer or a filmmaker and then sort of try to give it grades and structure it into a program. The ideal film school I think would be just a community of people, peers who are just reading each other's stuff and maybe some of them are older and have had experience. It's always a mixed bag as with any art school but the great thing is that they have toys. They have these endowments so you can get experience working on an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avid_Technology avid]. You learn what editing is and you learn what lens are which. I think that is really valuable."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref>
 
Terrio has mixed feelings about his two years at USC Film School. "There were certain professors there that I really loved.  I don't like to talk shit about [USC] because then I feel like it impugns them and what they did. There were three or four people there that were really great. I have more complicated feelings about film school in general. It's tough. Obviously USC has a great film school, one of the best, but it is tough to take whatever nugget of thing that you have if you want to be a writer or a filmmaker and then sort of try to give it grades and structure it into a program. The ideal film school I think would be just a community of people, peers who are just reading each other's stuff and maybe some of them are older and have had experience. It's always a mixed bag as with any art school but the great thing is that they have toys. They have these endowments so you can get experience working on an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avid_Technology avid]. You learn what editing is and you learn what lens are which. I think that is really valuable."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref>
  
"I had no technical knowledge of film before that.  I was afraid of the dolly.  I think that what film school does is it kind of immerses you in that so if you have a story to tell, you have the tools to tell it with but I don't think that film school is ever going to help you discover yourself creatively. Film schools in fact sometimes work against that because they put you more into a three act Hollywood structure," said Terrio. "This is very true of many art schools.  The very thing that made you want to go there is beaten out of you. I can't complain about USC, it's a good program but I have mixed feelings about it in general."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref>
+
"I had no technical knowledge of film before that.  I was afraid of the dolly.  I think that what film school does is it kind of immerses you in that so if you have a story to tell, you have the tools to tell it with but I don't think that film school is ever going to help you discover yourself creatively. Film schools in fact sometimes work against that because they put you more into a three act Hollywood structure," said Terrio. "This is very true of many art schools.  The very thing that made you want to go there is beaten out of you. I can't complain about USC, it's a good program but I have mixed feelings about it in general."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref> According to Marty Mapes many film schools teach production, storytelling, even finance but it is surprising how blue-collar most of the film industry really is. "Art and literature too often get lost in the shuffle," says Mapes. "So it’s inspiring and vindicating to see Terrio, a Harvard-educated literature major, make it in film."<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref>
  
 
While at USC Film School in 2000, Terrio was co-editor with Yana Gorskaya of ''Meet Joe Gay'', "a charming documentary by a 27-year-old gay man that expresses his attempts to understand why he’s single and what it takes to have a successful relationship." The film screened at several film festivals. ''Meet Joe Gay'' was released in 2007 in ''First OUT,'' a DVD collection of award-winning gay-themed short films intended to showcase works from filmmakers in the gay community as well as other filmmakers whose work reflects the lives of those in the gay community.<ref>[http://www.villagelighthouse.com/firstout/documents/firstout_press_kit.pdf Village Lighthouse.  "Alluvial Filmworks Releases Collection of Gay-Themed Short Films"  January 2, 2007.]</ref>
 
While at USC Film School in 2000, Terrio was co-editor with Yana Gorskaya of ''Meet Joe Gay'', "a charming documentary by a 27-year-old gay man that expresses his attempts to understand why he’s single and what it takes to have a successful relationship." The film screened at several film festivals. ''Meet Joe Gay'' was released in 2007 in ''First OUT,'' a DVD collection of award-winning gay-themed short films intended to showcase works from filmmakers in the gay community as well as other filmmakers whose work reflects the lives of those in the gay community.<ref>[http://www.villagelighthouse.com/firstout/documents/firstout_press_kit.pdf Village Lighthouse.  "Alluvial Filmworks Releases Collection of Gay-Themed Short Films"  January 2, 2007.]</ref>
  
Terrio headed back to New York City from California the night his student film was completed.  "I had my car packed up in the parking lot of FotoKem and I left straight from there," said Terrio adding that he holds no grudge towards Los Angeles, a city he once called "one big parking lot".<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref>  "It's more that there's something about being Back East that's just in my DNA.  Maybe as New Yorkers we fetishize misery and the slightly less pleasant day-to-day living in a big city."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref>
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Terrio headed back to New York City from California the night his student film was completed.  "I had my car packed up in the parking lot of FotoKem and I left straight from there," said Terrio adding that he holds no grudge towards Los Angeles, a city he once called "one big parking lot".<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref>  "It's more that there's something about being Back East that's just in my DNA.  Maybe as New Yorkers we fetishize misery and the slightly less pleasant day-to-day living in a big city."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> "I didn't do very well at the environment of Los Angeles," Terrio said. "I don't like driving and I feel that I work better when I'm able to walk and see people around me all the time."<ref>[https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887323549204578316334199702650 Wall Street Journal. "The Oscars' Outside Man" by Barbara Chai. February 20, 2013]</ref>
  
==Working with Merchant Ivory==
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==2000: Working with Merchant Ivory==
 
[[Image:James ivory.jpg|thumb|450px|While Terrio was at Cambridge James Ivory came there to speak. "I did something kind of nervy. I had written him a letter saying ‘hey, I saw you speak and I thought you were very impressive and if you want to throw me some pointers sometime on how to do it, you let me know.’ To my astonishment, about three weeks later, there was a handwritten letter from him in my box.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref> Photo: [http://www.flickr.com/photos/uocinema/6211189969/sizes/l/in/photostream/ UO Cinema] Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic]]
 
[[Image:James ivory.jpg|thumb|450px|While Terrio was at Cambridge James Ivory came there to speak. "I did something kind of nervy. I had written him a letter saying ‘hey, I saw you speak and I thought you were very impressive and if you want to throw me some pointers sometime on how to do it, you let me know.’ To my astonishment, about three weeks later, there was a handwritten letter from him in my box.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref> Photo: [http://www.flickr.com/photos/uocinema/6211189969/sizes/l/in/photostream/ UO Cinema] Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic]]
 
While Terrio was at Cambridge James Ivory came there to speak. "I did something kind of nervy. I had written him a letter saying ‘hey, I saw you speak and I thought you were very impressive and if you want to throw me some pointers sometime on how to do it, you let me know.’"<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref>
 
While Terrio was at Cambridge James Ivory came there to speak. "I did something kind of nervy. I had written him a letter saying ‘hey, I saw you speak and I thought you were very impressive and if you want to throw me some pointers sometime on how to do it, you let me know.’"<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref>
Line 68: Line 69:
 
"I knew that they were planning to do this Henry James film. You know that English and American modernism, that period is one of the great loves of my academic life so I said (in the letter) 'Hey, hook me up if the time ever comes.' I said I'll do anything on the film.  I'll wear one of those orange jump suits and sweep. I don't care. I just want to be there."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref>
 
"I knew that they were planning to do this Henry James film. You know that English and American modernism, that period is one of the great loves of my academic life so I said (in the letter) 'Hey, hook me up if the time ever comes.' I said I'll do anything on the film.  I'll wear one of those orange jump suits and sweep. I don't care. I just want to be there."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref>
  
==="The Golden Bowl"===
+
===2000: "The Golden Bowl"===
 
Ivory hired Terrio during summer break after Terrio's first year<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05  Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2013.]</ref> at USC to do research for The Golden Bowl<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref> and Terrio received a screen credit on the film as Assistant to Director James Ivory. "[Ivory] presumably needed someone with a literature background because the jobs were [to] go find Uma Thurman an Edith Wharton short story to read about how ladies behave in society.’ And I had just come off six years of literature, especially English Modernism. So it was the perfect nerd job for me.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Maples.  July 18, 2008.]</ref> Terrio also conducted an interview with Richard Robbins who for 25 years scored films for Merchant-Ivory including ''Howard's End, The Remains of the Day, A Room with a View, Maurice, Mr. and Mrs. Bridge,'' and ''The Golden Bowl.''<ref>[http://www.merchantivory.com/robbins.html Merchant Ivory Productions.  "MUSIC and MEANING: AN INTERVIEW WITH COMPOSER RICHARD ROBBINS"]</ref>
 
Ivory hired Terrio during summer break after Terrio's first year<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05  Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2013.]</ref> at USC to do research for The Golden Bowl<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref> and Terrio received a screen credit on the film as Assistant to Director James Ivory. "[Ivory] presumably needed someone with a literature background because the jobs were [to] go find Uma Thurman an Edith Wharton short story to read about how ladies behave in society.’ And I had just come off six years of literature, especially English Modernism. So it was the perfect nerd job for me.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Maples.  July 18, 2008.]</ref> Terrio also conducted an interview with Richard Robbins who for 25 years scored films for Merchant-Ivory including ''Howard's End, The Remains of the Day, A Room with a View, Maurice, Mr. and Mrs. Bridge,'' and ''The Golden Bowl.''<ref>[http://www.merchantivory.com/robbins.html Merchant Ivory Productions.  "MUSIC and MEANING: AN INTERVIEW WITH COMPOSER RICHARD ROBBINS"]</ref>
  
==="The Divorce"===
+
===2002: "The Divorce"===
 
Terrio went back to USC and finished his Masters in Film Production.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://www.mongrelmedia.com/data/ftp/Heights/Heights%20Press%20Kit.pdf Mongrel Media.  "Press Kit for 'Heights'"]</ref> "I got out of film school. I was broke, and I needed a job. I’m still broke, actually," Terrio said in 2005. "They hired me to do the behind-the-scenes on a film they were doing called ''The Divorce''."<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05  Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> "I had no idea what I was doing but I did know how to work a video camera and hook up a microphone, so I got to watch that movie shoot in Paris for two months."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref>  
 
Terrio went back to USC and finished his Masters in Film Production.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://www.mongrelmedia.com/data/ftp/Heights/Heights%20Press%20Kit.pdf Mongrel Media.  "Press Kit for 'Heights'"]</ref> "I got out of film school. I was broke, and I needed a job. I’m still broke, actually," Terrio said in 2005. "They hired me to do the behind-the-scenes on a film they were doing called ''The Divorce''."<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05  Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> "I had no idea what I was doing but I did know how to work a video camera and hook up a microphone, so I got to watch that movie shoot in Paris for two months."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref>  
  
 
While working on ''The Divorce'' Terrio first made his acquaintance with Glenn Close who he would later direct in ''Heights'' in 2005 and an episode of ''Damages'' in 2010. "I met Glenn [Close], because we were often the only English speakers who were around, we would talk together even though I was pretty low on the totem pole and she was obviously Glenn Close."<ref>[http://www.oneguysopinion.com/InterviewsResults.php?ID=294 One Guy's Opinion.  "Chris Terrio and Jesse Bradford on "Heights"]</ref> "I remember we had this long talk about cubism because Glenn was reading a book about Picasso at the time."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref> When Terrio later got involved in directing ''Heights'', he immediately thought of Close because he had met her in Paris.<ref>[http://www.oneguysopinion.com/InterviewsResults.php?ID=294 One Guy's Opinion.  "Chris Terrio and Jesse Bradford on "Heights"]</ref> "I hoped that she would remember me and when this project came up, sure enough she did. I was that kid in the corner who was stalking you with that video camera."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref> Terrio began trying to mold some of the part of Diana in ''Heights'' toward Close. "There’s a certain irony and sense of humor that Glenn has that you get when you’re talking to her, but I don’t think you always get in her more fierce parts. I really wanted to get that sotto voce thing. I love ‘Bullets Over Broadway,’ and Diane Wiest is a genius. But I didn’t want this to be that; I felt that this needed to be more textured and more layered. Of course, Glenn is a very different person from Diana, but there are some similarities.”<ref>[http://www.oneguysopinion.com/InterviewsResults.php?ID=294 One Guy's Opinion.  "Chris Terrio and Jesse Bradford on "Heights"]</ref>
 
While working on ''The Divorce'' Terrio first made his acquaintance with Glenn Close who he would later direct in ''Heights'' in 2005 and an episode of ''Damages'' in 2010. "I met Glenn [Close], because we were often the only English speakers who were around, we would talk together even though I was pretty low on the totem pole and she was obviously Glenn Close."<ref>[http://www.oneguysopinion.com/InterviewsResults.php?ID=294 One Guy's Opinion.  "Chris Terrio and Jesse Bradford on "Heights"]</ref> "I remember we had this long talk about cubism because Glenn was reading a book about Picasso at the time."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref> When Terrio later got involved in directing ''Heights'', he immediately thought of Close because he had met her in Paris.<ref>[http://www.oneguysopinion.com/InterviewsResults.php?ID=294 One Guy's Opinion.  "Chris Terrio and Jesse Bradford on "Heights"]</ref> "I hoped that she would remember me and when this project came up, sure enough she did. I was that kid in the corner who was stalking you with that video camera."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref> Terrio began trying to mold some of the part of Diana in ''Heights'' toward Close. "There’s a certain irony and sense of humor that Glenn has that you get when you’re talking to her, but I don’t think you always get in her more fierce parts. I really wanted to get that sotto voce thing. I love ‘Bullets Over Broadway,’ and Diane Wiest is a genius. But I didn’t want this to be that; I felt that this needed to be more textured and more layered. Of course, Glenn is a very different person from Diana, but there are some similarities.”<ref>[http://www.oneguysopinion.com/InterviewsResults.php?ID=294 One Guy's Opinion.  "Chris Terrio and Jesse Bradford on "Heights"]</ref>
  
==="Book of Kings"===
+
===2002: "Book of Kings"===
 
On May 10, 2002 the Hudson Film Group and Merchant Ivory Productions released Terrio's 19 minute short, ''Book of Kings''<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0333178/ IMDB.  "Book of Kings" retrieved July 7, 2013.]</ref> about an intuitive mother who helps her son cope with the death of his beloved grandma.<ref>[http://ifc.festivalgenius.com/films/ifc+short+film+collection+i%3A+june  IFC.  "IFC Short Film Collection I: June, 2006"]</ref> ''Book of Kings'' debuted at the first Tribeca Film Festival, was a Sundance Buzz Cut, and played at a number of festivals worldwide before debuting on IFC in 2003.<ref>[http://www.mongrelmedia.com/data/ftp/Heights/Heights%20Press%20Kit.pdf Mongrel Media.  "Press Kit for 'Heights'"]</ref>  ''Book of Kings'' won the award for best short at the Santa Fe Film Festival in 2002<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Fe_Film_Festival Wikipedia. "Santa Fe Film Festival"  etrieved July 7, 2013.]</ref> and the award for best short at the Deauville Film Festival in 2002.<ref>[http://movies.toptenreviews.com/reviews/mr45114.htm Top Ten Reviews.  "Book of Kings (2002)"]</ref>
 
On May 10, 2002 the Hudson Film Group and Merchant Ivory Productions released Terrio's 19 minute short, ''Book of Kings''<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0333178/ IMDB.  "Book of Kings" retrieved July 7, 2013.]</ref> about an intuitive mother who helps her son cope with the death of his beloved grandma.<ref>[http://ifc.festivalgenius.com/films/ifc+short+film+collection+i%3A+june  IFC.  "IFC Short Film Collection I: June, 2006"]</ref> ''Book of Kings'' debuted at the first Tribeca Film Festival, was a Sundance Buzz Cut, and played at a number of festivals worldwide before debuting on IFC in 2003.<ref>[http://www.mongrelmedia.com/data/ftp/Heights/Heights%20Press%20Kit.pdf Mongrel Media.  "Press Kit for 'Heights'"]</ref>  ''Book of Kings'' won the award for best short at the Santa Fe Film Festival in 2002<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Fe_Film_Festival Wikipedia. "Santa Fe Film Festival"  etrieved July 7, 2013.]</ref> and the award for best short at the Deauville Film Festival in 2002.<ref>[http://movies.toptenreviews.com/reviews/mr45114.htm Top Ten Reviews.  "Book of Kings (2002)"]</ref>
  
==="Jacob's Hands"===
+
===2002: "Jacob's Hands"===
 
In 1944, while working in Hollywood, Aldous Huxley and Christopher Isherwood collaborated on a film treatment called ''Jacob's Hands.'' The film was never produced, and the manuscript disappeared until it was found by the actress Sharon Stone while researching Huxley's work for a film; it was published in book form in 1998.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2002/07/25/movies/footlights.html NY Times.  "Footlights"  July 25, 2002.]</ref>
 
In 1944, while working in Hollywood, Aldous Huxley and Christopher Isherwood collaborated on a film treatment called ''Jacob's Hands.'' The film was never produced, and the manuscript disappeared until it was found by the actress Sharon Stone while researching Huxley's work for a film; it was published in book form in 1998.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2002/07/25/movies/footlights.html NY Times.  "Footlights"  July 25, 2002.]</ref>
  
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Terrio's successful co-directorship of "Jacob's Hands" reassured Merchant Ivory. "I had directed that for them, which seemed to go pretty well, and I got to work with Mia Farrow and Diane Wiest and Sam Waterston, and I think that kind of assured them, ‘Okay, he won’t embarrass us in a room with big actors.’"<ref>[http://www.oneguysopinion.com/InterviewsResults.php?ID=294 One Guy's Opinion.  "CHRIS TERRIO AND JESSE BRADFORD ON "HEIGHTS""]</ref>
 
Terrio's successful co-directorship of "Jacob's Hands" reassured Merchant Ivory. "I had directed that for them, which seemed to go pretty well, and I got to work with Mia Farrow and Diane Wiest and Sam Waterston, and I think that kind of assured them, ‘Okay, he won’t embarrass us in a room with big actors.’"<ref>[http://www.oneguysopinion.com/InterviewsResults.php?ID=294 One Guy's Opinion.  "CHRIS TERRIO AND JESSE BRADFORD ON "HEIGHTS""]</ref>
  
==Feature Film Directorial Debut with ''Heights''==
+
==2003: Feature Film Directorial Debut with ''Heights''==
 
[[Image:Heights.jpg|thumb|300px|With the backing of Ismail Merchant,<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> at age 26, Terrio directed the feature film ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heights_(film) Heights]'' (Sony Pictures Classics, 2005), which premiered at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundance_Film_Festival Sundance Film Festival]. It follows a pivotal twenty-four hours in the interconnected lives of five New Yorkers and starred Glenn Close, Elizabeth Banks, James Marsden and Jesse Bradford, and features Isabella Rossellini, George Segal and Rufus Wainwrigh] in small roles. It was one of the final films produced by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismail_Merchant Ismail Merchant].]]
 
[[Image:Heights.jpg|thumb|300px|With the backing of Ismail Merchant,<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> at age 26, Terrio directed the feature film ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heights_(film) Heights]'' (Sony Pictures Classics, 2005), which premiered at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundance_Film_Festival Sundance Film Festival]. It follows a pivotal twenty-four hours in the interconnected lives of five New Yorkers and starred Glenn Close, Elizabeth Banks, James Marsden and Jesse Bradford, and features Isabella Rossellini, George Segal and Rufus Wainwrigh] in small roles. It was one of the final films produced by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismail_Merchant Ismail Merchant].]]
 
[[Image:Ismail Merchant.jpg|thumb|250px|With the backing of Ismail Merchant,<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> at age 26, Terrio directed the feature film ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heights_(film) Heights]'' (Sony Pictures Classics, 2005), which premiered at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundance_Film_Festival Sundance Film Festival]. Ismail Merchant's death just days before the premiere of ''Heights''<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref> cast a pall over the production. "It was a complete shock and we're all still struggling," said Terrio.  "Ismail being such a force of nature, charging at the head of the army, I thought he'd outlast all of us, he's so robust. And since he gave me this chance, took me on as a mentor, he's one of the people you most want to be proud of you."<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref> Photo: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ismail_Merchant.jpg Wikipedia]]]
 
[[Image:Ismail Merchant.jpg|thumb|250px|With the backing of Ismail Merchant,<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> at age 26, Terrio directed the feature film ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heights_(film) Heights]'' (Sony Pictures Classics, 2005), which premiered at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundance_Film_Festival Sundance Film Festival]. Ismail Merchant's death just days before the premiere of ''Heights''<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref> cast a pall over the production. "It was a complete shock and we're all still struggling," said Terrio.  "Ismail being such a force of nature, charging at the head of the army, I thought he'd outlast all of us, he's so robust. And since he gave me this chance, took me on as a mentor, he's one of the people you most want to be proud of you."<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref> Photo: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ismail_Merchant.jpg Wikipedia]]]
 
[[Image:Glenn Close Cannes 2010.jpg|thumb|250px|The key casting choice in ''Heights'' was Glenn Close, who Terrio had previously worked with on Merchant-Ivory's "Le Divorce" in Paris. "She has this reputation for being fierce," said Terrio, "but when you get to know her, she's really quite funny and warm. We molded the character of Diana around her."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> "Glenn said to me, “I don’t want to play a caricature. I don’t want to play the diva who sweeps into the room.” And I felt the same way—I wanted you to be able to see Diana at her vulnerable moments when she’s alone, alone in front of a wall or alone in front of a mirror, because otherwise she would be a histrionic type."<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref> Photo: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Glenn_Close_Cannes_2010.jpg Wikipedia]]]
 
[[Image:Glenn Close Cannes 2010.jpg|thumb|250px|The key casting choice in ''Heights'' was Glenn Close, who Terrio had previously worked with on Merchant-Ivory's "Le Divorce" in Paris. "She has this reputation for being fierce," said Terrio, "but when you get to know her, she's really quite funny and warm. We molded the character of Diana around her."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> "Glenn said to me, “I don’t want to play a caricature. I don’t want to play the diva who sweeps into the room.” And I felt the same way—I wanted you to be able to see Diana at her vulnerable moments when she’s alone, alone in front of a wall or alone in front of a mirror, because otherwise she would be a histrionic type."<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref> Photo: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Glenn_Close_Cannes_2010.jpg Wikipedia]]]
 
===Selection as Director===
 
===Selection as Director===
In 2001 Merchant optioned Amy Fox's one-act play ''Heights,'' expanded it to include "a very successful actress" (Glenn Close) and hired Fox to write the screenplay and Terrio to direct the film.<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref> "Ismail said 'we have this project that’s been kicking around in development for a couple of years, and we don’t quite know where it’s going. Do you think you can do anything with this?’" said Terrio. "He gave me what was then the original script of Heights.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Maples.  July 18, 2008.]</ref> "‘Do you think you could do anything with this?’ So I read it and said yeah, this is a world I know--people in their mid- to late twenties who are trying to establish themselves in the arts in New York--and I want to do it. So he told me I could start working on it, and if I could start to get it off the ground, he would produce it. In other words, I won the lottery!”"<ref>[http://www.oneguysopinion.com/InterviewsResults.php?ID=294 One Guy's Opinion.  "CHRIS TERRIO AND JESSE BRADFORD ON "HEIGHTS""]</ref>
+
In 2001 Merchant optioned Amy Fox's<ref>[http://www.brooklyn.cuny.edu/web/news/bcnews/bcnews_160801.php Brooklyn College. "Screenwriter Amy Fox '05 M.F.A. Debuts Women-centric Wall Street Thriller "Equity" August 1, 2016.]  Amy Fox, who graduated cum laude from Amherst College with a bachelor’s degree in business administration finance in 1999, has more than a dozen theater productions to her credit. Fox's most recent film ''Equity'' (Sony Pictures Classics), which premiered July 29, 2016 came out of conversations she had with actor-producers Sarah Megan Thomas and Alysia Reiner about the lack of strong roles for women, specifically that of female protagonists in what they call “Wall Street thrillers.” Fox would go on to write a screenplay that countered this narrative. “As the project progressed, I became interested in what it’s like for women to really have the type of ambition surrounding managing hedge funds and the like. I began interviewing women on Wall Street and found there were lots of reasons they got into the financial business, and they were not apologetic about those reasons.”  In addition to writing plays and working on a novel, Fox is a member of the faculty at NYU/Tisch Graduate School of Film and Television.</ref> one-act play ''Heights,'' expanded it to include "a very successful actress" (Glenn Close) and hired Fox to write the screenplay and Terrio to direct the film.<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref> "Ismail said 'we have this project that’s been kicking around in development for a couple of years, and we don’t quite know where it’s going. Do you think you can do anything with this?’" said Terrio. "He gave me what was then the original script of Heights.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Maples.  July 18, 2008.]</ref> "‘Do you think you could do anything with this?’ So I read it and said yeah, this is a world I know--people in their mid- to late twenties who are trying to establish themselves in the arts in New York--and I want to do it. So he told me I could start working on it, and if I could start to get it off the ground, he would produce it. In other words, I won the lottery!”"<ref>[http://www.oneguysopinion.com/InterviewsResults.php?ID=294 One Guy's Opinion.  "CHRIS TERRIO AND JESSE BRADFORD ON "HEIGHTS""]</ref>
  
 
"They had seen some short films of mine that I had done in film school. I remember I was on my way to the Deauville Film Festival in France and Ismail gave me a script and said 'Can you read this and tell me what you think?'" said Terrio. "I read it on the plane and came back and told him what I thought of it and he said 'You know I think that would be a very good first film for you. I think you should direct it.'"<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref>
 
"They had seen some short films of mine that I had done in film school. I remember I was on my way to the Deauville Film Festival in France and Ismail gave me a script and said 'Can you read this and tell me what you think?'" said Terrio. "I read it on the plane and came back and told him what I thought of it and he said 'You know I think that would be a very good first film for you. I think you should direct it.'"<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref>
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With the backing of Ismail Merchant,<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> at age 26, Terrio directed the feature film ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heights_(film) Heights]'' (Sony Pictures Classics, 2005), which premiered at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundance_Film_Festival Sundance Film Festival]. "We are supporting the young people," said Merchant about ''Heights.'' "We want to open the doors for people. We've gotten to move in the direction of people who have hopes."<ref>[http://www.boston.com/ae/movies/articles/2003/11/03/merchant_ivory_seeking_new_heights_of_success/ Boston Globe.  "Merchant Ivory Seeking New 'Heights' of Success" by Ian Mohr.  November 3, 2003.]</ref> “The genius about this film is that Merchant recognized Chris’s talent," said Glenn Close. "There was something really delightful, certainly intelligent, about him.”<ref>[http://www.silive.com/entertainment/tvfilm/index.ssf/2012/10/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "'Argo,' scripted by Staten Island native Chris Terrio, generates early Oscar buzz from top critics" by Rob Bailey.  October 15, 2012.]</ref>
 
With the backing of Ismail Merchant,<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> at age 26, Terrio directed the feature film ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heights_(film) Heights]'' (Sony Pictures Classics, 2005), which premiered at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundance_Film_Festival Sundance Film Festival]. "We are supporting the young people," said Merchant about ''Heights.'' "We want to open the doors for people. We've gotten to move in the direction of people who have hopes."<ref>[http://www.boston.com/ae/movies/articles/2003/11/03/merchant_ivory_seeking_new_heights_of_success/ Boston Globe.  "Merchant Ivory Seeking New 'Heights' of Success" by Ian Mohr.  November 3, 2003.]</ref> “The genius about this film is that Merchant recognized Chris’s talent," said Glenn Close. "There was something really delightful, certainly intelligent, about him.”<ref>[http://www.silive.com/entertainment/tvfilm/index.ssf/2012/10/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "'Argo,' scripted by Staten Island native Chris Terrio, generates early Oscar buzz from top critics" by Rob Bailey.  October 15, 2012.]</ref>
  
===Shooting in New York City===
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===Movie Plot===
Hap Epstein writes that the first character that Chris Terrio cast for his film Heights was New York City. "I grew up in the outer boroughs, just outside the city. I would take the boat into Manhattan all the time and look up at the kind of Emerald City Skyline," Terrio says. "Since I was 8 years old, I've had a slightly romantic view of the city, and I wanted to capture that."<ref>[http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=PBPB&p_theme=pbpb&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=10B4334C760A9458&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM The Palm Beach Post.  "Director Fell in Love with NYC as a Child" by Hap Epstein.  July 8, 2005.]</ref> For his images of New York City, Terrio credits Woody Allen as a major influence, as well as cinematographers Gordon Willis and Boris Kaufman, all of whom have helped create what he calls "the romance of Manhattan."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> Terrio said it was Merchant's idea to film in New York City.  While many movies set in New York are filmed in Toronto or elsewhere, usually for financial reasons, Merchant insisted on the real thing — especially since "Heights" includes a couple of scenes that are staged overlooking Ground Zero. "He got the project in motion. He wanted something that dealt with New York after 9/11, and he wanted to shoot it all in New York."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref>
+
''Heights'' follows a pivotal twenty-four hours in the interconnected lives of five New Yorkers and starred Glenn Close, Elizabeth Banks, James Marsden and Jesse Bradford, and features Isabella Rossellini, George Segal and Rufus Wainwrigh] in small roles. ''Heights'' makes abundant references to ''MacBeth.'' "Significantly, in Terrio's and Fox's interpretation of the play, MacBeth is nowhere to be found.  Even in the first scene with the Juilliard students, MacBeth has very few lines - Lady MacBeth dominates," writes Sid Ray. "None of the recurring billboards of the Broadway production features the play's titular character.  Through Diana Lee and her daughter, the film centralizes the hidden, suppressed story of Lady MacBeth.  Moreover, the film suggests that Lady MacBeth may be weeping behind pillars though she puts on a mocking and defiant public face."<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=Z36yCwdHQzoC&pg=PA128&lpg=PA128&dq=Phenomenology+virginia+woolf+terrio&source=bl&ots=UFJEBwry2D&sig=vv0nD24gDy6eDl9Nv6Ss1o-GkP0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=P2b-UdizF4Lc9QSjyIGoDg&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Phenomenology%20virginia%20woolf%20terrio&f=false "Shakespeare and the Middle Ages: Essays on the Performance and Adaptation of the Plays with Medieval Sources or Settings" Edited by Martha W. Driver and Sid Ray.  "Finding Grouch: The Hidden Geneology of Lady MacBeth in Text and Cinematic Performance" by Sid Ray. 2009.]</ref>
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The film starts off looking like it might be a marriage comedy, says Terrio but as the day and night progress, the style of the film gets looser, the dialogue becomes more sparse, and the mood darkens a shift in tone as the day and night progress inspired, in part, by the work of New York playwright Edward Albee. “Albee was briefly a writing mentor of mine,” said Terrio. “[His plays] “A Delicate Balance” and “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?” have a structure similar to the one we used in this film – they take place over one night, and as the night goes on the world gets bleaker, but then the sun rises in the end.”<ref>[http://www.mongrelmedia.com/data/ftp/Heights/Heights%20Press%20Kit.pdf Mongrel Media.  "Press Kit for 'Heights'"]</ref>
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===Directing the Film===
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====New York City A Character in the Film====
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The entire six-week shoot was in New York.<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wonderous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref>  Hap Epstein writes that the first character that Chris Terrio cast for his film Heights was New York City. "I grew up in the outer boroughs, just outside the city. I would take the boat into Manhattan all the time and look up at the kind of Emerald City Skyline," Terrio says. "Since I was 8 years old, I've had a slightly romantic view of the city, and I wanted to capture that."<ref>[http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=PBPB&p_theme=pbpb&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=10B4334C760A9458&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM The Palm Beach Post.  "Director Fell in Love with NYC as a Child" by Hap Epstein.  July 8, 2005.]</ref> For his images of New York City, Terrio credits Woody Allen as a major influence, as well as cinematographers Gordon Willis and Boris Kaufman, all of whom have helped create what he calls "the romance of Manhattan."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> Terrio said it was Merchant's idea to film in New York City.  While many movies set in New York are filmed in Toronto or elsewhere, usually for financial reasons, Merchant insisted on the real thing — especially since "Heights" includes a couple of scenes that are staged overlooking Ground Zero. "He got the project in motion. He wanted something that dealt with New York after 9/11, and he wanted to shoot it all in New York."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref>
  
 
"There’s a kind of romance about the city and the way that it’s shot in the city, I hope," said Terrio. "One of the reasons that Ismail Merchant wanted to make the film in New York so much was that after September 11th, he felt like since his company has been headquartered in New York for 35 years, even though most people associate Merchant/Ivory with London and Paris, after September 11th he wanted to make the film at home – in his home city of New York. I think that the romance of the city, the kind of Woody Allen romance of the skyline, was taken away from us a bit on September 11th. So in as much as one could do this with a small film, I wanted to just restore that visually a little bit. I wanted to kind of give you those longing romantic views of vertical space, of skyscrapers and towers and that kind of stuff."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref>
 
"There’s a kind of romance about the city and the way that it’s shot in the city, I hope," said Terrio. "One of the reasons that Ismail Merchant wanted to make the film in New York so much was that after September 11th, he felt like since his company has been headquartered in New York for 35 years, even though most people associate Merchant/Ivory with London and Paris, after September 11th he wanted to make the film at home – in his home city of New York. I think that the romance of the city, the kind of Woody Allen romance of the skyline, was taken away from us a bit on September 11th. So in as much as one could do this with a small film, I wanted to just restore that visually a little bit. I wanted to kind of give you those longing romantic views of vertical space, of skyscrapers and towers and that kind of stuff."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref>
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Actress Elizabeth Banks called ''Heights'' the quintessential New York story. " I think they did such a great job finding like the hotels in Times Square and the theater districts and downtown. And you know, Diana’s balcony of her house looks down on like the World Trade Center site, and so I think we were really trying to just show New York in all its glory. Could it take place other places? Sure, it would be a different film. It could be in London, I guess, but there aren’t really many other places that have that sense of like the theater and these grand apartments and these types of people and these types of parties. There are a couple parties in the film and I just love that. Having lived in New York, I believed everything about the movie."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightseb060905.htm About.com "Elizabeth Banks Talks About the Indie Film 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 9, 2005.]</ref>
 
Actress Elizabeth Banks called ''Heights'' the quintessential New York story. " I think they did such a great job finding like the hotels in Times Square and the theater districts and downtown. And you know, Diana’s balcony of her house looks down on like the World Trade Center site, and so I think we were really trying to just show New York in all its glory. Could it take place other places? Sure, it would be a different film. It could be in London, I guess, but there aren’t really many other places that have that sense of like the theater and these grand apartments and these types of people and these types of parties. There are a couple parties in the film and I just love that. Having lived in New York, I believed everything about the movie."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightseb060905.htm About.com "Elizabeth Banks Talks About the Indie Film 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 9, 2005.]</ref>
  
===Casting Choices===
+
Terrio saw Heights' visuals as a tribute to his father. "He wrote manuals for [New York City] corporations and brought us to work one day [from Staten Island]. I remember I was shocked that he was boxed in, in this place." So the view of Heights' upscale lawyer Jonathan is of a man "trapped in the grid that is Manhattan."<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref>
Terrio says the movie started off as a one-scene play and that there are only about two lines from the original play that made it into the movie. "The assignment was that there was a table set for a romantic dinner but that there were three characters. That was the play and the screenplay took off from there. Ismail Merchant added the character of Diana, the Glenn Close character, and other characters were added and it took off in a very different direction."<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526 efilm critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career ''Heights''" by Peter Sobczynski. June 24, 2005.]</ref>
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====Terrio Felt 'Clueless' Directing First Major Studio Film====
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Terrio says that he was "so clueless" directing his first major studio film that he didn't know how complicated it would be to do night shooting, work on location in New York City, or work with high-profile stars or he would have been scared out of it.<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526 efilm Critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career ''Heights''" by Peter Sobczynski. June 24, 2005.]</ref> "You are on location in New York and you show up on location and there are all these trucks and you think "That's all for me. I have to tell that techno-crane where to go and I have to figure out what lens to use on that truck of cameras and lenses,'" said Terrio. "It's a constant battle but it's a thrill especially if you are on a low budget film. There is all this stuff to fill the frame. the documentarian kicks in because you can just take your fictitious characters and stick them into such a real environment and they begin responding to that."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref> "Some of my short films were set on location in New York in the outer boroughs, so I was used to the documentary aspect of jumping into the streets and getting dirty in order to get the shot," says Terrio. "Shooting in New York wasn’t hard for me because I knew the drill and I knew how to steal shots in order to get it done. The ensemble cast–now that I look it at, it was daunting because there were all of these great actors in the thick of things doing it."<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526 efilm Critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career ''Heights''" by Peter Sobczynski. June 24, 2005.]</ref>
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====World of ''Heights'' is 'Haute Bohemian'====
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Terrio says he comes from a part of the city that is more working-class than the world of ''Heights'' "which was called "haute bohemian" by someone. It's more the world that I encountered in college and in graduate school. I felt pretty comfortable, because I felt like I know these people."<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/movies/05gold.html?_r=0 New York Times.  "How Her Little Play Became His Big Movie" by Sylviane Gold.  June 5, 2005.]</ref> Honoré de Balzac, in his Prince of Bohemia (1840), defined bohemians as “young people, all of whom are between twenty and thirty years of age, all men of genius in their own lines, as yet unknown … ” and Peter Schwendener added that being bohemian in America means "claiming some form of priviledged access to Art, Culture, and other uppercase abstractions that may be incapable of sounding spontaneous or heartfelt in an American accent."<ref>[https://www.jstor.org/stable/41213154?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents The American Scholar. "We Are All Bohemians Now" by Peter Schwendener. Vol 70, No. 2 (Spring 2001, pp 103-110.]</ref> According to Bryan Stone, it's an open question whether the shock tactics of previous bohemians and bohemian manifestations in culture and the arts could possibly be effective today in a world that has supposedly seen and heard it all.
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<blockquote>Thus the Twenty-first century corporate bohemianism with the worldwide proliferation of Starbuck’s which has replaced the coffee houses of Greenwich Village and Paris of the preceding centuries. Much the same might be said of the corporate mega bookstore which has displaced the more bohemian friendly small independent store. The mainstreaming of once alternative approaches to medicine, nutrition and spirituality are other clues that bohemianism has reached the masses. Even the Internet culture with its most extreme human manifestation, the computer geek, might be seen as a high tech face of the bohemian impulse. All that having been said, one may opine that the term today is still used to describe the type of lifestyle attributed to certain followers of the arts: free, careless of material gain, often flamboyant in dress, and with no thought for tomorrow.<ref>[https://vagrantmoodwp.wordpress.com/2014/05/17/are-you-haute-boheme/ Vagrant Mood. "Are you haute bohème?" by Bryan Stone. May 17, 2014.]</ref></blockquote>
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====''Heights'' is Multi-Character Ensemble Piece====
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According to Terrio ''Heights'' is  about people in their mid-twenties that are trying to make it in the arts. Some are actors; some are photographers; they’ll all probably “make it,” but for now, they’re still unsure of themselves and they are close enough that they can see success on the other side, but not close enough to touch it. "They’re caterers at the right parties, but they’re not guests at the right parties."<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref> Terrio considers ''Heights'' a multi-character ensemble piece and saw parallels with ''Crash,'' another ensemble piece that appeared at the same time. "Heights is being released at the same time that a multi-character ensemble piece such as Crash is also in theaters," said Terrio. "The thing is that Crash is about how, in Los Angeles, people don’t intersect and interact. Heights is about the opposite, how in New York people are always butting elbows and crossing paths and intersecting. In a way, one could view them as coastal companion movies. I think Crash is darker than Heights is. Heights, at least in the first act, has a slightly lighter tone."<ref>[http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:PBMQdqVzKK0J:www.afterellen.com/archive/elton/movies/2005/6/heights.html+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us After Ellen.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Elizabeth Banks of Heights" by Gregg Shapiro, June 27, 2005.]</ref>
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According to Rebecca Murray, ''Height'' has a very complicated interwoven plot "It’s sort of a game of spinning plates and figuring out how much time to give to each [character]."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705.htm About Entertainment. "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray. June 17, 20015.]</ref>
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<blockquote>I had a great editor named Sloane Klevin and she was very hard on me so that if we were spending… Even after the film was shot, if we were spending too much time on one character she would right away pipe up and say, ‘I feel like we’re losing this other thread because we’re spending too much time here.’ So the thing is, while I do have to keep an eye on where the whole movie’s going, I guess I take sort of [the approach] that if one bit seems real when I’m working on it that day, then that’s my job for that day. Then hopefully the next day I can make the other bits seem real. The macro is lost a little bit to the attention on the micro. You just sort of hope that it’s been conceived well enough that it will all pull together.”<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705.htm About Entertainment. "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray. June 17, 20015.]</ref></blockquote>
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====Why People Connect with ''Heights''====
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Terrio says that people connect with the characters in ''Heights'' because the film is about people who are larger than life but who are sort of regular people who are struggling to make the right decisions.
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<blockquote>"They live lives that are certainly more fabulous than my life and they're more wealthy than I am and they make the right jokes at the right time, which I don't. So yeah, they're kind of an interesting crowd. But at heart once you strip away all the facades and masks and everything, they're just sort of regular people who are struggling to make the right decisions. I think everybody in this film has good intentions. Everybody's trying to do the right thing. But the film is about how hard it is to do the right thing and how hard it is to tell the truth, and how hard it is to kind of make a relationship work. I think that that, hopefully, is what's at the heart of the film. It certainly doesn't hurt that I think we have Glenn Close in one of her best roles in a while, who is such a force of nature and really grabs the screen. But she does that without overpowering the younger generation of actors - Elizabeth Banks, James Marsden and Jesse Bradford - who not only hold their own but in fact make the Diana character more interesting by the way that they challenge her. So hopefully all these things can contribute to making it 93 minutes reasonably well spent in the theater."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705.htm About Entertainment. "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray. June 17, 20015.]</ref></blockquote>
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Asked about the film's affectionate view of its rarefied world, Terrio says, "I think Woody Allen's best films, looking at the high literati, are when he's not condescending. The moment he starts judging, then I can see the filmmaker, and it doesn't feel right. In some of [Heights'] places where people are larger than life, because their acting is so good, I hope you can feel these are real people."<ref>[http://archive.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly. "Chris Terrio: The director of Heights" by Sheila Benson. October 9, 2006.]</ref>
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====Chronological Shoot====
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Terrio says he had the advantage of it being a chronological shoot so the actors were really in the skins of their characters by the end of shooting. "By the time of that last scene, Elizabeth and James and Jesse had gone a month and change as those characters, so they really knew what was true and what wasn’t true. That helped the tone evolve as well because they evolved with the characters."<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526 efilm critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career ''Heights''" by Peter Sobczynski. June 24, 2005.]</ref>
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====Guerrilla Filmmaking====
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Terrio used some quick thinking and guerrilla-filmmaking techniques to keep the film within budget. For example, in the opening scene of Glenn Close as she critiques the young actors’ staging of Macbeth Terrio couldn’t afford 200 extras to come and be the Juilliard students. "Our extras casting guy, Keith Gunthorpe, went around to acting schools and put up signs that said, “Take a Master Class in Shakespeare with Glenn Close—FREE—Lincoln Center Library on Thursday,” and I swear to you, we had a line down Lincoln Center Plaza of people to take this. So we have all these real acting students who are there, and Glenn just lit up. We’d done the scene in rehearsal, without them, but with them, she suddenly became like a Baptist preacher at the pulpit. I’d given her the CDs of Maria Callas doing master classes at Juilliard. In those CDs, you can hear Callas not only being a diva, but you can hear that she cares about the students, and she cares so deeply about the material that she could almost shake them. Because, like Diana, she wants them to do it right."<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref>
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In another scene Terrio filmed the James Marsden character as he makes a phone call from his law office and instead of placing the camera in the room with him, Terrio shot the exterior of the building. "We shot that from a hotel room across the way, but we couldn’t tell them we were making a movie, so we just did it guerrilla-style since we couldn’t get a permit. This shows you how nervy Ismail Merchant is: after we’d been filming up there for an hour, after demanding that particular room because it had the best view of the other building, he went and said—we’re not happy with the room, we’d like our money back. And he got it!"<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref>
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====Casting Choices====
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''Heights'' was a mix of newcomers and seasoned veterans and Terrio says that basically the casting was by hook and by crook. "We'’d figure out our dream person and then go after that person."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref> According to Terrio the movie started off as a one-scene play and that there are only about two lines from the original play that made it into the movie. "The assignment was that there was a table set for a romantic dinner but that there were three characters. That was the play and the screenplay took off from there. Ismail Merchant added the character of Diana, the Glenn Close character, and other characters were added and it took off in a very different direction."<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526 efilm critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career ''Heights''" by Peter Sobczynski. June 24, 2005.]</ref>
  
====Glenn Close====
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=====Glenn Close=====
 
"I knew I wanted Glenn from the beginning," said Terrio.<ref>Palm Beach Post. "Director Fell in Love with NYC as a Child" by Hap Erstein.  July 8, 2005.</ref> The key casting choice was Glenn Close, who Terrio worked with on Merchant-Ivory's "Le Divorce" in Paris. "She has this reputation for being fierce," said Terrio, "but when you get to know her, she's really quite funny and warm. We molded the character of Diana around her."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> "Glenn said to me, “I don’t want to play a caricature. I don’t want to play the diva who sweeps into the room.” And I felt the same way—I wanted you to be able to see Diana at her vulnerable moments when she’s alone, alone in front of a wall or alone in front of a mirror, because otherwise she would be a histrionic type."<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref> Elizabeth Banks said that having Glenn Close in the movie put a lot of pressure on the cast and made them bring their best to the film.  "She just raises everybody’s game. I mean, she just makes you want to be a better actor and those are the type of people that you learn the most from and that you want to work with. …I just felt like, ‘Oh my God, you’d better not disappoint her. You’ve gotta be right there in the moment.’ And she’s so in the moment and such a force to be reckoned with and she’s not gonna back down. She’s going to bring her ‘A’ game every time so it was just great. It was so much fun. It’s so invigorating to work with her.”<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightseb060905.htm About.com "Elizabeth Banks Talks About the Indie Film 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 9, 2005.]</ref> Jesse Bradford added that Close had a magnetism when she was working. "It’s like laser beams and you just get sucked into what she’s doing. Fortunately for me, that’s pretty much exactly what my character goes through. He’s slightly overwhelmed and sucked in by this woman’s aura, because she’s a huge celebrity. Not only as Glenn Close but as this character in the movie. And so it was a luxury for me to kind of just give into that, instead of having to fight against it."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsjb061505.htm About.com "Jesse Bradford Talks About 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 15, 2013.]</ref>
 
"I knew I wanted Glenn from the beginning," said Terrio.<ref>Palm Beach Post. "Director Fell in Love with NYC as a Child" by Hap Erstein.  July 8, 2005.</ref> The key casting choice was Glenn Close, who Terrio worked with on Merchant-Ivory's "Le Divorce" in Paris. "She has this reputation for being fierce," said Terrio, "but when you get to know her, she's really quite funny and warm. We molded the character of Diana around her."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> "Glenn said to me, “I don’t want to play a caricature. I don’t want to play the diva who sweeps into the room.” And I felt the same way—I wanted you to be able to see Diana at her vulnerable moments when she’s alone, alone in front of a wall or alone in front of a mirror, because otherwise she would be a histrionic type."<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref> Elizabeth Banks said that having Glenn Close in the movie put a lot of pressure on the cast and made them bring their best to the film.  "She just raises everybody’s game. I mean, she just makes you want to be a better actor and those are the type of people that you learn the most from and that you want to work with. …I just felt like, ‘Oh my God, you’d better not disappoint her. You’ve gotta be right there in the moment.’ And she’s so in the moment and such a force to be reckoned with and she’s not gonna back down. She’s going to bring her ‘A’ game every time so it was just great. It was so much fun. It’s so invigorating to work with her.”<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightseb060905.htm About.com "Elizabeth Banks Talks About the Indie Film 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 9, 2005.]</ref> Jesse Bradford added that Close had a magnetism when she was working. "It’s like laser beams and you just get sucked into what she’s doing. Fortunately for me, that’s pretty much exactly what my character goes through. He’s slightly overwhelmed and sucked in by this woman’s aura, because she’s a huge celebrity. Not only as Glenn Close but as this character in the movie. And so it was a luxury for me to kind of just give into that, instead of having to fight against it."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsjb061505.htm About.com "Jesse Bradford Talks About 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 15, 2013.]</ref>
  
====Elizabeth Banks====
+
Terrio says that his first meeting with Close was intimidating.
 +
 
 +
<blockquote> Once she got the script, she wanted to have lunch and meet me. After I spent three days with the Zagat Guide trying to figure out where we could go… I mean, where do you take Glenn Close for lunch? I don’t know (laughing). Eventually I settled – I don’t know why – on this Mafia-like scary Italian restaurant downtown. And I can remember this lunch that we had and I was terrified. I can remember that at one point I excused myself to go to the bathroom and I nearly hyperventilated in the bathroom (laughing). I’ve never told Glenn this… But anyway, we had lunch and I had no idea how it went. She left and thanked me and then a few days later she called and wanted to meet me for a drink. And I thought, ‘Humph, I made it to the callback. I passed the first audition.’ So that was terrifying. Then once we actually got to work, once we got into rehearsal and got onto the set, I wasn’t scared at all because Glenn is… I mean, she comes from the theater and there’s no sense of, ‘Miss Close will now descend from her trailer.’ She rolls up her sleeves and jumps in there and works just like everybody else. Once we got going I wasn’'t intimidated.<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref></blockquote>
 +
 
 +
=====Elizabeth Banks=====
 
The movie tracks a day in the life of Isabel played by Elizabeth Banks, a woman in her twenties, who balances her upcoming wedding to a handsome young attorney with her struggle to establish a name for herself as a photographer. "One of the things I adored about working with Elizabeth was that she’s unafraid to be unsympathetic. Isabel is a certain type of New York girl—the kind who went to prep school and inhabited the adult world from the time she was about thirteen. There’s a slight weariness to Isabel, and Elizabeth got that."<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref> Banks says she did a lot of collabroating with Terrio for the part. "I wouldn’t say improv because that’s not really his style, but he will come to the set in the morning and say, ‘Let’s read through it,’ and anything that’s not making sense or not feeling right or not feeling necessary… This script was definitely fuller when we first started shooting and we cut a lot out. That’s true about a lot of scripts. They need to have a lot going on when you read them so that you really get a sense of the people and the characters on the page, but the minute you put it up visually, you can take a lot of the words away because you can do so much with a glance, or a look, or an embrace that you don’t need the words. Suddenly the words seem redundant. So we took a lot of the redundancy, I think, out of it by taking some of the words out and just making it more of our own, too. And making it more of Chris’. I think Chris was really invested in the writing of the screenplay. He adapted it from Amy Fox’s one act play, but her one act play was only the last scene of the movie."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightseb060905.htm About.com "Elizabeth Banks Talks About the Indie Film 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 9, 2005.]</ref> "Chris, he’s very mature for his age and he went to film school and he had such strong vision for this, he was so prepared, and so just meeting him put to rest any concerns I would have about him as a first time director. He really doesn’t seem like a first time director. To be honest with you, since Glenn Close had already sort of said of said, ‘Ok, I’m gonna go with this guy,’ who was I to say I don’t know? As long as she had confidence in him, I mean that sort of set the tone for everybody else."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightseb060905.htm About.com "Elizabeth Banks Talks About the Indie Film 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 9, 2005.]</ref>
 
The movie tracks a day in the life of Isabel played by Elizabeth Banks, a woman in her twenties, who balances her upcoming wedding to a handsome young attorney with her struggle to establish a name for herself as a photographer. "One of the things I adored about working with Elizabeth was that she’s unafraid to be unsympathetic. Isabel is a certain type of New York girl—the kind who went to prep school and inhabited the adult world from the time she was about thirteen. There’s a slight weariness to Isabel, and Elizabeth got that."<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref> Banks says she did a lot of collabroating with Terrio for the part. "I wouldn’t say improv because that’s not really his style, but he will come to the set in the morning and say, ‘Let’s read through it,’ and anything that’s not making sense or not feeling right or not feeling necessary… This script was definitely fuller when we first started shooting and we cut a lot out. That’s true about a lot of scripts. They need to have a lot going on when you read them so that you really get a sense of the people and the characters on the page, but the minute you put it up visually, you can take a lot of the words away because you can do so much with a glance, or a look, or an embrace that you don’t need the words. Suddenly the words seem redundant. So we took a lot of the redundancy, I think, out of it by taking some of the words out and just making it more of our own, too. And making it more of Chris’. I think Chris was really invested in the writing of the screenplay. He adapted it from Amy Fox’s one act play, but her one act play was only the last scene of the movie."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightseb060905.htm About.com "Elizabeth Banks Talks About the Indie Film 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 9, 2005.]</ref> "Chris, he’s very mature for his age and he went to film school and he had such strong vision for this, he was so prepared, and so just meeting him put to rest any concerns I would have about him as a first time director. He really doesn’t seem like a first time director. To be honest with you, since Glenn Close had already sort of said of said, ‘Ok, I’m gonna go with this guy,’ who was I to say I don’t know? As long as she had confidence in him, I mean that sort of set the tone for everybody else."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightseb060905.htm About.com "Elizabeth Banks Talks About the Indie Film 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 9, 2005.]</ref>
  
====Eric Bogosian====
+
After completing her role in ''Heights'' Banks went on to make ''Invincible,'' a big-budget Disney film and reflected back on her experience making ''Heights.''
 +
 
 +
<blockquote>You know that they are going to put their marketing behind it. Mark Wahlberg is the star. It’s not like Heights where it has a first time director and a female lead. You don’t have to take business classes at the MBA level to know how the movie business works. You know a $2 million Merchant Ivory movie starring Glenn Close and Elizabeth Banks versus Invincible starring Mark Wahlberg. I’ve played great roles in smaller movies. I just did this movie Bill with Aaron Eckhart and Jessica Alba, which I had a great time on, but it’s a little movie. I’m hoping we go to Sundance so I can get some great swag.<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/invincible/a/invinceb081806_2.htm About Entertainment. "Inside 'Invincible' with Elizabeth Banks" by Rebecca Murray.]</ref></blockquote>
 +
 
 +
=====Eric Bogosian=====
 
With Close in the starring role, it was relatively easy to cast Eric Bogosian.<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> "I wanted Eric Bogosian for the character of Henry, but Eric is always so busy with his writing and his acting and whatever that I thought that the chances were slim," said Terrio.  "Now the Henry/Diana relationship is one of my favorite relationships in the film because I think Eric and Glenn… I mean, they hadn’t really met before but they just met each other and totally hit it off and totally just got it. And so I think when you see them you really feel that it’s a relationship that might have been going on for 25 years, as I imagined it to have been – from the time they were teenagers or something. You know Henry and Diana had been friends for a long time - or at least immediately post-college Henry and Diana had been friends - so that was a nice surprise that just came out of the chemistry between the two of them."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref>
 
With Close in the starring role, it was relatively easy to cast Eric Bogosian.<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> "I wanted Eric Bogosian for the character of Henry, but Eric is always so busy with his writing and his acting and whatever that I thought that the chances were slim," said Terrio.  "Now the Henry/Diana relationship is one of my favorite relationships in the film because I think Eric and Glenn… I mean, they hadn’t really met before but they just met each other and totally hit it off and totally just got it. And so I think when you see them you really feel that it’s a relationship that might have been going on for 25 years, as I imagined it to have been – from the time they were teenagers or something. You know Henry and Diana had been friends for a long time - or at least immediately post-college Henry and Diana had been friends - so that was a nice surprise that just came out of the chemistry between the two of them."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref>
  
 
Terrio recounts that it is easier to go fishing for actors of the caliber of Bogosian in New York than perhaps it would be in L.A., because people are generally a little bit more accessible and friendly toward independent film. "Glenn [Close] brought me to the Gotham Awards right before we shot. And I just went up - after a glass of wine - and approached Eric Bogosian, and I said: 'We've been talking to your agent about this part, and I'm not even sure if you've seen it. Can you do it?' The next day it got rolling. There isn't a lot of money involved in a film like this, obviously."<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/movies/05gold.html?_r=0 New York Times.  "How Her Little Play Became His Big Movie" by Sylviane Gold.  June 5, 2005.]</ref>
 
Terrio recounts that it is easier to go fishing for actors of the caliber of Bogosian in New York than perhaps it would be in L.A., because people are generally a little bit more accessible and friendly toward independent film. "Glenn [Close] brought me to the Gotham Awards right before we shot. And I just went up - after a glass of wine - and approached Eric Bogosian, and I said: 'We've been talking to your agent about this part, and I'm not even sure if you've seen it. Can you do it?' The next day it got rolling. There isn't a lot of money involved in a film like this, obviously."<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/movies/05gold.html?_r=0 New York Times.  "How Her Little Play Became His Big Movie" by Sylviane Gold.  June 5, 2005.]</ref>
  
====George Segal====
+
=====George Segal=====
 
George Segal was another role that was relatively easy to cast.<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> "George Segal was a blast," said Terrio.<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref> " I didn’t want the rabbi to be the sage man on the mountain—the wise character whom our hero visits to get advice. The thing about George is that he’s so irreverent about everything. I felt that he could sell the first-act stuff that’s sort of comic, then later on, he could turn on a dime and play the minor key just as well. He didn’t read the whole script, I don’t think, so the first time he saw the movie was in Miami. I was ecstatic that George responded so well to the film and became our cheerleader down there."<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref>
 
George Segal was another role that was relatively easy to cast.<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> "George Segal was a blast," said Terrio.<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref> " I didn’t want the rabbi to be the sage man on the mountain—the wise character whom our hero visits to get advice. The thing about George is that he’s so irreverent about everything. I felt that he could sell the first-act stuff that’s sort of comic, then later on, he could turn on a dime and play the minor key just as well. He didn’t read the whole script, I don’t think, so the first time he saw the movie was in Miami. I was ecstatic that George responded so well to the film and became our cheerleader down there."<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref>
  
====Isabella Rossellini====
+
=====Isabella Rossellini=====
 
"Isabella Rossellini was just a pleasure. She’s such a gentle soul. She’s not a diva in the least bit. In fact, she said to me at the end of the day that she was relieved that I wasn’t scary because she thinks so many directors are scary. (Laughing) David Lynch must have traumatized her. Luckily I’m not a genius like David Lynch so I’m not scary in that sense (laughing)."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref>
 
"Isabella Rossellini was just a pleasure. She’s such a gentle soul. She’s not a diva in the least bit. In fact, she said to me at the end of the day that she was relieved that I wasn’t scary because she thinks so many directors are scary. (Laughing) David Lynch must have traumatized her. Luckily I’m not a genius like David Lynch so I’m not scary in that sense (laughing)."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref>
  
====Jesse Bradford====
+
=====Jesse Bradford=====
 
Terrio cast Jesse Bradford in a key role. "I didn't think of Jesse right away," said Terrio. "But you see some actors in movies that don't have the best writing in the world, and you see them rising above that, and that's how it was with Jesse. James' favorite movie is 'Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?,' and we talked a lot about that. I think Matt really got the script right from the beginning."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> Bradford was originally apprehensive about working with a first time director but Terrio "proved to me very fast that though he was a first time director, he was clearly going to do a good job." "I think Chris [Terrio] does a great job of showing New York ...in a really original way and I think more importantly in a way that felt very natural, if you’ve ever lived there."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsjb061505.htm About.com "Jesse Bradford Talks About 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 15, 2013.]</ref>
 
Terrio cast Jesse Bradford in a key role. "I didn't think of Jesse right away," said Terrio. "But you see some actors in movies that don't have the best writing in the world, and you see them rising above that, and that's how it was with Jesse. James' favorite movie is 'Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?,' and we talked a lot about that. I think Matt really got the script right from the beginning."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> Bradford was originally apprehensive about working with a first time director but Terrio "proved to me very fast that though he was a first time director, he was clearly going to do a good job." "I think Chris [Terrio] does a great job of showing New York ...in a really original way and I think more importantly in a way that felt very natural, if you’ve ever lived there."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsjb061505.htm About.com "Jesse Bradford Talks About 'Heights'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 15, 2013.]</ref>
  
====James Marsden====
+
=====James Marsden=====
 
Marsden was pleased to be part of the cast of a Merchant Ivory film. " I was very excited to hear that they were producing it. And it was great to see them do something that was contemporary and present day in New York. They usually do period films set in England or Paris. I think Ismail [Merchant] said that after 9/11 he wanted to do something set in modern-day New York. But if you just look at their films, they're very elegant filmmakers," said Marsden. "When I sat down with Chris, I was so taken with the script and the story and everything, and how elegant the whole thing was, that I said, ‘I'll play any of these roles. Wherever you see most fit to put me in this movie, I'd be happy to be a part of it.’ "<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsjm060905.htm About.com "James Marsden Talks About 'Heights,' 'X-Men 3,' and 'Superman Returns'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 9, 2005.]</ref> During the filming Terrio coached the Oklahoma-born actor on his accent. "I had to get coached a bit on the Manhattan lifestyle," said Marsden. "I thought I'd gotten rid of my Oklahoma accent complete, but the director, Chris Terrio, would go, 'You're holding on to that ''r'' a little too long."<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=jmMEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA54&dq=%22chris+terrio%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=fhP9UefbE8msqgGerYCIDw&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%22chris%20terrio%22&f=false The Advocate. "Exploring Marsden" by Dennis Hensley.  May 24, 2005.]</ref>
 
Marsden was pleased to be part of the cast of a Merchant Ivory film. " I was very excited to hear that they were producing it. And it was great to see them do something that was contemporary and present day in New York. They usually do period films set in England or Paris. I think Ismail [Merchant] said that after 9/11 he wanted to do something set in modern-day New York. But if you just look at their films, they're very elegant filmmakers," said Marsden. "When I sat down with Chris, I was so taken with the script and the story and everything, and how elegant the whole thing was, that I said, ‘I'll play any of these roles. Wherever you see most fit to put me in this movie, I'd be happy to be a part of it.’ "<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsjm060905.htm About.com "James Marsden Talks About 'Heights,' 'X-Men 3,' and 'Superman Returns'" by Rebecca Murray.  June 9, 2005.]</ref> During the filming Terrio coached the Oklahoma-born actor on his accent. "I had to get coached a bit on the Manhattan lifestyle," said Marsden. "I thought I'd gotten rid of my Oklahoma accent complete, but the director, Chris Terrio, would go, 'You're holding on to that ''r'' a little too long."<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=jmMEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA54&dq=%22chris+terrio%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=fhP9UefbE8msqgGerYCIDw&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%22chris%20terrio%22&f=false The Advocate. "Exploring Marsden" by Dennis Hensley.  May 24, 2005.]</ref>
  
====Rufus Wainwright====
+
=====Rufus Wainwright=====
 
Terrio calls casting singer-composer Rufus Wainwright "my great coup. He can really hold a close-up."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> "I’d known his music for awhile and I’d always sort of appreciated his lyrical genius and his way with words. The character of Jeremy really wasn’t anything. It was just a composite of a few plot enablers. And then I was flipping through The New York Times 'Arts' section and there was an article, it was related to Rufus’ album “Want One,” and there was an article that said something… It had a big picture of Rufus and it said something like, ‘Rufus Wainwright emerges from gay hell.’ It was about his battles with addictions and some other things. I thought, ‘This is perfect.’ Rufus is perfectly credible as this person who’s been one of Benjamin’s exes and who is sort of slightly world-weary and wise at the ripe old age of 28, or whatever Rufus was."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref>
 
Terrio calls casting singer-composer Rufus Wainwright "my great coup. He can really hold a close-up."<ref>[http://seattletimes.com/html/entertainment/2002342219_heights21.html Seattle Times.  "Young director helms "Heights," one of Ismail Merchant's last films" by John Hartl.  June 21, 2005.]</ref> "I’d known his music for awhile and I’d always sort of appreciated his lyrical genius and his way with words. The character of Jeremy really wasn’t anything. It was just a composite of a few plot enablers. And then I was flipping through The New York Times 'Arts' section and there was an article, it was related to Rufus’ album “Want One,” and there was an article that said something… It had a big picture of Rufus and it said something like, ‘Rufus Wainwright emerges from gay hell.’ It was about his battles with addictions and some other things. I thought, ‘This is perfect.’ Rufus is perfectly credible as this person who’s been one of Benjamin’s exes and who is sort of slightly world-weary and wise at the ripe old age of 28, or whatever Rufus was."<ref>[http://movies.about.com/od/heights/a/heightsct061705_2.htm About.com  "Director Chris Terrio Talks About "Heights"" by Rebecca Murray.  June 17, 2005.]</ref>
 
===Movie Plot===
 
''Heights'' follows a pivotal twenty-four hours in the interconnected lives of five New Yorkers and starred Glenn Close, Elizabeth Banks, James Marsden and Jesse Bradford, and features Isabella Rossellini, George Segal and Rufus Wainwrigh] in small roles. ''Heights'' makes abundant references to ''MacBeth.'' "Significantly, in Terrio's and Fox's interpretation of the play, MacBeth is nowhere to be found.  Even in the first scene with the Juilliard students, MacBeth has very few lines - Lady MacBeth dominates," writes Sid Ray. "None of the recurring billboards of the Broadway production features the play's titular character.  Through Diana Lee and her daughter, the film centralizes the hidden, suppressed story of Lady MacBeth.  Moreover, the film suggests that Lady MacBeth may be weeping behind pillars though she puts on a mocking and defiant public face."<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=Z36yCwdHQzoC&pg=PA128&lpg=PA128&dq=Phenomenology+virginia+woolf+terrio&source=bl&ots=UFJEBwry2D&sig=vv0nD24gDy6eDl9Nv6Ss1o-GkP0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=P2b-UdizF4Lc9QSjyIGoDg&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Phenomenology%20virginia%20woolf%20terrio&f=false "Shakespeare and the Middle Ages: Essays on the Performance and Adaptation of the Plays with Medieval Sources or Settings" Edited by Martha W. Driver and Sid Ray.  "Finding Grouch: The Hidden Geneology of Lady MacBeth in Text and Cinematic Performance" by Sid Ray. 2009.]</ref>
 
 
The film starts off looking like it might be a marriage comedy, says Terrio but as the day and night progress, the style of the film gets looser, the dialogue becomes more sparse, and the mood darkens a shift in tone as the day and night progress inspired, in part, by the work of New York playwright Edward Albee. “Albee was briefly a writing mentor of mine,” said Terrio. “[His plays] “A Delicate Balance” and “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?” have a structure similar to the one we used in this film – they take place over one night, and as the night goes on the world gets bleaker, but then the sun rises in the end.”<ref>[http://www.mongrelmedia.com/data/ftp/Heights/Heights%20Press%20Kit.pdf Mongrel Media.  "Press Kit for 'Heights'"]</ref> 
 
 
===Directing the Film===
 
The entire six-week shoot was in New York.<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wonderous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref> Terrio says that he was "so clueless" directing his first major studio film that he didn't know how complicated it would be to do night shooting, work on location in New York City, or work with high-profile stars or he would have been scared out of it.<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526 efilm Critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career ''Heights''" by Peter Sobczynski. June 24, 2005.]</ref> "You are on location in New York and you show up on location and there are all these trucks and you think "That's all for me. I have to tell that techno-crane where to go and I have to figure out what lens to use on that truck of cameras and lenses,'" said Terrio. "It's a constant battle but it's a thrill especially if you are on a low budget film. There is all this stuff to fill the frame. the documentarian kicks in because you can just take your fictitious characters and stick them into such a real environment and they begin responding to that."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref> "Some of my short films were set on location in New York in the outer boroughs, so I was used to the documentary aspect of jumping into the streets and getting dirty in order to get the shot," says Terrio. "Shooting in New York wasn’t hard for me because I knew the drill and I knew how to steal shots in order to get it done. The ensemble cast–now that I look it at, it was daunting because there were all of these great actors in the thick of things doing it."<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526 efilm Critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career ''Heights''" by Peter Sobczynski. June 24, 2005.]</ref>
 
 
Terrio says he comes from a part of the city that is more working-class than the world of ''Heights'' "which was called "haute bohemian" by someone. It's more the world that I encountered in college and in graduate school. I felt pretty comfortable, because I felt like I know these people."<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/movies/05gold.html?_r=0 New York Times.  "How Her Little Play Became His Big Movie" by Sylviane Gold.  June 5, 2005.]</ref> Terrio saw Heights' visuals as a tribute to his father. "He wrote manuals for [New York City] corporations and brought us to work one day [from Staten Island]. I remember I was shocked that he was boxed in, in this place." So the view of Heights' upscale lawyer Jonathan is of a man "trapped in the grid that is Manhattan."<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref>
 
 
Terrio considers ''Heights'' a multi-character ensemble piece and saw parallels with ''Crash,'' another ensemble piece that appeared at the same time. "Heights is being released at the same time that a multi-character ensemble piece such as Crash is also in theaters," said Terrio. "The thing is that Crash is about how, in Los Angeles, people don’t intersect and interact. Heights is about the opposite, how in New York people are always butting elbows and crossing paths and intersecting. In a way, one could view them as coastal companion movies. I think Crash is darker than Heights is. Heights, at least in the first act, has a slightly lighter tone."<ref>[http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:PBMQdqVzKK0J:www.afterellen.com/archive/elton/movies/2005/6/heights.html+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us After Ellen.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Elizabeth Banks of Heights" by Gregg Shapiro, June 27, 2005.]</ref>
 
 
Terrio says he had the advantage of it being a chronological shoot so the actors were really in the skins of their characters by the end of shooting. "By the time of that last scene, Elizabeth and James and Jesse had gone a month and change as those characters, so they really knew what was true and what wasn’t true. That helped the tone evolve as well because they evolved with the characters."<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526 efilm critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career ''Heights''" by Peter Sobczynski. June 24, 2005.]</ref>
 
 
Terrio used some quick thinking and guerrilla-filmmaking techniques to keep the film within budget. For example, in the opening scene of Glenn Close as she critiques the young actors’ staging of Macbeth Terrio couldn’t afford 200 extras to come and be the Juilliard students. "Our extras casting guy, Keith Gunthorpe, went around to acting schools and put up signs that said, “Take a Master Class in Shakespeare with Glenn Close—FREE—Lincoln Center Library on Thursday,” and I swear to you, we had a line down Lincoln Center Plaza of people to take this. So we have all these real acting students who are there, and Glenn just lit up. We’d done the scene in rehearsal, without them, but with them, she suddenly became like a Baptist preacher at the pulpit. I’d given her the CDs of Maria Callas doing master classes at Juilliard. In those CDs, you can hear Callas not only being a diva, but you can hear that she cares about the students, and she cares so deeply about the material that she could almost shake them. Because, like Diana, she wants them to do it right."<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref> In another scene Terrio filmed the James Marsden character as he makes a phone call from his law office and instead of placing the camera in the room with him, Terrio shot the exterior of the building. "We shot that from a hotel room across the way, but we couldn’t tell them we were making a movie, so we just did it guerrilla-style since we couldn’t get a permit. This shows you how nervy Ismail Merchant is: after we’d been filming up there for an hour, after demanding that particular room because it had the best view of the other building, he went and said—we’re not happy with the room, we’d like our money back. And he got it!"<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ NPT Online.  "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N. P. Thompson.  June 16, 20015.]</ref>
 
  
 
===Response to the Film===
 
===Response to the Film===
Line 161: Line 192:
  
 
"For this initially wary viewer, at least, speaking with the director while he was in town for the recent film festival confirmed both his overall potential, and the inner strength of his debut," wrote Andrew Wright. "Whether giving props to his recently deceased mentor Ismail Merchant, good-naturedly knocking his own inexperience, or waxing enthusiastic about his next project (New York again, but this time a down and dirty gang saga inspired by the Brazilian epic City of God), Terrio displayed a poise that belied his age, and more than forgives the occasional soft spots of his calling card. Few things are for sure in this silly business, but mark this: He's a comer."<ref>[http://www.thestranger.com/seattle/Content?oid=21858 The Stranger.  "Close, Not ‘Closer’" by Andrew Wright.  June 23, 2005.]</ref>
 
"For this initially wary viewer, at least, speaking with the director while he was in town for the recent film festival confirmed both his overall potential, and the inner strength of his debut," wrote Andrew Wright. "Whether giving props to his recently deceased mentor Ismail Merchant, good-naturedly knocking his own inexperience, or waxing enthusiastic about his next project (New York again, but this time a down and dirty gang saga inspired by the Brazilian epic City of God), Terrio displayed a poise that belied his age, and more than forgives the occasional soft spots of his calling card. Few things are for sure in this silly business, but mark this: He's a comer."<ref>[http://www.thestranger.com/seattle/Content?oid=21858 The Stranger.  "Close, Not ‘Closer’" by Andrew Wright.  June 23, 2005.]</ref>
 +
 +
Bill Gallo wrote at the Miami New Times that "Terrio exudes youthful bravado -- he's 29 -- as well as a kind of postadolescent melancholy. Where he might have cracked wise about the traumas of his young "creative class" strivers, he tends to mope. But then solemnity always comes easier than wit. Much of the film takes place in Woody Allen country -- the lofts and cocktail parties of the New York intelligentsia -- but neither Fox nor Terrio, despite trying, has anything like Allen's dead aim on neurotic folly." Gallo added presciently that "for writer/director Terrio, Heights heralds the beginning of what promises to be a fruitful career."<ref>[http://www.miaminewtimes.com/film/24-hour-pouty-people-6340048 Miami New Times. "24-Hour Pouty People" by Bill Gallo. July 7, 2005.]</ref>
  
 
===Ismail Merchant's Death===
 
===Ismail Merchant's Death===
 
Ismail Merchant's death just days before the premiere of ''Heights''<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref> cast a pall over the production. "It was a complete shock and we're all still struggling. Ismail being such a force of nature, charging at the head of the army, I thought he'd outlast all of us, he's so robust. And since he gave me this chance, took me on as a mentor, he's one of the people you most want to be proud of you," said Terrio.<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref> "I don't know what persuaded him to trust somebody in his mid-20s who never made a film before. I'm just awfully glad he did... In the end he really liked it. I think he was really happy with it. That's when peace descended on me."<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Advance.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay" by John M. Annese.  February 25, 2013.]</ref> James Ivory could not bear to come to the premier of ''Heights'' and Terrio did the rope line while on his cell phone taking a call from homebound, griefstricken Ivory. "I'm certainly not hanging up on Jim just to smile at a photographer," said Terrio.<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wonderous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref> "[Ismail Merchant] really in a way invented how we think about independent films," said Terrio. "He and James were off in India doing these small independent projects at a time when the studios really controlled everything and there weren't that many outsiders.  Now independent film is a huge economic and artistic center of Hollywood but at the time there was hardly anyone doing it.  He and James went off and said they were going to do their thing.  And then they had their huge hits, "A Room with a View" and "Howard's End" and then people noticed."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref>
 
Ismail Merchant's death just days before the premiere of ''Heights''<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref> cast a pall over the production. "It was a complete shock and we're all still struggling. Ismail being such a force of nature, charging at the head of the army, I thought he'd outlast all of us, he's so robust. And since he gave me this chance, took me on as a mentor, he's one of the people you most want to be proud of you," said Terrio.<ref>[http://www.seattleweekly.com/2005-06-22/film/an-interview-with-heights-director-chris-terrio/ Seattle Weekly.  "Chris Terrio" by Shiela Benson.  October 9, 2006.]</ref> "I don't know what persuaded him to trust somebody in his mid-20s who never made a film before. I'm just awfully glad he did... In the end he really liked it. I think he was really happy with it. That's when peace descended on me."<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Advance.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay" by John M. Annese.  February 25, 2013.]</ref> James Ivory could not bear to come to the premier of ''Heights'' and Terrio did the rope line while on his cell phone taking a call from homebound, griefstricken Ivory. "I'm certainly not hanging up on Jim just to smile at a photographer," said Terrio.<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wonderous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref> "[Ismail Merchant] really in a way invented how we think about independent films," said Terrio. "He and James were off in India doing these small independent projects at a time when the studios really controlled everything and there weren't that many outsiders.  Now independent film is a huge economic and artistic center of Hollywood but at the time there was hardly anyone doing it.  He and James went off and said they were going to do their thing.  And then they had their huge hits, "A Room with a View" and "Howard's End" and then people noticed."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Charlie-Martin-Sherwin-Hudson-Terrio/dp/B000GAKTAU The Charlie Rose Show.  "Charlie Rose with Martin Sherwin; Kate Hudson; Chris Terrio"  August 10, 2005]</ref>
  
==From Directing to Screenwriting==
+
“Ismail was completely fearless. He really was maybe the only truly independent producer who wasn’t in any way bound to anyone. Ismail didn’t care about what the studios thought, he didn’t care about what agents in Hollywood thought. If he wanted to make a film, he was going to make it. He would beg, borrow, and steal; he would get his dentist to invest; he would just make the movie. It still astounds me that he had the confidence to take... I was almost 26 when he gave me this film... he had seen some of my short films and read some of my writing; he had no idea, but he just thought ‘I have a good feeling so I’m going to let him do this.’ I don’t know anyone else who would have done that. He wasn’t just the producer who just sat up in the office writing checks. He was on set, he was cooking dinner for people, he really was a life force and would take the actors and the director and anyone involved with the film on as his family, as his adopted nieces and nephews and grandkids. I don’t think we’ll ever recover from it. There’s no replacement for Ismail.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty MapesJuly 18, 2005.]</ref>
[[Image:Random family.jpg|thumb|500px|In 2005 Terrio began writing the screenplay “Random Family”<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526&printer=1 Efilm Critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career 'Heights'" by Peter SobczynskiJune 24, 2005.]</ref> based on reporter Adrian Nicole LeBlanc’s decade-long study of a struggling Bronx tribe.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> ''Random Family'' revolves around a multigenerational family in the South Bronx. In Fall of 2008<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref> Terrio's script landed him an agent and a deal at Hart-Sharp Entertainment but then Hart-Sharp folded and Terrio's sole consolation was that their development director Nina Wolarksy, promised she'd find him another project<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> which turned out to be ''Argo''.]]
+
 
 +
===Terrio's Participation in Fringe Theatre===
 +
During the same time period that Terrio was working on ''Heights'' he was involved in [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fringe_theatre Fringe Threatre] and off-off Broadway in New York City and directed and appeared in productions at ''[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_MaMa_Experimental_Theatre_Club La Mama Experimental Theatre Club].'' "I’ve directed things at LaMama and all sorts of fringy things and been in things at LaMama," said Terrio. "In fact, the last thing I did there, I played a tap-dancing gorilla."<ref>[http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:PBMQdqVzKK0J:www.afterellen.com/archive/elton/movies/2005/6/heights.html+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us After Ellen.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Elizabeth Banks of Heights" by Gregg Shapiro, June 27, 2005.]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==2005: From Directing to Screenwriting==
 
===The Sundance Myth===
 
===The Sundance Myth===
 
Sony Classics picked up Terrio's movie and ''Heights'' went to Sundance. "There’s almost a Sundance myth that your first film has to be your letter to the world," says Terrio. “When that happened, I thought, Okay, I’m ready to be a famous director, but of course nothing ever works that way.”<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> Terrio's first directorial effort gave him hope that a directing career might lay ahead but <ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio"  by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2013.]</ref> the only directing offers Terrio received were for films like ''Heights.''  Terrio wasn't interested in revisiting that ground so instead he went broke<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref>  and turned his attention back to writing.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio"  by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2013.]</ref> "My thought was, I'm going to start writing and figure out what movie I would want to make if I could make any movie in the world."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref>
 
Sony Classics picked up Terrio's movie and ''Heights'' went to Sundance. "There’s almost a Sundance myth that your first film has to be your letter to the world," says Terrio. “When that happened, I thought, Okay, I’m ready to be a famous director, but of course nothing ever works that way.”<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> Terrio's first directorial effort gave him hope that a directing career might lay ahead but <ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio"  by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2013.]</ref> the only directing offers Terrio received were for films like ''Heights.''  Terrio wasn't interested in revisiting that ground so instead he went broke<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref>  and turned his attention back to writing.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio"  by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2013.]</ref> "My thought was, I'm going to start writing and figure out what movie I would want to make if I could make any movie in the world."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref>
  
===Temporary Jobs===
+
Terrio took different temporary jobs working as a messenger, delivering gift baskets.  "You name it, I was doing it."  When ''Heights'' was released Terrio was working as a receptionist at a film editing company.  "I was happy to have the job, but I would lead people to think that I was directing or editing commercials when I was taking sushi orders."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> Terrio continued to live in an apartment on 96th street with four roommates,<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref> a rambling Upper West Side rental "shared with assorted ladies" where he had kitchen privileges and everyone's food was labeled.<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wonderous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref> "It’s not like you make a film and the money truck comes and now you’re off driving your BMW. I feel like I hit the lottery in that I got the chance to do this and I never for one second took it for granted. All my buddies are still trying to get something off the ground. It’s like lifting an elephant. The fact that I had great people who worked with me to do this was just a huge blessing.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref>
Terrio took different temporary jobs working as a messenger, delivering gift baskets.  "You name it, I was doing it."  When ''Heights'' was released Terrio was working as a receptionist at a film editing company.  "I was happy to have the job, but I would lead people to think that I was directing or editing commercials when I was taking sushi orders."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> Terrio continued to live in an apartment on 96th street with four roommates,<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref> a rambling Upper West Side rental "shared with assorted ladies" where he had kitchen privileges and everyone's food was labeled.<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wonderous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref> "It’s not like you make a film and the money truck comes and now you’re off driving your BMW. I feel like I hit the lottery in that I got the chance to do this and I never for one second took it for granted. The fact that I had great people who worked with me to do this was just a huge blessing.”<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio_fox_05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Amy Fox on Heights" by Marty Mapes.  July 18, 2005.]</ref>
+
  
===Screenplay for ''Random Family''===
+
Following are writing projects that Terrio has been involved in.  The year before the title is the earliest date for which a documented reference to the screenplay is available.
 +
 
 +
===2005: Ten Unknowns===
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[[Image:Ten unknowns.jpg|thumb|300px|In 2005 Terrio wrote an adaptation of the play "Ten Unknowns" by playwright Jon Robin Baitz<ref>[http://www.voicebase.com/autonotes/public_detail/244454/refine/Cambridge WNYC.  "Chris Terrio on Writing the "Argo" Screenplay"]</ref> for Hart-Sharp Entertainment but then Hart-Sharp folded. Terrio's sole consolation was that their development director, Nina Wolarksy, promised she'd find him another project<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> which turned out to be Terrio's big break - ''Argo''.]]
 +
Terrio wrote an adaptation of the play "Ten Unknowns" by playwright Jon Robin Baitz<ref>[http://www.voicebase.com/autonotes/public_detail/244454/refine/Cambridge WNYC.  "Chris Terrio on Writing the "Argo" Screenplay"]</ref> for Hart-Sharp Entertainment but then Hart-Sharp folded. Terrio's sole consolation was that their development director, Nina Wolarksy, promised she'd find him another project<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> which turned out to be Terrio's big break - ''Argo''.
 +
 
 +
Ten Unknowns explores the commercialization of culture through the character, Malcolm Raphelson. "A once-renowned artist now suffering from 'painter's block,' Raphelson rages against the current art world's hunger for the next “it” artist. When a New York agent, a young apprentice and a beautiful graduate student enter his self-exile in remote Mexico, it becomes a perfect lair. The interweaving tension builds as a complicated mystery unfolds." The New Yorker proclaimed Ten Unknowns to be “…a cunning and elegant play…with deft storytelling.” Baitz, considered one of America's 'best playwrights of conscience' was born in Los Angeles and raised in South Africa. His play A Fair Country was one of the finalists for a Pulitzer Prize in 1996. Baitz has written for the television series The West Wing and Alias. He was also the executive producer of the ABC-TV hit drama Brothers and Sisters.<ref>[http://www.thegoldstandard.com/node/387 The Gold Standard.  "Ten Unknowns By Jon Robin Baitz Opens 2013 Season At The Schoolhouse Theater In Croto"  February 13, 2013.]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===2005: Random Family===
 +
[[Image:Random family 3.jpg|thumb|300px|left|Speaking at "La Alianza" in Montevideo in April, 2013 Terrio said that if he could choose one of his unproduced scripts to turn into a film, it would be ''Random Family''. "There is a small script about the Bronx that I have wanted to do for years which is about the drug wars and women in poverty and if somebody said tomorrow you get to make one film it would be that Bronx film."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJbD6-74Tq8 YouTube.  "Chris Terrio at the Alianza Part 4"]</ref>]]
 
In 2005 Terrio began writing the screenplay “Random Family”<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526&printer=1 Efilm Critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career 'Heights'" by Peter Sobczynski.  June 24, 2005.]</ref> based on reporter Adrian Nicole LeBlanc’s decade-long study of a struggling multigenerational family in the South Bronx, teens and the drug trade.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> Cindy Adams wrote in the New York Post that Terrio originally planned a five DVD box set about the five boroughs of New York City with one movie each about the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Staten Island.<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wonderous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref> ''Random Family'', inspired by [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_of_God_(2002_film) ''City of God''] directed by Fernando Meirelles and co-directed by Kátia Lund, was to have been the first in the series.<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wonderous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref>
 
In 2005 Terrio began writing the screenplay “Random Family”<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526&printer=1 Efilm Critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career 'Heights'" by Peter Sobczynski.  June 24, 2005.]</ref> based on reporter Adrian Nicole LeBlanc’s decade-long study of a struggling multigenerational family in the South Bronx, teens and the drug trade.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> Cindy Adams wrote in the New York Post that Terrio originally planned a five DVD box set about the five boroughs of New York City with one movie each about the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Staten Island.<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wonderous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref> ''Random Family'', inspired by [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_of_God_(2002_film) ''City of God''] directed by Fernando Meirelles and co-directed by Kátia Lund, was to have been the first in the series.<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wonderous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref>
  
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Terrio's script landed him an agent and a deal at Hart-Sharp Entertainment to adapt the play ''10 Unknowns'' by Jon Robin Baitz<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> but then Hart-Sharp folded in February 2007<ref>[http://www.emanuellevy.com/news/hart-sharp-entertainment-dissolves-9/  Emanuel Levy.  "Hart-Sharp Entertainment Dissolves"  February 15, 2007.]</ref> and Terrio's sole consolation was that their development director Nina Wolarksy, promised she'd find him another project.<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> "When you are not in the guild you are just grateful for anything that will give you a month of rent or a couple of months of rent. If someone had read a screenplay or a play that you had written on spec sometimes you could get $5,000.  On a good day you could get $10,000 or maybe here is lunch if you will let me be the guy to take your screenplay around," said Terrio.
 
Terrio's script landed him an agent and a deal at Hart-Sharp Entertainment to adapt the play ''10 Unknowns'' by Jon Robin Baitz<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> but then Hart-Sharp folded in February 2007<ref>[http://www.emanuellevy.com/news/hart-sharp-entertainment-dissolves-9/  Emanuel Levy.  "Hart-Sharp Entertainment Dissolves"  February 15, 2007.]</ref> and Terrio's sole consolation was that their development director Nina Wolarksy, promised she'd find him another project.<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> "When you are not in the guild you are just grateful for anything that will give you a month of rent or a couple of months of rent. If someone had read a screenplay or a play that you had written on spec sometimes you could get $5,000.  On a good day you could get $10,000 or maybe here is lunch if you will let me be the guy to take your screenplay around," said Terrio.
  
===Screenplay for ''The Ends of the Earth''===
+
Terrio began writing the screenplay “Random Family” in 2005<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526&printer=1 Efilm Critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career 'Heights'" by Peter Sobczynski.  June 24, 2005.]</ref> based on reporter Adrian Nicole LeBlanc’s decade-long study of a struggling Bronx tribe.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> ''Random Family'' revolves around a multigenerational family in the South Bronx. LeBlanc and Chris Terrio are writing and co-executive producing. Rich Rosenthal, who oversees WB's digital division and Neal Gabler are executive producing.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/rushin-raymond-77751 Hollywood Reporter.  "Rushin' after 'Raymond'"  by Nellie Andreeva.  January 16, 2009.]</ref> Gillian Engberg reported on Booklist that "Journalist LeBlanc spent more than 10 years following two Latina women from the Bronx, and in this ambitious work, she tells their stories, beginning in the late 1980s with their young teen years. Older Jessica becomes a mistress to an enormously successful heroin dealer, and Coco falls for Jessica's brother, an aspiring gangster. The two women find love, weather abuse, have babies, endure their own and their partners' prison terms, and struggle with health problems, social systems, motherhood, their own mothers, the violence of their communities, and the uncertain future. LeBlanc's prose is sprawling and dense with cinematic detail--what people wore, ate, drove, listened to; where they lived; what they said--and she studiously removes herself from the story, letting her characters' day-to-day lives unfold in scenes that are both gripping and mundane and, like life, defy easy organization. What emerges is an important, unvarnished portrait of people living in deep urban poverty, beyond the statistics, hip-hop glamour, and stereotypes."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Random-Family-Drugs-Trouble-Coming/dp/0743254430 Amazon.  Review of "Random Family" from Booklist by Gillian Engberg.]</ref>
Another script Terrio wrote during this period was ''The Ends of the Earth'', based on the story of oilman E. W. Marland. Terrio origninally heard about the Marland story through Oklahoma native Lance Johnson who Terrio met at USC film school in the early 2000's. "I was writing scripts and actually one of them I think is going to be made by Weinstein Company that Jennifer Lawrence is going to do that is about an oil man in Oklahoma in the early 20th century (''The Ends of the Earth'') involving socialism and an incest story and is just this big American epic of oil and capitalism but told in a different more political way than "There Will Be Blood" and those were the kinds of scripts I was writing so you can image why I was poor because those aren't the kinds of things you can go in and say 'There's this guy."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref>
+
 
 +
In 2009 Nellie Andreeva reported at the ''Hollywood Reporter'' that producer Phil Rosenthal had three projects in the works at HBO and a sitcom set up at the BBC including "Random Family," based on the nonfiction book by Adrian Nicole LeBlanc.  Andreeva said that LeBlanc and Terrio were writing and co-executive producing and Rosenthal and Neal Gabler were executive producing.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/rushin-raymond-77751 The Hollywood REporter.  "Rushin' after 'Raymond'" by Nellie Andreeva.  January 16, 2009.]</ref>
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 +
Speaking at "La Alianza" in Montevideo in April, 2013 Terrio said that if he could choose one of his unproduced scripts to turn into a film, it would be ''Random Family''. "There is a small script about the Bronx that I have wanted to do for years which is about the drug wars and women in poverty and if somebody said tomorrow you get to make one film it would be that Bronx film.  But it's very hard.  The one thing that Hollywood insists upon is that you need a star. And if you are making a movie about 16 year old  girls in the Bronx, there is no star who can raise the money. That is a big problem in Hollywood.  Unless you have a character who can  be played by a big star like Ben Affleck or George Clooney or Meryl Streep or Jennifer Lawrence, there is no economic model.  On HBO maybe.  HBO can takes chances and make films without stars but the economics of film are really hard."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJbD6-74Tq8 YouTube.  "Chris Terrio at the Alianza Part 4"]</ref> Part of the problem is that private financiers who once were willing to put money into any project amid the 1990s independent-film boom are becoming more gun-shy. "Most of my experience was from independent investors," said Terrio in 2006. "It seems now that they're a lot more savvy about what names equal at the box office."<ref>[http://www.backstage.com/news/during-the-height-of-the-studios-golden-age-mgm/ Backstage.  "During the height of the studios' golden age, MGM" by Gregg Goldstein.  January 19, 2006.]</ref>
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 +
===2006: Richard II===
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[[Image:Richard ii.jpg|thumb|300px|Terrio wrote a version of "Richard II" at Merchant Ivory.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire.  "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton.  March 20, 2013.]</ref> The ''Man In Hat'' Production Company reported on February 24, 2013 that Terrio's adaptation of Shakespeare’s Richard II (the original ‘Game of Thrones’), will be directed by James Ivory and co-produced by ManInHat.<ref>[http://www.maninhat.com/news.htm Man in Hat.  "Chris Terrio"  February 23, 2013.]</ref> Photo: [http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b7/A_Chronicle_of_England_-_Page_324_-_Richard_Assumes_the_Command_of_the_Rebels.jpg Wikicommons]]]
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According to Merchant Ivory's web site, Chris Terrio has written a screenplay for ''Richard II'' which is in pre-production to be directed by Merchant Ivory: "Richard II, set around the year 1398, traces the fall from power of the last king of the house of Plantagenet, Richard II, and his replacement by the first Lancaster king, Henry IV (Henry Bolingbroke).  Richard II, who ascended the throne as a young boy, is a regal and stately figure, but he is wasteful in his spending habits, unwise in his choice of counselors, and detached from his country and its common people.  When he begins to “rent out” parcels of English land to certain wealthy noblemen in order to raise funds for one of his wars, and seizes the lands and money of a recently deceased and much respected uncle to help fill his coffers, both the commoners and the king’s noblemen decide that Richard has gone too far."<ref>[http://www.merchantivory.com/news/view/id/2 Merchant Ivory. "William Shakespeare's Richard II in Pre-Production" February 18, 2015.]</ref>
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The Independent reported in 2006 that James Ivory wanted to film ''Richard II.'' "I don't know how easy it will be to pull off, but that's one of the things I want to do," said Ivory. "I love the play. I think it would make a wonderful movie."<ref>[http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/features/james-ivory-a-death-in-the-family-471133.html The Independent.  "James Ivory: A death in the family"  March 24, 2006.]</ref> Terrio wrote a version of "Richard II" at Merchant Ivory.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire.  "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton.  March 20, 2013.]</ref> The ''Man In Hat'' Production Company reported on February 24, 2013 that Terrio's adaptation of Shakespeare’s Richard II (the original ‘Game of Thrones’), will be directed by James Ivory and co-produced by ManInHat.<ref>[http://www.maninhat.com/news.htm Man in Hat.  "Chris Terrio"  February 23, 2013.]</ref> After watching Avatar, Ivory plans to direct the film in 3D. "I'm going to be doing all sorts of things with Richard II that people would gasp if they knew... shooting it in 3D," says Ivory. "I think if you're going to do something set in the 14th century, in period, in 3D, it will be like something from Mars practically, I think. It will be strange and effective."<ref>[http://www.cbc.ca/news/arts/story/2012/06/20/james-ivory-toronto.html CBC.  "Director James Ivory plans Richard II in 3D"  June 20, 2012.]</ref>
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The Independent of Ireland reported on October 25, 2013 that ''Richard II'' is slated to begin shooting in 2014 from a screenplay by Terrio and that Jonathan Rhys Meyers hopes to be in the film.  "Much as I love TV, there are lots of films that I'd like to do," says Rhys Meyers. "I'm meeting for a film next week which is shooting next year and I'd love to do it. It's a James Ivory film on Richard II and it's got a beautiful script from Chris Terrio who did Argo. Fingers crossed."<ref>[http://www.independent.ie/entertainment/tv-radio/interview-with-a-vampire-29698044.html Independent of Ireland.  "Interview with a vampire" by John Meagher.  October 25, 2013.]</ref>
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The NY Times reported on September 11, 2015 that James Ivory is working on the film of ‘‘Richard II,’’ using Chris Terrio's script and starring Tom Hiddleston.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/11/t-magazine/james-ivory-house.html?_r=0 NY Times. "James Ivory’s Home Befits His Extraordinary Life" by Nancy Hass.  September 11, 2015.]</ref> Ivory previously confirmed Hiddleston's involvement in the movie to Everett Evans of the Houston Chronicle on November 7, 2014.<ref>[http://www.houstonchronicle.com/entertainment/arts-theater/article/Festival-salutes-the-literate-cinema-of-James-5878801.php Houston Chronicle. "Festival salutes the literate cinema of James Ivory" by Everett Evans. November 7, 2014.]</ref>
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 +
====August 12, 2017: James Ivory Struggles to Finance Chris Terrio's 'Richard II'====
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The Guardian reported on August 12, 2017 that for more than five years, James Ivory has tried in vain to raise money for a cinema adaptation of Richard II with a screenplay by Chris Terrio. Potential investors praise the script and describe the project as a “terrific idea”, said Ivory, “but nobody comes forward with the money”. Ivory needs around £15m, which he says is “nothing as far as movies are concerned these days, but no one seems to want to take the risk”. Despite 50 years of critical acclaim and Oscar recognition, plus British actors Tom Hiddleston and Damian Lewis lined up to star in his production, financiers are refusing to part with their money. “They look at you like you’re crazy,” he said. “There is an assumption that there is no money to be made from such an investment.”
 +
 
 +
Ivory knows exactly how he would adapt Richard II for the big screen: “It would make a fantastic thing visually to do a medieval film in 3D. We know very little about the medieval age. You read books about it. You go to museums and see the armour and so forth, but that’s really all we know about it. When it’s delivered as a film, you learn a lot.”
 +
 
 +
“Investing in Shakespeare is a labour of love," says Producer Stephen Evans who encountered “much scepticism” from potential investors in making Henry V with Kenneth Branagh.  "So many investment funds are frightened of the financial potential in making Shakespeare. The last Shakespeare released, Macbeth – despite having Michael Fassbender and Marion Cotillard as the two leads and being well received – only did middling business. It is clearly very difficult. I do think that, if Shakespeare was around now, he would be in LA writing scripts for Star Wars and the like. There is so much good stuff that has been done on Shakespeare, it will take a new generation to rediscover his works and try to put new angles on his genius.”<ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/film/2017/aug/12/james-ivory-shakespeare-film-fails-to-find-funding The Guardian. "Film investors’ fear of the Bard is burying my Richard II, says James Ivory" by Dalya Alberge. August 12, 2017.]</ref>
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===2007: The Ends of the Earth===
 +
Another script Terrio wrote during this period was ''The Ends of the Earth'', based on the story of oilman E. W. Marland. Terrio originally heard about the Marland story through Oklahoma native Lance Johnson who met Terrio at USC film school in the early 2000's and was a producer on Terrio's ''Book of Kings'' in 2002.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0333178/fullcredits?ref_=tt_ov_st_sm imdb. "Book of Kings" 2002.]</ref> "I was writing scripts and actually one of them I think is going to be made by Weinstein Company that Jennifer Lawrence is going to do that is about an oil man in Oklahoma in the early 20th century (''The Ends of the Earth'') involving socialism and an incest story and is just this big American epic of oil and capitalism but told in a different more political way than "There Will Be Blood" and those were the kinds of scripts I was writing so you can image why I was poor because those aren't the kinds of things you can go in and say 'There's this guy."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref>
  
 
Terrio's friend Lance Johnson joined Escape Artists in 2000 as an intern and moved up the ranks, most recently as director of development. “I am a producer on ‘The Ends of  the Earth,'" said Johnson in an interview with Louise Abercrombie of the Ponca City News. "Lydie once spoke to  me when I was four-years-old  and I’ve been wanting to turn  the Marland story into a film  since I was a kid. I utilized  a lot of local interviews and  research, and I’ve been working for years with the writer  Chris Terrio, Escape Artists,  and now The Weinstein Company to bring it to life.”<ref>[http://assets.mediaspanonline.com/prod/8458801/pcn-2012-08-15-a-001.pdf Ponca City News.  "Movie Producer Has Local Ties" by Louise Abercrombie. August 15, 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/escape-artists-ramping-up-2-102599 Hollywood Reporter.  "Escape Artists ramping up for 2 pics, new deal at Sony" by Leslie Simmo.  January 5, 2008.]</ref>
 
Terrio's friend Lance Johnson joined Escape Artists in 2000 as an intern and moved up the ranks, most recently as director of development. “I am a producer on ‘The Ends of  the Earth,'" said Johnson in an interview with Louise Abercrombie of the Ponca City News. "Lydie once spoke to  me when I was four-years-old  and I’ve been wanting to turn  the Marland story into a film  since I was a kid. I utilized  a lot of local interviews and  research, and I’ve been working for years with the writer  Chris Terrio, Escape Artists,  and now The Weinstein Company to bring it to life.”<ref>[http://assets.mediaspanonline.com/prod/8458801/pcn-2012-08-15-a-001.pdf Ponca City News.  "Movie Producer Has Local Ties" by Louise Abercrombie. August 15, 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/escape-artists-ramping-up-2-102599 Hollywood Reporter.  "Escape Artists ramping up for 2 pics, new deal at Sony" by Leslie Simmo.  January 5, 2008.]</ref>
  
===Fringe Theatre===
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Terrio completed the screenplay in 2007. "The Ends of the Earth,” dramatizes a scandalous father-daughter love story that brought down a powerful Oklahoma oil baron.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> Carson Reeves posted a review of the screenplay for "The Ends of the Earth" on July 2, 2012 on his web site "Scriptshadow" based on a 2007 draft. Reeves encouraged readers to seek out the script and read it and said he was bursting with enthusiasm over the screenplay. "Seriously, this has to be one of the most amazing untold stories ever.  I can't believe they haven't made a movie about it yet," writes Reeves.  "This is a wonderful screenplay and I'm hoping they get it cast soon because with the right actors and the right director, this has "Oscar" and "classic" written all over it."<ref>[http://scriptshadow.blogspot.com/2012/07/screenplay-review-ends-of-earth.html Scriptshadow.  "Screenplay Review - The Ends Of The Earth" by Carson Reeves.  July 2, 2012.]</ref>
During the same time period that Terrio was working on ''Heights'' he was involved in [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fringe_theatre Fringe Threatre] and off-off Broadway in New York City and directed and appeared in productions at ''[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_MaMa_Experimental_Theatre_Club La Mama Experimental Theatre Club].'' "I’ve directed things at LaMama and all sorts of fringy things and been in things at LaMama," said Terrio. "In fact, the last thing I did there, I played a tap-dancing gorilla."<ref>[http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:PBMQdqVzKK0J:www.afterellen.com/archive/elton/movies/2005/6/heights.html+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us After Ellen.  "Interview with Chris Terrio and Elizabeth Banks of Heights" by Gregg Shapiro, June 27, 2005.]</ref>
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===Interview with James Ivory===
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On August 6, 2012 the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Weinstein_Company Weinstein Company], producer of two recent Academy Award winners for best picture: "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_King%27s_Speech The King's Speech]" and "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Artist_(film) The Artist]," announced that they are attached to topline the romantic drama "Ends of the Earth," written by Academy Award winning screenwriter Chris Terrio based on the lives of EW and Lydie Marland, in a story that follows the controversial love affair between an oil baron and his adopted daughter, which destroys the empire they built together. "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Chris (Terrio)] has brought to life with his writing one of the most epic love stories that people have yet to really discover," said Dylan Sellers, Weinstein Company president of production. "We knew right away that this script was something special."<ref>[http://www.tulsaworld.com/scene/article.aspx?subjectid=371&articleid=20120806_371_0_Jniear119320 Tulsa World.  "Jennifer Lawrence cast as former Oklahoma first lady Lydie Marland in new film" by Michael Smith.  August 6, 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118057503 Variety.  "Jennifer Lawrence travels to 'Ends of the Earth'" by Jeff Sneider and Rachel Adams.  August 6, 2012.]</ref> [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jennifer_Lawrence Jennifer Lawrence], star of "The Hunger Games" and "Silver Linings Playbook" is attached to play Lydie, an educated, headstrong woman who was adopted as a girl by her aunt Virginia and uncle Ernest who later becomes their adopted daughter and eventually becomes EW's wife. According to the screenplay, Lydie urges EW to raise workers' wages at the Marland Refinery and give them unpredecented access to medical care, earning her the nickname the "princess of the prairies." <ref>[http://www.tulsaworld.com/scene/article.aspx?subjectid=371&articleid=20120806_371_0_Jniear119320 Tulsa World.  "Jennifer Lawrence cast as former Oklahoma first lady Lydie Marland in new film" by Michael Smith.  August 6, 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118057503 Variety.  "Jennifer Lawrence travels to 'Ends of the Earth'" by Jeff Sneider and Rachel Adams.  August 6, 2012.]</ref> Todd Black, Jason Blumenthal, Steve Tisch and Lance Johnson<ref>[http://assets.mediaspanonline.com/prod/8458801/pcn-2012-08-15-a-001.pdf Ponca City News.  "Movie Producer Has Local Ties" by Louise Abercrombie. August 15, 2012.]</ref> will produce the movie for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escape_Artists Escape Artists], which is aiming to start production in the summer of 2013. “We hope to be in production next year (2013), and I also hope  to be able to film in Ponca  City," said producer Lance Johnson, a Ponca City native, "but it’s still early in the  process and the schedule and  location won’t be determined until we decide on a director.”<ref>[http://www.tulsaworld.com/scene/article.aspx?subjectid=371&articleid=20120806_371_0_Jniear119320 Tulsa World.  "Jennifer Lawrence cast as former Oklahoma first lady Lydie Marland in new film" by Michael Smith.  August 6, 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118057503 Variety.  "Jennifer Lawrence travels to 'Ends of the Earth'" by Jeff Sneider and Rachel AdamsAugust 6, 2012.]</ref>
On November 10, 2007 Terrio interviewed James Ivory at Time and Space Limited, a cultural center in Hudson, NY as part of the Columbia County Historical Society's distinguished author series. Ivory said that he “tweaked the format” and got Terrio to do the interview. “I thought it would be more interesting to have a director, a young director, that we had worked with instead of a film critic or film historian,” said Ivory, adding that film clips of his work would be shown. “It’s up to Chris to decide, but ideally it would be one from our American Period, one from our Indian period, one from our French period and one from our English period.”<ref>[http://www.andrewamelinckx.com/writing/interviews/5-james-ivory.html The Register-Star.  "James Ivory: The inspiration behind the films" by Andrew AmelinckxNoember 5, 2007.]</ref>
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===''Damages''===
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Kristopher Tapley wrote at HitFix on March 27, 2013 that while the Weinstein Company put out a press release on February 19, 2013 announcing that director David O. Russell would be taking the reins on "The Ends of the Earth," people close to the project are saying Russell was never committed to it. Tapley says his own source said Russell wasn't interested because he "didn't want to do another incest movie." Tapley added that Terrio was making it clear to journalists that he had no knowledge of any of it and hadn't even met Russell and that he was trying to be as zen as possible about the situation.<ref>[http://www.hitfix.com/in-contention/how-harvey-weinstein-apparently-played-the-press-on-the-last-day-of-oscar-voting Hit Fix.  "How Harvey Weinstein apparently played the press on the last day of Oscar voting" by Kristopher Tapley. March 27, 2013.]</ref>
In 2010, Terrio reunited with Glenn Close who he had worked with on ''The Divorce'' and ''Heights'' when he directed "I Look Like Frankenstein," Episode 8 in Season 3 of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damages_(TV_series) Damages] on FX.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Wikipedia.  "chris Terrioretrieved May 23, 2013.]</ref>
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==Writing ''Argo''==
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====May 6, 2016: Documentary "High Stakes" Premieres with the 'Real Story' of E. W. Marland, Preempting Hollywood's Inaccuracies====
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[[Image:Lydie ends of the earth.jpg|thumb|left|550px|'''Documentary "High Stakes" Tells the 'Real Story' of E. W. Marland.''' Jayne Detten plays an older Lydie Marland in this re-enactment from “High Stakes: The Life and Times of E.W. Marland.” Once Lydie returned to Ponca in 1975, after more than 20 years away, she was spotted on the mansion grounds enjoying festivities at the mansion from afar. Photo: High Stakes]]
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The Tulsa World reported that “High Stakes: The Life and Times of E.W. Marland" premiered in Ponca City on May 6, 2016 and will premier in Tulsa on  May 12, 2016. The hope is that people learn the real story of oilman, politician, and philanthropist E. W. Marland from the documentary and want to tour the Marland Mansion and the  Marland Grand Home to learn more of the story.<ref>[http://www.tulsaworld.com/homepagelatest/documentary-aims-to-tell-real-story-of-oklahoma-oilman-governor/article_71cefe47-4321-51a1-9abd-a4d90ec9555c.html Tulsa World. "Documentary aims to tell 'real story' of Oklahoma oilman, governor E.W. Marland" by Michael Smith. May 10, 2016.]</ref> The documentary, filmed by Scott Swearingen and Steve Herrin, was funded by a grant of $100,000 from the Marland Estate Foundation. “The project was completely funded with no city funds used,” said David Keathly, director of the Marland Mansion. "We have been working on it over a year.”<ref>[http://poncacitynow.com/news/index.cfm?nk=55626 Ponca City Now. ""High Stakes: The Life & Times of E.W. Marland" premieres May 6" by Beverly Bryant. February 19, 2016.]</ref>
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The impetus for the documentary came in February, 2013 when Hollywood film producer Harvey Weinstein announced [http://marlandmovie.com “The Ends of the Earth,”] a film about E.W. Marland based on a screenplay from Oscar-winner Chris Terrio of “Argo". The hot film project seemed to come together quickly with Jennifer Lawrence slated to play Lydie Marland, the governor’s second wife, and David Russell selected to direct the picture. Residents of Ponca City were excited to learn that a movie would be made about one of it's most prominent citizens as rumors circulated that principal filming and production of the major motion picture would be done in Ponca City and that Christian Bale or Johnny Depp were being considered for the role of E. W. Marland.
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But in May, 2013 a Ponca City citizen alerted local civic leaders to the contents of Chris Terrio's screenplay and passed on a copy of the script for "The Ends of the Earth." When members of the E.W. Marland Estate Foundation were given the opportunity to take a look at Terrio's screenplay and it's “dramatic license, or, well, inaccuracies,” said Scott Swearingen, they decided that something needed to be done. "There was going to be an emphasis on drama, with the facts going by the wayside. The [Marland Estate] Foundation was concerned that people come to see the mansion with that story in mind. The wrong story,” said Swearingen, co-producer of the documentary, who has crafted video productions for exhibits at Gilcrease Museum of Art and the Woody Guthrie Center. Apparently Marland was not going to be shown in a good light, said Swearingen. “Lydie was going to be the heroine of the story, which would show her doing things to help employees that E.W. wouldn’t do, when it was actually E.W. who had instituted the policies that helped these employees.” The foundation hired Swearingen and Herrin to “tell the story as it happened — to get it right.”
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Meanwhile the Hollywood production of "The Ends of the Earth" ” has now gone silent and all involved have moved on to other projects. E. W. Marland's story is "a great story about never giving up. It’s remarkable to see how a person accumulates so much money and then loses it in a perfect storm. Why would you need to fictionalize this?” says Steve Herrin, one of the producers of "High Stakes". “The real story is so much more interesting than anything Hollywood could come up with.”<ref>[http://www.tulsaworld.com/homepagelatest/documentary-aims-to-tell-real-story-of-oklahoma-oilman-governor/article_71cefe47-4321-51a1-9abd-a4d90ec9555c.html Tulsa World. "Documentary aims to tell 'real story' of Oklahoma oilman, governor E.W. Marland" by Michael Smith. May 10, 2016.]</ref>
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* Learn more at [http://marlandmovie.com EW Marland, Ponca City, and the Upcoming Movie "The Ends of the Earth"]
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===2007: Baltimore===
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Nikki Finke reported on December 7, 2007 that ''Baltimore'' by Chris Terrio and Jesse Lichtenstein had received 4 mentions in the 2007 Black List which is a list of unreleased screenplays compiled from the suggestions of over 150 film executives and high-level assistants, each of whom contributed the names of up to 10 of their favorite scripts. The highest rated screenplay on the Black List for 2007 was ''Recount'' by Danny Strong with 44 mentions.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2007/12/black-list-2007-1-danny-strongs-recount/  Deadline.  "Black List 2007′s Best Liked Screenplays" by Nikki Finke.  December 7, 2007.]</ref> ''Baltimore'' is described as follows: "“Only twice in history has a city in the continental United States been attacked by a foreign enemy. The second time was September 11, 2001. The first was August 24, 1814. This is that true story."<ref>[http://hollywood-elsewhere.com/images/column/121207/TheBlackList2007.pdf The Black List - 2007]</ref>
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Carson Reeves wrote on Script Shadow that ''Baltimore'' contained some "good stuff" and the structure was pretty good. "For an American historical script, there's little if any of those script-killing scenes with wigged bureaucrats monologuing about morals and liberty and freedom and politics (I'm looking squarely at you, Anthony Hopkins scene in Amistad).  This was all about the invasion, sort of like a Star Wars film via 19th Century America, if that's possible," writes Reeves. "And yet I still felt detached during it. I rooted for Sam for the reasons I mentioned above, but we get this sort of half-thought-through storyline with him and his son that was sooooo generic.  "I don't like daddy.  Daddy doesn't like me."  Blah blah blah.  Terrio's obviously come a long way since then as the relationship between Ernest and Lydie in The Ends Of The Earth is one of the most complicated and intriguing I've ever read."<ref>[http://scriptshadow.blogspot.com/2012/07/screenplay-review-baltimore.html Script Shadow.  "Screenplay Review - Baltimore" by Carson Reeves.  July 10, 2012.]</ref>
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Thomas A. Schwenn wrote that "Baltimore was a fantastic script, and had all the elements of a great film both in its ideas and execution. "All the characters and writing are clear and concise even though there are so many. It's a miracle that this is such a clear read. Very impressive. Very balanced. That indicates the writer knows and cares about their work."<ref>[http://scriptshadow.blogspot.com/2012/07/screenplay-review-baltimore.html Script Shadow.  "Screenplay Review - Baltimore" by Carson Reeves.  July 10, 2012.]</ref>
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Jesse Lichtenstein, the co-author of the screenplay, was Terrio's Production Designer on ''Book of Kings'' in 2002 and the producers gave "Thanks" to Lichtenstein in ''Heights'' in 2005.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1260977/ IMDb.  "Jesse Lichtenstein"]</ref>
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===2008: Argo===
 
[[Image:Argo.jpg|thumb|550px|To write his Academy-Award winning screenplay for ''Argo,'' Terrio immersed himself in the history of the Iran hostage crisis for a year before bringing a draft of the screenplay.  "I did months of research. There’s a great resource in New York called the Paley Centre; it used to be the museum of Television and Radio. They have hours and hours of footage where you can just watch chronologically, news broadcasts from every single day, and so I watched many days before the crisis, and then watched the news almost every day for a year after it," says Terrio.]]
 
[[Image:Argo.jpg|thumb|550px|To write his Academy-Award winning screenplay for ''Argo,'' Terrio immersed himself in the history of the Iran hostage crisis for a year before bringing a draft of the screenplay.  "I did months of research. There’s a great resource in New York called the Paley Centre; it used to be the museum of Television and Radio. They have hours and hours of footage where you can just watch chronologically, news broadcasts from every single day, and so I watched many days before the crisis, and then watched the news almost every day for a year after it," says Terrio.]]
 
[[Image:Ben Affleck.jpg|thumb|300px|During filming of ''Argo'' Terrio was on the movie set with Affleck, ready to rewrite scenes or make changes in the script. “There are few directors who could be so open to having a sour-faced short guy on set,” says Terrio. “You are always so terrified and thinking, ‘It doesn’t work. The tone is inconsistent. I suck, I suck, I suck.’”<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/reports/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref> Ben Affleck says that Terrio's background in directing is an asset. “He writes like a storyteller, like a director in a way, the way he cuts the picture on the page,” says Affleck. “He was so deeply steeped in the research, he became this amazing asset. How many relationships have the writer on the set every day? That’s a rarity.”<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> Photo: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Benafflecknavy1.jpg Wikipedia]]]
 
[[Image:Ben Affleck.jpg|thumb|300px|During filming of ''Argo'' Terrio was on the movie set with Affleck, ready to rewrite scenes or make changes in the script. “There are few directors who could be so open to having a sour-faced short guy on set,” says Terrio. “You are always so terrified and thinking, ‘It doesn’t work. The tone is inconsistent. I suck, I suck, I suck.’”<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/reports/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref> Ben Affleck says that Terrio's background in directing is an asset. “He writes like a storyteller, like a director in a way, the way he cuts the picture on the page,” says Affleck. “He was so deeply steeped in the research, he became this amazing asset. How many relationships have the writer on the set every day? That’s a rarity.”<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> Photo: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Benafflecknavy1.jpg Wikipedia]]]
===Terrio Makes a Proposal to Write the Screenplay===
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====Terrio Makes a Proposal to Write the Screenplay====
 
By 2008 Terrio couldn't pay his rent, he had defaulted on his student loans, and he had nothing but his spec scripts.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wu1va9SbxH8 YouTube.  Writers Guild Awards. "Argo screenwriter Chris Terrio wins the 2013 Writers Guild Award. Febraury 17, 2013.]</ref> "It was a weird time for me.  I didn't know what my next job was or how I was going to pay my rent."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> But in November <ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref> his luck changed as Terrio was contacted by Nina Wolarsky, the development executive he had worked with at Hart-Sharp who was now working for Smokestack and doing development work for Grant Heslov and George Clooney's production company.<ref>[http://www.heyuguys.co.uk/heyuguys-interview-argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio-on-striking-a-balance-between-reality-drama/ Hey Guys!  "HeyUGuys Interview: Argo Screenwriter Chris Terrio on Striking a Balance Between Reality & Drama" by Ben Mortimer.  February 22, 2013.]</ref> In 2007 Joshuah Bearman had written an original piece that appeared in ''Wired'' about how the CIA used a fake Sci-Fi movie to rescue Americans from Iran. George Clooney's production company had acquired the screen rights to the article and Clooney was going to write the screenplay as well as direct it and star in it. "I was all for that," said Berman. "I loved Good Night, and Good Luck. I thought, "This guy knows what he's doing." But Clooney was too busy to write the screenplay.  That's where Nina Wolansky, now a development agent for Smokestack came in.<ref>[http://www.theatlanticwire.com/entertainment/2013/02/joshuah-bearman-argo-interview/62435/ The Atlantic Wire.  "'It Was So Insane It Had to Feel Real': The Other Man Behind 'Argo' Speaks" An interview with Joshuah Bearman by Richard Lawson.  February 22, 2013.]</ref> "[Wolarsky] remembered me as, I guess, the crazy guy who writes weird, independent spec scripts in New York – two of them had been very different period things – I think she thought of me for Argo," said Terrio. "So they came and said, “there’s this incident we want to make a movie about, we don’t quite know what the tone is, but here’s this article about it, etc. Do you have a take on what it would be?”<ref>[http://www.heyuguys.co.uk/heyuguys-interview-argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio-on-striking-a-balance-between-reality-drama/ Hey Guys!  "HeyUGuys Interview: Argo Screenwriter Chris Terrio on Striking a Balance Between Reality & Drama" by Ben Mortimer.  February 22, 2013.]</ref>
 
By 2008 Terrio couldn't pay his rent, he had defaulted on his student loans, and he had nothing but his spec scripts.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wu1va9SbxH8 YouTube.  Writers Guild Awards. "Argo screenwriter Chris Terrio wins the 2013 Writers Guild Award. Febraury 17, 2013.]</ref> "It was a weird time for me.  I didn't know what my next job was or how I was going to pay my rent."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> But in November <ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref> his luck changed as Terrio was contacted by Nina Wolarsky, the development executive he had worked with at Hart-Sharp who was now working for Smokestack and doing development work for Grant Heslov and George Clooney's production company.<ref>[http://www.heyuguys.co.uk/heyuguys-interview-argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio-on-striking-a-balance-between-reality-drama/ Hey Guys!  "HeyUGuys Interview: Argo Screenwriter Chris Terrio on Striking a Balance Between Reality & Drama" by Ben Mortimer.  February 22, 2013.]</ref> In 2007 Joshuah Bearman had written an original piece that appeared in ''Wired'' about how the CIA used a fake Sci-Fi movie to rescue Americans from Iran. George Clooney's production company had acquired the screen rights to the article and Clooney was going to write the screenplay as well as direct it and star in it. "I was all for that," said Berman. "I loved Good Night, and Good Luck. I thought, "This guy knows what he's doing." But Clooney was too busy to write the screenplay.  That's where Nina Wolansky, now a development agent for Smokestack came in.<ref>[http://www.theatlanticwire.com/entertainment/2013/02/joshuah-bearman-argo-interview/62435/ The Atlantic Wire.  "'It Was So Insane It Had to Feel Real': The Other Man Behind 'Argo' Speaks" An interview with Joshuah Bearman by Richard Lawson.  February 22, 2013.]</ref> "[Wolarsky] remembered me as, I guess, the crazy guy who writes weird, independent spec scripts in New York – two of them had been very different period things – I think she thought of me for Argo," said Terrio. "So they came and said, “there’s this incident we want to make a movie about, we don’t quite know what the tone is, but here’s this article about it, etc. Do you have a take on what it would be?”<ref>[http://www.heyuguys.co.uk/heyuguys-interview-argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio-on-striking-a-balance-between-reality-drama/ Hey Guys!  "HeyUGuys Interview: Argo Screenwriter Chris Terrio on Striking a Balance Between Reality & Drama" by Ben Mortimer.  February 22, 2013.]</ref>
  
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"So I sort of wrote a – and here’s where the spec part comes in – I wrote a long proposal of what I would do with it. At the time I don’t know whether they knew whether it was Men Who Stare at Goats, or it was Syriana, or whether it was The Player, or whether it was all of them, so I came to them with a long – I’ve recently looked back at it -  about 25 page novella of what Argo would be."<ref>[http://www.heyuguys.co.uk/heyuguys-interview-argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio-on-striking-a-balance-between-reality-drama/ Hey Guys!  "HeyUGuys Interview: Argo Screenwriter Chris Terrio on Striking a Balance Between Reality & Drama" by Ben Mortimer.  February 22, 2013.]</ref> Terrio's approach impressed George Clooney and Producer Grant Heslov at Smoke House. “We met with some writers and Chris Terrio’s take was right in line with the way we saw the film,” says Heslov.<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/reports/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref>
 
"So I sort of wrote a – and here’s where the spec part comes in – I wrote a long proposal of what I would do with it. At the time I don’t know whether they knew whether it was Men Who Stare at Goats, or it was Syriana, or whether it was The Player, or whether it was all of them, so I came to them with a long – I’ve recently looked back at it -  about 25 page novella of what Argo would be."<ref>[http://www.heyuguys.co.uk/heyuguys-interview-argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio-on-striking-a-balance-between-reality-drama/ Hey Guys!  "HeyUGuys Interview: Argo Screenwriter Chris Terrio on Striking a Balance Between Reality & Drama" by Ben Mortimer.  February 22, 2013.]</ref> Terrio's approach impressed George Clooney and Producer Grant Heslov at Smoke House. “We met with some writers and Chris Terrio’s take was right in line with the way we saw the film,” says Heslov.<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/reports/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref>
  
Terrio received the commission from Clooney and Heslov to write the screenplay for ''Argo'' in early 2009 and he spent a year hammering out the first draft.<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/reports/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref>
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Terrio received the commission from Clooney and Heslov to write the screenplay for ''Argo'' in early 2009 and he spent a year hammering out the first draft.<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/reports/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref>  
  
===Researching the Story===
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According to Fred Schruers, Clooney and Heslov had the constant worry that no writer could capture both the humor and intricacy of a tale that juxtaposed an at times hilarious Hollywood comedy of manners with a tense real-life narrative.<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2013/jan/17/news/la-en-chris-terrio-20130117 Los Angeles Times.  "'Argo' writer Chris Terrio on Affleck collaboration" by Fred Schruers.  February 13, 2013.]</ref>
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====Researching the Story====
 
To write ''Argo,'' Terrio immersed himself in the history of the Iran hostage crisis for a year before bringing a draft of the screenplay.<ref>[http://nofilmschool.com/2012/12/argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio/ No Film School.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Chris Terrio Describes His Research Immersion to Create Taut Thriller"  by Christopher Boone.  December 24, 2012.]</ref> Berman gave Terrio all the research material he had put together to write the original article for ''Wired''.  "I had given them all of my extra research — it's a lot of material, of course, that you have to assemble to put together a nonfiction magazine piece that's going to get through a Condé Nast fact-checking department," said Berman. "Only a tiny fraction of what you collect actually ends up in the story, so that was all very helpful, because they wanted to adapt the story with some authenticity. Because it was so insane it had to feel real. If it seemed like a fictional story it would be ridiculous.<ref>[http://www.theatlanticwire.com/entertainment/2013/02/joshuah-bearman-argo-interview/62435/ The Atlantic Wire.  "'It Was So Insane It Had to Feel Real': The Other Man Behind 'Argo' Speaks" An interview with Joshuah Bearman by Richard Lawson.  February 22, 2013.]</ref> Terrio originally planned to grab his backpack and jump on a plane to research Tehran, but that approach was strongly discouraged, so he ended up doing months of research at the Paley Center in New York City.<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January, 2013.]</ref> "It used to be the museum of Television and Radio. They have hours and hours of footage where you can just watch chronologically, news broadcasts from every single day, and so I watched many days before the crisis, and then watched the news almost every day for a year after it," says Terrio.<ref>[http://nofilmschool.com/2012/12/argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio/ No Film School.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Chris Terrio Describes His Research Immersion to Create Taut Thriller"  by Christopher Boone.  December 24, 2012.]</ref> "I spent probably the whole spring, and even longer, just circling and circling: Read every book that I could find on the 444 days, anything I could about Iran; looked at some Iranian movies from that period, ones made by expatriates. The Iran Hostage Crisis is the beginning of the 24-hour news cycle, so there’s an enormous amount of video footage that you can see at places like the Carter Center and the National Archives and the Paley Center in New York."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Deadline Team.  December 16, 2013.]</ref>  
 
To write ''Argo,'' Terrio immersed himself in the history of the Iran hostage crisis for a year before bringing a draft of the screenplay.<ref>[http://nofilmschool.com/2012/12/argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio/ No Film School.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Chris Terrio Describes His Research Immersion to Create Taut Thriller"  by Christopher Boone.  December 24, 2012.]</ref> Berman gave Terrio all the research material he had put together to write the original article for ''Wired''.  "I had given them all of my extra research — it's a lot of material, of course, that you have to assemble to put together a nonfiction magazine piece that's going to get through a Condé Nast fact-checking department," said Berman. "Only a tiny fraction of what you collect actually ends up in the story, so that was all very helpful, because they wanted to adapt the story with some authenticity. Because it was so insane it had to feel real. If it seemed like a fictional story it would be ridiculous.<ref>[http://www.theatlanticwire.com/entertainment/2013/02/joshuah-bearman-argo-interview/62435/ The Atlantic Wire.  "'It Was So Insane It Had to Feel Real': The Other Man Behind 'Argo' Speaks" An interview with Joshuah Bearman by Richard Lawson.  February 22, 2013.]</ref> Terrio originally planned to grab his backpack and jump on a plane to research Tehran, but that approach was strongly discouraged, so he ended up doing months of research at the Paley Center in New York City.<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January, 2013.]</ref> "It used to be the museum of Television and Radio. They have hours and hours of footage where you can just watch chronologically, news broadcasts from every single day, and so I watched many days before the crisis, and then watched the news almost every day for a year after it," says Terrio.<ref>[http://nofilmschool.com/2012/12/argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio/ No Film School.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Chris Terrio Describes His Research Immersion to Create Taut Thriller"  by Christopher Boone.  December 24, 2012.]</ref> "I spent probably the whole spring, and even longer, just circling and circling: Read every book that I could find on the 444 days, anything I could about Iran; looked at some Iranian movies from that period, ones made by expatriates. The Iran Hostage Crisis is the beginning of the 24-hour news cycle, so there’s an enormous amount of video footage that you can see at places like the Carter Center and the National Archives and the Paley Center in New York."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Deadline Team.  December 16, 2013.]</ref>  
  
When Terrio first read Berman's article he was riveted by the story and especially curious about Tony Mendez. "What kind of guy could think outside the box enough to come up with this plan and then undertake it. If I had pitched this as an original concept, brows would furrow and people would say, ‘No audience will ever believe that.’ But Tony managed to convince the United States government to attempt something that was even crazier than what most Hollywood studios would dream up.”<ref>[http://www.emanuellevy.com/interview/argo-interview-with-ben-affleck/ Emanuel Levy.  "Argo: Interview with Ben Affleck"]</ref> Terrio held extensive interviews with Mendez.  “I went down and spent time with Tony Mendez and some of his now-retired peers. Some of them are Russians who did intelligence work in DC. Tony would say how they were always stressed and felt the weight of what they were doing, so they tried to defuse that tension.”<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/reports/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref> “I felt very lucky that most of the participants are still alive and so I could get details from them that otherwise I wouldn’t be able to get."<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref> Terrio considers himself generally suspicious of people, especially people the CIA or the military calls heroes. “But I went down there and I really found Tony to be smart…and he had a great sense of humor. His version of going to work is taking off your wedding ring, getting on a plane, taking a false passport and flying off into the unknown. And it wasn’t a James Bond, sleek, sexy version of it; it was more like a good man doing his job. After I met Tony I tried to make the CIA more of a workaday world.”<ref>[http://americanfilm.afi.com/issue/2012/10/cover-story#.UeqeA0GkqWE American Film.  "Argo: This Film's No Phony"  October, 2010.]</ref>  "The structure of the film is a rescue, with people’s lives hanging in the balance. The stakes couldn’t be higher. But in my communication with Tony, I wanted to know about his day-to-day life, because if you understand the nuts and bolts of what the life of a CIA officer was like at this time, there’s a more complex drama there, which takes you beyond the action and suspense. Whenever I started to get lost in the scale of the story—how these men and women were swept up by historical events—I would remember that, underneath, it’s just a human story about people trying to do the best they can against overwhelming odds."<ref>[http://www.emanuellevy.com/interview/argo-interview-with-ben-affleck/ Emanuel Levy.  "Argo: Interview with Ben Affleck"]</ref>
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=====Extensive Interviews With Tony Mendez=====
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When Terrio first read Berman's article he was riveted by the story and especially curious about Tony Mendez. "What kind of guy could think outside the box enough to come up with this plan and then undertake it. If I had pitched this as an original concept, brows would furrow and people would say, ‘No audience will ever believe that.’ But Tony managed to convince the United States government to attempt something that was even crazier than what most Hollywood studios would dream up.”<ref>[http://www.emanuellevy.com/interview/argo-interview-with-ben-affleck/ Emanuel Levy.  "Argo: Interview with Ben Affleck"]</ref>
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Mendez said he was contacted by Terrio, "a young screenwriter with Woody Allen mannerisms and a New York sense of humor" and that Terrio visited him for a week to gather all of the details of the ARGO story and then went away to put the story down on paper. "I didn’t know it at the time but this process - nailing the screenplay - is the pivotal point in any film," said Mendez. "I'm delighted to say Chris later won an Oscar for this script, the first full-length movie script he ever wrote.  The next thing I knew George Clooney was sending me a copy of the script and a bottle of Cristal champagne. The accomanying note read: 'Tony, I hope you like this as much as we do. I love the story and I think it’ll make a hell of a movie.' Both were delivered to our farm in Maryland in a shiny, yellow Ford pick-up truck."<ref>[http://www.mirror.co.uk/lifestyle/staying-in/argo-author-antonio-mendez-writes-3036578 The Mirror.  "Argo author Antonio Mendez writes for Mirror Book Club: My CIA story's journey from real life to silver screen" by Antonio Mendez.  January 22, 2014.]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Terrio held extensive interviews with Mendez.  “I went down and spent time with Tony Mendez and some of his now-retired peers. Some of them are Russians who did intelligence work in DC. Tony would say how they were always stressed and felt the weight of what they were doing, so they tried to defuse that tension.”<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/reports/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref> “I felt very lucky that most of the participants are still alive and so I could get details from them that otherwise I wouldn’t be able to get."<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref> Terrio considers himself generally suspicious of people, especially people the CIA or the military calls heroes. “But I went down there and I really found Tony to be smart…and he had a great sense of humor. His version of going to work is taking off your wedding ring, getting on a plane, taking a false passport and flying off into the unknown. And it wasn’t a James Bond, sleek, sexy version of it; it was more like a good man doing his job. After I met Tony I tried to make the CIA more of a workaday world.”<ref>[http://americanfilm.afi.com/issue/2012/10/cover-story#.UeqeA0GkqWE American Film.  "Argo: This Film's No Phony"  October, 2010.]</ref>  "The structure of the film is a rescue, with people’s lives hanging in the balance. The stakes couldn’t be higher. But in my communication with Tony, I wanted to know about his day-to-day life, because if you understand the nuts and bolts of what the life of a CIA officer was like at this time, there’s a more complex drama there, which takes you beyond the action and suspense. Whenever I started to get lost in the scale of the story—how these men and women were swept up by historical events—I would remember that, underneath, it’s just a human story about people trying to do the best they can against overwhelming odds."<ref>[http://www.emanuellevy.com/interview/argo-interview-with-ben-affleck/ Emanuel Levy.  "Argo: Interview with Ben Affleck"]</ref>
  
 
"You know you’re not gonna necessarily find in a book the fact that the CIA “Pit,” which is the big office where things are done, that it’s always a mess and the coffee maker didn’t work and the ashtrays were piled a foot high and all these little textural details that give you the quotidian sense of life as a CIA officer, which I think takes you out of a glossier version of the intelligence world and more into the world of Argo.”<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref> After finishing the script, Terrio discovered actual CIA office photos from the period matching Mendez's memory and Terrio's description perfectly.<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> "They knew they were going to have to present it as "based on a true story" and it would have to feel like a true story," said Berman. "So with that in mind you want all that detail. Chris had all that and he did quite a bit more research on his own. I've have had other stories adapted now, but Chris has done the best adaptation, and he did the best research. He talked with Tony, he went to the CIA offices, he did all kinds of stuff. And, you know, once it was sold it was kind of above my pay grade? Because it's like, there's Clooney."<ref>[http://www.theatlanticwire.com/entertainment/2013/02/joshuah-bearman-argo-interview/62435/ The Atlantic Wire.  "'It Was So Insane It Had to Feel Real': The Other Man Behind 'Argo' Speaks" An interview with Joshuah Bearman by Richard Lawson.  February 22, 2013.]</ref>
 
"You know you’re not gonna necessarily find in a book the fact that the CIA “Pit,” which is the big office where things are done, that it’s always a mess and the coffee maker didn’t work and the ashtrays were piled a foot high and all these little textural details that give you the quotidian sense of life as a CIA officer, which I think takes you out of a glossier version of the intelligence world and more into the world of Argo.”<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref> After finishing the script, Terrio discovered actual CIA office photos from the period matching Mendez's memory and Terrio's description perfectly.<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> "They knew they were going to have to present it as "based on a true story" and it would have to feel like a true story," said Berman. "So with that in mind you want all that detail. Chris had all that and he did quite a bit more research on his own. I've have had other stories adapted now, but Chris has done the best adaptation, and he did the best research. He talked with Tony, he went to the CIA offices, he did all kinds of stuff. And, you know, once it was sold it was kind of above my pay grade? Because it's like, there's Clooney."<ref>[http://www.theatlanticwire.com/entertainment/2013/02/joshuah-bearman-argo-interview/62435/ The Atlantic Wire.  "'It Was So Insane It Had to Feel Real': The Other Man Behind 'Argo' Speaks" An interview with Joshuah Bearman by Richard Lawson.  February 22, 2013.]</ref>
  
 +
====="Messages Relevant to Our Media-Centric World"=====
 +
Terrio says that, despite the passage of more than two decades since the drama in Iran, there are messages relevant to our media-centric world: "The hostage crisis was the first big world event in which media was used in this way — that's something the students, the hostage takers, the Iranian government and [particularly] the ayatollah certainly understood. He was a master of manipulating his image and his message to the world. That interview he did with Mike Wallace that you see in the film was no accident. He's thought of sometimes as being stuck in some medieval paradigm. But it's clear that this is a man who was quite savvy about how to manipulate world opinion to bolster his power. That's where the Hollywood part of the film begins to overlap a lot with the geopolitical world, which is to say that whoever tells the story better has control, whoever's manipulating the images is the person who's getting power."<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2013/jan/17/news/la-en-chris-terrio-20130117 Los Angeles Times.  "'Argo' writer Chris Terrio on Affleck collaboration" by Fred Schruers.  February 13, 2013.]</ref>
 +
 +
=====Terrio Made Sure He Wasn't Stealing Anything=====
 
Terrio also watched classic Hollywood satires, sometimes just to make sure he wasn’t stealing anything. “I don’t know if other writers have this paranoia, but sometimes you think of a joke, and then you think, Oh shit, is that my joke? I don’t even know where that came from. I’m worried I stole it from somewhere.”<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January, 2013.]</ref>
 
Terrio also watched classic Hollywood satires, sometimes just to make sure he wasn’t stealing anything. “I don’t know if other writers have this paranoia, but sometimes you think of a joke, and then you think, Oh shit, is that my joke? I don’t even know where that came from. I’m worried I stole it from somewhere.”<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January, 2013.]</ref>
  
===Writing the Screenplay===
+
====Writing the Screenplay====
 
After nine months<ref>[http://www.montevideo.com.uy/nottiempolibre_197429_1.html Montevideo.com "Chris y los Argonautas"  April 10, 2013.]</ref> of research Terrio finally wrote the script in a matter of weeks.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Deadline Team.  December 16, 2013.]</ref>  Terrio borrowed a friend’s house in upstate New York and shut himself in to write, breaking for little more than daily walks to the supermarket to pick up 12-packs of Diet Coke.<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January, 2013.]</ref> "I think that’s always the way with me. I need to circle something for a long time, and the characters are gradually showing up and taking their places," says Terrio. "Finally, by the time I was ready to write, I knew. They had told me what they wanted to say, and I could sort of take dictation, which I know sounds a little crazy, but I’d imagine most writers would say that. You’re afraid every morning when you sit down that the characters aren’t going to show up for work, and sometimes they don’t, but when they do, you’re happy and you write fast."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Deadline Team.  December 16, 2013.]</ref>
 
After nine months<ref>[http://www.montevideo.com.uy/nottiempolibre_197429_1.html Montevideo.com "Chris y los Argonautas"  April 10, 2013.]</ref> of research Terrio finally wrote the script in a matter of weeks.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Deadline Team.  December 16, 2013.]</ref>  Terrio borrowed a friend’s house in upstate New York and shut himself in to write, breaking for little more than daily walks to the supermarket to pick up 12-packs of Diet Coke.<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January, 2013.]</ref> "I think that’s always the way with me. I need to circle something for a long time, and the characters are gradually showing up and taking their places," says Terrio. "Finally, by the time I was ready to write, I knew. They had told me what they wanted to say, and I could sort of take dictation, which I know sounds a little crazy, but I’d imagine most writers would say that. You’re afraid every morning when you sit down that the characters aren’t going to show up for work, and sometimes they don’t, but when they do, you’re happy and you write fast."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Deadline Team.  December 16, 2013.]</ref>
  
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"It was George and Grant that hired me," says Terrio. "So, at the beginning they were the people I had to convince that I could make a film incorporating all these tones, which still felt like it had the same overall tone. So, they were collaborative in giving me a long leash to hang myself with [laughs]."<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref> Terrio says the story started taking on a life of its own and ordering his priorities. "In any art your heatseeking radar is attracted to story when you know something is there on all of these different levels, when you know there’s something there on a thriller level, on an entertaining level, but also on a political or social level. And then when you’re in the story, and this sounds bullshitty, but you start letting the story tell you how to adjust the knob. Sometimes you play up the political stuff, other times you need the visceral feeling of a thriller scene. I think it’s just stumbling in the dark as you try to be true to whatever attracted you to the story in the first place."<ref>[http://www.bleedingcool.com/2013/03/04/discussing-the-sympathy-and-subtext-of-argo-with-oscar-winning-screenwriter-chris-terrio/ Bleeding Cool.  "Discussing The Sympathy And Subtext Of Argo With Oscar Winning Screenwriter Chris Terrio" by Brendan Connelly.  March 4, 2013.]</ref> But writing the screenplay never felt like a job says Terrio, "which maybe is the greatest gift that any writer or director or actor or any artist can have, right? That you get to work and it never feels like you’re going to your job everyday."<ref>[http://nofilmschool.com/2012/12/argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio/ No Film School.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Chris Terrio Describes His Research Immersion to Create Taut Thriller"  by Christopher Boone.  December 24, 2012.]</ref>
 
"It was George and Grant that hired me," says Terrio. "So, at the beginning they were the people I had to convince that I could make a film incorporating all these tones, which still felt like it had the same overall tone. So, they were collaborative in giving me a long leash to hang myself with [laughs]."<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref> Terrio says the story started taking on a life of its own and ordering his priorities. "In any art your heatseeking radar is attracted to story when you know something is there on all of these different levels, when you know there’s something there on a thriller level, on an entertaining level, but also on a political or social level. And then when you’re in the story, and this sounds bullshitty, but you start letting the story tell you how to adjust the knob. Sometimes you play up the political stuff, other times you need the visceral feeling of a thriller scene. I think it’s just stumbling in the dark as you try to be true to whatever attracted you to the story in the first place."<ref>[http://www.bleedingcool.com/2013/03/04/discussing-the-sympathy-and-subtext-of-argo-with-oscar-winning-screenwriter-chris-terrio/ Bleeding Cool.  "Discussing The Sympathy And Subtext Of Argo With Oscar Winning Screenwriter Chris Terrio" by Brendan Connelly.  March 4, 2013.]</ref> But writing the screenplay never felt like a job says Terrio, "which maybe is the greatest gift that any writer or director or actor or any artist can have, right? That you get to work and it never feels like you’re going to your job everyday."<ref>[http://nofilmschool.com/2012/12/argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio/ No Film School.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Chris Terrio Describes His Research Immersion to Create Taut Thriller"  by Christopher Boone.  December 24, 2012.]</ref>
  
===''Argo'' Will Be Produced===
+
====''Argo'' Will Be Produced====
 
In early 2011 Ben Affleck got involved with the project.<ref>[http://www.voicebase.com/autonotes/public_detail/244454/refine/Cambridge WNYC.  "Chris Terrio on Writing the "Argo" Screenplay"]</ref> According to Joe Schoenmann writing in ''Las Vegas Weekly'' in 2013, Franklin Leonard, the founder of the ''Blacklist'', says that “Chris Terrio, who wrote ‘Argo,’ has said publicly that Ben Affleck found the script because it was on the list.”<ref>[http://www.lasvegasweekly.com/news/2013/oct/03/joe-downtown-tony-hsieh-begins-writing-publishing-/ Las Vegas Weekly.  "Joe Downtown: Tony Hsieh Begins Writing-Publishing Push With Hollywood Screenwriters Workshop Downtown" by Joe Schoenmann. October 3, 2013.]</ref> Affleck says that his involvement with the project came after Clooney and Heslov hired Nina Wolarsky at Smokehouse who found the “Escape from Tehran” Article, and then hired Chris Terrio to write a story from the magazine article about what happened. "Chris wrote it under the guidance of Clooney and Heslov and when they finished they sent it to me and asked if I would be interested in doing this. I got about halfway in and I thought, “I want to run over to their offices right now,” because I knew that this was the movie for me without a doubt."<ref>[http://sbiff.org/argo-qa/ Santa Barbara International Film Festival.  "Argo Q&A"  June 14, 2013.]</ref>
 
In early 2011 Ben Affleck got involved with the project.<ref>[http://www.voicebase.com/autonotes/public_detail/244454/refine/Cambridge WNYC.  "Chris Terrio on Writing the "Argo" Screenplay"]</ref> According to Joe Schoenmann writing in ''Las Vegas Weekly'' in 2013, Franklin Leonard, the founder of the ''Blacklist'', says that “Chris Terrio, who wrote ‘Argo,’ has said publicly that Ben Affleck found the script because it was on the list.”<ref>[http://www.lasvegasweekly.com/news/2013/oct/03/joe-downtown-tony-hsieh-begins-writing-publishing-/ Las Vegas Weekly.  "Joe Downtown: Tony Hsieh Begins Writing-Publishing Push With Hollywood Screenwriters Workshop Downtown" by Joe Schoenmann. October 3, 2013.]</ref> Affleck says that his involvement with the project came after Clooney and Heslov hired Nina Wolarsky at Smokehouse who found the “Escape from Tehran” Article, and then hired Chris Terrio to write a story from the magazine article about what happened. "Chris wrote it under the guidance of Clooney and Heslov and when they finished they sent it to me and asked if I would be interested in doing this. I got about halfway in and I thought, “I want to run over to their offices right now,” because I knew that this was the movie for me without a doubt."<ref>[http://sbiff.org/argo-qa/ Santa Barbara International Film Festival.  "Argo Q&A"  June 14, 2013.]</ref>
 +
 +
According to Tony Mendez Clooney got stuck in post-production on another movie and somehow Ben Affleck managed to wrestle the story away from him. "Ben was so excited by ARGO that he started putting his production together before the paperwork was even signed."<ref>[http://www.mirror.co.uk/lifestyle/staying-in/argo-author-antonio-mendez-writes-3036578 The Mirror.  "Argo author Antonio Mendez writes for Mirror Book Club: My CIA story's journey from real life to silver screen" by Antonio Mendez.  January 22, 2014.]</ref>
  
 
After carving his previous directing vehicles from the ground up, when Affleck first saw the script for ''Argo,'' he couldn't believe his good fortune when handed Terrio’s Argo script.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/11/wme-signs-hot-argo-scribe-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "WME Signs Hot ‘Argo’ Scribe Chris Terrio" by Mike Fleming Jr. November 15, 2013.]</ref> "They said, 'This is our best script,' and I thought that was some executive hyping me on it, but it really was pretty incredible.  I was amazed," said Affleck. "I talked to Grant and George and said, 'Look, I really want to do this.  This is amazing!'  And they said, 'Okay, great!  Let’s do it!'  So, we took it to Warner Bros.  And then, I went back and talked to Chris [Terrio] and said, 'How did you do this?'  I looked at some documentaries and read some books and thought, 'God, this is really unwieldy.  It felt like it should have been a 10-hour mini-series.  How did you get that down into a three-act structure?'"<ref>[http://collider.com/ben-affleck-argo-interview/  Collider.  "Ben Affleck, Screenwriter Chris Terrio and Producer Grant Heslov Talk ARGO, George Clooney’s Input on the Production, Challenging Scenes and Oscar Buzz" by Christina Radish. October 8, 2012.]</ref> Affleck wanted to push the thriller aspect of the movie more and initially, Affleck had envisioned reworking the script himself, but the draft was so impressive and his relationship with Terrio so good that he allowed Terrio to make the changes. Affleck and Terrio  also worked on redefining Affleck's character, based on Mendez. "He was a little bit more broken in the draft that we got," says Affleck. "He was older, an alcoholic. And I changed that and made his personal stuff revolve more around his family and losing his marriage." Ultimately, Affleck says, that was "the wrong choice because I ended up cutting most of it out. I cut out six or seven minutes from the final film, which is a lot."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/ben-affleck-thr-cover-argo-oscar-377611?page=show Hollywood Reporter. "THR Cover: Confessions of Ben Affleck" by Stephen Galloway.  October 10, 2012.]</ref>  
 
After carving his previous directing vehicles from the ground up, when Affleck first saw the script for ''Argo,'' he couldn't believe his good fortune when handed Terrio’s Argo script.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/11/wme-signs-hot-argo-scribe-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "WME Signs Hot ‘Argo’ Scribe Chris Terrio" by Mike Fleming Jr. November 15, 2013.]</ref> "They said, 'This is our best script,' and I thought that was some executive hyping me on it, but it really was pretty incredible.  I was amazed," said Affleck. "I talked to Grant and George and said, 'Look, I really want to do this.  This is amazing!'  And they said, 'Okay, great!  Let’s do it!'  So, we took it to Warner Bros.  And then, I went back and talked to Chris [Terrio] and said, 'How did you do this?'  I looked at some documentaries and read some books and thought, 'God, this is really unwieldy.  It felt like it should have been a 10-hour mini-series.  How did you get that down into a three-act structure?'"<ref>[http://collider.com/ben-affleck-argo-interview/  Collider.  "Ben Affleck, Screenwriter Chris Terrio and Producer Grant Heslov Talk ARGO, George Clooney’s Input on the Production, Challenging Scenes and Oscar Buzz" by Christina Radish. October 8, 2012.]</ref> Affleck wanted to push the thriller aspect of the movie more and initially, Affleck had envisioned reworking the script himself, but the draft was so impressive and his relationship with Terrio so good that he allowed Terrio to make the changes. Affleck and Terrio  also worked on redefining Affleck's character, based on Mendez. "He was a little bit more broken in the draft that we got," says Affleck. "He was older, an alcoholic. And I changed that and made his personal stuff revolve more around his family and losing his marriage." Ultimately, Affleck says, that was "the wrong choice because I ended up cutting most of it out. I cut out six or seven minutes from the final film, which is a lot."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/ben-affleck-thr-cover-argo-oscar-377611?page=show Hollywood Reporter. "THR Cover: Confessions of Ben Affleck" by Stephen Galloway.  October 10, 2012.]</ref>  
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Affleck met with Terrio and said that it was immediately clear how smart Terrio was. But Affleck acknowledged the inherent risks in working with a relative newcomer. “The process is at stake because if you don’t have a working relationship with somebody, you could potentially drag the whole movie down," said Affleck. "But I just came to realize how talented he was and came to have a huge respect for his opinion. He wanted it to go well for me. Most of all, we became friends. Directing is a lonely job because you’re all alone in the director’s chair but his agenda is the movie too.”<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/features/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref>
 
Affleck met with Terrio and said that it was immediately clear how smart Terrio was. But Affleck acknowledged the inherent risks in working with a relative newcomer. “The process is at stake because if you don’t have a working relationship with somebody, you could potentially drag the whole movie down," said Affleck. "But I just came to realize how talented he was and came to have a huge respect for his opinion. He wanted it to go well for me. Most of all, we became friends. Directing is a lonely job because you’re all alone in the director’s chair but his agenda is the movie too.”<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/features/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref>
  
===Working with Ben Affleck on the Set===
+
====Working with Ben Affleck on the Set====
 +
From his first meeting with Terrio, Affleck recalls, "I was impressed he was just so smart and collaborative and generous and kind and good — and everything you want in a person — and I just immediately realized this guy is a huge asset to me, and I'm going to stick with him for as long as I can have him."<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2013/jan/17/news/la-en-chris-terrio-20130117 Los Angeles Times.  "'Argo' writer Chris Terrio on Affleck collaboration" by Fred Schruers.  February 13, 2013.]</ref>
 +
 
 
Terrio was on the movie set with Affleck during the production of ''Argo'' for all but the first week<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> ready to rewrite scenes or make changes in the script. “There are few directors who could be so open to having a sour-faced short guy on set,” says Terrio. “You are always so terrified and thinking, ‘It doesn’t work. The tone is inconsistent. I suck, I suck, I suck.’”<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/reports/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref> "When Ben came on board, there were all kinds of things that he brought to it. He had an actor’s ear for comic timing, which was invaluable when it came to handling the John Goodman/Alan Arkin parts. So, he gave me a lot of straight advice about the structure of certain scenes involving them." <ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref> “I was on set for most of it and I’ve hung around post-production,” says Terrio. “I’ve been feeling like I’ve hit the lottery at every step of the way on this one.”<ref>[http://americanfilm.afi.com/issue/2012/10/cover-story#.UeqeA0GkqWE American Film.  "Argo: This Film's No Phony"  October, 2010.]</ref>
 
Terrio was on the movie set with Affleck during the production of ''Argo'' for all but the first week<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> ready to rewrite scenes or make changes in the script. “There are few directors who could be so open to having a sour-faced short guy on set,” says Terrio. “You are always so terrified and thinking, ‘It doesn’t work. The tone is inconsistent. I suck, I suck, I suck.’”<ref>[http://www.screendaily.com/reports/awards-countdown/argo-a-taste-of-the-old-school/5051041.article Screen Daily.  "Argo: A taste of the old school" by Jeremy Kay.  February 1, 2013.]</ref> "When Ben came on board, there were all kinds of things that he brought to it. He had an actor’s ear for comic timing, which was invaluable when it came to handling the John Goodman/Alan Arkin parts. So, he gave me a lot of straight advice about the structure of certain scenes involving them." <ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref> “I was on set for most of it and I’ve hung around post-production,” says Terrio. “I’ve been feeling like I’ve hit the lottery at every step of the way on this one.”<ref>[http://americanfilm.afi.com/issue/2012/10/cover-story#.UeqeA0GkqWE American Film.  "Argo: This Film's No Phony"  October, 2010.]</ref>
  
 
Terrio says that Affleck has an encyclopaedic knowledge of film. "He’s been in 30 or 50 films, which has meant that he’s worked with and watched some of the great directors and learned from them. And I’ve been able to watch him on-set, which means that I’ve also been in the room with all the directors he’s worked with," says Terrio. "I’ve also said before that screenwriting is often a long and lonely process, so when you find someone that is willing to collaborate as closely as Ben did with me, it makes the creative work feel a lot less lonely. And we could also be honest with each other. If something was terrible we’d admit it to each other. Ben and I don’t have to censor or edit ourselves. I could tell him: 'On a scale of 1 to 10 how much does this suck?' And he’d be able to say when it was a 9 without having to worry about hurting my feelings."<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref>Ben Affleck says that Terrio's background in directing is an asset. “He writes like a storyteller, like a director in a way, the way he cuts the picture on the page,” says Affleck. “He was so deeply steeped in the research, he became this amazing asset. How many relationships have the writer on the set every day? That’s a rarity.”<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref>
 
Terrio says that Affleck has an encyclopaedic knowledge of film. "He’s been in 30 or 50 films, which has meant that he’s worked with and watched some of the great directors and learned from them. And I’ve been able to watch him on-set, which means that I’ve also been in the room with all the directors he’s worked with," says Terrio. "I’ve also said before that screenwriting is often a long and lonely process, so when you find someone that is willing to collaborate as closely as Ben did with me, it makes the creative work feel a lot less lonely. And we could also be honest with each other. If something was terrible we’d admit it to each other. Ben and I don’t have to censor or edit ourselves. I could tell him: 'On a scale of 1 to 10 how much does this suck?' And he’d be able to say when it was a 9 without having to worry about hurting my feelings."<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref>Ben Affleck says that Terrio's background in directing is an asset. “He writes like a storyteller, like a director in a way, the way he cuts the picture on the page,” says Affleck. “He was so deeply steeped in the research, he became this amazing asset. How many relationships have the writer on the set every day? That’s a rarity.”<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref>
  
Terrio says he and Affleck disagreed at times, but it never got caustic. "The battles that I lost, I was glad I lost, because I think the movie is better because of it," says Terrio.<ref>[http://www.silive.com/entertainment/tvfilm/index.ssf/2013/01/staten_islander_chris_terrio_g.html Staten Island Advance.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio gains Oscar nomination for 'Argo' screenplay" by Ken Paulsen.  January 11, 2013.]</ref> "It never felt like you were talking to a film star.  It just felt like you were talking to a friend of yours from film school who just wanted to make a good movie."<ref>[http://screenwritingu.com/blog/interview-argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio Screenwriting U.  "Interview: ARGO Screenwriter Chris Terrio" by Jenna Milly. October 7, 2012.]</ref>
+
Terrio saw a high level of insight in Affleck. "It's certainly a great comfort to a writer to know that you have a shorthand with the director — that he gets what you're doing and is on the same wavelength and can make you better," says Terrio. "I think it must be the same with actors, where he has a shorthand with them, so you feel like you're in good hands. The most subtle differences between two takes, Ben is tuned in with them."<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2013/jan/17/news/la-en-chris-terrio-20130117 Los Angeles Times.  "'Argo' writer Chris Terrio on Affleck collaboration" by Fred Schruers.  February 13, 2013.]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Terrio says he and Affleck disagreed at times, but it never got caustic. "The battles that I lost, I was glad I lost, because I think the movie is better because of it," says Terrio.<ref>[http://www.silive.com/entertainment/tvfilm/index.ssf/2013/01/staten_islander_chris_terrio_g.html Staten Island Advance.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio gains Oscar nomination for 'Argo' screenplay" by Ken Paulsen.  January 11, 2013.]</ref> "It never felt like you were talking to a film star.  It just felt like you were talking to a friend of yours from film school who just wanted to make a good movie."<ref>[http://screenwritingu.com/blog/interview-argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio Screenwriting U.  "Interview: ARGO Screenwriter Chris Terrio" by Jenna Milly. October 7, 2012.]</ref> Terrio adds that the only battle he had with Affleck was over the film's opening - and Terrio is now glad he lost. "I kept arguing with Ben that it should be like Greengrass' ''Bloody Sunday,'' you should just be dropped into the action right in the middle of the riot in Tehran, and the audience will catch up. and Ben said 'I think we need context.'" The movie opens with a storyboard sequence that describes the history of the Shah's rise and fall, the Iranian revolution, and the events leading up to the hostage crisis. <ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January 2013.]</ref>
  
 
“It’s such a big complicated film,” said Terrio, “and my experience in film has tended to be smaller and more independent so, sure as a director there are definitely some moments where you think “Oh God, I’d love to be in his chair,” but Ben was actually so inclusive and so generous about it and so I felt like we were on the same team and I would say to him “You know, I’m happy to be Robin if you’re Batman.”  I felt like he genuinely had a utility belt and a skillset that I didn’t have and had so much experience and has been in so many films and directed two very good films, I was just grateful to have somebody with his virtuosic abilities to just get in there and make it work.”<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref> Terrio adds that Affleck works really hard and has an amazing rapport with actors.  "I think he works really, really hard. I sent him an email at like 2 in the morning and he would send me a reply in like ten minutes," says Terrio. "He really knows how to talk to actors.  There is a shorthand that he can use to talk to actors.  And he knows the difference between and 19 and a 20 in a take."<ref>[http://archive.org/details/InConversationWithChrisTerrio JBFC Podcast.  "In Conversation with Chris Terrio" by Janet Maslin.]</ref>
 
“It’s such a big complicated film,” said Terrio, “and my experience in film has tended to be smaller and more independent so, sure as a director there are definitely some moments where you think “Oh God, I’d love to be in his chair,” but Ben was actually so inclusive and so generous about it and so I felt like we were on the same team and I would say to him “You know, I’m happy to be Robin if you’re Batman.”  I felt like he genuinely had a utility belt and a skillset that I didn’t have and had so much experience and has been in so many films and directed two very good films, I was just grateful to have somebody with his virtuosic abilities to just get in there and make it work.”<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref> Terrio adds that Affleck works really hard and has an amazing rapport with actors.  "I think he works really, really hard. I sent him an email at like 2 in the morning and he would send me a reply in like ten minutes," says Terrio. "He really knows how to talk to actors.  There is a shorthand that he can use to talk to actors.  And he knows the difference between and 19 and a 20 in a take."<ref>[http://archive.org/details/InConversationWithChrisTerrio JBFC Podcast.  "In Conversation with Chris Terrio" by Janet Maslin.]</ref>
  
===Critical Response to ''Argo''===
+
====Critical Response to ''Argo''====
 
Although ''Argo'' was "universally acclaimed" scoring an 86 out of 100 at Metacritic.<ref>[http://www.metacritic.com/movie/argo MetaCritic.  ''Argo''  Release Date October 12, 2012.]</ref> However a small number of critics were extremely critical of the film.<ref>[http://www.torontostandard.com/culture/film-friday-argo Toronto Standard.  "Film Friday: Argo" by Scott MacDonald.  October 19, 20132.]</ref>
 
Although ''Argo'' was "universally acclaimed" scoring an 86 out of 100 at Metacritic.<ref>[http://www.metacritic.com/movie/argo MetaCritic.  ''Argo''  Release Date October 12, 2012.]</ref> However a small number of critics were extremely critical of the film.<ref>[http://www.torontostandard.com/culture/film-friday-argo Toronto Standard.  "Film Friday: Argo" by Scott MacDonald.  October 19, 20132.]</ref>
  
====Thumbs Up====
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=====Thumbs Up=====
 
"It’s a doozy of a story and so borderline ridiculous that it sounds — ta-da! — like something that could have been cooked up only by Hollywood," wrote Manohla Dargis at the NY Times on October 11, 2012. "The Hollywood angle brings lightness and levity into the movie, serving as comic relief that Mr. Affleck uses contrapuntally with the increasingly tense, perilous situation in Tehran."<ref>[http://movies.nytimes.com/2012/10/12/movies/argo-directed-by-ben-affleck.html?ref=movies&_r=0 NY Times.  "Outwitting the Ayatollah With Hollywood’s Help" by Manohla Dargis. October 11, 2013.]</ref>
 
"It’s a doozy of a story and so borderline ridiculous that it sounds — ta-da! — like something that could have been cooked up only by Hollywood," wrote Manohla Dargis at the NY Times on October 11, 2012. "The Hollywood angle brings lightness and levity into the movie, serving as comic relief that Mr. Affleck uses contrapuntally with the increasingly tense, perilous situation in Tehran."<ref>[http://movies.nytimes.com/2012/10/12/movies/argo-directed-by-ben-affleck.html?ref=movies&_r=0 NY Times.  "Outwitting the Ayatollah With Hollywood’s Help" by Manohla Dargis. October 11, 2013.]</ref>
  
Line 255: Line 358:
 
"Ben Affleck's 'Argo' is a superbly crafted and darkly funny real-life political thriller, with pitch-perfect performances," wrote Claudia Puig at USA Today on October 11, 2013. "Argo is the rare nail-biter that's also riotously funny as it focuses on a real-life incident that was not exactly ripped from the headlines."<ref>[http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/movies/2012/10/11/argo-review/1610891/  USA Today.  "'Argo': Suspenseful spy thriller meets Hollywood satire" by Claudia Puig.  October 11, 2012.]</ref>
 
"Ben Affleck's 'Argo' is a superbly crafted and darkly funny real-life political thriller, with pitch-perfect performances," wrote Claudia Puig at USA Today on October 11, 2013. "Argo is the rare nail-biter that's also riotously funny as it focuses on a real-life incident that was not exactly ripped from the headlines."<ref>[http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/movies/2012/10/11/argo-review/1610891/  USA Today.  "'Argo': Suspenseful spy thriller meets Hollywood satire" by Claudia Puig.  October 11, 2012.]</ref>
  
====Thumbs Down====
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=====Thumbs Down=====
 
Not every critic was pleased by ''Argo'' however. Scott MacDonald wrote a scathing review in the Toronto Standard on October 19, 2012 noting that while he had come as primed as anybody to enjoy the film he came away "feeling both underwhelmed and vaguely duped" because the operation carried out in Iran were nowhere near as complex or elaborate as we'd been led to expect. "Essentially, it's a short, uneventful trip to the airport, and much of the planning that went into it is revealed to have been superfluous," writes MacDonald. "This won't do, of course, so Affleck and Terrio provide plenty of fake, whipped-up suspense: a housekeeper who threatens to betray the mission, then doesn't; plane tickets briefly waylaid, then found; an all-important phone call ''almost'' missed; a ludicrous last-minute chase; etc. There's nothing wrong with embellishment, but what's the point of making a "true story" if you have to embellish everything?"<ref>[http://www.torontostandard.com/culture/film-friday-argo Toronto Standard.  "Film Friday: Argo" by Scott MacDonald.  October 19, 20132.]</ref>
 
Not every critic was pleased by ''Argo'' however. Scott MacDonald wrote a scathing review in the Toronto Standard on October 19, 2012 noting that while he had come as primed as anybody to enjoy the film he came away "feeling both underwhelmed and vaguely duped" because the operation carried out in Iran were nowhere near as complex or elaborate as we'd been led to expect. "Essentially, it's a short, uneventful trip to the airport, and much of the planning that went into it is revealed to have been superfluous," writes MacDonald. "This won't do, of course, so Affleck and Terrio provide plenty of fake, whipped-up suspense: a housekeeper who threatens to betray the mission, then doesn't; plane tickets briefly waylaid, then found; an all-important phone call ''almost'' missed; a ludicrous last-minute chase; etc. There's nothing wrong with embellishment, but what's the point of making a "true story" if you have to embellish everything?"<ref>[http://www.torontostandard.com/culture/film-friday-argo Toronto Standard.  "Film Friday: Argo" by Scott MacDonald.  October 19, 20132.]</ref>
  
Line 264: Line 367:
 
David Edelstein wrote at NPR that although Affleck pulled off a coup with ''Argo'' by combining espionage with the zing of a documentary and blending the two into a "pulse-pounding nail-biter of a climax," Edelstein was annoyed to learn that "after all the movie's assurances of realism, from the prologue to photos over the credits showing the actors side by side with photos of their real-life counterparts, those terrifying close calls are all invented. If it seems too Hollywood to be true, that's because it is."<ref>[http://www.npr.org/2012/10/12/162785168/argo-too-good-to-be-true-because-it-isnt?ft=1&f=13 NPR.  "'Argo': Too Good To Be True, Because It Isn't" by David Edelstein.  October 12, 2012.]</ref>
 
David Edelstein wrote at NPR that although Affleck pulled off a coup with ''Argo'' by combining espionage with the zing of a documentary and blending the two into a "pulse-pounding nail-biter of a climax," Edelstein was annoyed to learn that "after all the movie's assurances of realism, from the prologue to photos over the credits showing the actors side by side with photos of their real-life counterparts, those terrifying close calls are all invented. If it seems too Hollywood to be true, that's because it is."<ref>[http://www.npr.org/2012/10/12/162785168/argo-too-good-to-be-true-because-it-isnt?ft=1&f=13 NPR.  "'Argo': Too Good To Be True, Because It Isn't" by David Edelstein.  October 12, 2012.]</ref>
  
==Winning an Academy Award for ''Argo''==
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====What Ben Affleck and Chris Terrio Made Up About Argo, According To The CIA====
 +
Gregory Wakeman wrote at CinemaBlend on November 11, 2014 that the Central Intelligence Agency took to Twitter to reveal exactly what Ben Affleck’s film and Chris Terrio’s screenplay got wrong about Tony Mendez’s rescue of six U.S. diplomats who had become stuck in Iran during the 1979-1981 hostage crisis. They did this by prefixing each tweet with either "Reel" or "Real." For example under "Reel", Argo says that when the US Embassy is overtaken the 6 US diplomats go right to the Canadian ambassador's residence to live for the 3 months. The CIA says in "Real" that 5 of them went to many different places until they ended up at the homes of the Canadian Ambassador & the Dep. Chief of Mission. "Yep, that’s right," writes Wakeman . "Argo got one of the most pivotal moments in the film wrong. The hostages actually darted across a number of different places in Tehran before they all eventually ended up at the home of the Canadian Ambassador & the Deputy Chief of Mission. But you can understand why Affleck decided to shorten this down as it would have been rather tedious to see the hostages moving from house to house." The CIA's twitter feed also refers readers who want to know the [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/winter99-00/art1.html real story of Argo to Tony Mendez's firsthand account on the CIA Web Site].<ref>[http://www.cinemablend.com/new/What-Ben-Affleck-Made-Up-About-Argo-According-CIA-68168.html CinemaBlend. "What Ben Affleck Made Up About Argo, According To The CIA" November 11, 2014.]</ref><ref>[https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/winter99-00/art1.html CIA. "A Classic Case of Deception" by Antonio J. Mendez retrieved November 14, 2014.]</ref>
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====Winning an Academy Award for ''Argo''====
 
[[Image:Chris Terrio 2.jpg|thumb|250px|'''The Screenwriter.''' Chris Terrio wrote the screenplay for ''The Ends of the Earth.'' Terrio, shown above with his Oscar, won the Academy Award for Best Adopted Screenplay in 2013 for ''Argo'' at the 85th annual Academy Awards. “Chris has brought to life with his writing one of the most epic love stories that people have yet to really discover. We knew right away that this script was something special," says Dylan Sellers, President of Production at The Weinstein Company. Photo:  [http://www.flickr.com/photos/disneyabc/8506631640/ Disney ABC Television Group] Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic ]]
 
[[Image:Chris Terrio 2.jpg|thumb|250px|'''The Screenwriter.''' Chris Terrio wrote the screenplay for ''The Ends of the Earth.'' Terrio, shown above with his Oscar, won the Academy Award for Best Adopted Screenplay in 2013 for ''Argo'' at the 85th annual Academy Awards. “Chris has brought to life with his writing one of the most epic love stories that people have yet to really discover. We knew right away that this script was something special," says Dylan Sellers, President of Production at The Weinstein Company. Photo:  [http://www.flickr.com/photos/disneyabc/8506631640/ Disney ABC Television Group] Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic ]]
===Runup to the Awards===
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=====Runup to the Awards=====
 
Terrio says that he has written half a dozen screenplays and three of them landed on Hollywood's black list, a year-end roster of hot unproduced scripts crowdsourced by hundreds of movie execs,<ref>[http://www.wired.com/underwire/2012/12/black-list-website-script/ Wired. "Hollywood Script ‘Black List’ Opens Doors to Aspiring Screenwriters" by Hugh Hart.  December 12, 2012.]</ref> where they sat around for years unproduced but ''Argo,'' was Terrio’s first script to be plucked from the Black List for feature-film production. “I had screenplays that went around Hollywood and independent film land, that got close and didn’t make it,” said Terrio. “So I feel like I’ve won the lottery to have a movie that a) gets made, b) gets made by a great film director, and c) to have people see it and to even have it in the same conversation as other films this year."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2013/02/15/how-oscar-nominee-argo-escaped-the-black-list/ WSJ.  "How Oscar Nominee ‘Argo’ Escaped the Black List" by Barbara Chai.  February 15, 2013.]</ref>
 
Terrio says that he has written half a dozen screenplays and three of them landed on Hollywood's black list, a year-end roster of hot unproduced scripts crowdsourced by hundreds of movie execs,<ref>[http://www.wired.com/underwire/2012/12/black-list-website-script/ Wired. "Hollywood Script ‘Black List’ Opens Doors to Aspiring Screenwriters" by Hugh Hart.  December 12, 2012.]</ref> where they sat around for years unproduced but ''Argo,'' was Terrio’s first script to be plucked from the Black List for feature-film production. “I had screenplays that went around Hollywood and independent film land, that got close and didn’t make it,” said Terrio. “So I feel like I’ve won the lottery to have a movie that a) gets made, b) gets made by a great film director, and c) to have people see it and to even have it in the same conversation as other films this year."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2013/02/15/how-oscar-nominee-argo-escaped-the-black-list/ WSJ.  "How Oscar Nominee ‘Argo’ Escaped the Black List" by Barbara Chai.  February 15, 2013.]</ref>
 
In the runup to the Oscars Terrio said he was enjoying the experience of watching audiences see his first major-studio project, while learning the ropes of awards season as a serious writing contender. "I live in New York, so I’ve been at the margins of it, and I haven’t necessarily been in the belly of the beast yet, if it is a beast. It’s just been a rush for me to see people watching the movie and responding to it, but also to capture a little bit of that film-school excitement about movies."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Deadline Team.  December 16, 2013.]</ref> "It may be a once in a lifetime thing so I am just  trying to savor it."<ref>[http://www.mydesert.com/VideoNetwork/2181054065001/Argo-Screenwriter-Chris-Terrio-talks-at-Cinemas-Palme-D-Or?nclick_check=1 My Desert.  "Argo Screenwriter Chris Terrio talks at Cinemas Palme D'Or"  by Marilyn Chung.  February 20, 2013.]</ref>
 
In the runup to the Oscars Terrio said he was enjoying the experience of watching audiences see his first major-studio project, while learning the ropes of awards season as a serious writing contender. "I live in New York, so I’ve been at the margins of it, and I haven’t necessarily been in the belly of the beast yet, if it is a beast. It’s just been a rush for me to see people watching the movie and responding to it, but also to capture a little bit of that film-school excitement about movies."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Deadline Team.  December 16, 2013.]</ref> "It may be a once in a lifetime thing so I am just  trying to savor it."<ref>[http://www.mydesert.com/VideoNetwork/2181054065001/Argo-Screenwriter-Chris-Terrio-talks-at-Cinemas-Palme-D-Or?nclick_check=1 My Desert.  "Argo Screenwriter Chris Terrio talks at Cinemas Palme D'Or"  by Marilyn Chung.  February 20, 2013.]</ref>
  
===Academy Award===
+
=====Academy Award=====
 
Terrio attended the Academy Award ceremonies with U.S. Ambassador to Uruguay Julissa Reynoso, a close friend of Terrio who attended Harvard with Terrio and was also the recipient of a Harvard-Cambridge Scholarships at the same time as Terrio.<ref>[https://conx.state.gov/event/press-conference-with-award-winning-argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio/  CONX.  "CANCELED Press Conference with Award Winning Argo Screenwriter Chris Terrio"  April 12, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html Harvard Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 1997.]</ref> "Mi mejor amigo fue nominado para un Oscar por escribir Argo. Y ahí estuve", said Reynoso. "Hemos pasado muchas cosas cosas juntos. Somos amigos de la universidad, entonces esto fue una gran ocasión. Todavía no podemos creer que se llevó un Oscar anoche. Como que estamos todavía en shock." ''[My best friend was nominated for an Oscar for writing Argo.  And I was there with him," said Reynoso.  "We have spent a lot of time together. We've been friends since Harvard.  We still can't believe that he won the Oscar last night.  We're still in shock."]''<ref>[http://www.elobservador.com.uy/noticia/244472/la-embajadora-de-eeuu-en-uruguay-34gano34-un-oscar/ El Observador. "La embajadora de EEUU en Uruguay "ganó" un Oscar" por Mauro Acerenza.  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
 
Terrio attended the Academy Award ceremonies with U.S. Ambassador to Uruguay Julissa Reynoso, a close friend of Terrio who attended Harvard with Terrio and was also the recipient of a Harvard-Cambridge Scholarships at the same time as Terrio.<ref>[https://conx.state.gov/event/press-conference-with-award-winning-argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio/  CONX.  "CANCELED Press Conference with Award Winning Argo Screenwriter Chris Terrio"  April 12, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/02.27/NewScholarshipB.html Harvard Gazette.  "New Scholarship Brings Harvard-Cambridge Total to Four" by Susan Peterson.  February 27, 1997.]</ref> "Mi mejor amigo fue nominado para un Oscar por escribir Argo. Y ahí estuve", said Reynoso. "Hemos pasado muchas cosas cosas juntos. Somos amigos de la universidad, entonces esto fue una gran ocasión. Todavía no podemos creer que se llevó un Oscar anoche. Como que estamos todavía en shock." ''[My best friend was nominated for an Oscar for writing Argo.  And I was there with him," said Reynoso.  "We have spent a lot of time together. We've been friends since Harvard.  We still can't believe that he won the Oscar last night.  We're still in shock."]''<ref>[http://www.elobservador.com.uy/noticia/244472/la-embajadora-de-eeuu-en-uruguay-34gano34-un-oscar/ El Observador. "La embajadora de EEUU en Uruguay "ganó" un Oscar" por Mauro Acerenza.  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
  
Terrio won the best adapted screenplay Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards, defeating a strong field that included Tony Kushner for Lincoln and David O Russell for Silver Linings Playbook. Terrio's screenplay was based on [http://www.wired.com/magazine/2007/04/feat_cia/ an article from Wired magazine Joshuah Bearman]<ref>[http://www.wired.com/magazine/2007/04/feat_cia/ Wired Magazine.  "How the CIA Used a Fake Sci-Fi Flick to Rescue Americans From Tehran" by Joshua Bearman.  April 24, 20107.]</ref>, as well as the [http://www.amazon.com/books/dp/0060957913 book by CIA agent Tony Mendez, ''The Master of Disguise'']<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/books/dp/0060957913 Amazon.  "The Master of Disguise: My Secret Life in the CIA" by Tony Mendez.]</ref> that tells the story of the extraction of six hostages from the 1979 US embassy siege in Iran. Argo marks Terrio's first appearance as an Academy Award nominee.<ref>[http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2013/feb/25/chris-terrio-adapted-screenplay-oscar-argo The Guardian.  "Oscars 2013: Chris Terrio wins best adapted screenplay for Argo" by Andrew Pulver.  February 24, 2013.]</ref> In his acceptance speech, Terrio dedicated his award to Mendez: "Thirty-three years ago, Tony, using nothing but his creativity and his intelligence, got six people out of a very bad situation, and I want to dedicate this to him," said Terrio,<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay"  February 25, 2013.]</ref> "and the Taylors and the Sheardowns and the people all over the world in the U.S. and Canada and Iran who use creativity and intelligence to solve problems nonviolently."<ref>[http://www.oscars.org/press/transcripts/text85/speech_screenplay_adapted.html Oscars.  "Onstage Speech Transcript | 85th Academy Awards"  Chris Terrio.]</ref>
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Terrio won the best adapted screenplay Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards, defeating a strong field that included Tony Kushner for Lincoln and David O Russell for Silver Linings Playbook. Terrio's screenplay was based on [http://www.wired.com/magazine/2007/04/feat_cia/ an article from Wired magazine Joshuah Bearman]<ref>[http://www.wired.com/magazine/2007/04/feat_cia/ Wired Magazine.  "How the CIA Used a Fake Sci-Fi Flick to Rescue Americans From Tehran" by Joshua Bearman.  April 24, 20107.]</ref>, as well as the [http://www.amazon.com/books/dp/0060957913 book by CIA agent Tony Mendez, ''The Master of Disguise'']<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/books/dp/0060957913 Amazon.  "The Master of Disguise: My Secret Life in the CIA" by Tony Mendez.]</ref> that tells the story of the extraction of six hostages from the 1979 US embassy siege in Iran. Argo marks Terrio's first appearance as an Academy Award nominee.<ref>[http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2013/feb/25/chris-terrio-adapted-screenplay-oscar-argo The Guardian.  "Oscars 2013: Chris Terrio wins best adapted screenplay for Argo" by Andrew Pulver.  February 24, 2013.]</ref>  
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======Terrio's Acceptance Speech======
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In his acceptance speech, Terrio dedicated his award to Mendez: "Thirty-three years ago, Tony, using nothing but his creativity and his intelligence, got six people out of a very bad situation, and I want to dedicate this to him," said Terrio,<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/02/staten_island_native_chris_ter.html Staten Island Live.  "Staten Island native Chris Terrio wins the Oscar for "Argo" screenplay"  February 25, 2013.]</ref> "and the Taylors and the Sheardowns and the people all over the world in the U.S. and Canada and Iran who use creativity and intelligence to solve problems nonviolently."<ref>[http://www.oscars.org/press/transcripts/text85/speech_screenplay_adapted.html Oscars.  "Onstage Speech Transcript | 85th Academy Awards"  Chris Terrio.]</ref>
  
 
For his part Mendez called Terrio an “absolute genius. We couldn’t have done it without him. We were blessed at many points and it all added up to the Oscar.” Jonna Mendez, who also is retired from the CIA, said they had breakfast with Terrio theSunday before the Oscars. “Chris was kind of a nervous wreck,” she said. “And he gave that great acceptance speech. He called out Tony and it made us cry.”<ref>[http://articles.herald-mail.com/2013-02-25/news/37295400_1_chris-terrio-joshuah-bearman-antonio-tony-mendez Herald-Mail.  "Mendez 'numb' by success of 'Argo' at 85th Academy Awards"  by Crystal Schelle.  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
 
For his part Mendez called Terrio an “absolute genius. We couldn’t have done it without him. We were blessed at many points and it all added up to the Oscar.” Jonna Mendez, who also is retired from the CIA, said they had breakfast with Terrio theSunday before the Oscars. “Chris was kind of a nervous wreck,” she said. “And he gave that great acceptance speech. He called out Tony and it made us cry.”<ref>[http://articles.herald-mail.com/2013-02-25/news/37295400_1_chris-terrio-joshuah-bearman-antonio-tony-mendez Herald-Mail.  "Mendez 'numb' by success of 'Argo' at 85th Academy Awards"  by Crystal Schelle.  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
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Randy Myers wrote at the Contra Costa Times on February 25, 2013 that Terrio gave one of the five best speeches at the Academy Awards. "The first-timer hit a grand slam, bringing up Affleck's co-screenwriting win for "Good Will Hunting" and how the "Argo" actor/director has launched his career. But his final words about using nonviolence to solve world problems reverberates powerfully and aptly summed up the topical theme of the best picture winner."<ref>[http://www.sourcenewspapers.com/articles/2013/02/25//news/doc512b7bb00a138684033961.txt Contra Costa Times.  "Oscars 2013: The five best speeches at the Academy Awards"  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
 
Randy Myers wrote at the Contra Costa Times on February 25, 2013 that Terrio gave one of the five best speeches at the Academy Awards. "The first-timer hit a grand slam, bringing up Affleck's co-screenwriting win for "Good Will Hunting" and how the "Argo" actor/director has launched his career. But his final words about using nonviolence to solve world problems reverberates powerfully and aptly summed up the topical theme of the best picture winner."<ref>[http://www.sourcenewspapers.com/articles/2013/02/25//news/doc512b7bb00a138684033961.txt Contra Costa Times.  "Oscars 2013: The five best speeches at the Academy Awards"  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
  
===Shocked to Win Award===
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=====Shocked to Win Award=====
 
Terrio says he was 'shocked' to win Academy Award for writing 'Argo' and one day after the Oscars was still processing how life had changed the night before. “Hearing my name announced as the winner was a genuine shock,” says Terrio. “To be bluntly honest, up until they called my category, it was this phantasmagorical blur of musical theater and Barbra Streisand.”<ref>[http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv-movies/staten-island-chris-terrio-shocked-win-oscar-writing-argo-article-1.1273316 NY Daily News.  "Oscars 2013: Chris Terrio was 'shocked' to win Academy Award for writing 'Argo'"  by Joe Dziemianowicz.  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
 
Terrio says he was 'shocked' to win Academy Award for writing 'Argo' and one day after the Oscars was still processing how life had changed the night before. “Hearing my name announced as the winner was a genuine shock,” says Terrio. “To be bluntly honest, up until they called my category, it was this phantasmagorical blur of musical theater and Barbra Streisand.”<ref>[http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv-movies/staten-island-chris-terrio-shocked-win-oscar-writing-argo-article-1.1273316 NY Daily News.  "Oscars 2013: Chris Terrio was 'shocked' to win Academy Award for writing 'Argo'"  by Joe Dziemianowicz.  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
  
==Recent News About Chris Terrio==
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===2011: Tell No One===
[[Image:Ben affleck telluride.JPG|thumb|550px|Argo had its first release at the Tellurdie Film Festival on August 31, 2012.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1024648/releaseinfo IMDb.  "Argo Release Info"]</ref> Ben Affleck appears on a panel at the Telluride film festival on September 2, 2012. PhotoCredit: [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Telluride_panel_2012.JPG Philippa Kowarsky] Wikimedia licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.]]
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[[Image:Tell no one.jpg|thumb|300px|Terrio is writing a remake of French thriller 'Tell No One" for Affleck.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire.  "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton.  March 20, 2013.]</ref> Borys Kit reported in the "Hollywood Reporter" on November 28, 2012 that Terrio is in the process of writing the screenplay.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/argo-screenwriter-tackles-george-clooney-395345 The Hollywood Reporter.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Tackles George Clooney Crime Thriller" by Borys Kit.  November 28, 2012.]</ref> Mike Fleming Jr. reported on Deadline on June 15, 20122 that Ben Affleck is attached to direct with Warner Bros releasing the film domestically and Universal Pictures International launching it overseas. The new project is basically a remake of the French film adaptation Harlan Coben’s book ''Tell No One,'' which was directed in France by Guillaume Canet.]]
===August 31, 2012Argo Gets First Showing at Telluride Film Festival===
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Terrio has written a remake of French thriller 'Tell No One" for Affleck.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire. "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton. March 20, 2013.]</ref> Borys Kit reported in the "Hollywood Reporter" on November 28, 2012 that Terrio is in the process of writing the screenplay.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/argo-screenwriter-tackles-george-clooney-395345 The Hollywood Reporter.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Tackles George Clooney Crime Thriller" by Borys Kit.  November 28, 2012.]</ref> Mike Fleming Jr. reported on Deadline on June 15, 20122 that Ben Affleck is attached to direct with Warner Bros releasing the film domestically and Universal Pictures International launching it overseas. The new project is basically a remake of the French film adaptation Harlan Coben’s book ''Tell No One,'' which was directed in France by Guillaume Canet. "The plot involves a pediatrician who is out one night frolicking by a lake with his wife when she suddenly vanishes and he is severely beaten when he tries to find her," writes Fleming. "When she turns up murdered, he is prime suspect. That’s until she’s declared a victim of a caught serial killer. Years later, bodies turn up in the same spot and the nightmare is repeated, the pediatrician again under suspicion. Right around that time, he’s given evidence that his wife wasn’t dead at all."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2011/06/ben-affleck-to-turn-french-flavored-harlan-coben-novel-tell-no-one-into-feature/ Deadline.  "Ben Affleck To Turn French-Flavored Harlan Coben Novel ‘Tell No One’ Into Feature" by Mike Fleming JrJune 15, 2011.]</ref>
Argo, filmed from Terrio's screenplay, had its first public showing at the Telluride Film Festival on August 31, 2012.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1024648/releaseinfo IMDb.  "Argo Release Info"]</ref> Glenn Whipp wrote in the Los Angeles Times on August 31, 2012 that "the closing credits on Ben Affleck's period thriller "Argo" hadn't even rolled at Friday evening's Telluride Film Festival screening before audience members were signaling their thunderous approval." "Applause in the middle of the movie. Hearing nothing but 'wow' and 'outstanding' outside the theater. A big hit," tweeted Hitfix's awards columnist Kris Tapley. "Entertaining combo of political intrigue/Hollywood satire," tweeted IndieWire critic Eric Kohn. "Alan Arkin/J. Goodman steal show. A crowd pleasing 'Wag the Dog.'" "'Argo' seems to be coming out of the gate as an Oscar contender," concluded Whipp.<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2012/aug/31/entertainment/la-et-mn-argo-telluride-20120831 Los Angeles Times.  "Argo' wows at Telluride Film Festival" by Glenn WhippAugust 31, 2012.]</ref>
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===September, 2012: Terrio Pays Off His Student Loans===
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The Wrap reported on August 22, 2013 that with Ben Affleck's attachment to play Batman in Warner Brother's untitled sequel to "Man of Steel" he is no longer attached to direct WB's remake of ''Tell No One.'' "There's no exact reason why, though not much has been heard about it in a couple of years at least," writes Kevin Jagernauth at Indiewire. "We'd wager that while "Argo" writer Chris Terrio was penning the script, perhaps they couldn't crack the story to make it their own. That, and the fact that producer Kathleen Kennedy, involved with the project from the start (though we're not sure she still is), likely has her hands full as it is shepherding the plethora of "Star Wars" movies on the way. We weren't always so hot on the idea, so perhaps it's not a bad thing this one isn't moving at any kind of speed."<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/ben-affleck-drops-tell-no-one-scott-cooper-takes-over-the-stand-20130823 Indiewire.  "Ben Affleck Drops 'Tell No One,' Scott Cooper Takes Over 'The Stand'" by Kevin JagernauthAugust 23, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://www.thewrap.com/movies/column-post/ben-afflecks-batman-casting-cements-wb-relationship-despite-jeff-robinov-exit-112821 The Wrap.  "Ben Affleck's Batman Casting Bolsters Warner Bros. Relationship - Despite Jeff Robinov Exit" August 22, 2013.]</ref>
Scott W. Smith wrote that Terrio's education at Harvard and USC Film School probably cost about $400,000.<ref>[http://screenwritingfromiowa.wordpress.com/2013/02/27/screenwriting-quote-179-chris-terrio/ Screenwriting from Iowa. "Screenwriting Quote #179 (Chris Terrio)" by Scott W. Smith.  February 27, 2013.]</ref> To finance his education, Terrio took on crippling student debt and by 2008 couldn't pay his rent and had defaulted on his student loans.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wu1va9SbxH8 YouTube.  Writers Guild Awards. "Argo screenwriter Chris Terrio wins the 2013 Writers Guild Award. February 17, 2013.]</ref> "It was a weird time for me.  I didn't know what my next job was or how I was going to pay my rent."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> Although Terrio says that he didn't become a screenwriter to get rich,<ref>Minneapolis Star-Tribune.  "Scaling `Heights'" by Jeff StricklerJuly 1, 2005.</ref> after his success with ''Argo'' he was finally able to pay off his student debt.  I had "“crippling, crippling debt which I literally paid off two months ago," said Terrio on December 7, 2012.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David PolandDecember 7, 2012.]</ref>
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Terrio told ''Indie London'' in 2013 that when he was at Cambridge in 2000 trying to decide to make films or not, he knew that he was probably looking at ten years of poverty before he had a chance to earn a living with his scriptwriting. "I was sort of pulling my hair out, questioning whether I really could try to make a go of it as a writer. I remember I used to come down to the cinema here and spend many hours trying to get up the courage to decide to commit to possibly 10 years of starving and not paying the rent in order to write scripts."<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref>
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Variety reported on November 22, 2013 that Gavin O’Connor (‘Jane Got A Gun,’ ‘Warrior,’ ‘Pride and Glory’) is in negotiations to direct Terrio's screenplay  for 'Tell No One.' In 2011 Ben Affleck signed on to direct and possibly star in the movie but the exited after scheduling resulted in the remake falling into limbo. Frank Marshall (‘The Bourne Legacy,’ ‘War Horse,’ ‘Back to the Future’) will produce the adaptation of the English language remake of Guillaume Canet’s French hit.<ref>[http://variety.com/2013/film/news/gavin-oconnor-tell-no-one-universal-and-warners-1200865479/ Variety.  "Gavin O’Connor to Direct ‘Tell No One’ Remake for Universal, Warner Bros." by Justin Kroll.  November 22, 2013.]</ref>
  
===October 12, 2012:  Argo Goes into General Release in the United States===
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The Independent reported on September 18, 2014 that Liam Neeson being eyed by Universal Pictures for a role in a film adaptation of Tell No One.<ref>[http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/news/downton-abbey-liam-neeson-wants-to-be-a-stableman-in-period-drama-9740323.html The Independent. "Downton Abbey: Liam Neeson wants to be a stableman in period drama" by Antonia Molloy. September 18, 2014.]</ref>
Argo went into general release in the United States on October 12, 2012.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1024648/releaseinfo IMDb.  "Argo Release Info"]</ref> Argo grossed $19,458,109 in its opening weekend ranking #2 in 3,232 theaters. During its widest release Argo played in 3,247 theaters closing on April 24, 2013 after a run of 195 days / 27.9 weeks. Argo's total lifetime gross was $136,024,128 domestic and $96,300,000 foreign.<ref>[http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=argo.htm Box Office Mojo.  "Argo"]</ref>
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===November 29, 2012: Terrio Signs Two-Script Deal at Warner Bros===
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====July 20, 2017: F. Scott Frazier Will Rewrite Terrio's Script for ''Tell No One''====
Borys Kits reported in Hollywood Reporter on November 29, 2012 that Terrio had signed a two-picture blind script pact with Warner Bros. Terrio is expected to tackle the first of the two scripts after he completes penning an untitled crime thriller that reunites him with Argo producers George Clooney and Grant Heslov. Terrio, represented by CAA and Anonymous Content.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/argo-writer-chris-terrio-signs-395731 The Hollywood eporter. "'Argo' Writer Chris Terrio Signs Rich Two-Script Deal at Warner Bros. (Exclusive)" by Borys Kit.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> Terrio insists he hasn't lost his edge after signing the "plum two-picture deal." “It’s not like suddenly my life is glamorous and I have a pool and I’m sipping watermelon margaritas."<ref>[http://www.vogue.com/culture/article/off-camera-a-pregolden-globes-look-at-hollywoods-behind-the-scenes-talent/#1 Vogue. "Off Camera: A Look at Hollywood's Behind-the-Scenes Talen" by Evelyn Crowley. January 11, 2013.]</ref>
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Deadline Hollywood reported on July 20, 2017 that F. Scott Frazier will rewrite Chris Terrio's draft of ''Tell No One'', an adaptation of the bestselling thriller by Harlan Coben. Frazier's recent credits include ''xXx: Return Of Xander Cage'' and ''Collide''.<ref>[https://deadline.com/2017/07/tell-no-one-movie-harlan-coben-f-scott-frazier-universal-1202132168/ Deadline Hollywood. "F. Scott Frazier To Write Harlan Coben Adaptation ‘Tell No One’ For Universal" by Mike Fleming Jr. July 20, 2017]</ref>''
  
Terrio said that he yet know what those films are. "Coming from the New York indie film scene, I had always dreaded the studio system. I thought there’d almost inevitably be this horrible moment where a scene would be re-written to include a CGI monster and a car chase. And yet Warners, probably as a result of the trust they have in Ben, didn’t do that. They left us alone. They said: “Here’s the money, go make a film.” And that’s such a rare thing. It’s the ideal scenario and we all dream about that… that someone will trust you to make a movie. So, I thought I’d be crazy not to sign up to do that again. That being said, maybe in the next movie they’ll need to have a CGI monster marching through a scene… but I hope not!"<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref>
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===2011: A Foreigner (formerly titled 'A Murder Foretold')===
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[[Image:Rodrigo Rosenberg Guatemala060546.jpg|thumb|450px|left|Terrio wrote the screenplay for another true-life tale with "A Murder Foretold," based on the murder of Rodrigo Rosenberg in Guatemala, who left behind a videotape implicating the country's president in the death.]]
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Terrio wrote the screenplay for another true-life tale with "A Murder Foretold," based on the murder of Rodrigo Rosenberg in Guatemala, who left behind a videotape implicating the country's president in the death.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire. "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton. March 20, 2013.]</ref> Borys Kit reported in the "Hollywood Reporter" that the screenplay has been completed. The film will be produced by Paramount, Indian Paintbrush and producer Steve Zaillian.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/argo-screenwriter-tackles-george-clooney-395345 The Hollywood Reporter.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Tackles George Clooney Crime Thriller" by Borys Kit.  November 28, 2012.]</ref> "A Murder Foretold takes place in a country devastated by killings routinely perpetrated by everyone from secret police to drug dealers," wrotes Mike Fleming Jr. in "Deadline" on October 13, 2011. Rodrigo Rosenberg, a wealthy businessman who watched his wife-to-be get assassinated along with her father, was later gunned down while riding his bicycle. His murder stirred up an entire country frustrated by the endless waves of violence, sometimes involving corrupt government officials. At his funeral, Rosenberg had an intermediary disperse copies of a videocassette he had recorded himself, one that implicated the president, his wife, and other close aides in his killing. A special prosecutor was appointed, and he followed a trail of clues that led to an unbelievable conclusion and a real crackdown on violence in Guatemala."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2011/10/chris-terrio-to-write-a-murder-foretold-for-paramount-and-indian-paintbrush/ Deadline.  "Chris Terrio To Write ‘A Murder Foretold’ For Paramount And Indian Paintbrush" by Mike Fleming Jr.  October 13, 2011.]</ref>
  
===February 17, 2013: Terrio Wins the Writers Guild Award for Best Adapted Screenplay===
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====August 28, 2013: Matt Damon in Talk to Direct====
On February 17, 2013, Terrio won the Writers Guild Award for Best Adapted Screenplay of 2012.<ref>[http://www.wga.org/wga-awards/nominees-winners.aspx The Writers Guild Awards.  "2013 Nominees and Winners"]</ref> "Everyone has been so calm and collected as if this is something that happens every single day of their lives. I feel like this bird thing (referring to the award), if I leave my window open might get up and fly away to live with David and David and Steven and Tony.  That would be ok because they deserve it. I am so honored to be in the category with you guys. Thank you for making this such a great year for movies," said Terrio in his acceptance of the award.  Terrio thanked his mother who flew in from New York and his agent "who stuck with me when there was very little reason to stick with me" and Josh Berman for "his curiousity and brilliance."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wu1va9SbxH8  You Tube.  "Argo screenwriter Chris Terrio wins the 2013 Writers Guild Award for Adapted ScreenplayFebruary 17, 2013.]</ref>
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Tatiana Siegel reported in the Hollywood Reporter on August 28, 2013 that Matt Damon is in talks to make his directorial debut and to star in the international conspiracy thriller ''A Foreigner'' (formerly ''A Murder Foretold'') for Steve Zaillian and Garrett Basch's Film Rites.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/matt-damon-make-directing-debut-616761 Hollywood Reporter.  "Matt Damon to Make Directing Debut With Chris Terrio-Penned 'A Foreigner'" by Tatiana Siegel. August 28, 2013.]</ref>
  
"When I started this in 2008 I couldn't pay my rent and I was living in New York, I defaulted on my student loans and  I had nothing but I had my spec scripts and I had my guild card. I can't tell you how that propped me up that in a very lonely profession I was in the same club as all you guys," continued Terrio. Terrio concluded by thanking Ben Affleck as a fellow WGA member. "This is yours and you are kind a brilliant and a very, very good man."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wu1va9SbxH8  You Tube. "Argo screenwriter Chris Terrio wins the 2013 Writers Guild Award for Adapted Screenplay" February 17, 2013.]</ref>
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====May 6, 2016: Oscar Isaac to Star====
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Variety reported on November 19, 2015 that Oscar Isaac is in early talks to star in Paramount’s political thriller “A Foreigner,” written by Chris Terrio. “A Foreigner” has been in development for some time; at one point, Matt Damon was being courted to make his directorial debut on the project. When Gomez-Rejon dropped out of “Collateral Beauty,” Paramount quickly moved to offering him the job and offered Isaac the lead role.<ref>[https://variety.com/2015/film/news/a-foreigner-oscar-isaac-1201644648/ Variety. "Oscar Isaac Circles Lead Role in Paramount’s ‘A Foreigner’ (EXCLUSIVE)" by Justin Kroll. November 19, 2015.]</ref> Variety reported on May 6, 2016 that Oscar Isaac was officially on board to star in the Paramount thriller “A Foreigner.” In November,2016  Variety reported that Isaac had the offer, but had to sort out his 2016 schedule, which includes shooting the next installment in the “Star Wars” series, before committing. “A Foreigner” is set to film in the fall.<ref>[https://variety.com/2016/film/news/oscar-isaac-foreigner-alfonso-gomez-rejon-1201768177/ Variety. "Oscar Isaac to Star in Alfonso Gomez-Rejon Thriller ‘A Foreigner’ (EXCLUSIVE)" by Justin Kroll. May 6, 2016.]</ref>
  
===February 24, 2013: Terrio Wins Oscar for Best Adapted Screenplay at 85th Academy Awards===
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===2012: George Clooney and Grant Heslov's Untitled New York City Crime Thriller===
* See [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=A_Biography_of_Screenwriter_and_Director_Chris_Terrio#Winning_an_Academy_Award_for_Argo Terrio Wins Academy Award]
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On November 28, 2012 Borys Kit reported in the "Hollywood Reporter" that Terrio is reteaming with George Clooney and Grant Heslov for an untitled thriller set in the world of New York crime. Paul Greengrass, the director of Bourne Supremacy and Bourne Identity, will direct the thriller with Clooney attached to star. Kit reports that many of the deals for the project were made over a year ago but it’s only now that Terrio is tackling it.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/argo-screenwriter-tackles-george-clooney-395345 The Hollywood Reporter. "'Argo' Screenwriter Tackles George Clooney Crime Thriller" by Borys Kit.  November 28, 2012.]</ref> "It’s untitled as yet but it’s a New York crime syndicate movie that Paul Greengrass is directing. So, it’s a dream team for me – my favourite director in the world and these two producers who have been really good to me. So, I now feel like I’ve used up my share of good luck now and should be careful when crossing the street to make sure there’s no bus heading in my direction."<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref> On September 27, 2013 Terrio attended the world premiere of Greengrass' ''Captain Phillips'' at Lincoln Center's Alice Tully Hall as part of the 51st New York Film Festival.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/race/new-york-captain-phillips-kicks-638438 Hollywood Reporter. "New York: 'Captain Phillips' Kicks Off Fest With Standing Ovation" by Scott Feinberg.  September 28, 2013.]</ref>
  
===March 11, 2013: Terrio May Write Screenplay for ''Bunker Hill''===
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===2013: Weather Service===
On March 11, 2013 Mike Fleming Jr reported that Terrio is attached to write the screenplay for ''Bunker Hill'' about the violent sieges that erupted in Lexington and Concord after a British blockade led to outright war in the Battle of Bunker Hill, a bloody clash that united the colonies and started the war for independence. Terrio will reunite with ''Argo'' director Ben Afleck.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/03/argos-ben-affleck-at-center-of-warner-bros-deal-for-nathaniel-philbrick-book-bunker-hill/ Deadline Hollywood.  "‘Argo’s Ben Affleck At Center Of Warner Bros Deal For Nathaniel Philbrick Book ‘Bunker Hill’" by Mike Fleming Jr.  March 18, 2013.]</ref>
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Terrio has a spy thriller called "Weather Service" in development.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire.  "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton.  March 20, 2013.]</ref> The NY Times reports that Steve Tisch will produce the film for Escape Artists, the same production company that has the rights the ''The Ends of the Earth.''<ref>[http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/460641/Weather-Service/credits  NY Times.  "Weather Service"]</ref>
  
===April 9, 2013: Terrio Visits Uruguay at the Invitation of US Ambassador Julissa Reynoso===
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===2013: Bunker Hill===
[[Image:Terrio at alianza.jpg|thumb|550px|Terrio (center) spoke to students from the "Alianza Uruguay Estados Unidos" on April 9, 2013. Terrio told the audience pleasantly that he had grown tired of speaking about ''Argo''<ref>[http://telenocheonline.com/de-charla-con-chris-terrio/ Telenoche Online.  "De Charla con Chris Terrio" ]</ref> and this would be the last time he would talk about the movie and that he was happy it was the last time. Terrio visited Uruguay at the invitation of US Ambassador to Uruguay Julissa Reynoso (right) who accompanied Terrio to the Academy Awards ceremony in February 2013. Terrio and Reynoso studied together at Harvard and Cambridge and have been close friends for 15 years.]]
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[[Image:Bunker hill 2.jpg|thumb|300px|On March 11, 2013 Mike Fleming Jr reported that Terrio is attached to write the screenplay for ''Bunker Hill'' about the violent sieges that erupted in Lexington and Concord after a British blockade led to outright war in the Battle of Bunker Hill, a bloody clash that united the colonies and started the war for independence. Terrio will reunite with ''Argo'' director Ben Afleck.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/03/argos-ben-affleck-at-center-of-warner-bros-deal-for-nathaniel-philbrick-book-bunker-hill/ Deadline Hollywood.  "‘Argo’s Ben Affleck At Center Of Warner Bros Deal For Nathaniel Philbrick Book ‘Bunker Hill’" by Mike Fleming Jr.  March 18, 2013.]</ref>]]
[[Image:Costa gavras.JPG|thumb|250px|Terrio moderated a Question and Answer session with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Costa-Gavras Costa-Gavras] on October 9, 2013 after the screening of Gavras' classic ​"Z" sponsored by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the Academy Theater at Lighthouse International in New York CityPhoto Credit: [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Costa-Gavras_Masterclass_Spielberg.JPG Romain DUBOIS] Wikimedia licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.]]
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On March 11, 2013 Mike Fleming Jr reported that Terrio is attached to write the screenplay for ''Bunker Hill'' about the violent sieges that erupted in Lexington and Concord after a British blockade led to outright war in the Battle of Bunker Hill, a bloody clash that united the colonies and started the war for independence. Terrio will reunite with ''Argo'' director Ben Afleck.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/03/argos-ben-affleck-at-center-of-warner-bros-deal-for-nathaniel-philbrick-book-bunker-hill/ Deadline Hollywood.  "‘Argo’s Ben Affleck At Center Of Warner Bros Deal For Nathaniel Philbrick Book ‘Bunker Hill’" by Mike Fleming Jr.  March 18, 2013.]</ref> In his new book, Bunker Hill, Nathaniel Philbrick revisits the beginnings of the American Revolution, a subject freighted with more myth, pride and politics than any other in our national narrative. There’s an ugly civil war side to revolutionary Boston that we don’t often talk about,” he says, “and a lot of thuggish, vigilante behavior by groups like the Sons of Liberty.” He doesn’t romanticize the Minutemen of Lexington and Concord, either. The “freedoms” they fought for, he notes, weren’t intended to extend to slaves, Indians, women or Catholics. Their cause was also “profoundly conservative.” Most sought a return to the Crown’s “salutary neglect” of colonists prior to the 1760s, before Britain began imposing taxes and responding to American resistance with coercion and troops. “They wanted the liberties of British subjects, not American independence,” Philbrick says.<ref>[http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/The-True-Story-of-the-Battle-of-Bunker-Hill-204119581.html Smithsonian Magazine.  "The True Story of the Battle of Bunker Hill" by Tony Horwitz. May, 2013.]</ref>
Diario Uruguay reported on March 28, 2013 that Terrio would be traveling to Montevideo, Uruguay at the invitation of US Ambassador to Uruguay Julissa Reynoso who accompanied Terrio to the Academy Awards ceremony in February 2013. Terrio and Reynoso studied together at Harvard and Cambridge and have been close friends for 15 years. According to sources at the US embassy Terrio planned to spend several days in Uruguay and will meet with local artists and would speak at a special screening of Argo.<ref>[http://www.diariouruguay.com.uy/noticia.php?noticia=5607 Diario Uruguay.  "Chris Terrio, Oscar al mejor guión llega a Uruguay a dar un curso.March 28, 2013.]</ref> Sociedad Uruguaya reported on April 3, 2013 that Terrio would hold a press conference at the residence of the US Ambassador on April 12, 2013.<ref>[http://www.sociedaduruguaya.org/2013/04/chris-terrio-guionista-de-argo-en-uruguay.html Sociedad Uruguaya. "Chris Terrio, guionista de Argo, en Uruguay"  April 3, 2013.]</ref>
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Terrio said in Uruguay in 2013 that his vision of ''Bunker Hill'' would be ""retratado desde un punto de vista más real, más violento, una mirada más sucia" ("portrayed from a more realistic point of view, more violent, with a closer dirtier look".<ref>[http://www.montevideo.com.uy/nottiempolibre_197429_1.html Montevideo.com "Chris y los Argonautas"  April 10, 2013.]</ref>
  
Montevideo.com reported that Terrio spoke to students from the "Alianza Uruguay Estados Unidos" on April 9, 2013. Terrio told the audience pleasantly that he had grown tired of speaking about ''Argo,''<ref>[http://telenocheonline.com/de-charla-con-chris-terrio/ Telenoche Online.  "De Charla con Chris Terrio" ]</ref> that this would be the last time he would talk about the movie, and that he was happy it was the last time. When asked what makes a good screenplay, Terrio said that the director and actors bring the screenplay to life.  It is easy to be ironic or scornful of actors said Terrio, but when you are in front of a great actor something magical occurs. "The actors are the heroes," said Terrio adding that his greatest personal hero as an actor is Marlon Brando. Terrio also praised Daniel Day Lewis, Glenn Close, Meryl Streep, and among the new generation Ryan Gosling. When asked what book Terrio would most like to adopt as a screenplay, Terrio said it would without doubt be "Moby Dick," a book that Terrio considers the great story of capitalism.<ref>[http://www.montevideo.com.uy/nottiempolibre_197429_1.html Montevideo.com "Chris y los Argonautas"  April 10, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://fhsi.wordpress.com/the-staten-island-omnibus-incident-that-inspired-herman-melvilles-greatest-novel-artist-recreation/ "The Staten Island Omnibus Incident That Inspired Herman Melville’s Greatest Novel (artist recreation)!"] Note: Herman Melville was once a resident of Staten Island where Terrio grew up and at least one incident that happened to Melville in Staten Island made its way into ''Moby Dick.'' “Oh yes, I had written novels, before I went to Staten Island,” Melville recalled, “but it was in the scheduling office of the omnibus company there that I truly discovered the essence of fiction.</ref>  
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====April 5, 2016:  Aaron Stockard Signed to Write Script for "Bunker Hill"====
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Mike Fleming Jr. reported at Deadline on April 5, 2016 that Aaron Stockard has signed to script Bunker Hill: A City, A Siege, A Revolution. Stockard co-wrote the script for "The Town"with Ben Affleck and Peter Craig and co-wrote the script for "Gone Baby Gone" with Ben Affleck. "Stockard has been Pearl Street’s go-to guy on Boston-centric films, and that includes Whitey, the pic he scripted on Boston crime kingpin Whitey Bulger that Affleck once hoped to direct with Damon playing the title role," writes Fleming. Pearl Street’s Affleck and Matt Damon are producing with Jennifer Todd, and there’s no solid commitment beyond that at this point.<ref>[https://deadline.com/2016/04/aaron-stockard-bunker-hill-ben-affleck-matt-damon-nathaniel-philbrick-book-pearl-street-1201732476/ Deadline. "Aaron Stockard To Adapt Nathaniel Philbrick Revolutionary War Tale ‘Bunker Hill’ For Pearl Street’s Affleck & Damon" by Mike Fleming Jr. April 5, 2016.]</ref>
  
Matías Castro at "El País" reported that Terrio spoke in Spanish at a presentation to the public at Teatro Solís on April 10, 2013.<ref>[http://www.elpais.com.uy/divertite/cine/chris-terrio-soy-solo-un-estudiante.html El País.  "Chris Terrio: "Soy solo un estudiante" by Matías Castro. April 11, 2013.]</ref> In a subsequent interview with Castro, Terrio said that the work of the director and the screenwriter are entirely separate although symbiotic. Terrio said that he believed that screenwriters need to have the opportunity to hear the actors speaking and saying their lines because this will change the screenwriters way of writing. Terrio said that directors who are also screenwriters write less because they know that the camera can tell stories and it is not  necessary to say everything.  "En Argo hay mucho diálogo, pero también hay muchas secuencias de acción. Creo que el haber trabajado como director me enseñó mucho sobre eso. Todavía tengo mucho para aprender". ''[There is a lot of dialog in ''Argo'' but there are also many action sequencesI believe tha having worked as a director has taught me a lot about the use of action, although I still have a lot to learn.''] Terrio said that the directors he most admires are ones like Paul Thomas Anderson (''There will be Blood'') who also write their own screenplays. Terrio said that the work of the screenwriter is to provide images without words. "La escritura de guión es una interesante forme de arte porque es una mezcla, un híbrido de dos formas de usar las palabras. Una de ellas es como el trabajo de un pintor que intenta crear imágenes con un significado. Y también está el trabajo de un novelista o de un dramaturgo en el que se intenta recrear un mundo con palabras."  [''Screenwriting is an interesting form of art because it is a hybrid of two forms of writing. One of the forms is that of a painter who tries to create significant images.  The other is that of the novelist or playwrite who attempts to create a wolrd with words."''] Terrio added that when he was writing ''Argo'' one of the points of reference that he took was from [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Costa-Gavras Costa-Gavras'] ''State of Siege'' which takes place in Uruguay. Another point of reference was from the Italian director [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gillo_Pontecorvo Gillo Pontecorvo].<ref>[http://www.elpais.com.uy/divertite/cine/tengo-mucho-para-aprender.html El País.  "Tengo mucho para aprenderApril 12, 2013.]</ref>
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===2013: Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice===
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[[Image:Batman vs superman.jpg|thumb|300px|left|Tatiana Siegel reported in ''The Hollywood Reporter'' on December 18, 2013 that Warner Bros. is bringing Terrio in to write a draft of the ''Man of Steel'' follow-up, the untitled Batman-Superman movie that will star Ben Affleck who worked closely with Terrio on ''Argo.'' David Goyer wrote the screenplay, but has been tied up with a number of other DC Comics titles including Sandman. Sources say Terrio has been brought in to get the script in shape before filming begins in early 2014 in Michigan.]]
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Tatiana Siegel reported in ''The Hollywood Reporter'' on December 18, 2013 that Warner Bros. is bringing Terrio in to write a draft of the ''Man of Steel'' follow-up, the untitled Batman-Superman movie that will star Ben Affleck who worked closely with Terrio on ''Argo.'' David Goyer wrote the screenplay,  but has been tied up with a number of other DC Comics titles including Sandman. Sources say Terrio has been brought in to get the script in shape before filming begins in early 2014 in Michigan.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/batman-superman-chris-terrio-write-666735 The Hollywood Reporter.  "Batman-Superman Film Enlists 'Argo' Writer (Exclusive)" by Tatiana Siegel.  December 18, 2013.]</ref> Comments to the story include one by Warner Brown that Goyer is better when he's collaborating with better writers (Christopher & Jonah Nolan). "It's not a bad thing for Terrio to come in and improve on a draft. As a screenwriter that leaves you a lot of room (and fun) to take what is "good" or "ok" and make it great."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/batman-superman-chris-terrio-write-666735 The Hollywood Reporter.  "Batman-Superman Film Enlists 'Argo' Writer (Exclusive)" by Tatiana Siegel. December 18, 2013.]</ref>
  
===June 28, 2013: Terrio Invited to Join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences===
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Terrio previously signed a two-picture blind script pact with Warner Bros. in November, 2012 and had been expected to tackle the first of the two scripts after he completed penning an untitled crime thriller for Argo producers George Clooney and Grant Heslov.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/argo-writer-chris-terrio-signs-395731 The Hollywood Reporter. "'Argo' Writer Chris Terrio Signs Rich Two-Script Deal at Warner Bros. (Exclusive)" by Borys Kit.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> At the time of his signing, Terrio said that he did not yet know what those films are. "Coming from the New York indie film scene, I had always dreaded the studio system. I thought there’d almost inevitably be this horrible moment where a scene would be re-written to include a CGI monster and a car chase. And yet Warners, probably as a result of the trust they have in Ben, didn’t do that. They left us alone. They said: “Here’s the money, go make a film.” And that’s such a rare thing. It’s the ideal scenario and we all dream about that… that someone will trust you to make a movie. So, I thought I’d be crazy not to sign up to do that again. That being said, maybe in the next movie they’ll need to have a CGI monster marching through a scene… but I hope not!"<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref>
On June 28, 2013 the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announced that Terrio is one of 276 new members being invited to join the academy. "These individuals are among the best filmmakers working in the industry today," said academy President Hawk Koch in a statement. "Their talent and creativity have captured the imagination of audiences worldwide, and I am proud to welcome each of them to the Academy."<ref>[http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/movies/2013/06/28/jennifer-lopez-academy-new-members/2473437/  USA Today.  "Jennifer Lopez, Lucy Liu invited to film academy" by Bryan Alexander.  June 28, 2013.]</ref>
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===August 22, 2013:  Affleck No Longer Attached to Terrio's "Tell No One"===
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On January 17, 2014 Warner Brothers announced that Batman Vs. Superman was being pushed back until 2016. Joe Comicbook wrote at Comicbook.com that rumors are running rampant on the Internet about why the film was pushed back and talked about five of the most popular rumors and fan speculation. One rumor involving Terrio was that as "reports surfaced around a month ago that Argo writer Chris Terrio had been brought in to do a draft of the script. Is it possible that he’s wound up having more script changes than Warner Bros. anticipated?"<ref>[http://comicbook.com/blog/2014/01/18/batman-vs-superman-top-5-rumors-why-it-was-delayed/ Comicbook.com "Batman Vs. Superman: Top 5 Rumors Why It Was Delayed" by Joe Comicbook. January 18, 2014.]</ref>
The Wrap reported on August 22, 2013 that with Ben Affleck's attachment to play Batman in Warner Brother's untitled sequel to "Man of Steel" he is no longer attached to direct WB's remake of ''Tell No One'' with script by Chris Terrio. "There's no exact reason why, though not much has been heard about it in a couple of years at least," writes Kevin Jagernauth at Indiewire. "We'd wager that while "Argo" writer Chris Terrio was penning the script, perhaps they couldn't crack the story to make it their own. That, and the fact that producer Kathleen Kennedy, involved with the project from the start (though we're not sure she still is), likely has her hands full as it is shepherding the plethora of "Star Wars" movies on the way. We weren't always so hot on the idea, so perhaps it's not a bad thing this one isn't moving at any kind of speed."<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/ben-affleck-drops-tell-no-one-scott-cooper-takes-over-the-stand-20130823 Indiewire.  "Ben Affleck Drops 'Tell No One,' Scott Cooper Takes Over 'The Stand'" by Kevin Jagernauth.  Augusut 23, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://www.thewrap.com/movies/column-post/ben-afflecks-batman-casting-cements-wb-relationship-despite-jeff-robinov-exit-112821 The Wrap.  "Ben Affleck's Batman Casting Bolsters Warner Bros. Relationship - Despite Jeff Robinov ExitAugust 22, 2013.]</ref>
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===August 28, 2013:  Matt Damon to Make Directorial Debut with Terrio's ''A Foreigner''===
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Mark Hughes wrote in Forbes on February 1, 2014 that Warner Bros. official statement that Jesse Eisenberg will play Lex Luthor in the upcoming sequel to 2013′s Superman reboot blockbuster contained a few interesting details that speak volumes about how the superhero sequel is evolving. "It’s surprising that there’s been no significant reaction to these statements," writes Hughes adding that the project is now being referrred as "new film” that is “being written by Chris Terrio.<ref>[http://www.forbes.com/sites/markhughes/2014/02/01/how-warner-is-rebranding-batman-vs-superman/ Forbes.  "How Warner Is Rebranding 'Batman Vs. Superman'" by Mark HughesFebruary 1, 2014.]</ref><ref>[http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20140131005753/en/Jesse-Eisenberg-Jeremy-Irons-Join-Cast-Warner Businesswire.  "Jesse Eisenberg and Jeremy Irons Join the Cast of Warner Bros. Pictures’ Untitled Superman/Batman Film from Director Zack Snyder" January 31, 2014.]</ref>
Tatiana Siegel reported in the Hollywood Reporter on August 28, 2013 that Matt Damon is in talks to make his directorial debut and to star in the international conspiracy thriller ''A Foreigner'' (formerly ''A Murder Foretold'') for Steve Zaillian and Garrett Basch's Film Rites. Terrio is adapting the screenplay from The New Yorker article "A Murder Foretold" written by David Grann that chronicles the true story of a man gunned down in Guatemala who leaves behind a videotape after his death implicating the country's president and first lady.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/matt-damon-make-directing-debut-616761 Hollywood Reporter.  "Matt Damon to Make Directing Debut With Chris Terrio-Penned 'A Foreigner'" by Tatiana SiegelAugust 28, 2013.]</ref> Asked in 2012 when he would know the right project for him to direct, Damon told ''The Hollywood Reporter'': “I think it’ll just feel right. A lot of the choices I make at this point are just kind of intuitive, just based on years of reading scripts, and it’s just more about a feeling at this point for me."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/promised-land-matt-damon-hell-406728 The Hollywood Reporter.  "Promised Land': Matt Damon on When He'll Direct His Own Project (Video)" by Rebecca FordDecember 28, 2012.]</ref>
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===September 12, 2013: Former Primer Minister of Canada Says New Documentary Better than 'Argo'===
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Gossip Columnist Roger Friedman wrote at ShowBiz411 on April 4, 2014 that he saw Terrio with Glenn Close at Bar Centrale, above Joe Allen’s. Terrio came in from seeing Bryan Cranston in “All the Way”; then Cranston joined Close and Terrio. According to Friedman out of nowhere, someone from Terrio's table screamed, “Superman can’t be dead!” "Everyone in the place turned around. Terrio turned a hot red, imagining tomorrow’s headlines. “Relax, Superman’s not dead,” he reassured us. “Everyone is alive and fine.” Lots of laughter followed."<ref>[http://www.showbiz411.com/2014/04/04/theater-review-denzel-opens-raisin-plus-news-about-batman-and-superman?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=theater-review-denzel-opens-raisin-plus-news-about-batman-and-superman ShowBiz411. "Theater Review: Denzel Opens 'Raisin,' Plus News About 'Batman and Superman'" by Roger Freidman. April 4, 2014.]</ref>
Rob Giles reported in the Associated Press on September 12, 2013 that former Canadian prime minister Joe Clark, Canada's prime minister in 1979, said the real story presented in the documentary "Our Man in Tehran" of how a former Canadian ambassador protected Americans during the 1979 Iran hostage crisis is a "better story" than Ben Affleck's Oscar-winning picture "Argo." "I think the truth is the better story," said Clark. One year after "Argo" premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival, former ambassador Ken Taylor has debuted his own account of the high-risk caper saying that the documentary offers "a very true" look at Canada's role in rescuing six U.S. citizens during the crisis. Friends of Taylor were outraged when "Argo" debuted at the Toronto International Film Festival last year. "Argo" screenwriter Chris Terrio, who won the best adapted screenplay prize at the Oscars, mentioned Taylor and Sheardown in his speech after saluting Mendez at the awards. Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter has said "90 percent of the contributions to the ideas and the consummation of the plan was Canadian," but "Argo" "gives almost full credit to the American CIA."<ref>[http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2013/09/12/4309567/ex-canada-pm-new-documentary-better.html#.UjMsxhukqWE Charlotte Observer.  "Ex-Canada PM: New documentary better than 'Argo'"  September 12, 2013.]</ref>
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===October 9, 2013: Terrio Interviews Director Costa-Gavras after the Screening of 'Z'===
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The Hollywood Reporter reported on April 30, 2014 that talent attorney James Feldman struck the deal for Terrio "for one of the most coveted scribe gigs in town: the script for Warner Bros.' Batman-Superman project."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/gallery/photos-power-lawyers-2014-talent-699831#8-james-feldman Holywood Reporter.  "Power Lawyers 2014: The Talent Lawyers: James Feldman."  April 30, 2014.]</ref>
Gabriel Byrne reported in the Examiner on October 9, 2013 that Terrio moderated a Question and Answer session with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Costa-Gavras Costa-Gavras] on October 9, 2013 after the screening of Gavras' classic ​"Z" sponsored by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the Academy Theater at Lighthouse International in New York City. During the course of the interview Terrio made the interesting observation that when he is working he "finds anger to be a very useful emotion," a statement with which Costa Gavras concurred. Terrio also remarked that when he was recently in Uruguay, he mentioned the name of director Costa-Gavras during one of his talks and Costa-Gavras is held in such high esteem for his movie "State of Siege" that Terrio was invited the next day to meet the President of Uruguay.<ref>[http://www.examiner.com/article/on-the-scene-at-a-special-screening-of-costa-gavras-capital The Examiner.  "On the scene at a special screening of Costa-Gavras' 'Capital'" by Gabriel Byrne.  October 9, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xgbxgbzNrFs YouTube.com "Costa-Gavras and Chris Terrio on the making of 'Z'7:17 minutes October 9, 2013.]</ref>
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===October 25, 2013: Jonathan Rhys Meyers Says He Hopes to Be in Terrio's Richard II===
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Entertainment Week reported on August 14, 2014 that Ben Aflleck says that Chris Terrio "wrote a terrific script" for ''Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice''.  Affleck added that it is incumbent on the filmmakers to honor the story. "There are the Greek myths and these are the American myths. The American myths are these superheroes. People care about ‘em a lot. And it’s incumbent on you to do a good job and make it as excellent as you possibly can."<ref>[http://insidemovies.ew.com/2014/08/14/affleck-on-batfleck-i-wouldnt-have-done-it-if-i-didnt-think-i-could/ Entertainment Week.  "Affleck on Batfleck: 'I wouldn't have done it if I didn't think I could'" by Chris LeeAugust 14, 2014.]</ref>
The Independent of Ireland reported on October 25, 2013 that Jonathan Rhys Meyers hopes to be in James Ivory's ''Richard II'' which he says is slated to begin shooting in 2014 from a screenplay by Terrio"Much as I love TV, there are lots of films that I'd like to do," says Rhys Meyers. "I'm meeting for a film next week which is shooting next year and I'd love to do it. It's a James Ivory film on Richard II and it's got a beautiful script from Chris Terrio who did Argo. Fingers crossed."<ref>[http://www.independent.ie/entertainment/tv-radio/interview-with-a-vampire-29698044.html Independent of Ireland.  "Interview with a vampire" by John MeagherOctober 25, 2013.]</ref>
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===November 15, 2013: WME Signs Contract to Represent Terrio===
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Jesse Eisenberg, chosen to play he iconic villain Lex Luther in Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice, said in 2014 that he worked with Terrio to create the character. "I got to know one of the writers Chris Terrio, and we were able to discuss things at length and figure out who this person is to create a real psychology behind what is, perhaps, in a comic book, a less than totally modern psychology," says Eisenberg. "I can only say I've been asked to play an interesting role. A complicated, challenging person."<ref>[http://www.totalfilm.com/news/jesse-eisenberg-talks-lex-luthor-1?told Total Film.  "Jesse Eisenberg talks Lex Luthor"  August 29, 2014.]</ref> Eisenberg later added in an interview in 2015 that he thinks Terrio is a phenomenal writer. "He’s just great. I’d love to do anything that he writes. He’s just so talented and created a really interesting character."<ref>[http://www.comingsoon.net/movies/features/465453-jesse-eisenberg-interview-taking-on-david-foster-wallace-for-the-end-of-the-tour#/slide/1 ComingSoon.com "Jesse Eisenberg Interview: Taking on David Foster Wallace for The End of the Tour" by Edward DouglasJuly 28, 2015.]</ref>
Mike Fleming Jr. reported on Deadline on November 15, 2013 that William Morris Endeavor (also known as WME), the world's largest diversified talent agency with offices in Beverly Hills, New York City, London, Miami, and Nashville, is now representing Terrio. Terrio had previously been represented at Creative Artists Agency (CAA). "While Terrio’s run goes back to writing and directing the 2005 pic ''Heights'', his ascension to A-list scribe has been fairly recent," writes Fleming. "Ben Affleck has told me that after carving his previous directing vehicles from the ground up, he could not believe his good fortune when handed Terrio’s Argo script."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/11/wme-signs-hot-argo-scribe-chris-terrio/ Deadline. "WME Signs Hot ‘Argo’ Scribe Chris Terrio" by Mike Fleming JrNovember 15, 2013.]</ref>
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One commenter to the article on Deadline speculated that the reason that Terrio changed representation is that Ben Affleck is signed with WME and "it’s likely Terrio’s been seeing WME putting together most of his projects already." Another commenter speculated that Terrio "had some frustrating experiences with projects involving CAA talent and potential directing opportunities. His agent there did a great job but WME saw an opportunity via Affleck to launch [Terrio] as a director."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/11/wme-signs-hot-argo-scribe-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "WME Signs Hot ‘Argo’ Scribe Chris Terrio" by Mike Fleming JrNovember 15, 2013.]</ref>
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Devin Faraci wrote at Bad Ass Digest on December 15, 2014 that he has had a chance to read a script of Terrio's ''Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice'' that was handed in a month before principal photography began and although the script is very much a sequel to Man of Steel and follows up on stuff from that movie in big ways, it also deals explicitly with some fan complaints about the last Superman film. "As for being a protector of the people - when the Doomsday fight starts General Swanwick tells the military that Superman will move the battle away from populated areas because he's a hero, and that's what heroes do," writes Faraci. "Again, this is a direct response to complaints about the first film. It's also interesting to see that Swanwick, who was tracking Superman with drones at the end of Man of Steel, is such a supporter in this film. It seems that most people - except Lex Luthor and a cautious Batman, who is prepping anti-Superman weapons - believe Superman is a hero."<ref>[http://badassdigest.com/2014/12/15/find-out-supermans-situation-in-batman-v-superman?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+badassdigest+%28Badass+Digest+ALL%29 Bad Ass Digest.  "Find Out Superman’s Situation In BATMAN V SUPERMAN" by Devin FaraciDecember 15, 2014.]</ref>
  
===November 22, 2013:  Director Selected for "Tell No One"===
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Jen Yamato reported at the Daily Beast on July 11, 2015 that Ben Affleck says that one of the new ideas in ''Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice'' is that Metropolis is a big, successful city and Gotham being a place where a lot more downtrodden people live. “There’s a ferry people take across who work in Gotham City… there were a lot of ideas that were a little bit too smart for me to understand that the movie was trafficking in, and I thought made it feel real to me, and smart.” Snyder put the concept in simpler real-world terms: Metropolis is the San Francisco to Gotham City’s Oakland. “The big rule we broke was we put Gotham and Metropolis right next to each other,” said Snyder, who came up with the original idea with Chris Terrio. “If you dig deep enough you can find a justification for just about anything.<ref>[http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/07/11/christian-bale-s-batman-advice-for-ben-affleck-make-sure-you-can-piss-in-that-suit.html Daily Beast. "Christian Bale’s Batman Advice For Ben Affleck: ‘Make Sure You Can Piss in That Suit'" by Jen Yamato. July 11, 2015.]</ref>
Variety reported on November 22, 2013 that Gavin O’Connor (‘Jane Got A Gun,’ ‘Warrior,’ ‘Pride and Glory’) is in negotiations to direct Terrio's screenplay  for 'Tell No One.' In 2011 Ben Affleck signed on to direct and possibly star in the movie but the exited after scheduling resulted in the remake falling into limbo. Frank Marshall (‘The Bourne Legacy,’ ‘War Horse,’ ‘Back to the Future’) will produce the adaptation of the English language remake of Guillaume Canet’s French hit.<ref>[http://variety.com/2013/film/news/gavin-oconnor-tell-no-one-universal-and-warners-1200865479/ Variety. "Gavin O’Connor to Direct ‘Tell No One’ Remake for Universal, Warner Bros." by Justin Kroll. November 22, 2013.]</ref>
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===December 18, 2013: Terrio to Write a Draft of 'Man of Steel' Follow-up===
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Matt Damon said in an interview in the NY Times on September 14, 2015 that the reason that Ben Affleck decided to play Batman in ''Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice'' is because Affleck got Chris Terrio on to do the script. "It was obviously a big decision for [Affleck] to make, but I think he did it exactly the right way. It wasn’t about whether or not he was going to play Batman, it was about whether or not, with the team they had in place, he could make a great Batman movie. Because he got Chris Terrio on to do the script, I think that changed everything. And Ben’s a big believer in Zack Snyder. So when those pieces started to come together, it was a different conversation."<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/projects/cp/film-festivals/toronto-2015/matt-damon-answers-reader-questions NY Times. "Matt Damon Answers Reader Questions at the Toronto Film Festival" September 14, 2015.]</ref>
Tatiana Siegel reported in ''The Hollywood Reporter'' on December 18, 2013 that Warner Bros. is bringing Terrio in to write a draft of the ''Man of Steel'' follow-up. The untitled Batman-Superman movie, rumored to be called '''Batman vs. Superman,'' will star Ben Affleck. Terrio scripted Affleck's Best Picture winner "Argo," so he has a strong relationship with the Batman actor. David Goyer wrote the screenplay, but has been tied up with a number of other DC Comics titles including Sandman. Sources say Terrio has been brought in to get the script in shape before filming begins early next year in Michigan.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/batman-superman-chris-terrio-write-666735 The Hollywood Reporter.  "Batman-Superman Film Enlists 'Argo' Writer (Exclusive)" by Tatiana Siegel.  December 18, 2013.]</ref> Terrio is represented by WME, Anonymous Content and attorney James Feldman.<ref>[http://www.thewrap.com/batman-vs-superman-recruits-argo-writer-chris-terrio/ The Wrap. "'Batman Vs. Superman’ Recruits ‘Argo’ Writer Chris Terrio" by Jeff Sneider.  December 18, 2013.]</ref>
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Warner Brown commented that Goyer is better when he's collaborating with better writers like Christopher and Jonah Nolan. "It's not a bad thing for Terrio to come in and improve on a draft. As a screenwriter that leaves you alot of room (and fun) to take what is "good" or "ok" and make it great."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/batman-superman-chris-terrio-write-666735 The Hollywood Reporter.  "Batman-Superman Film Enlists 'Argo' Writer (Exclusive)" by Tatiana Siegel.  December 18, 2013.]</ref> Josh Wigler wrote at MTV that Terrio was probably hired by Affleck to polish the dialogue and for some light story restructuring, but that there's no time at this point for a major rewrite. "Terrio's involvement in the film is an encouraging sign, but let's leave it at "encouraging" and nothing more. It's not healthy to view Terrio as the man who will rescue us from repeating any of the first "Man of Steel" film's failings — although that would certainly be nice."<ref>M[http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1719367/batman-superman-argo-writer.jhtml MTV.  "Batman, Superman Join Forces With 'Argo' Writer" by Josh Wigler. December 19, 2013.]</ref>
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In an interview in the Washington Post on Decmeber 1, 2015 self-described "Avid fanboy and lover of all things comic book related" who writes about the comic book industry for the Comic Riffs blog of The Washington Post says that "Man of Steel,” didn’t give Henry Cavill much in terms of deep dialogue and that's why Ben Affleck brought in Terrio to rework the script from David Goyer. "Both Ben and Henry both get the benefit of looking the part," says Betancourt, "but there should now be some nicely spun words coming out of their super-mouths."<ref>[https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/comic-riffs/wp/2015/12/01/at-last-batfleck-is-unmasked-in-new-batman-v-superman-sneak-heres-a-fanboy-breakdown-of-what-we-see/ Washington Post. "At last, Batfleck is unmasked in ‘Batman v Superman’ sneak. Here’s what we’re really seeing." by Michael Cavna and David Betancourt. December 1 , 2015.]</ref>
  
==Terrio's Screenplays==
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====Terrio Says that the Roots of the Conflict Between Batman and Superman are Almost Archtypal====
[[Image:Ten unknowns.jpg|thumb|350px|In 2005 Terrio wrote an adaptation of the play "Ten Unknowns" by playwright Jon Robin Baitz<ref>[http://www.voicebase.com/autonotes/public_detail/244454/refine/Cambridge WNYC.  "Chris Terrio on Writing the "Argo" Screenplay"]</ref> for Hart-Sharp Entertainment but then Hart-Sharp folded. Terrio's sole consolation was that their development director, Nina Wolarksy, promised she'd find him another project<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> which turned out to be Terrio's big break - ''Argo''.]]
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[[Image:Terrio and batman.jpg|thumb|550px|'''Director Zack Snyder, Star Ben Affleck and Screenwriter Chris Terrio on the set of Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice.''' Photo: [https://www.flickeringmyth.com/2016/08/zack-snyder-ben-affleck-and-chris-terrio-crack-smiles-on-the-set-of-batman-v-superman/ Clay Enos]]]
[[Image:Random family 3.jpg|thumb|350px|Speaking at "La Alianza" in Montevideo in April, 2013 Terrio said that if he could choose one of his unproduced scripts to turn into a film, it would be ''Random Family''. "There is a small script about the Bronx that I have wanted to do for years which is about the drug wars and women in poverty and if somebody said tomorrow you get to make one film it would be that Bronx film."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJbD6-74Tq8 YouTube.  "Chris Terrio at the Alianza Part 4"]</ref>]]
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said that the roots of the conflict between Batman and Superman are almost archtypal and that Batman's origin in the murder of his parents is the primary metaphor for Western Literature. "There was a moment before and then everything fell. That brings up questions of Superman," said Terrio. "I began to think Batman and Superman occupy different parts of the mythic imagination. In superhero stories, Batman is Pluto, god of the underworld, and Superman is Apollo, god of the sky. That began to be really interesting to me — that their conflict is not just due to manipulation, but their very existence. In the end, there’s a common humanity which I think is discovered at a certain moment in the film."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
[[Image:Richard ii.jpg|thumb|350px|Terrio wrote a version of "Richard II" at Merchant Ivory.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire.  "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton.  March 20, 2013.]</ref> The ''Man In Hat'' Production Company reported on February 24, 2013 that Terrio's adaptation of Shakespeare’s Richard II (the original ‘Game of Thrones’), will be directed by James Ivory and co-produced by ManInHat.<ref>[http://www.maninhat.com/news.htm Man in Hat.  "Chris Terrio"  February 23, 2013.]</ref> Photo: [http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b7/A_Chronicle_of_England_-_Page_324_-_Richard_Assumes_the_Command_of_the_Rebels.jpg Wikicommons]]]
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[[Image:Tell no one.jpg|thumb|350px|Terrio is writing a remake of French thriller 'Tell No One" for Affleck.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire.  "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton.  March 20, 2013.]</ref> Borys Kit reported in the "Hollywood Reporter" on November 28, 2012 that Terrio is in the process of writing the screenplay.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/argo-screenwriter-tackles-george-clooney-395345 The Hollywood Reporter.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Tackles George Clooney Crime Thriller" by Borys Kit. November 28, 2012.]</ref> Mike Fleming Jr. reported on Deadline on June 15, 20122 that Ben Affleck is attached to direct with Warner Bros releasing the film domestically and Universal Pictures International launching it overseas. The new project is basically a remake of the French film adaptation Harlan Coben’s book ''Tell No One,'' which was directed in France by Guillaume Canet.]]
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[[Image:Bunker hill 2.jpg|thumb|350px|On March 11, 2013 Mike Fleming Jr reported that Terrio is attached to write the screenplay for ''Bunker Hill'' about the violent sieges that erupted in Lexington and Concord after a British blockade led to outright war in the Battle of Bunker Hill, a bloody clash that united the colonies and started the war for independence. Terrio will reunite with ''Argo'' director Ben Afleck.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/03/argos-ben-affleck-at-center-of-warner-bros-deal-for-nathaniel-philbrick-book-bunker-hill/ Deadline Hollywood. "‘Argo’s Ben Affleck At Center Of Warner Bros Deal For Nathaniel Philbrick Book ‘Bunker Hill’" by Mike Fleming Jr. March 18, 2013.]</ref>]]
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Following is a list of writing projects that Terrio has been involved in.  The date before the title is the earliest date for which a documented reference to the screenplay is available.
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===2005: Ten Unknowns===
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Ben Fritz wrote in the Wall Street Journal in an article about "“Batman v Superman" that according to the movie's producer, Charles Roven, Terrio is "brilliant, brilliant, complicated." Fritz writes that Terrio script invokes Italian semiotician Umberto Eco’s 1972 essay “The Myth of Superman” and the W.H. Auden poem “Musée des Beaux Arts,” which contrasts the quotidian details of normal people’s lives with the epic struggles of mythological figures. “Given the scale, you would think the whole thing has a corporate stench, but the way we worked there was this quality of, ‘I can’t believe they’re letting us do this,’ ” Terrio said.
Terrio wrote an adaptation of the play "Ten Unknowns" by playwright Jon Robin Baitz<ref>[http://www.voicebase.com/autonotes/public_detail/244454/refine/Cambridge WNYC.  "Chris Terrio on Writing the "Argo" Screenplay"]</ref> for Hart-Sharp Entertainment but then Hart-Sharp folded. Terrio's sole consolation was that their development director, Nina Wolarksy, promised she'd find him another project<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> which turned out to be Terrio's big break - ''Argo''.
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Ten Unknowns explores the commercialization of culture through the character, Malcolm Raphelson. "A once-renowned artist now suffering from 'painter's block,' Raphelson rages against the current art world's hunger for the next “it” artist. When a New York agent, a young apprentice and a beautiful graduate student enter his self-exile in remote Mexico, it becomes a perfect lair. The interweaving tension builds as a complicated mystery unfolds." The New Yorker proclaimed Ten Unknowns to be “…a cunning and elegant play…with deft storytelling.” Baitz, considered one of America's 'best playwrights of conscience' was born in Los Angeles and raised in South Africa. His play A Fair Country was one of the finalists for a Pulitzer Prize in 1996. Baitz has written for the television series The West Wing and Alias. He was also the executive producer of the ABC-TV hit drama Brothers and Sisters.<ref>[http://www.thegoldstandard.com/node/387 The Gold Standard. "Ten Unknowns By Jon Robin Baitz Opens 2013 Season At The Schoolhouse Theater In Croto" February 13, 2013.]</ref>
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Terrio recently finished his script for “Justice League,” which starts shooting in April 2016, giving Terrio a key role defining the big- screen versions of DC superheroes. To prepare, the writer says he studied red- and blueshifts in electromagnetic physics to think about the Flash, investigated deep sea biology in the Mariana trench to create the world of Aquaman and read the Greek historian Diodorus of Sicily’s account of the war between Amazon and Atlantis to better understand Wonder Woman. “If you told me the most rigorous dramaturgical and intellectual product of my life would be superhero movies, I would have said you were crazy,” said Terrio.<ref>[http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-great-comic-book-movie-debate-1457637539 Wall Street Journal. "The Great Comic-Book Movie Debate" by Ben Fritz. March 10, 2016.]</ref>
  
===2005: Random Family===
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Terrio added that the super-hero movies that always intrigues him the most were the ones by Christopher Nolan. "They were ways of asking interesting questions in a genre form. We stand on the shoulders of those films in a way. Nolan helped establish a space in which super-hero movies can be taken more seriously. We thought a lot about those films, to a point where I had to stop watching “The Dark Knight” because I found I was rewriting it."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
Terrio began writing the screenplay “Random Family” in 2005<ref>[http://www.efilmcritic.com/feature.php?feature=1526&printer=1 Efilm Critic.  "Interview: Elizabeth Banks and Chris Terrio-Reaching for new career 'Heights'" by Peter Sobczynski. June 24, 2005.]</ref> based on reporter Adrian Nicole LeBlanc’s decade-long study of a struggling Bronx tribe.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety.  "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> ''Random Family'' revolves around a multigenerational family in the South Bronx. LeBlanc and Chris Terrio are writing and co-executive producing. Rich Rosenthal, who oversees WB's digital division and Neal Gabler are executive producing.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/rushin-raymond-77751 Hollywood Reporter.  "Rushin' after 'Raymond'"  by Nellie Andreeva.  January 16, 2009.]</ref> Gillian Engberg reported on Booklist that "Journalist LeBlanc spent more than 10 years following two Latina women from the Bronx, and in this ambitious work, she tells their stories, beginning in the late 1980s with their young teen years. Older Jessica becomes a mistress to an enormously successful heroin dealer, and Coco falls for Jessica's brother, an aspiring gangster. The two women find love, weather abuse, have babies, endure their own and their partners' prison terms, and struggle with health problems, social systems, motherhood, their own mothers, the violence of their communities, and the uncertain future. LeBlanc's prose is sprawling and dense with cinematic detail--what people wore, ate, drove, listened to; where they lived; what they said--and she studiously removes herself from the story, letting her characters' day-to-day lives unfold in scenes that are both gripping and mundane and, like life, defy easy organization. What emerges is an important, unvarnished portrait of people living in deep urban poverty, beyond the statistics, hip-hop glamour, and stereotypes."<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/Random-Family-Drugs-Trouble-Coming/dp/0743254430 Amazon. Review of "Random Family" from Booklist by Gillian Engberg.]</ref>
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In 2009 Nellie Andreeva reported at the ''Hollywood Reporter'' that producer Phil Rosenthal had three projects in the works at HBO and a sitcom set up at the BBC including "Random Family," based on the nonfiction book by Adrian Nicole LeBlanc. Andreeva said that LeBlanc and Terrio were writing and co-executive producing and Rosenthal and Neal Gabler were executive producing.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/rushin-raymond-77751 The Hollywood REporter. "Rushin' after 'Raymond'" by Nellie Andreeva. January 16, 2009.]</ref>
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said one reason that “Batman v Superman” seems to dark is that it is the middle film of a trilogy. "“Batman v Superman” is a bit of an “Empire Strikes Back” or “Two Towers” or any similar middle film in a trilogy. The middle film tends to be the darkest one. I do think from “Man of Steel” through “Justice League,” it is one saga really. I expect “Justice League” will be tonally not quite as dark as “Batman v Superman.” From that point of view, I felt compelled to go back and try to lift us and myself into a different tonal place because I think when you write a darker film, sometimes you want to redeem it all a bit."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
  
Speaking at "La Alianza" in Montevideo in April, 2013 Terrio said that if he could choose one of his unproduced scripts to turn into a film, it would be ''Random Family''. "There is a small script about the Bronx that I have wanted to do for years which is about the drug wars and women in poverty and if somebody said tomorrow you get to make one film it would be that Bronx film.  But it's very hard.  The one thing that Hollywood insists upon is that you need a star. And if you are making a movie about 16 year old  girls in the Bronx, there is no star who can raise the money. That is a big problem in Hollywood.  Unless you have a character who can  be played by a big star like Ben Affleck or George Clooney or Meryl Streep or Jennifer Lawrence, there is no economic model.  On HBO maybe.  HBO can takes chances and make films without stars but the economics of film are really hard."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJbD6-74Tq8 YouTube.  "Chris Terrio at the Alianza Part 4"]</ref> Part of the problem is that private financiers who once were willing to put money into any project amid the 1990s independent-film boom are becoming more gun-shy. "Most of my experience was from independent investors," said Terrio in 2006. "It seems now that they're a lot more savvy about what names equal at the box office."<ref>[http://www.backstage.com/news/during-the-height-of-the-studios-golden-age-mgm/ Backstage. "During the height of the studios' golden age, MGM" by Gregg Goldstein. January 19, 2006.]</ref>
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Terrio also said in his interview in the Wall Street Journal that he also took inspiration from writer Frank Miller who influenced the film very directly, and from Grant Morrison "who asks difficult philosophical questions in an extremely smart way. I tried to take in as much as I could while also keeping a little bit of an outsider’s eye."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
  
===2006: Richard II===
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===="Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice" Released in US on March 20, 2016====
The Independent reported in 2006 that James Ivory wanted to film ''Richard II.'' "I don't know how easy it will be to pull off, but that's one of the things I want to do," said Ivory. "I love the play. I think it would make a wonderful movie."<ref>[http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/features/james-ivory-a-death-in-the-family-471133.html The Independent.  "James Ivory: A death in the family"  March 24, 2006.]</ref> Terrio wrote a version of "Richard II" at Merchant Ivory.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire.  "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton.  March 20, 2013.]</ref> The ''Man In Hat'' Production Company reported on February 24, 2013 that Terrio's adaptation of Shakespeare’s Richard II (the original ‘Game of Thrones’), will be directed by James Ivory and co-produced by ManInHat.<ref>[http://www.maninhat.com/news.htm Man in Hat.  "Chris Terrio"  February 23, 2013.]</ref> After watching Avatar, Ivory plans to direct the film in 3D. "I'm going to be doing all sorts of things with Richard II that people would gasp if they knew... shooting it in 3D," says Ivory. "I think if you're going to do something set in the 14th century, in period, in 3D, it will be like something from Mars practically, I think. It will be strange and effective."<ref>[http://www.cbc.ca/news/arts/story/2012/06/20/james-ivory-toronto.html CBC. "Director James Ivory plans Richard II in 3D" June 20, 2012.]</ref>
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Wikipedia reported that Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice premiered at Auditorio Nacional in Mexico City on March 19, 2016, followed by a New York City premiere on March 20 at Radio City Music Hall. The film debuted simultaneously across 30,000 screens in nearly every major foreign territory across 61 markets, including China, with domestic open across roughly 4,242 locations of which 3,500 theaters (85%) were in 3D, 390 IMAX screens, 470 PLF locations, 150 D-Box theaters and ten 70 mm prints. An estimated $165 million marketing effort helped promote Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. The film grossed $166 million in North America in its opening weekend, the seventh biggest opening of all-time, ahead of The Dark Knight Rises' $160.9 million. The film had a worldwide opening of $422.5 million, which stands as the biggest opening for a superhero film, the second biggest for Warner Bros. and the fourth biggest of all-time. It became the fourth film to have a global opening above $400 million<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Batman_v_Superman:_Dawn_of_Justice&oldid=719097151 Wikipedia. "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice" retrieved May 6, 2016.]</ref>
  
The Independent of Ireland reported on October 25, 2013 that ''Richard II'' is slated to begin shooting in 2014 from a screenplay by Terrio and that Jonathan Rhys Meyers hopes to be in the film.  "Much as I love TV, there are lots of films that I'd like to do," says Rhys Meyers. "I'm meeting for a film next week which is shooting next year and I'd love to do it. It's a James Ivory film on Richard II and it's got a beautiful script from Chris Terrio who did Argo. Fingers crossed."<ref>[http://www.independent.ie/entertainment/tv-radio/interview-with-a-vampire-29698044.html Independent of Ireland.  "Interview with a vampire" by John Meagher.  October 25, 2013.]</ref>
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====Critical Response====
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Wikipedia reported that Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice received generally negative reviews. Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported a 28% approval rating based on 327 reviews, with a rating average of 4.9/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice smothers a potentially powerful story – and some of America's most iconic superheroes – in a grim whirlwind of effects-driven action." Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average to critic reviews, gave the film an average score of 44 out of 100, based on 51 critics.
  
===2007: The Ends of the Earth===
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BBC News reported that, "the film had been widely praised by fans after its first screening in New York last week. But critics have not been so positive about the long-awaited movie." Lindy West in The Guardian described it as "153 minutes of a grown man whacking two dolls together", asking "(h)as the definition of 'movie' changed from 'motion picture story that a human wrote on purpose' to '700 only tangentially related 12-second grey and red vignettes'?" A. O. Scott of The New York Times wrote: "The point of Batman v Superman isn't fun, and it isn't thinking, either. It's obedience. The theology is invoked ... to buttress a spectacle of power. And in that way the film serves as a metaphor for its own aspirations. The corporations that produce movies like this one, and the ambitious hacks who sign up to make them, have no evident motive beyond their own aggrandizement." Writing in The Telegraph, Robbie Collin called the film "humorless" and "the most incoherent blockbuster in years". Cynthia Fuchs of PopMatters said, "As you’re watching this movie, you might also contemplate your own part, in being swayed into consuming so much of what you’ve consumed before." Adding, "Wonder Woman’s remains Batman v Superman‘s most compelling story, precisely because it’s untold."[226] Matt Patches of Thrillist wrote "what Batman v Superman can do, it does, at the cost of coherency and thrills. The movie is bat-shit crazy. A dour, disdainful demeanor, plus a gluttony of complex plot twists, dissipates most of the contact high." Michael Philips of Chicago Tribune wrote, "A near-total drag, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice plays like a loose, unofficial quarter-billion-dollar remake of The Odd Couple, in which Oscar and Felix are literally trying to kill each other." On his podcast Hollywood Babble-On, film director Kevin Smith, a long-time friend and collaborator of Affleck, praised Affleck's performance but panned the film, commenting that it "didn’t really have a heart" and was "humorless", arguing that "there seems to be a fundamental lack of understanding of what those characters are about. It’s almost like Zack Snyder didn’t read a bunch of comics, he read one comic once, and it was Dark Knight Returns, and his favourite part was the last part where Batman and Superman fight." On a second viewing, however, Smith via his Instagram lightened his stance.
Terrio completed a period piece in 2007 called “The Ends of the Earth,” that dramatizes a scandalous father-daughter love story that brought down a powerful Oklahoma oil baron.<ref>[http://variety.com/2012/film/news/terrio-scribe-worked-fringes-until-argo-1118062634/ Variety. "10 Screenwriters to Watch 2012: Chris Terrio" by Peter Debruge.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> Carson Reeves posted a review of the screenplay for "The Ends of the Earth" on July 2, 2012 on his web site "Scriptshadow" based on a 2007 draft. Reeves encouraged readers to seek out the script and read it and said he was bursting with enthusiasm over the screenplay.  "Seriously, this has to be one of the most amazing untold stories ever. I can't believe they haven't made a movie about it yet," writes Reeves. "This is a wonderful screenplay and I'm hoping they get it cast soon because with the right actors and the right director, this has "Oscar" and "classic" written all over it."<ref>[http://scriptshadow.blogspot.com/2012/07/screenplay-review-ends-of-earth.html Scriptshadow. "Screenplay Review - The Ends Of The Earth" by Carson Reeves.  July 2, 2012.]</ref>
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On August 6, 2012 the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Weinstein_Company Weinstein Company], producer of two recent Academy Award winners for best picture: "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_King%27s_Speech The King's Speech]" and "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Artist_(film) The Artist]," announced that they are attached to topline the romantic drama "Ends of the Earth," written by Academy Award winning screenwriter Chris Terrio based on the lives of EW and Lydie Marland, in a story that follows the controversial love affair between an oil baron and his adopted daughter, which destroys the empire they built together. "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Chris (Terrio)] has brought to life with his writing one of the most epic love stories that people have yet to really discover," said Dylan Sellers, Weinstein Company president of production. "We knew right away that this script was something special."<ref>[http://www.tulsaworld.com/scene/article.aspx?subjectid=371&articleid=20120806_371_0_Jniear119320 Tulsa World.  "Jennifer Lawrence cast as former Oklahoma first lady Lydie Marland in new film" by Michael Smith. August 6, 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118057503 Variety.  "Jennifer Lawrence travels to 'Ends of the Earth'" by Jeff Sneider and Rachel Adams.  August 6, 2012.]</ref> [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jennifer_Lawrence Jennifer Lawrence], star of "The Hunger Games" and "Silver Linings Playbook" is attached to play Lydie, an educated, headstrong woman who was adopted as a girl by her aunt Virginia and uncle Ernest who later becomes their adopted daughter and eventually becomes EW's wife. According to the screenplay, Lydie urges EW to raise workers' wages at the Marland Refinery and give them unpredecented access to medical care, earning her the nickname the "princess of the prairies." <ref>[http://www.tulsaworld.com/scene/article.aspx?subjectid=371&articleid=20120806_371_0_Jniear119320 Tulsa World.  "Jennifer Lawrence cast as former Oklahoma first lady Lydie Marland in new film" by Michael Smith. August 6, 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118057503 Variety.  "Jennifer Lawrence travels to 'Ends of the Earth'" by Jeff Sneider and Rachel Adams.  August 6, 2012.]</ref> Todd Black, Jason Blumenthal, Steve Tisch and Lance Johnson<ref>[http://assets.mediaspanonline.com/prod/8458801/pcn-2012-08-15-a-001.pdf Ponca City News.  "Movie Producer Has Local Ties" by Louise Abercrombie. August 15, 2012.]</ref> will produce the movie for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escape_Artists Escape Artists], which is aiming to start production in the summer of 2013.  “We hope to be in production next year (2013), and I also hope  to be able to film in Ponca  City," said producer Lance Johnson, a Ponca City native, "but it’s still early in the  process and the schedule and  location won’t be determined until we decide on a director.<ref>[http://www.tulsaworld.com/scene/article.aspx?subjectid=371&articleid=20120806_371_0_Jniear119320 Tulsa World. "Jennifer Lawrence cast as former Oklahoma first lady Lydie Marland in new film" by Michael Smith.  August 6, 2012.]</ref><ref>[http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118057503 Variety.  "Jennifer Lawrence travels to 'Ends of the Earth'" by Jeff Sneider and Rachel Adams.  August 6, 2012.]</ref>
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Conversely, David Betancourt of The Washington Post and Scott Mendelson of Forbes praised the film's visual spectacle and the performances of Affleck, Gadot, Irons and Hunter, though Mendelson also called the film "an utter mess of thinly sketched characters, haphazard plotting, surprisingly jumbled action". Peter Travers of Rolling Stone called the film "better than Man of Steel but below the high bar set by Nolan's Dark Knight, adding that "Dawn of Justice is still a colossus, the stuff that DC Comics dreams are made of for that kid in all of us who yearns to see Batman and Superman suit up and go in for the kill." Jake Coyle of Associated Press wrote, "it hurtles not with the kinetic momentum of Mad Max: Fury Road nor the comparatively spry skip of a Marvel movie, but with an operatic grandeur it sometimes earns and often doesn't." Mark Hughes of Forbes called it "the follow-up to The Dark Knight that many viewers and fans wanted or hoped for", adding that it's "visually stunning, with powerful emotional storytelling and awe-inspiring action spectacle." Andrew Barker of Variety said "as a pure visual spectacle... Batman V Superman ably blows the hinges off the multiplex doors." Charles Koplinski of the Illinois Times called it "a brooding, but most importantly intelligent take on the seminal figures of our 20th century pop culture mythology, a movie that at once pays tribute to these characters' roots while offering up modern incarnations of them that ring true for our times." Nicolas Barber of the BBC called the film "a four-star epic" praising Affleck's performance as Batman and the visual grandeur of Fong's cinematography. Jordan Hoffman of The Guardian gave an ambivalent review; he especially criticized the "very bad writing", but conceded "there are a lot of moments... that work" and praised Affleck and Gadot's performances, calling Gadot as Wonder Woman the best thing in the film.<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Batman_v_Superman:_Dawn_of_Justice&oldid=719097151 Wikipedia. "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice" retrieved May 6, 2016.]</ref>
  
Kristopher Tapley wrote at HitFix on March 27, 2013 that when the Weinstein Company put out a press release on February 19, 2013 announcing that director David O. Russell would be taking the reins on "The Ends of the Earth," people close to the project are saying Russell was never committed to it. Tapley says his own source said Russell wasn't interested because he "didn't want to do another incest movie." Tapley added that Terrio was making it clear to journalists that he had no knowledge of any of it and hadn't even met Russell and that he was trying to be as zen as possible about the situation.<ref>[http://www.hitfix.com/in-contention/how-harvey-weinstein-apparently-played-the-press-on-the-last-day-of-oscar-voting Hit Fix. "How Harvey Weinstein apparently played the press on the last day of Oscar voting" by Kristopher TapleyMarch 27, 2013.]</ref>
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===2014:  Justice League===
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Mike Fleming reported at Deadline Hollywood on July 25, 2014 that on the heels of rewriting ''Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice'' where he absolutely "crushed the script," Terrio is being courted by Warner Brothers to write the script for its Justice League movie, DC Comics‘ answer to Marvel’s Avengers juggernaut. Touted as perhaps the highest-priority film at Warner Bros for new film division managers Greg Silverman and Sue Kroll, Ben Affleck is going to star as Batman in the Zack Snyder-directed film while Henry Cavill will reprise Superman, Gal Gadot will play Wonder Woman and Game Of Thrones alum Jason Momoa is on the docket to play Aquaman.<ref> [http://www.deadline.com/2014/07/comic-con-batman-v-superman-chris-terrio-justice-league/ Deadline Hollywood.  "Comic-Con Bombshell: WB Wants ‘Batman V Superman’ Scribe Chris Terrio For ‘Justice League’" by Mike Fleming Jr.  July 25, 2014.]</ref> Batman v. Superman is set to hit theaters on May 6, 2016 and the studio aims to shoot the movies back-to-back. "Terrio has a strong relationship with Warners and Affleck, who directed and starred in Argo, a best picture Oscar winner for the studio," write Tatiana Siegel and Borys Kit at ''The Hollywood Reporter''. "The only sliver of Kryptonite in any dealmaking is that Terrio is looking to make the jump to directing and may not want to dedicate his efforts to the high-profile writing assignment."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/comic-con-justice-league-movie-699908?utm_source=twitter The Hollywood Reporter. "Comic-Con: 'Justice League' Movie Courts Oscar-Winning Writer" by Tatiana Siegel and Borys Kit.  July 25, 2014.]</ref> "This comes as little surprise, given that Batman v Superman will be the official set up for the Justice League; it is the first DC movie to feature two major heroes, and Wonder Woman will be joining Batman and Superman in a smaller role," writes Rose Moore at Moviepilot. "By keeping the same writer for both movies, and filming them back to back, we are guaranteed continuity in style as well as in the details."<ref>[http://moviepilot.com/posts/2014/07/26/batman-vs-superman-scribe-chris-terrio-to-write-justice-league-2139679 Moviepilot. "Batman vs Superman scribe Chris Terrio to write Justice League!" by Rose MooreJuly 26, 2014.]</ref>
  
===2007: Baltimore===
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====July 3, 2015: Terrio's Script for ''Justice League: Part One'' is Complete====
Nikki Finke reported on December 7, 2007 that ''Baltimore'' by Chris Terrio and Jesse Lichtenstein had received 4 mentions in the 2007 Black List which is a list of unreleased screenplays compiled from the suggestions of over 150 film executives and high-level assistants, each of whom contributed the names of up to 10 of their favorite scripts. The highest rated screenplay on the Black List for 2007 was ''Recount'' by Danny Strong with 44 mentions.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2007/12/black-list-2007-1-danny-strongs-recount/ Deadline. "Black List 2007′s Best Liked Screenplays" by Nikki FinkeDecember 7, 2007.]</ref> ''Baltimore'' is described as follows: "“Only twice in history has a city in the continental United States been attacked by a foreign enemy. The second time was September 11, 2001. The first was August 24, 1814. This is that true story."<ref>[http://hollywood-elsewhere.com/images/column/121207/TheBlackList2007.pdf The Black List - 2007]</ref>
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Joe Comicbook reported at Comicbook.com on July 3, 2015 that according to a new report in the Comic-Con print edition of Entertainment Weekly, Warner Bros. already has a complete script for the ''Justice League: Part One'' which is scheduled for release in November, 2017. According to EW, Terrio and director Zack Snyder locked themselves in a room with a large supply of Diet Coke to help them stay alert as they plotted the films. “Chris would talk and I would draw it and it was basically this weird mural of the movies with no words,” said Snyder. Frank Miller’s The Dark Knight Returns is noted as one of the influences on their plot.<ref>[http://comicbook.com/2015/07/03/justice-league-script-is-already-complete/ Comicbook.com "Justice League Movie Script Is Already Complete" by Joe ComicbookJuly 3, 2015.]</ref>
  
Carson Reeves wrote on Script Shadow that ''Baltimore'' contained some "good stuff" and the structure was pretty good. "And yet I still felt detached during it," writes Reeves. "I rooted for Sam for the reasons I mentioned above, but we get this sort of half-thought-through storyline with him and his son that was sooooo generic. "I don't like daddy. Daddy doesn't like me."  Blah blah blah.  Terrio's obviously come a long way since then as the relationship between Ernest and Lydie in The Ends Of The Earth is one of the most complicated and intriguing I've ever read."<ref>[http://scriptshadow.blogspot.com/2012/07/screenplay-review-baltimore.html Script Shadow.  "Screenplay Review - Baltimore" by Carson Reeves. July 10, 2012.]</ref>
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====March 11, 2016: Terrio Says “Man of Steel” through “Justice League,” Is One Saga Really====
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said he initially thought he wasn't the guy to do "Justice League" and that he went off to work on something else. "But the first day I went to the set, I saw Jesse [Eisenberg] in a scene with Holly Hunter and I really did feel like I was watching some strange, great performance in an independent film," said Terrio. "At that moment, I thought, “I’m not done with this yet. I want to go back and keep telling the story.” “Batman v Superman” is a bit of an “Empire Strikes Back” or “Two Towers” or any similar middle film in a trilogy. The middle film tends to be the darkest one. I do think from “Man of Steel” through “Justice League,” it is one saga really."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
  
Jesse Lichtenstein, the co-author of the screenplay, was Terrio's Production Designer on ''Book of Kings'' in 2002 and the producers gave "Thanks" to Lichtenstein in ''Heights'' in 2005.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1260977/ IMDb. "Jesse Lichtenstein"]</ref>
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Terrio added that he doesn't expect “Justice League” to be tonally as dark as “Batman v Superman.” "From that point of view, I felt compelled to go back and try to lift us and myself into a different tonal place because I think when you write a darker film, sometimes you want to redeem it all a bit."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
  
===2008: Argo===
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====May 6, 2016: Ben Affleck Will 'Fine Tune' Terrio's Script for Justice League====
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=A_Biography_of_Screenwriter_and_Director_Chris_Terrio#Writing_Argo See separate section on the writing of Argo]
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Borys Kit reported in Hollywood Reporter on May 6, 2016 that Ben Affleck will work with Chris Terrio, his screenwriter from Argo and Batman v. Superman, to fine-tune the script for ''Justice League'' and will also be involved in  the postproduction process according to sources. Affleck, who is already starring in the Zack Snyder-directed Justice League films as Batman, will now act as an executive producer on Warners' currently in-production DC blockbuster. According to Kit, themove comes as BvS has come to the end of its box-office run, grossing $864 million worldwide. "While that number seems solid on paper, the studio was expecting more," says Kit. "The fan reaction and reviews also seemed a rejection of the dark tone created by the movie’s filmmaking team."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/ben-affleck-elevated-justice-league-891514 Hollywood Reporter. "Ben Affleck Elevated to 'Justice League' Executive Producer" by Borys Kit. May 6, 2016.]</ref>
  
===2011: Tell No One===
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According to Mike Fleming Jr at Deadline, Affleck will work with director Zack Snyder and screenwriter Chris Terrio behind the scenes to make the film the best it can be.<ref>[https://deadline.com/2016/05/ben-affleck-justice-league-executive-producer-zack-snyder-warner-bros-chris-terrio-1201750654/ Deadline. "Ben Affleck Elevates ‘Justice League’ Presence; Becomes Exec Producer" by Mike Fleming Jr. May 6, 2016.]</ref>
Terrio has written a remake of French thriller 'Tell No One" for Affleck.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire.  "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton.  March 20, 2013.]</ref> Borys Kit reported in the "Hollywood Reporter" on November 28, 2012 that Terrio is in the process of writing the screenplay.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/argo-screenwriter-tackles-george-clooney-395345 The Hollywood Reporter.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Tackles George Clooney Crime Thriller" by Borys Kit.  November 28, 2012.]</ref> Mike Fleming Jr. reported on Deadline on June 15, 20122 that Ben Affleck is attached to direct with Warner Bros releasing the film domestically and Universal Pictures International launching it overseas. The new project is basically a remake of the French film adaptation Harlan Coben’s book ''Tell No One,'' which was directed in France by Guillaume Canet. "The plot involves a pediatrician who is out one night frolicking by a lake with his wife when she suddenly vanishes and he is severely beaten when he tries to find her," writes Fleming. "When she turns up murdered, he is prime suspect. That’s until she’s declared a victim of a caught serial killer. Years later, bodies turn up in the same spot and the nightmare is repeated, the pediatrician again under suspicion. Right around that time, he’s given evidence that his wife wasn’t dead at all."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2011/06/ben-affleck-to-turn-french-flavored-harlan-coben-novel-tell-no-one-into-feature/ Deadline. "Ben Affleck To Turn French-Flavored Harlan Coben Novel ‘Tell No One’ Into Feature" by Mike Fleming Jr. June 15, 2011.]</ref>
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The Wrap reported on August 22, 2013 that with Ben Affleck's attachment to play Batman in Warner Brother's untitled sequel to "Man of Steel" he is no longer attached to direct WB's remake of ''Tell No One.'' "There's no exact reason why, though not much has been heard about it in a couple of years at least," writes Kevin Jagernauth at Indiewire. "We'd wager that while "Argo" writer Chris Terrio was penning the script, perhaps they couldn't crack the story to make it their own. That, and the fact that producer Kathleen Kennedy, involved with the project from the start (though we're not sure she still is), likely has her hands full as it is shepherding the plethora of "Star Wars" movies on the way. We weren't always so hot on the idea, so perhaps it's not a bad thing this one isn't moving at any kind of speed."<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/ben-affleck-drops-tell-no-one-scott-cooper-takes-over-the-stand-20130823 Indiewire. "Ben Affleck Drops 'Tell No One,' Scott Cooper Takes Over 'The Stand'" by Kevin Jagernauth.  August 23, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://www.thewrap.com/movies/column-post/ben-afflecks-batman-casting-cements-wb-relationship-despite-jeff-robinov-exit-112821 The Wrap. "Ben Affleck's Batman Casting Bolsters Warner Bros. Relationship - Despite Jeff Robinov Exit" August 22, 2013.]</ref>
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====August 29, 2017: Terrio Gets Executive Producer Credit on ''Justice League''====
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Batman News reported on August 29, 2017 that Warner Bros. just sent out their 2017 Fall Movie Preview to the press, and included were updated credits for Justice League including an Executive Producer credit for Chris Terrio. Writers credits include: Story by Chris Terrio & Zack Snyder, Screenplay by Chris Terrio and Joss Whedon; Producers: Charles Roven, Deborah Snyder, Jon Berg, Geoff Johns; Executive Producers: Jim Rowe, Wesley Coller, Curtis Kanemoto, Chris Terrio, Ben Affleck. Batman News also reported that Joss Whedon will receive a writing credit for the screenplay of ''Justice League'' along with Terrio. Whedon did enough work on the script to earn himself credit, Warner Bros. lists the screenplay by “Chris Terrio and Joss Whedon”. ''Justice League'' is scheduled to be released on November 17, 2017.<ref>[http://batman-news.com/2017/08/29/joss-whedon-officially-gets-justice-league-writer-credit/ Batman News. "Joss Whedon officially gets ‘Justice League’ writer credit" August 29, 2017.]</ref>
  
Variety reported on November 22, 2013 that Gavin O’Connor (‘Jane Got A Gun,’ ‘Warrior,’ ‘Pride and Glory’) is in negotiations to direct Terrio's screenplay  for 'Tell No One.' In 2011 Ben Affleck signed on to direct and possibly star in the movie but the exited after scheduling resulted in the remake falling into limbo. Frank Marshall (‘The Bourne Legacy,’ ‘War Horse,’ ‘Back to the Future’) will produce the adaptation of the English language remake of Guillaume Canet’s French hit.<ref>[http://variety.com/2013/film/news/gavin-oconnor-tell-no-one-universal-and-warners-1200865479/ Variety. "Gavin O’Connor to Direct ‘Tell No One’ Remake for Universal, Warner Bros." by Justin Kroll. November 22, 2013.]</ref>
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===2016: Justice League (Part 2)===
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said he he won't necessarily be writing Part Two of "Justice League." "This has been the most rigorous intellectual exercise I’ve had in my writing life. For “Batman v Superman,” I wanted to really dig into everything from ideas about American power to the structure of revenge tragedies to the huge canon of DC Comics to Amazon mythology. For “Justice League,” I could be reading in the same day about red- and blueshifts in physics, Diodorus of Sicily and his account of the war between Amazons and Atlanteans, or deep-sea biology and what kind of life plausibly might be in the Mariana Trench," said Terrio. "If you told me the most rigorous dramaturgical and intellectual product of my life would be superhero movies, I would say you were crazy. But I do think fans deserve that. I felt I owed the fan base all of my body and soul for two years because anything less wouldn’t have been appreciating the opportunity I had.<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
  
===2011: A Foreigner (formerly titled 'A Murder Foretold')===
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===2016: An Untitled Play===
Terrio wrote the screenplay for another true-life tale with "A Murder Foretold," based on the murder of a man in Guatemala, who left behind a videotape implicating the country's president in the death.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire.  "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton.  March 20, 2013.]</ref> Borys Kit reported in the "Hollywood Reporter" that the screenplay has been completed. The film will be produced by Paramount, Indian Paintbrush and producer Steve Zaillian.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/argo-screenwriter-tackles-george-clooney-395345 The Hollywood Reporter.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Tackles George Clooney Crime Thriller" by Borys Kit.  November 28, 2012.]</ref> "A Murder Foretold takes place in a country devastated by killings routinely perpetrated by everyone from secret police to drug dealers," wrotes Mike Fleming Jr. in "Deadline" on October 13, 2011. Rodrigo Rosenberg, a wealthy businessman who watched his wife-to-be get assassinated along with her father, was later gunned down while riding his bicycle. His murder stirred up an entire country frustrated by the endless waves of violence, sometimes involving corrupt government officials. At his funeral, Rosenberg had an intermediary disperse copies of a videocassette he had recorded himself, one that implicated the president, his wife, and other close aides in his killing. A special prosecutor was appointed, and he followed a trail of clues that led to an unbelievable conclusion and a real crackdown on violence in Guatemala."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2011/10/chris-terrio-to-write-a-murder-foretold-for-paramount-and-indian-paintbrush/ Deadline. "Chris Terrio To Write ‘A Murder Foretold’ For Paramount And Indian Paintbrush" by Mike Fleming Jr. October 13, 2011.]</ref>
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In an article in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Ben Fritz wrote that Terrio has finished his script for next year’s “Justice League” and is now working on a play and developing a series for Netflix.<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
  
Tatiana Siegel reported in the Hollywood Reporter on August 28, 2013 that Matt Damon is in talks to make his directorial debut and to star in the international conspiracy thriller ''A Foreigner'' (formerly ''A Murder Foretold'') for Steve Zaillian and Garrett Basch's Film Rites.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/matt-damon-make-directing-debut-616761 Hollywood Reporter. "Matt Damon to Make Directing Debut With Chris Terrio-Penned 'A Foreigner'" by Tatiana Siegel. August 28, 2013.]</ref>
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===2016: An Untitled Series for Netflix===
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In an article in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Ben Fritz wrote that Terrio has finished his script for next year’s “Justice League” and is now working on a play and developing a series for Netflix.<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
  
===2012: George Clooney and Grant Heslov's Untitled New York City Crime Thriller===
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===2016: Terrio writes Monologue for One Voice Series at the Old Vic===
On November 28, 2012 Borys Kit reported in the "Hollywood Reporter" that Terrio is reteaming with George Clooney and Grant Heslov for an untitled thriller set in the world of New York crime. Paul Greengrass, the director of Bourne Supremacy and Bourne Identity, will direct the thriller with Clooney attached to star. Kit reports that many of the deals for the project were made over a year ago but it’s only now that Terrio is tackling it.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/argo-screenwriter-tackles-george-clooney-395345 The Hollywood Reporter. "'Argo' Screenwriter Tackles George Clooney Crime Thriller" by Borys Kit. November 28, 2012.]</ref> "It’s untitled as yet but it’s a New York crime syndicate movie that Paul Greengrass is directing. So, it’s a dream team for me – my favourite director in the world and these two producers who have been really good to me. So, I now feel like I’ve used up my share of good luck now and should be careful when crossing the street to make sure there’s no bus heading in my direction."<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref> On September 27, 2013 Terrio attended the world premiere of Greengrass' ''Captain Phillips'' at Lincoln Center's Alice Tully Hall as part of the 51st New York Film Festival.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/race/new-york-captain-phillips-kicks-638438 Hollywood Reporter. "New York: 'Captain Phillips' Kicks Off Fest With Standing Ovation" by Scott Feinberg.  September 28, 2013.]</ref>
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The Stage reported on October 6, 2016 that the Old Vic will stage a series of monologues by writers including Chris Terrio <ref>[https://www.thestage.co.uk/news/2016/daniel-radcliffe-star-stoppard-revival-old-vic/ The Stage. "Daniel Radcliffe to star in Stoppard revival at the Old Vic" by David Hutchinson. October 6, 2016.]</ref> in which influential contemporary writers will give their slant on the multitude of themes presented across the year.<ref>[http://www.oldvictheatre.com/whats-on/2016/one-voice/ Old Vic. "One Voice" retrieved October 6, 2016.]</ref>
  
===2013: Weather Service===
+
===2017: The Batman===
Terrio has a spy thriller called "Weather Service" in development.<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/on-the-rise-13-10-screenwriters-who-are-becoming-hot-hollywood-properties-20130320?page=3 Indiewire.  "On The Rise: 10 Screenwriters To Watch In 2013" by Oliver Lyttleton. March 20, 2013.]</ref> The NY Times reports that Steve Tisch will produce the film for Escape Artists, the same production company that has the rights the ''The Ends of the Earth.''<ref>[http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/460641/Weather-Service/credits  NY Times. "Weather Service"]</ref>
+
====January 30, 2017: Terrio Does Rewrite of 'Batman'====
 +
Deadline reported on January 30, 2017 that Ben Affleck won’t direct Batman but will remain as star. According to Deadline Affleck wrote the script for 'Batman' with Geoff Johns and a rewrite was just turned in by Chris Terrio. “There are certain characters who hold a special place in the hearts of millions," said Affleck. "Performing this role demands focus, passion and the very best performance I can give. It has become clear that I cannot do both jobs to the level they require. Together with the studio, I have decided to find a partner in a director who will collaborate with me on this massive film. I am still in this, and we are making it, but we are currently looking for a director. I remain extremely committed to this project, and look forward to bringing this to life for fans around the world.<ref>[https://deadline.com/2017/01/ben-affleck-not-directing-batman-1201897975/ Deadline. "Ben Affleck Not Directing Batman" by Mike Fleming Jr. January 30, 2017.]</ref>
  
===2013: Bunker Hill===
+
====February 8, 2017: The 'Batman' Movie Gets New Script====
On March 11, 2013 Mike Fleming Jr reported that Terrio is attached to write the screenplay for ''Bunker Hill'' about the violent sieges that erupted in Lexington and Concord after a British blockade led to outright war in the Battle of Bunker Hill, a bloody clash that united the colonies and started the war for independence. Terrio will reunite with ''Argo'' director Ben Afleck.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/03/argos-ben-affleck-at-center-of-warner-bros-deal-for-nathaniel-philbrick-book-bunker-hill/ Deadline Hollywood.  "‘Argo’s Ben Affleck At Center Of Warner Bros Deal For Nathaniel Philbrick Book ‘Bunker Hill’" by Mike Fleming Jr.  March 18, 2013.]</ref> In his new book, Bunker Hill, Nathaniel Philbrick revisits the beginnings of the American Revolution, a subject freighted with more myth, pride and politics than any other in our national narrative. There’s an ugly civil war side to revolutionary Boston that we don’t often talk about,” he says, “and a lot of thuggish, vigilante behavior by groups like the Sons of Liberty.” He doesn’t romanticize the Minutemen of Lexington and Concord, either. The “freedoms” they fought for, he notes, weren’t intended to extend to slaves, Indians, women or Catholics. Their cause was also “profoundly conservative.” Most sought a return to the Crown’s “salutary neglect” of colonists prior to the 1760s, before Britain began imposing taxes and responding to American resistance with coercion and troops. “They wanted the liberties of British subjects, not American independence,” Philbrick says.<ref>[http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/The-True-Story-of-the-Battle-of-Bunker-Hill-204119581.html Smithsonian Magazine.  "The True Story of the Battle of Bunker Hill" by Tony Horwitz.  May, 2013.]</ref>
+
Mark Hughes wrote in Forbes on February 8, 2017 that sources confirm the script for ''The Batman'' originally written by Ben Affleck and Geoff Johns and rewritten by Chris Terrio will undergo substantial changes and possible/probably another full rewrite. "If Affleck and Warner had spent the last few weeks noting Affleck's schedule and the particularly important needs of The Batman might necessitate him bringing in a collaborator, and if the remarks about the script had admitted Terrio was being sought to help get the script into shape for production, those frank admissions would've removed the seeming veil of secrecy and appearance of damage-control-mode, and the announcement of Affleck quitting the directing job wouldn't have seemed quite so sudden or huge," writes Mark Hughes. "Now, we face another round of slow leaks, with word about continued script problems and the possible need for the new creative team to go back to the drawing board, and rumors that Affleck might continue slowly stepping away from the project."<ref>[https://www.forbes.com/sites/markhughes/2017/02/08/the-batman-movie-gets-new-script-new-director-and-likely-2019-release/#aed6d676d4e8 Forbes. "The 'Batman' Movie Gets New Script, New Director, And Likely 2019 Release" by Mark Hughes. February 8, 2017.]</ref>
Terrio said in Uruguay in 2013 that his vision of ''Bunker Hill'' would be ""retratado desde un punto de vista más real, más violento, una mirada más sucia" ("portrayed from a more realistic point of view, more violent, with a closer dirtier look".<ref>[http://www.montevideo.com.uy/nottiempolibre_197429_1.html Montevideo.com "Chris y los Argonautas"  April 10, 2013.]</ref>
+
  
===2013: 'Man of Steel' Follow-up===
+
====July 13, 2017: 'Batman' Script by Ben Affleck, Geoff Johns and Chris Terrio Has Been Ditched====
Tatiana Siegel reported in ''The Hollywood Reporter'' on December 18, 2013 that Warner Bros. is bringing Terrio in to write a draft of the ''Man of Steel'' follow-up, the untitled Batman-Superman movie that will star Ben Affleck who worked closely with Terrio on ''Argo.'' David Goyer wrote the screenplay, but has been tied up with a number of other DC Comics titles including Sandman. Sources say Terrio has been brought in to get the script in shape before filming begins in early 2014 in Michigan.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/batman-superman-chris-terrio-write-666735 The Hollywood Reporter.  "Batman-Superman Film Enlists 'Argo' Writer (Exclusive)" by Tatiana Siegel.  December 18, 2013.]</ref> Comments to the story include one by Warner Brown that Goyer is better when he's collaborating with better writers (Christopher & Jonah Nolan). "It's not a bad thing for Terrio to come in and improve on a draft. As a screenwriter that leaves you a lot of room (and fun) to take what is "good" or "ok" and make it great."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/batman-superman-chris-terrio-write-666735 The Hollywood Reporter. "Batman-Superman Film Enlists 'Argo' Writer (Exclusive)" by Tatiana Siegel. December 18, 2013.]</ref>
+
The Washington Post reported on July 13, 2017 that The Batman” director Matt Reeves confirmed to MTV’s “Happy Sad Confused” podcast that he and WB/DC will not use the script developed by Ben Affleck, Geoff Johns and Chris Terrio and will instead start over.<ref>[http://www.post-gazette.com/ae/movies/2017/07/14/A-new-script-could-be-just-what-the-solo-Batman-movie-needs-to-get-back-on-track/stories/201707140081 Washington Post. "A new script could be just what the solo Batman movie needs to get back on track" by David Betancourt. July 13, 2017.]</ref>
  
Terrio previously signed a two-picture blind script pact with Warner Bros. in November, 2012 and had been expected to tackle the first of the two scripts after he completed penning an untitled crime thriller for Argo producers George Clooney and Grant Heslov.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/argo-writer-chris-terrio-signs-395731 The Hollywood Reporter. "'Argo' Writer Chris Terrio Signs Rich Two-Script Deal at Warner Bros. (Exclusive)" by Borys Kit.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> At the time of his signing, Terrio said that he did not yet know what those films are. "Coming from the New York indie film scene, I had always dreaded the studio system. I thought there’d almost inevitably be this horrible moment where a scene would be re-written to include a CGI monster and a car chase. And yet Warners, probably as a result of the trust they have in Ben, didn’t do that. They left us alone. They said: “Here’s the money, go make a film.” And that’s such a rare thing. It’s the ideal scenario and we all dream about that… that someone will trust you to make a movie. So, I thought I’d be crazy not to sign up to do that again. That being said, maybe in the next movie they’ll need to have a CGI monster marching through a scene… but I hope not!"<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London. "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref>
+
===2017: Ninth Star War Movie===
 +
====September 12, 2017: Terrio to Co-Write Ninth Star Wars Movie with J J Abrams====
 +
Fortune Magazine reported on September 12, 2017 that Chris Terrio will co-write the script for the ninth installment of the Star Wars saga with J J Abrams, who wrote and directed Episode VII: The Force Awakens. Abrams will replace Jurassic World director and co-writer Colin Trevorrow who reportedly didn't see eye-to-eye with Lucasfilm's top brass on the direction of the movie, reports Variety. In enlisting Abrams and co-writer Chris Terrio, Disney will hope to recreate the critical, fan, and box office success of The Force Awakens—which has grossed more than $2 billion to date.<ref>[http://fortune.com/2017/09/12/j-j-abrams-star-wars-episode-8-disney-lucasfilm/ Fortune Magazine. "Disney and Lucasfilm Turn to J.J. Abrams to Steer ‘Star Wars: Episode IX" September 12, 2017.]</ref>
  
On January 17, 2014 Warner Brothers announced that Batman Vs. Superman was being pushed back until 2016. Joe Comicbook wrote at Comicbook.com that rumors are running rampant on the Internet about why the film was pushed back and talked about five of the most popular rumors and fan speculation.  One rumor involving Terrio was that as "reports surfaced around a month ago that Argo writer Chris Terrio had been brought in to do a draft of the script. Is it possible that he’s wound up having more script changes than Warner Bros. anticipated?"<ref>[http://comicbook.com/blog/2014/01/18/batman-vs-superman-top-5-rumors-why-it-was-delayed/ Comicbook.com  "Batman Vs. Superman: Top 5 Rumors Why It Was Delayed" by Joe Comicbook. January 18, 2014.]</ref>
+
====September 15, 2017: Why Chris Terrio is the Perfect Writer For Star Wars: Episode 9====
 +
Stephen M. Colbert wrote on September 15, 2017 at Screen Rant that Chris Terrio is the perfect writer For ''Star Wars: Episode 9''. "Not only does Terrio have what it takes to write a great Star Wars movie, but his writing could be the first to truly bridge the divide between what some fans love about the prequel lore, while still keeping it grounded in that ever-praised original trilogy style dialogue and world-building," writes Colbert adding that with that "kind of enthusiasm for lore and world-building [Terrio demonstrated in Batman verus Superman], and an already assumed tight collaboration with the Lucasfilm Story Group, Terrio will no doubt turn out the kind of Star Wars story fans have been longing for, not just resolving the plots and thematic arcs set up in The Force Awakens and The Last Jedi, but even bringing in some longer running elements established in other canon media." According to Colbert the fact that J.J. Abrams is collaborating with Terrio on the script serves as the perfect counter balance to ensure that, despite embracing a larger than life mythological underpinning, the screenplay will still maintain Abrams’ tried and true ability to deliver a story that audiences can digest and enjoy.<ref>[http://screenrant.com/star-wars-episode-9-chris-terrio-bvs-writer/ Screen Rant. "Why Chris Terrio is the Perfect Writer For Star Wars: Episode 9" by Stephen Colbert. September 15, 2017.]</ref>
  
==Awards==
+
====February 22, 2018: The Script for the Ninth Star Wars is in Good Shape====
* Terrio won a $2,500 Thomas Temple Hoopes Prize, an award at Harvard for excellence in scholarly work and research, for for his senior thesis entitled "'The Greatest Book in the World': Toward Virginia Woolf's Literary Phenomenology" together with his supervisor Professor William Handley.<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/05.29/HoopesPrizesGoT.html Harvard News. "Hoopes Prizes Go To Undergraduates and Thesis Advisers"  May 29, 1997.]</ref>
+
E News reported on February 22, 2018 that J. J. Abrams appreared on CBS' The Late Show and disclosed that the script for Star Wars: Episode IX, now scheduled to hit theaters on December 20, 2019, is in good shape. "We have a script, which is a big deal for me. It starts shooting end of July," said Abrams. "Having a script in advance is something I haven't always been lucky enough to have. I'm writing this with Chris Terrio, who is a genius, and I'm having a great time."
  
* ''Book of Kings'' won the award for best short at the Santa Fe Film Festival in 2002<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Fe_Film_Festival Wikipedia. "Santa Fe Film Festival" retrieved July 7, 2013.]</ref>
+
"With The Force Awakens, J.J. delivered everything we could have possibly hoped for," Lucasfilm president Kathleen Kennedy said, "and I am so excited that he is coming back to close out this trilogy."<ref>[http://www.eonline.com/news/915554/j-j-abrams-announces-he-has-a-script-for-star-wars-episode-ix E News. "J.J. Abrams Announces He Has a Script for Star Wars: Episode IX" February 22, 2018.]</ref>
  
* ''Book of Kings'' won the award for the award for best short at the Deauville Film Festival in 2002.<ref>[http://movies.toptenreviews.com/reviews/mr45114.htm Top Ten Reviews.  "Book of Kings (2002)"]</ref>
+
====April 9, 2019: Chris Terrio Screamed in Excitement at the Prospect of Working on Star Wars====
 +
Fast Company published an interview with J.J. Abrams who said that when he reached out to Chris Terrio to cowrite Star Wars, Terrio screamed in excitement at the prospect of working on Star Wars.<blockquote>
  
* ''Argo'' won the 25th Annual USC Libraries Scripter Award for best literary movie adaptation in 2013. The award was shared with authors Joshuah Bearman (the Wired article “The Great Escape”) and Antonio J. Mendez (Penguin book The Master Of Disguise) who provided the original source material.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/02/argo-wins-2013-scripter-award-chris-terrio-joshuah-bearman-antonio-j-mendez/ Deadline.  "‘Argo’ Writers Win 2013 Scripter Award: Chris Terrio, Joshuah Bearman, Antonio J. Mendez" by Christy Grosz.  February 9, 2013.]</ref>
+
I knew at the very least I needed a cowriter to work on this thing, but I didn’t know who that cowriter would be. There was nothing. So the first thing I did was reach out to a writer who I’ve admired for years, Chris Terrio. who I didn’t really know, to say, “Listen, would you want to write Star Wars with me?” And he screamed.
  
* Terrio won the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_Award_for_Best_Adapted_Screenplay Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay]<ref>http://www.oscars.org/</ref> on February 24, 2013, for his  screenplay for ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argo_(2012_film) Argo]''—which was directed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Affleck Ben Affleck], and released by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warner_Bros._Pictures Warner Bros. Pictures].
+
FC: Out of terror or excitement?
  
* At the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/70th_Golden_Globe_Awards 70th Golden Globe Awards] Terrio was nominated for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Globe_Award_for_Best_Screenplay Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay].  
+
Abrams: Probably a bit of both, but I think definitely excitement. And what I realized in that moment was, I hadn’t been aware until then that I needed to work with someone who would scream at the prospect of working on Star Wars. Because I had been through the process, and I was looking at brass tacks: This is what it’s going to take, this is the reality of it. And he was looking at it sort of childlike: Oh my God, I can’t believe we get to play in this world, which I needed to be reminded of. I needed that point of view, because that’s not where I was. Of course, I was excited about what we could do, but I was acutely aware of how little time we had to do a fairly enormous job.<ref>[https://www.fastcompany.com/90331236/exclusive-j-j-abrams-on-star-wars-apple-and-building-bad-robot-into-a-hollywood-force Fast Company. "Exclusive: J.J. Abrams on Star Wars, Apple, and building Bad Robot into a Hollywood force" April 9, 2019.]</ref></blockquote>
  
* The Argo script brought Terrio a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BAFTA BAFTA] nomination.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Wikipedia. "Chris Terrio"  retrieved May 23, 2013.]</ref>
+
==Filmography==
  
* Terrio won the 2013 Los Angeles Film Critics Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Wikipedia. "Chris Terrio" retrieved May 23, 2013.]</ref> 
+
===Produced or In Production===
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 +
|-  style="background:#b0c4de; text-align:center;"
 +
! rowspan="2"| Year
 +
! rowspan="2"| Film
 +
! rowspan="2"| Director
 +
! rowspan="2"| Producer
 +
! rowspan="2"| Writer
 +
! rowspan="2"| Screenplay
 +
! rowspan="3"| Notes
 +
|-
 +
|style="width:50px;" |2002
 +
|style="width:300px;" |Book of Kings
 +
|style="width:50px; text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|style="width:50px; text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|style="width:50px; text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|style="width:50px; text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|style="width:300px;" |
 +
|-
 +
|2002
 +
|Equation
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|Assistant director to director Anuj Majumdar
 +
|-
 +
|2005
 +
|Heights
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|2006
 +
|First Out
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|Edited the documentary
 +
|-
 +
|2010
 +
|Damages
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|TV series; Episode "I Look Like Frankenstein"
 +
|-
 +
|2012
 +
|Argo
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|Won the Academy Award for Best Screenplay
 +
|-
 +
|2016
 +
|Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
| rowspan="1" |Hired to re-write the script written by David S. Goyer
 +
|-
 +
|2017
 +
|Justice League Part One
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|rowspan="1" |
 +
|-
 +
|2019
 +
|Justice League Part Two
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
| rowspan="1" |Story elements only
 +
|}
  
* Terrio won a Writers Guild of America Award in 2013 in the category of Best Adapted Screenplay for a Motion Picture for ''Argo'' based on a selection from The Master of Disguise by Antonio J. Mendez and the Wired Magazine article “The Great Escape” by Joshuah Bearman.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/02/wga-awards-2013-winners-west-coast-list/ Deadline.  "WGA Awards Winners: ‘Zero Dark Thirty’s Mark Boal, ‘Argo’s Chris Terrio, ‘Breaking Bad’, ‘Louie’, ‘Girls’, ‘Portlandia’, ‘Searching For Sugar Man’s Malik Bendjelloul (LIVE)" by Nikki Pinke.  February 17, 2013.]</ref>
+
===Unproduced===
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 +
|- style="background:#b0c4de; text-align:center;"
 +
! rowspan="2"| Year Begun
 +
! rowspan="2"| Film
 +
! rowspan="2"| Director
 +
! rowspan="2"| Producer
 +
! rowspan="2"| Writer
 +
! rowspan="2"| Screenplay
 +
! rowspan="3"| Notes
 +
|-
 +
|style="width:50px;" |2005
 +
|style="width:300px;" |Ten Unknowns
 +
|style="width:50px;" |
 +
|style="width:50px;" |
 +
|style="width:50px;" |
 +
|style="text-align:center; width:50px;" |Yes
 +
|style="width:300px;" |
 +
|-
 +
|2005
 +
|Random Family
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|2006
 +
|Richard II
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|[http://www.merchantivory.com/news/view/id/2 In pre-production with Merchant Ivory]
 +
|-
 +
|2007
 +
|Baltimore
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|Co-writer with Jesse Lichtenstein
 +
|-
 +
|2007
 +
|The Ends of the Earth
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|2011
 +
|A Murder Foretold
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|2011
 +
|Tell No One
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|2012
 +
|Untitled New York City Crime Thriller
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|Terrio is reteaming with George Clooney and Grant Heslov for an untitled thriller set in the world of New York crime.
 +
|-
 +
|2013
 +
|Weather Service
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|Steve Tisch will produce the spy thriller for Escape Artists, the same production company that has the rights the The Ends of the Earth.
 +
|-
 +
|2013
 +
|Bunker Hill
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|2016
 +
|Netflix Series (Untitiled)
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|2016
 +
|Untitled Play
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|style="text-align:center;" |Yes
 +
|
 +
|}
  
 
==Terrio on Screenwriting==
 
==Terrio on Screenwriting==
Line 447: Line 740:
  
 
===Maintain Your Integrity===
 
===Maintain Your Integrity===
[[Image:blank.jpg|thumb|300px|right|<center>'''Maintain Your Integrity'''</center>
+
[[Image:Sir William Blackstone, Washington, D.C. (2013) - 02 (1).JPG|thumb|350px|right|<center>'''Maintain Your Integrity'''</center>
"When you're writing, I think you have to take it deadly seriously. You have to be aware of the responsibility you bear when people are giving you two hours of their time."]]
+
"When you're writing, I think you have to take it deadly seriously. You have to be aware of the responsibility you bear when people are giving you two hours of their time." Photo: [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sir_William_Blackstone,_Washington,_D.C._(2013)_-_02.JPG Wikimedia "Sir William Blackstone]]]
 
Terrio says that after directing ''Heights'' he was in the peculiar situation of both being poor and needing a job and also being really picky about what he thought he could do. "I would speak to my agent and there were opportunities that would come along but they were things that either I knew I couldn't do them well or I didn't want to do them," says Terrio. "There are some [screenwriting] jobs that maybe you look at and think that maybe I could get but you think that I would rather be delivering Christmas baskets again. I can't wake up in the morning and say 'I'm going to do that' because at least if you are delivering Christmas baskets you have your contrarian rage and you say 'This really isn't my job. My job is home writing.' But if you take some shitty job that your heart and your mind isn't in then you say 'This is my job. I'm being paid to stay home and sit at my desk and write this shitty movie.' So it is a little hard not to get depressed and to just wake up in the morning and feel invigorated by what you are doing."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/  Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Dealine Team.  December 16, 2012.]</ref> "When you're writing, I think you have to take it deadly seriously," adds Terrio. "You have to be aware of the responsibility you bear when people are giving you two hours of their time."<ref>[http://www.ew.com/ew/gallery/0,,20718160_20722149_21371752,00.html Entertainment Weekly.  "Chris Terrio, 36" by Lindsey Bahr.]</ref>
 
Terrio says that after directing ''Heights'' he was in the peculiar situation of both being poor and needing a job and also being really picky about what he thought he could do. "I would speak to my agent and there were opportunities that would come along but they were things that either I knew I couldn't do them well or I didn't want to do them," says Terrio. "There are some [screenwriting] jobs that maybe you look at and think that maybe I could get but you think that I would rather be delivering Christmas baskets again. I can't wake up in the morning and say 'I'm going to do that' because at least if you are delivering Christmas baskets you have your contrarian rage and you say 'This really isn't my job. My job is home writing.' But if you take some shitty job that your heart and your mind isn't in then you say 'This is my job. I'm being paid to stay home and sit at my desk and write this shitty movie.' So it is a little hard not to get depressed and to just wake up in the morning and feel invigorated by what you are doing."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/  Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Dealine Team.  December 16, 2012.]</ref> "When you're writing, I think you have to take it deadly seriously," adds Terrio. "You have to be aware of the responsibility you bear when people are giving you two hours of their time."<ref>[http://www.ew.com/ew/gallery/0,,20718160_20722149_21371752,00.html Entertainment Weekly.  "Chris Terrio, 36" by Lindsey Bahr.]</ref>
  
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Terrio learned from Affleck during the shoot. "Ben is very easygoing, but that belies somebody who knows what he wants and knows how to get it. Ben’s ability to work with (cinematographer) Rodrigo (Prieto) and quickly get what he wants, know what he needs, and give himself options is a great thing that I picked up. He already is cutting the movie in his head when he’s making it. He immediately has an instinct about when it’s in the can and when it’s not."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/  Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Dealine Team.  December 16, 2012.]</ref> "[Affleck] really knows how to talk to actors.  There is a shorthand that he can use to talk to actors.  And he knows the difference between and 19 and a 20 in a take."<ref>[http://archive.org/details/InConversationWithChrisTerrio JBFC Podcast.  "In Conversation with Chris Terrio" by Janet Maslin.]</ref> "People say [Affleck] is an actor turned director.  Which is like saying - oh it's a dog walking.  How could he do such a thing.  But you think of this great tradition of actors turned directors.  Kazan was an actor, Lamet was a actor.  Of course you have Orson Wells."<ref>[http://archive.org/details/InConversationWithChrisTerrio JBFC Podcast.  "In Conversation with Chris Terrio" by Janet Maslin.]</ref>
 
Terrio learned from Affleck during the shoot. "Ben is very easygoing, but that belies somebody who knows what he wants and knows how to get it. Ben’s ability to work with (cinematographer) Rodrigo (Prieto) and quickly get what he wants, know what he needs, and give himself options is a great thing that I picked up. He already is cutting the movie in his head when he’s making it. He immediately has an instinct about when it’s in the can and when it’s not."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2012/12/oscars-qa-chris-terrio/  Deadline.  "OSCARS Q&A: Chris Terrio" by The Dealine Team.  December 16, 2012.]</ref> "[Affleck] really knows how to talk to actors.  There is a shorthand that he can use to talk to actors.  And he knows the difference between and 19 and a 20 in a take."<ref>[http://archive.org/details/InConversationWithChrisTerrio JBFC Podcast.  "In Conversation with Chris Terrio" by Janet Maslin.]</ref> "People say [Affleck] is an actor turned director.  Which is like saying - oh it's a dog walking.  How could he do such a thing.  But you think of this great tradition of actors turned directors.  Kazan was an actor, Lamet was a actor.  Of course you have Orson Wells."<ref>[http://archive.org/details/InConversationWithChrisTerrio JBFC Podcast.  "In Conversation with Chris Terrio" by Janet Maslin.]</ref>
  
===The Most Terrifying Thing===
+
===Outsider Status is Important Because You Can Observe Without Being Seen===
[[Image:blank.jpg|thumb|300px|right|<center>'''The Most Terrifying Thing'''</center>
+
Terrio says that "outsider status" is important because you can observe without being seen. "I hope that even being nominated doesn't compromise outsider status," Terrio said in February 2013 after being nominated for an Oscar. "I just have to remember that the place where the real work is done is alone in a room. It's not out here at a cocktail party. As long as you remember your desk is waiting at home and there's some blank screen that is taunting you, then I think you don't compromise your outsider status."<ref>[https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887323549204578316334199702650 Wall Street Journal. "The Oscars' Outside Man" by Barbara Chai. February 20, 2013]</ref>
"I think that the most terrifying thing is the empty page. It is like walking in the freezing tundra of white space. The empty page is a scary thing." "The real work is done alone in a room. It's not out here at a cocktail party. As long as you remember your desk is waiting at home and there's some blank screen that is taunting you, then I think you don't compromise your outsider status."]]
+
 
Terrio says that the place where the real work is done alone in a room. "It's not out here at a cocktail party. As long as you remember your desk is waiting at home and there's some blank screen that is taunting you, then I think you don't compromise your outsider status."<ref>[http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323549204578316334199702650.html?mod=wsj_share_tweet WSJ.  "The Oscars' Outside Man" by Barbara Chai.  February 20, 2013.]</ref> "One of the things I’m not sure you’re always prepared for is the loneliness of it. You really have to get to a mental place where every single day you can be prepared to be alone for long periods of time."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref> Terrio adds that the most terrifying thing in the world to him is a blank page. "It's like walking in the freezing tundra of white space. The empty page is a scary thing and that is why I think I was lucky to have something to adapt [with ''Argo''] because you are at least starting with something - an article.  The article that I had was very short but still it was something.  I knew there was a story.  I could go down and talk to Tony and get information.  Once you have started on a project then waking up in the morning is exciting to go back to this little world that you have created.  But the blank space makes me want to go back to bed to go to sleep.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKDeChD7-PQ YouTube.  "Chris Terrio at the Alianza Part 3"]</ref>
+
===All Borders are Imaginary===
 +
Terrio says that he is acutely aware that all borders are imaginary. "It was chilling and haunting to imagine that in 2012 there could be a scene that somewhat looks like the scene in "Argo," said Terrio referring to attack on the American consulate in Libya in 2012. "When Hillary Clinton referenced "Argo" in the congressional hearings, she mentioned how the Marines are really only there to protect the classified documents—that the diplomats, for the most part, their safety is in the hands of locals. So it reminded me of the danger of diplomacy, but also the value of it and what an optimistic thing just for politics and for humanity the whole field of diplomacy is. When we were shooting "Argo," I was acutely aware of how all borders are imaginary—the border between U.S. territory on one side of the gate, and Iranian territory on the other side of the gate. It's an imaginary distinction, and the moment that someone steps over that imaginary line, all hell breaks loose."<ref>[https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887323549204578316334199702650 Wall Street Journal. "The Oscars' Outside Man" by Barbara Chai. February 20, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===The Most Terrifying Thing in the World is an Empty Page===
 +
[[Image:Hemingway typewriter studio FL1.jpg|thumb|400px|right|<center>'''The Most Terrifying Thing in the World is an Empty Page'''</center>
 +
"I think that the most terrifying thing is the empty page. It is like walking in the freezing tundra of white space. The empty page is a scary thing." "The real work is done alone in a room. It's not out here at a cocktail party. As long as you remember your desk is waiting at home and there's some blank screen that is taunting you, then I think you don't compromise your outsider status." Photo [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hemingway_typewriter_studio_FL1.jpg Wikimedia "Hemingway typewriter"]]]
 +
Terrio says that the place where the real work is done alone in a room. "It's not out here at a cocktail party. As long as you remember your desk is waiting at home and there's some blank screen that is taunting you, then I think you don't compromise your outsider status."<ref>[http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323549204578316334199702650.html?mod=wsj_share_tweet WSJ.  "The Oscars' Outside Man" by Barbara Chai.  February 20, 2013.]</ref> "One of the things I’m not sure you’re always prepared for is the loneliness of it. You really have to get to a mental place where every single day you can be prepared to be alone for long periods of time."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref> Terrio adds that the most terrifying thing in the world to him is a blank page. "It's like walking in the freezing tundra of white space. The empty page is a scary thing and that is why I think I was lucky to have something to adapt [with ''Argo''] because you are at least starting with something - an article.  The article that I had was very short but still it was something.  I knew there was a story.  I could go down and talk to Tony and get information.  Once you have started on a project then waking up in the morning is exciting to go back to this little world that you have created.  But the blank space makes me want to go back to bed to go to sleep.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKDeChD7-PQ YouTube.  "Chris Terrio at the Alianza Part 3"]</ref> "I think any writer could tell you it's so lonely, and so full of self-doubt and angst, that when you actually are working on a project, it has to be a world you look forward to going to every day."<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2013/jan/17/news/la-en-chris-terrio-20130117 Los Angeles Times.  "'Argo' writer Chris Terrio on Affleck collaboration" by Fred Schruers.  February 13, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
===Terrio's Best Bad Idea===
 
===Terrio's Best Bad Idea===
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===Film is All About No Words===
 
===Film is All About No Words===
[[Image:blank.jpg|thumb|300px|right|<center>'''Film is All About No Words'''</center>
+
[[Image:The Passion of Joan of Arc.jpg|thumb|400px|right|<center>'''Film is All About No Words'''</center>
 
"I used to be a snob about the theatre. Why bother making movies? It’s so much better if you can see a real performance at the theatre. But then The Passion of Joan of Arc showed me there’s a whole interior world that you can’t necessarily get on stage." “I think of film as, primarily, a visual medium. I think there’s the theatre and there’s fiction, prose and poetry. And then there’s film which has to take in elements of all those kinds of writing but ultimately is a visual experience."]]
 
"I used to be a snob about the theatre. Why bother making movies? It’s so much better if you can see a real performance at the theatre. But then The Passion of Joan of Arc showed me there’s a whole interior world that you can’t necessarily get on stage." “I think of film as, primarily, a visual medium. I think there’s the theatre and there’s fiction, prose and poetry. And then there’s film which has to take in elements of all those kinds of writing but ultimately is a visual experience."]]
 
Terrio says that one of his favorite movies is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Passion_of_Joan_of_Arc The Passion of Joan of Arc], because it’s all about the close-up and what cinema can do that theatre can’t. "I used to be a snob about the theatre. Why bother making movies? It’s so much better if you can see a real performance at the theatre. But then The Passion of Joan of Arc showed me there’s a whole interior world that you can’t necessarily get on stage," says Terrio.<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ A Laughter of Inner Devils ~ N.P. Thompson on film, books, and the visual arts. "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N.P. Thompson.  June 16, 2005.]</ref> "The movie I've seen more than any other movie is Carl Theodor Dreyer's The Passion of Joan of Arc, because to me the whole reason to do film instead of theater is the close-up. Theater is all about words, and film is all about no words. That and [Ingmar Bergman's] Persona are the master class in close-ups."<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> “I think of film as, primarily, a visual medium.  I think there’s the theatre and there’s fiction, prose and poetry.  And then there’s film which has to take in elements of all those kinds of writing but ultimately is a visual experience."<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref>
 
Terrio says that one of his favorite movies is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Passion_of_Joan_of_Arc The Passion of Joan of Arc], because it’s all about the close-up and what cinema can do that theatre can’t. "I used to be a snob about the theatre. Why bother making movies? It’s so much better if you can see a real performance at the theatre. But then The Passion of Joan of Arc showed me there’s a whole interior world that you can’t necessarily get on stage," says Terrio.<ref>[http://nptonline.wordpress.com/2005/06/16/chris-terrio-heights/ A Laughter of Inner Devils ~ N.P. Thompson on film, books, and the visual arts. "Chris Terrio’s Heights" by N.P. Thompson.  June 16, 2005.]</ref> "The movie I've seen more than any other movie is Carl Theodor Dreyer's The Passion of Joan of Arc, because to me the whole reason to do film instead of theater is the close-up. Theater is all about words, and film is all about no words. That and [Ingmar Bergman's] Persona are the master class in close-ups."<ref>[http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=terrio05 Movie Habit.  "Interview with Chris Terrio" by Marty Mapes.  June 26, 2005.]</ref> “I think of film as, primarily, a visual medium.  I think there’s the theatre and there’s fiction, prose and poetry.  And then there’s film which has to take in elements of all those kinds of writing but ultimately is a visual experience."<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref>
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===Distill the Story to its Essence===
 
===Distill the Story to its Essence===
When asked about how he selected what parts to tell and what parts to leave out in ''Argo'' Terrio says that the writer has to find the the essence of the story. "There was this moment in 1979 and 1980 when six people had to get out of Tehran. And just as it proceeds in the film, Tony Mendez, CIA officer, went to Hollywood, created buzz around the fake movie to create a cover story to get six people out. All that is absolutely true," says Terrio. " If we actually told everything that was happening, we'd have a 12-hour miniseries or longer. There are all kinds of Canadian heroes in this. Pat and ken Taylor, John and Xena Sheerdown, Canadian diplomats who also helped to hide Americans in the city. You know, there are -- there's no shortage of heroes everywhere you look in this story. So you go through a painful process of trying to figure out what is the most compelling way to economically tell the story in a way that is truthful to the sense of what happened and also -- the essence of what happened to hold an audience's attention."<ref>[http://edition.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/1301/26/smn.04.html CNN.  "CNN SATURDAY MORNING NEWS"  January 26, 2013.]</ref>
+
When asked about how he selected what parts to tell and what parts to leave out in ''Argo'' Terrio says that the writer has to find the the essence of the story. "There was this moment in 1979 and 1980 when six people had to get out of Tehran. And just as it proceeds in the film, Tony Mendez, CIA officer, went to Hollywood, created buzz around the fake movie to create a cover story to get six people out. All that is absolutely true," says Terrio. " If we actually told everything that was happening, we'd have a 12-hour miniseries or longer. There are all kinds of Canadian heroes in this. Pat and Ken Taylor, John and Xena Sheerdown, Canadian diplomats who also helped to hide Americans in the city. You know, there are -- there's no shortage of heroes everywhere you look in this story. So you go through a painful process of trying to figure out what is the most compelling way to economically tell the story in a way that is truthful to the sense of what happened and also -- the essence of what happened to hold an audience's attention."<ref>[http://edition.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/1301/26/smn.04.html CNN.  "CNN SATURDAY MORNING NEWS"  January 26, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
===The Actors and Director Are the Heroes===
 
===The Actors and Director Are the Heroes===
 +
[[Image:Eva marie saint marlon brando waterfront 12.jpg|thumb|400px|right|<center>'''The Actors and Director Are the Heroes'''</center>
 +
Terrio says that the director and actors bring a screenplay to life.  It is easy to be ironic or scornful of actors said Terrio, but when you are in front of a great actor something magical occurs. "The actors are the heroes," said Terrio adding that that his greatest personal hero as an actor is Marlon Brando. "On the Waterfront I've probably seen 50 times and I could keep watching it." Photo: [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eva_marie_saint_marlon_brando_waterfront_12.jpg Wikimedia "On the Waterfront"]]]
 
Terrio says that the director and actors bring a screenplay to life.  It is easy to be ironic or scornful of actors said Terrio, but when you are in front of a great actor something magical occurs. "The actors are the heroes," said Terrio.<ref>[http://www.montevideo.com.uy/nottiempolibre_197429_1.html Montevideo.com "Chris y los Argonautas"  April 10, 2013.]</ref> “You know, [in ''Argo''] Bryan Cranston giving one loaded look to Ben Affleck tells you a whole lot that I couldn’t accomplish in the script or Zeljko Ivanek, who’s the State Department guy giving this ridiculous idea about the hostages escaping on bicycles, which was a real idea by the way that the State Department floated, that could easily sound like Theatre of the Absurd.  But, you get an actor as truthful as Zeljko, and you don’t doubt for a second that this State Department guy is earnestly giving this bad idea.  So, there’s a lot of tweaking, but ultimately it’s in the director’s hands.”<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref>
 
Terrio says that the director and actors bring a screenplay to life.  It is easy to be ironic or scornful of actors said Terrio, but when you are in front of a great actor something magical occurs. "The actors are the heroes," said Terrio.<ref>[http://www.montevideo.com.uy/nottiempolibre_197429_1.html Montevideo.com "Chris y los Argonautas"  April 10, 2013.]</ref> “You know, [in ''Argo''] Bryan Cranston giving one loaded look to Ben Affleck tells you a whole lot that I couldn’t accomplish in the script or Zeljko Ivanek, who’s the State Department guy giving this ridiculous idea about the hostages escaping on bicycles, which was a real idea by the way that the State Department floated, that could easily sound like Theatre of the Absurd.  But, you get an actor as truthful as Zeljko, and you don’t doubt for a second that this State Department guy is earnestly giving this bad idea.  So, there’s a lot of tweaking, but ultimately it’s in the director’s hands.”<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref>
  
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===The Characters Tell You What They Want to Say===
 
===The Characters Tell You What They Want to Say===
[[Image:blank.jpg|thumb|300px|right|<center>'''The Characters Tell You What They Want to Say'''</center>
+
[[Image:Waiting For Godot 2016.jpg|thumb|400px|right|<center>'''The Characters Tell You What They Want to Say'''</center>
"I need to circle something for a long time, and the characters are gradually showing up and taking their places. Finally, by the time I was ready to write, I knew. They had told me what they wanted to say, and I could sort of take dictation, which I know sounds a little crazy, but I’d imagine most writers would say that. You’re afraid every morning when you sit down that the characters aren’t going to show up for work, and sometimes they don’t, but when they do, you’re happy and you write fast."]]
+
"I need to circle something for a long time, and the characters are gradually showing up and taking their places. Finally, by the time I was ready to write, I knew. They had told me what they wanted to say, and I could sort of take dictation, which I know sounds a little crazy, but I’d imagine most writers would say that. You’re afraid every morning when you sit down that the characters aren’t going to show up for work, and sometimes they don’t, but when they do, you’re happy and you write fast." Photo: [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Waiting_For_Godot_2016.jpg Wikimedia Waiting for Godot]]]
 
Terrio says that when he is writing a screenplay he needs to do months of research and circle the actual writing of the screenplay for a long time.  Then the characters gradually show up and take their places. "Finally, by the time I was ready to write, I knew. They had told me what they wanted to say, and I could sort of take dictation, which I know sounds a little crazy, but I’d imagine most writers would say that. You’re afraid every morning when you sit down that the characters aren’t going to show up for work, and sometimes they don’t, but when they do, you’re happy and you write fast."<ref>[http://awardsline.com/2012/12/28/chris-terrio-oscars-argo-adapted-screenplay/ Awardsline.  "Q&A: Chris Terrio on Argo" by Christy Grosz.  December 28, 2012.]</ref> "You start to hear the rhythm of the way the people talk, and then it becomes easier."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/judd-apatow-john-krasinski-4-389956?page=show Hollywood Reporter. "THR's Writer Roundtable: Osama bin Laden, Why 'Schindler's List' Is Irresponsible and When Judd Apatow Was a Dishwasher"  by Matthew Belloni, Stephen Galloway.  November 14, 2012.]</ref>
 
Terrio says that when he is writing a screenplay he needs to do months of research and circle the actual writing of the screenplay for a long time.  Then the characters gradually show up and take their places. "Finally, by the time I was ready to write, I knew. They had told me what they wanted to say, and I could sort of take dictation, which I know sounds a little crazy, but I’d imagine most writers would say that. You’re afraid every morning when you sit down that the characters aren’t going to show up for work, and sometimes they don’t, but when they do, you’re happy and you write fast."<ref>[http://awardsline.com/2012/12/28/chris-terrio-oscars-argo-adapted-screenplay/ Awardsline.  "Q&A: Chris Terrio on Argo" by Christy Grosz.  December 28, 2012.]</ref> "You start to hear the rhythm of the way the people talk, and then it becomes easier."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/judd-apatow-john-krasinski-4-389956?page=show Hollywood Reporter. "THR's Writer Roundtable: Osama bin Laden, Why 'Schindler's List' Is Irresponsible and When Judd Apatow Was a Dishwasher"  by Matthew Belloni, Stephen Galloway.  November 14, 2012.]</ref>
  
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===The Skills Necessary to Advance Your Arts Career===
 
===The Skills Necessary to Advance Your Arts Career===
 
Terrio says that "a lot of times the very thing that makes you want to go into the arts is your interior life, and the fact that you're not the most comfortable person at the party, or the best at networking. So to some degree, the skills required to advance your arts career are at odds with the very thing that inspired you to get into the arts in the first place."<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/movies/05gold.html?_r=0 New York Times.  "How Her Little Play Became His Big Movie" by Sylviane Gold.  June 5, 2005.]</ref> "I’m probably, like, a slightly awkward, nerdy person but the great thing is when you find somebody who exists on that same nerdy plain as you do and, maybe I’m not that good at small talk, but I thrive if we’re talking about how to make the scene better."<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref>
 
Terrio says that "a lot of times the very thing that makes you want to go into the arts is your interior life, and the fact that you're not the most comfortable person at the party, or the best at networking. So to some degree, the skills required to advance your arts career are at odds with the very thing that inspired you to get into the arts in the first place."<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/movies/05gold.html?_r=0 New York Times.  "How Her Little Play Became His Big Movie" by Sylviane Gold.  June 5, 2005.]</ref> "I’m probably, like, a slightly awkward, nerdy person but the great thing is when you find somebody who exists on that same nerdy plain as you do and, maybe I’m not that good at small talk, but I thrive if we’re talking about how to make the scene better."<ref>[http://filmthug.blogspot.com/2013/03/interview-chris-terrio-oscar-wining.html Filmthug.  "Chris Terrio Interview" interview by John Watson.  March 13, 2013.]</ref>
 +
 +
===Don't Pander to the American Dream===
 +
Terrio is critical of the "constant and shameless pandering of the American Dream" in some films. "Art lives at the edge, you know. The very things that are required to get a film off the ground are, most of the time, at odds with most real artists. It relies on so many more things than something like theatre or poetry, things that you can rip off and go to the coffee shop with a guitar or a friend and there, it's in the air. And what's wrong with so much of cinema nowadays--and this isn't original--is that there's so much of an interest in bottom line stuff that the reasons you get into a project in the first place get misplaced along the way."<ref>[http://www.filmfreakcentral.net/ffc/2013/07/the-modernist-ffc-interviews-chris-terrio.html Film Freak Central.  "The Modernist: FFC Interviews Chris Terrio"  by Walter Chaw.  July 10, 2005.]</ref>
 +
 +
Terrio adds that there is an environment in the United States that disdains nuance and education. "The environment overseas is so much different. You mention Proust in a pub and someone buys you a pint for the conversation. You mention Proust in a bar in most places in the United States and you get, if not nothing, then hostility."<ref>[http://www.filmfreakcentral.net/ffc/2013/07/the-modernist-ffc-interviews-chris-terrio.html Film Freak Central.  "The Modernist: FFC Interviews Chris Terrio"  by Walter Chaw.  July 10, 2005.]</ref>
  
 
===How to Properly Shoot a Spitball===
 
===How to Properly Shoot a Spitball===
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===Don't Overexplain===
 
===Don't Overexplain===
[[Image:blank.jpg|thumb|300px|right|<center>'''Don't Overexplain'''</center>
+
[[Image:Argo mockup.jpg|thumb|350px|right|<center>'''Don't Overexplain'''</center>
"When you are trying to orient an audience into a world, it has to feel like the jargon and the energy of the insiders, but you also don't want to make it so jargonny and insidery that the audience can't follow what is going on. You can drop a word like exfiltration that maybe the audience hasn't heard before.  I hadn't heard it before I started on this film.  But exfiltration which is the CIA practice of  getting people out of a country. You don't know exactly what that means.  But the audience is so quick that they catch up immediately. You have to be careful about not to overexplain to bring the audience into a world that maybe makes them feel like they are eavesdropping and they are invisible spectators in an inner santum where people are talking trade and tradecraft."]]
+
"When you are trying to orient an audience into a world, it has to feel like the jargon and the energy of the insiders, but you also don't want to make it so jargonny and insidery that the audience can't follow what is going on. You can drop a word like exfiltration that maybe the audience hasn't heard before.  I hadn't heard it before I started on this film.  But exfiltration which is the CIA practice of  getting people out of a country. You don't know exactly what that means.  But the audience is so quick that they catch up immediately. You have to be careful about not to overexplain to bring the audience into a world that maybe makes them feel like they are eavesdropping and they are invisible spectators in an inner santum where people are talking trade and tradecraft." Photo: [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Artist%E2%80%99s_Concepts_for_Argo_-_Flickr_-_The_Central_Intelligence_Agency.jpg Wikimedia "Artist’s Concepts for Argo: The Central Intelligence Agency"]]]
Terrio explains that there is an enormous amount of exposition in the same scene which he calls the hardest scene he ever wrote where the "white men in suits" are sitting in a conference room debating various scenarios and that it was very tricky to try to bring the audience into this world and make them feel like they are invisible spectators in an inner santum where people are talking trade and tradecraft. "It was a tricky scene in terms of tone and it was a tricky scene in terms of proper nouns and exposition," said Terrio. "When you are trying to orient an audience into a world, it has to feel like the jargon and the energy of the insiders, but you also don't want to make it so jargonny and insidery that the audience can't follow what is going on. You can drop a word like exfiltration that maybe the audience hasn't heard before.  I hadn't heard it before I started on this film.  But exfiltration which is the CIA practice of  getting people out of a country. You don't know exactly what that means.  But the audience is so quick that they catch up immediately. You have to be careful about not to overexplain to bring the audience into a world that maybe makes them feel like they are eavesdropping and they are invisible spectators in an inner santum where people are talking trade and tradecraft."<ref>[http://live.huffingtonpost.com/r/segment/argo-academy-awards-screenplay/5105a19e02a7607e07000683 Huffington Post.  "Writers' Room - Argo" Interview of Chris Terrio with Jacob Soboroff.  February 6, 2013.]</ref>
+
Terrio explains that there is an enormous amount of exposition in the same scene which he calls the hardest scene he ever wrote where the "white men in suits" are sitting in a conference room debating various scenarios and that it was very tricky to try to bring the audience into this world and make them feel like they are invisible spectators in an inner santum where people are talking trade and tradecraft. "It was a tricky scene in terms of tone and it was a tricky scene in terms of proper nouns and exposition," said Terrio. "When you are trying to orient an audience into a world, it has to feel like the jargon and the energy of the insiders, but you also don't want to make it so jargonny and insidery that the audience can't follow what is going on. You can drop a word like exfiltration that maybe the audience hasn't heard before.  I hadn't heard it before I started on this film.  But exfiltration which is the CIA practice of  getting people out of a country. You don't know exactly what that means.  But the audience is so quick that they catch up immediately. You have to be careful about not to overexplain to bring the audience into a world that maybe makes them feel like they are eavesdropping and they are invisible spectators in an inner santum where people are talking trade and tradecraft."
  
 
===Heighten the Tension===
 
===Heighten the Tension===
Line 527: Line 833:
 
===Use Point of View to Open Up Dramatic Space===
 
===Use Point of View to Open Up Dramatic Space===
 
During the year that Terrio did research on the story behind ''Argo,'', he became steeped in Tony Mendez’s story and spent nearly a week consulting Mendez<ref>[http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/oct/10/hollywood-cant-make-this-up-argo-recounts-the-cia-/?page=all Washington Times.  "Tony Mendez, clandestine CIA hero of Ben Affleck’s ‘Argo,’ reveals the real story behind film smash" by Patrick Hruby.  October 10, 2012.]</ref>  as he leaned on Mendez for just all the small details of life in the CIA.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio-ben-affleck-iran-378972 The Hollywood Reporter.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Explains the CIA Secrets and Surprises Behind the Film" by Jordan Zakarin.  October 15, 2013.]</ref> "In the summer of 2009, I went down to Maryland and spent some time with him. He lives at the edge of the woods in what looks like Ken Burns Civil War documentary territory. So we spent time just hanging out, having dinner, talking, having a bottle of wine. He then took me to Washington D.C. and to the CIA," says Terrio. "He started introducing me to other Cold War spies, many of whom still live in the D.C. area because a lot of them work as consultants for security companies. In some cases they were KGB spies that were Tony’s nemeses in the Cold War."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2013/02/15/how-oscar-nominee-argo-escaped-the-black-list/ WSJ.  "How Oscar Nominee ‘Argo’ Escaped the Black List" by Barbara Chai.  February 15, 2013.]</ref> Terrio said that didn't even speak to the real-life house guests before writing ''Argo'' because he had to be confident that he was telling the story from Tony Mendez's point of view. "I think of it as a railroad track and there are various tracks that come off the railroad track. So for Tony, I really wanted to know everything, down to what kind of shoes he wore," says Terrio. "As a writer, I wanted to be able to enter the residence like Tony did, having his point of view in the whole thing." Terrio says that as far as some of the other stories around him, he felt he needed to use them to open up dramatic space and as he began to develop the house guests in his head they began to take on lives of their own. As the process continued he  talked to the house guests and they would they tell him what he got right and what he got wrong. "It’s an interesting superstition as a writer. Where do you create fact and where do you want to touch earth for reality and the places where you feel you need to open up dramatic space to write? You’re reading as much as you can and knowing as much as you can, but in terms of interacting with the real people, you have to choose carefully because biological human beings sitting in the room with you are very powerful things"<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2013/02/15/how-oscar-nominee-argo-escaped-the-black-list/ WSJ.  "How Oscar Nominee ‘Argo’ Escaped the Black List" by Barbara Chai.  February 15, 2013.]</ref>
 
During the year that Terrio did research on the story behind ''Argo,'', he became steeped in Tony Mendez’s story and spent nearly a week consulting Mendez<ref>[http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/oct/10/hollywood-cant-make-this-up-argo-recounts-the-cia-/?page=all Washington Times.  "Tony Mendez, clandestine CIA hero of Ben Affleck’s ‘Argo,’ reveals the real story behind film smash" by Patrick Hruby.  October 10, 2012.]</ref>  as he leaned on Mendez for just all the small details of life in the CIA.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/argo-screenwriter-chris-terrio-ben-affleck-iran-378972 The Hollywood Reporter.  "'Argo' Screenwriter Explains the CIA Secrets and Surprises Behind the Film" by Jordan Zakarin.  October 15, 2013.]</ref> "In the summer of 2009, I went down to Maryland and spent some time with him. He lives at the edge of the woods in what looks like Ken Burns Civil War documentary territory. So we spent time just hanging out, having dinner, talking, having a bottle of wine. He then took me to Washington D.C. and to the CIA," says Terrio. "He started introducing me to other Cold War spies, many of whom still live in the D.C. area because a lot of them work as consultants for security companies. In some cases they were KGB spies that were Tony’s nemeses in the Cold War."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2013/02/15/how-oscar-nominee-argo-escaped-the-black-list/ WSJ.  "How Oscar Nominee ‘Argo’ Escaped the Black List" by Barbara Chai.  February 15, 2013.]</ref> Terrio said that didn't even speak to the real-life house guests before writing ''Argo'' because he had to be confident that he was telling the story from Tony Mendez's point of view. "I think of it as a railroad track and there are various tracks that come off the railroad track. So for Tony, I really wanted to know everything, down to what kind of shoes he wore," says Terrio. "As a writer, I wanted to be able to enter the residence like Tony did, having his point of view in the whole thing." Terrio says that as far as some of the other stories around him, he felt he needed to use them to open up dramatic space and as he began to develop the house guests in his head they began to take on lives of their own. As the process continued he  talked to the house guests and they would they tell him what he got right and what he got wrong. "It’s an interesting superstition as a writer. Where do you create fact and where do you want to touch earth for reality and the places where you feel you need to open up dramatic space to write? You’re reading as much as you can and knowing as much as you can, but in terms of interacting with the real people, you have to choose carefully because biological human beings sitting in the room with you are very powerful things"<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2013/02/15/how-oscar-nominee-argo-escaped-the-black-list/ WSJ.  "How Oscar Nominee ‘Argo’ Escaped the Black List" by Barbara Chai.  February 15, 2013.]</ref>
 +
 +
===The Power of Myth===
 +
Terrio says that in Tony Mendez's book there’s a passage where Tony’s describing being with makeup artist John Chambers and figuring out that they’re going to call the fake movie Argo. "And then it describes how that title both comes from a joke—which literally was a joke that Chambers and Tony used to make, which is the ‘Ah, go fuck yourself’ joke—but also that it has these mythological connotations to it, which Chambers and Mendez were aware of and chose. I feel that somewhere in that passage is the root of the tone of the film, which in some sense was a harder thing to get at than the particular narrative." Terrio later arrived at the idea of creating a staged reading of Argo for the Hollywood press. "You have all these people sitting around in these ridiculous costumes and yet you have the great mythological intonations of, ‘Our world has changed.’ It’s a nudge and a wink, but there’s also something earnestly mythological about it."<ref>[http://awardsline.com/2013/02/19/writing-nominees-discuss-their-adaptated-screenplays/ Awardsline. "Writing Nominees Discuss Their Adapted Screenplays" by Paul Brownfield.  February 19, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
===Create an Emphatic Response===
 
===Create an Emphatic Response===
[[Image:blank.jpg|thumb|300px|right|<center>'''The Emphatic Response'''</center>
+
[[Image:Fotothek df roe-neg 0006206 036 Blick auf die Zuschauer des Theaterstücks -Spiel.jpg|thumb|400px|right|<center>'''The Emphatic Response'''</center>
"The service of any narrative or dramatic art is to create an empathic response. I hope it’s there for the house guests and I hope it’s there for all kinds of people in the film, caught up in this tangled situation"]]
+
"The service of any narrative or dramatic art is to create an empathic response. I hope it’s there for the house guests and I hope it’s there for all kinds of people in the film, caught up in this tangled situation." Photo: [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fotothek_df_roe-neg_0006206_036_Blick_auf_die_Zuschauer_des_Theaterst%C3%BCcks_%22Spiel.jpg Wikimedia "Blick auf die Zuschauer des Theaterstücks 'Spiel ins Leben' im Theater der Jungen Welt"]]]
 
Terrio says that the purpose of any narrative or dramatic art is to create an empathic response. "Take my favourite cut in [''Argo''], which is the cut from champagne on the plane to the shot of the housekeeper at the crossing. That’s a moment where the airplane scene has given us empathy for the house guests but that’s immediately twisted because we see there are victims of this whole situation left behind, who aren’t celebrating, who aren’t going and being toasted," says Terrio. "The service of any narrative or dramatic art is to create an empathic response. I hope it’s there for the house guests and I hope it’s there for all kinds of people in the film, caught up in this tangled situation."<ref>[http://www.bleedingcool.com/2013/03/04/discussing-the-sympathy-and-subtext-of-argo-with-oscar-winning-screenwriter-chris-terrio/ Bleeding Cool.  "Discussing The Sympathy And Subtext Of Argo With Oscar Winning Screenwriter Chris Terrio" by Brendon Connelly.  March 4, 2013.]</ref>
 
Terrio says that the purpose of any narrative or dramatic art is to create an empathic response. "Take my favourite cut in [''Argo''], which is the cut from champagne on the plane to the shot of the housekeeper at the crossing. That’s a moment where the airplane scene has given us empathy for the house guests but that’s immediately twisted because we see there are victims of this whole situation left behind, who aren’t celebrating, who aren’t going and being toasted," says Terrio. "The service of any narrative or dramatic art is to create an empathic response. I hope it’s there for the house guests and I hope it’s there for all kinds of people in the film, caught up in this tangled situation."<ref>[http://www.bleedingcool.com/2013/03/04/discussing-the-sympathy-and-subtext-of-argo-with-oscar-winning-screenwriter-chris-terrio/ Bleeding Cool.  "Discussing The Sympathy And Subtext Of Argo With Oscar Winning Screenwriter Chris Terrio" by Brendon Connelly.  March 4, 2013.]</ref>
  
===The Power of Myth===
+
Terrio adds that in the climax of ''Argo,'' after reading the houseguests' accounts of the rescue and their relief and euphoria, Terro felt motivated to evoke those same feelings in the audience. "In many cases, the job of the filmmaker and the writer is to create empathy and to put you in the shoes of the people having the experience."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January 2013.]</ref>
Terrio says that in Tony Mendez's book there’s a passage where Tony’s describing being with makeup artist John Chambers and figuring out that they’re going to call the fake movie Argo. "And then it describes how that title both comes from a joke—which literally was a joke that Chambers and Tony used to make, which is the ‘Ah, go fuck yourself’ joke—but also that it has these mythological connotations to it, which Chambers and Mendez were aware of and chose. I feel that somewhere in that passage is the root of the tone of the film, which in some sense was a harder thing to get at than the particular narrative." Terrio later arrived at the idea of creating a staged reading of Argo for the Hollywood press. "You have all these people sitting around in these ridiculous costumes and yet you have the great mythological intonations of, ‘Our world has changed.’ It’s a nudge and a wink, but there’s also something earnestly mythological about it."<ref>[http://awardsline.com/2013/02/19/writing-nominees-discuss-their-adaptated-screenplays/ Awardsline. "Writing Nominees Discuss Their Adapted Screenplays" by Paul BrownfieldFebruary 19, 2013.]</ref>
+
 
 +
===Don't Read Your Reviews===
 +
Terrio says that stuff that would never be tolerated in the columns of any other section of the paper, are just par for the course in the movie section. Terrio says and that it's hard to read movie reviews because although he likes reading good critics and good criticism, the other side of it is that he gets enraged by thoughtless, illiterate writing--in any form. "I made the mistake of reading a review today that skewed to the negative and the whole time I was thinking that you can hate the film if you want to, but at least do me the courtesy of running it through a spell-check for God's sake. At least look at the press kit so you spell the actors' names correctly. There's a real lack of respect embedded in that kind of sloppiness. I mean, I'm sure the guy's just a moron, but you don't show up for a job interview in shorts and flip-flops--shouldn't your voice also be your best foot forward?" Terrio adds that no matter how long you manage to last in the movie business, you'll never grow rhinoceros skin and there will always be something that gets through and paralyzes you.<ref>[http://www.filmfreakcentral.net/ffc/2013/07/the-modernist-ffc-interviews-chris-terrio.html Film Freak Central.  "The Modernist: FFC Interviews Chris Terrio"  by Walter Chaw.  July 10, 2005.]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Terrio says that  Internet criticism isn't necessarily a bad thing because "there are voices that deserve to be heard that wouldn't have in the past because there are a finite number of jobs at the traditional papers--but hand-in-hand with that are the multitude of voices that really don't deserve to be heard--but they're loud and so they are allowed to change the environment for the worse."<ref>[http://www.filmfreakcentral.net/ffc/2013/07/the-modernist-ffc-interviews-chris-terrio.html Film Freak Central.  "The Modernist: FFC Interviews Chris Terrio" by Walter ChawJuly 10, 2005.]</ref>
  
 
===A Hero's Journey===
 
===A Hero's Journey===
 
Terrio says that Tony Mendez's journey in ''Argo'' is, in its way, a redemption movie.<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January 2013.]</ref> "You get little glimpses at the edges that he is trying to atone for something."<ref>[http://archive.org/details/InConversationWithChrisTerrio JBFC Podcast.  "In Conversation with Chris Terrio" by Janet Maslin.]</ref> "[Mendez] had been ferrying out the apparatus of the Shah's dictatorship and in a way  that is America with its hands dirty. But at this point in his life and his career, Tony does something that is pretty unequivocally good. He gets these people out of an extremist situation."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January 2013.]</ref> "There’s a scene in the film that’s taken right out of what Tony told me, which is when Tony Mendez takes off his wedding ring and puts it down on the dresser before he heads off to Tehran, which was kind of a ritual Tony always did," says Terrio. "He would quietly sort of take off his wedding ring, always put it in the same little bowl, and then he’d go off assuming a new identity. In that same shot of the film, you see a photograph of a little boy, and that is Ian Mendez, Tony’s real son."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2013/02/15/how-oscar-nominee-argo-escaped-the-black-list/ WSJ.  "How Oscar Nominee ‘Argo’ Escaped the Black List" by Barbara Chai.  February 15, 2013.]</ref> Tony’s motivation, throughout his hero’s journey, was always to get back home and the last scene in the film ties it all together. “I knew that I wanted to get to a place where you could have that last scene with Tony and Ian in the bedroom, after watching Tony blown this way and that throughout the movie.”<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref> "He is Odysseus ...and in the end he has to come home. Tony finally getting home to his son is the emotional core of the movie."<ref>[http://www.thewrap.com/movies/column-post/ben-affleck-chris-terrio-dissect-argo-and-defend-some-untruths-70581?page=0,0 The Wrap.  "Ben Affleck & Chris Terrio Dissect 'Argo' - and Defend Some Untruths" by Steve Pond.]</ref>
 
Terrio says that Tony Mendez's journey in ''Argo'' is, in its way, a redemption movie.<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January 2013.]</ref> "You get little glimpses at the edges that he is trying to atone for something."<ref>[http://archive.org/details/InConversationWithChrisTerrio JBFC Podcast.  "In Conversation with Chris Terrio" by Janet Maslin.]</ref> "[Mendez] had been ferrying out the apparatus of the Shah's dictatorship and in a way  that is America with its hands dirty. But at this point in his life and his career, Tony does something that is pretty unequivocally good. He gets these people out of an extremist situation."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January 2013.]</ref> "There’s a scene in the film that’s taken right out of what Tony told me, which is when Tony Mendez takes off his wedding ring and puts it down on the dresser before he heads off to Tehran, which was kind of a ritual Tony always did," says Terrio. "He would quietly sort of take off his wedding ring, always put it in the same little bowl, and then he’d go off assuming a new identity. In that same shot of the film, you see a photograph of a little boy, and that is Ian Mendez, Tony’s real son."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2013/02/15/how-oscar-nominee-argo-escaped-the-black-list/ WSJ.  "How Oscar Nominee ‘Argo’ Escaped the Black List" by Barbara Chai.  February 15, 2013.]</ref> Tony’s motivation, throughout his hero’s journey, was always to get back home and the last scene in the film ties it all together. “I knew that I wanted to get to a place where you could have that last scene with Tony and Ian in the bedroom, after watching Tony blown this way and that throughout the movie.”<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/display_article.php?id=1259321 My Digital Publication.  "You Can’t Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.  January 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 2012.]</ref> "He is Odysseus ...and in the end he has to come home. Tony finally getting home to his son is the emotional core of the movie."<ref>[http://www.thewrap.com/movies/column-post/ben-affleck-chris-terrio-dissect-argo-and-defend-some-untruths-70581?page=0,0 The Wrap.  "Ben Affleck & Chris Terrio Dissect 'Argo' - and Defend Some Untruths" by Steve Pond.]</ref>
 +
 +
==Recent News About Chris Terrio (Reverse Chronological)==
 +
===April 9, 2019: Chris Terrio Screamed in Excitement at the Prospect of Working on Star Wars===
 +
Fast Company published an interview with J.J. Abrams who said that when he reached out to Chris Terrio to cowrite Star Wars, Terrio screamed in excitement at the prospect of working on Star Wars.<blockquote>
 +
 +
I knew at the very least I needed a cowriter to work on this thing, but I didn’t know who that cowriter would be. There was nothing. So the first thing I did was reach out to a writer who I’ve admired for years, Chris Terrio. who I didn’t really know, to say, “Listen, would you want to write Star Wars with me?” And he screamed.
 +
 +
FC: Out of terror or excitement?
 +
 +
Abrams: Probably a bit of both, but I think definitely excitement. And what I realized in that moment was, I hadn’t been aware until then that I needed to work with someone who would scream at the prospect of working on Star Wars. Because I had been through the process, and I was looking at brass tacks: This is what it’s going to take, this is the reality of it. And he was looking at it sort of childlike: Oh my God, I can’t believe we get to play in this world, which I needed to be reminded of. I needed that point of view, because that’s not where I was. Of course, I was excited about what we could do, but I was acutely aware of how little time we had to do a fairly enormous job.<ref>[https://www.fastcompany.com/90331236/exclusive-j-j-abrams-on-star-wars-apple-and-building-bad-robot-into-a-hollywood-force Fast Company. "Exclusive: J.J. Abrams on Star Wars, Apple, and building Bad Robot into a Hollywood force" April 9, 2019.]</ref></blockquote>
 +
 +
===February 9, 2019: Terrio Accompanies Glenn Close to BAFTA Nominees Party===
 +
[[Image:Chris Terrio Glenn Close 02-21-2019.JPG|thumb|right|550px|'''Terrio Accompanies Glenn Close to BAFTA Nominees Party.''' Chris Terrio accompanied longtime friend Glenn Close to the BAFTA Nominees part held at Kensington Palace, London on February 9, 2019. Close is nominated for the BAFTA for Best Actress for her portrayal of Joan Castleman in drama film The Wife. Terrio first met Close on the set of ''The Divorce'' in 2002 and directed directed Close in ''Heights''. Photo: Ash Knotek/Snappers]]
 +
The Daily Mail reported on February 9, 2019 that Chris Terrio accompanied longtime friend Glenn Close to the BAFTA Nominees part held at Kensington Palace, London on February 9, 2019. Close is nominated for the BAFTA for Best Actress for her portrayal of Joan Castleman in drama film The Wife. Terrio first met Close on the set of ''The Divorce'' in 2002 and directed directed Close in ''Heights''.
 +
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===February 22, 2018: The Script for the Ninth Star Wars is in Good Shape===
 +
E News reported on February 22, 2018 that J. J. Abrams appreared on CBS' The Late Show and disclosed that the script for Star Wars: Episode IX, now scheduled to hit theaters on December 20, 2019, is in good shape. "We have a script, which is a big deal for me. It starts shooting end of July," said Abrams. "Having a script in advance is something I haven't always been lucky enough to have. I'm writing this with Chris Terrio, who is a genius, and I'm having a great time."
 +
 +
"With The Force Awakens, J.J. delivered everything we could have possibly hoped for," Lucasfilm president Kathleen Kennedy said, "and I am so excited that he is coming back to close out this trilogy."<ref>[http://www.eonline.com/news/915554/j-j-abrams-announces-he-has-a-script-for-star-wars-episode-ix E News. "J.J. Abrams Announces He Has a Script for Star Wars: Episode IX" February 22, 2018.]</ref>
 +
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===September 15, 2017: Why Chris Terrio is the Perfect Writer For Star Wars: Episode 9===
 +
Stephen M. Colbert wrote on September 15, 2017 at Screen Rant that Chris Terrio is the Perfect Writer For Star Wars: Episode 9. "Not only does Terrio have what it takes to write a great Star Wars movie, but his writing could be the first to truly bridge the divide between what some fans love about the prequel lore, while still keeping it grounded in that ever-praised original trilogy style dialogue and world-building," writes Colbert adding that with that "kind of enthusiasm for lore and world-building [Terrio demonstrated in Batman versus Superman], and an already assumed tight collaboration with the Lucasfilm Story Group, Terrio will no doubt turn out the kind of Star Wars story fans have been longing for, not just resolving the plots and thematic arcs set up in The Force Awakens and The Last Jedi, but even bringing in some longer running elements established in other canon media." According to Colbert the fact that J.J. Abrams is collaborating with Terrio on the script serves as the perfect counter balance to ensure that, despite embracing a larger than life mythological underpinning, the screenplay will still maintain Abrams’ tried and true ability to deliver a story that audiences can digest and enjoy.<ref>[http://screenrant.com/star-wars-episode-9-chris-terrio-bvs-writer/ Screen Rant. "Why Chris Terrio is the Perfect Writer For Star Wars: Episode 9" by Stephen Colbert. September 15, 2017.]</ref>
 +
 +
===September 12, 2017: Terrio to Co-Write Ninth Star Wars Movie with J J Abrams===
 +
Fortune Magazine reported on September 12, 2017 that Chris Terrio will co-write the script for the ninth installment of the Star Wars saga with J J Abrams, who wrote and directed Episode VII: The Force Awakens. Abrams will replace Jurassic World director and co-writer Colin Trevorrow who reportedly didn't see eye-to-eye with Lucasfilm's top brass on the direction of the movie, reports Variety. In enlisting Abrams and co-writer Chris Terrio, Disney will hope to recreate the critical, fan, and box office success of The Force Awakens—which has grossed more than $2 billion to date.<ref>[http://fortune.com/2017/09/12/j-j-abrams-star-wars-episode-8-disney-lucasfilm/ Fortune Magazine. "Disney and Lucasfilm Turn to J.J. Abrams to Steer ‘Star Wars: Episode IX" September 12, 2017.]</ref>
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===August 29, 2017: Terrio Gets Executive Producer Credit on ''Justice League''===
 +
Batman News reported on August 29, 2017 that Warner Bros. just sent out their 2017 Fall Movie Preview to the press, and included were updated credits for Justice League including an Executive Producer credit for Chris Terrio. Writers credits include: Story by Chris Terrio & Zack Snyder, Screenplay by Chris Terrio and Joss Whedon; Producers: Charles Roven, Deborah Snyder, Jon Berg, Geoff Johns; Executive Producers: Jim Rowe, Wesley Coller, Curtis Kanemoto, Chris Terrio, Ben Affleck.<ref>[http://batman-news.com/2017/08/29/joss-whedon-officially-gets-justice-league-writer-credit/ Batman News. "Joss Whedon officially gets ‘Justice League’ writer credit" August 29, 2017.]</ref>
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===August 29, 2017: Terrio Shares Writing Credit with Josh Whedon on ''Justice League''===
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Batman News also reported that Joss Whedon will receive a writing credit for the screenplay of ''Justice League'' along with Terrio.<ref>[http://batman-news.com/2017/08/29/joss-whedon-officially-gets-justice-league-writer-credit/ Batman News. "Joss Whedon officially gets ‘Justice League’ writer credit" August 29, 2017.]</ref> According to Forbes reporter Mark Hughes, Whedon contributed almost two dozen pages of new material and rewrites. “Yes, it’s fair to say that probably a third of the script total - when you add the new pages he wrote, the rewrites that he wrote, the deletion of pages and scenes out of the movie,” said Hughes. “It probably amounts to enough to qualify for that one-third.”<ref>[http://comicbook.com/dc/2017/09/03/justice-league-joss-whedon-credit-changes/ Comic Book. "Here's How Much Joss Whedon Has Reportedly Influenced 'Justice League'" by Megan Peters. September 3, 2017.]</ref>
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===August 12, 2017: James Ivory Struggles to Finance Chris Terrio's 'Richard II'===
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The Guardian reported on August 12, 2017 that for more than five years, James Ivory has tried in vain to raise money for a cinema adaptation of Richard II with a screenplay by Chris Terrio. Potential investors praise the script and describe the project as a “terrific idea”, said Ivory, “but nobody comes forward with the money”. Ivory needs around £15m, which he says is “nothing as far as movies are concerned these days, but no one seems to want to take the risk”. Despite 50 years of critical acclaim and Oscar recognition, plus British actors Tom Hiddleston and Damian Lewis lined up to star in his production, financiers are refusing to part with their money. “They look at you like you’re crazy,” he said. “There is an assumption that there is no money to be made from such an investment.”
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Ivory knows exactly how he would adapt Richard II for the big screen: “It would make a fantastic thing visually to do a medieval film in 3D. We know very little about the medieval age. You read books about it. You go to museums and see the armour and so forth, but that’s really all we know about it. When it’s delivered as a film, you learn a lot.”
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“Investing in Shakespeare is a labour of love," says Producer Stephen Evans who encountered “much scepticism” from potential investors in making Henry V with Kenneth Branagh.  "So many investment funds are frightened of the financial potential in making Shakespeare. The last Shakespeare released, Macbeth – despite having Michael Fassbender and Marion Cotillard as the two leads and being well received – only did middling business. It is clearly very difficult. I do think that, if Shakespeare was around now, he would be in LA writing scripts for Star Wars and the like. There is so much good stuff that has been done on Shakespeare, it will take a new generation to rediscover his works and try to put new angles on his genius.”<ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/film/2017/aug/12/james-ivory-shakespeare-film-fails-to-find-funding The Guardian. "Film investors’ fear of the Bard is burying my Richard II, says James Ivory" by Dalya Alberge. August 12, 2017.]</ref>
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===July 20, 2017: F. Scott Frazier Will Rewrite Terrio's Script for ''Tell No One''===
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Deadline Hollywood reported on July 20, 2017 that F. Scott Frazier will rewrite Chris Terrio's draft of ''Tell No One'', an adaptation of the bestselling thriller by Harlan Coben. Frazier's recent credits include ''xXx: Return Of Xander Cage'' and ''Collide''.<ref>[https://deadline.com/2017/07/tell-no-one-movie-harlan-coben-f-scott-frazier-universal-1202132168/ Deadline Hollywood. "F. Scott Frazier To Write Harlan Coben Adaptation ‘Tell No One’ For Universal" by Mike Fleming Jr. July 20, 2017]</ref>''
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===July 13, 2017: New Director of 'The Batman' Will Not Use the Script Developed by Ben Affleck, Geoff Johns and Chris Terrio===
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The Washington Post reported on July 13, 2017 that The Batman” director Matt Reeves confirmed to MTV’s “Happy Sad Confused” podcast that he and WB/DC will not use the script developed by Ben Affleck, Geoff Johns and Chris Terrio and will instead start over.<ref>[http://www.post-gazette.com/ae/movies/2017/07/14/A-new-script-could-be-just-what-the-solo-Batman-movie-needs-to-get-back-on-track/stories/201707140081 Washington Post. "A new script could be just what the solo Batman movie needs to get back on track" by David Betancourt. July 13, 2017.]</ref>
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===February 25, 2017: Terrio Win Razzie Award for Worst Screenplay for 'Batman vs. Superman'===
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EW reported on February 25, 2017 that Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, directed by Man of Steel‘s Zack Snyder, earned Raspberry Awards, a.k.a. The Razzies in four categories including Worst Supporting Actor for Jesse Eisenberg’s Lex Luthor, Worst Screen Combo for Ben Affleck’s Batman and Henry Cavill’s Superman, Worst Screenplay for Chris Terrio and David S. Goyer, and Worst Remake, Rip-off, or Sequel. The DC superhero face-off took in a worldwide total of $873.3 million, after facing an onslaught of negative reviews.<ref>[http://ew.com/movies/2017/02/25/razzies-2017-winners-batman-v-superman-hillarys-america/ EW. "Batman v Superman, Hillary's America top 2017 Razzies" by Nick Romano. February 25, 2017.]</ref>
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===February 8, 2017: The 'Batman' Movie Gets New Script===
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Mark Hughes wrote in Forbes on February 8, 2017 that sources confirm the script for ''The Batman'' originally written by Ben Affleck and Geoff Johns and rewritten by Chris Terrio  will undergo substantial changes and possible/probably another full rewrite. "If Affleck and Warner had spent the last few weeks noting Affleck's schedule and the particularly important needs of The Batman might necessitate him bringing in a collaborator, and if the remarks about the script had admitted Terrio was being sought to help get the script into shape for production, those frank admissions would've removed the seeming veil of secrecy and appearance of damage-control-mode, and the announcement of Affleck quitting the directing job wouldn't have seemed quite so sudden or huge," writes Mark Hughes. "Now, we face another round of slow leaks, with word about continued script problems and the possible need for the new creative team to go back to the drawing board, and rumors that Affleck might continue slowly stepping away from the project."<ref>[https://www.forbes.com/sites/markhughes/2017/02/08/the-batman-movie-gets-new-script-new-director-and-likely-2019-release/#aed6d676d4e8 Forbes. "The 'Batman' Movie Gets New Script, New Director, And Likely 2019 Release" by Mark Hughes. February 8, 2017.]</ref>
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===January 30, 2017: Terrio Does Rewrite of 'Batman'===
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Deadline reported on January 30, 2017 that Ben Affleck won’t direct Batman but will remain as star. According to Deadline Affleck wrote the script for 'Batman' with Geoff Johns and a rewrite was just turned in by Chris Terrio. “There are certain characters who hold a special place in the hearts of millions," said Affleck. "Performing this role demands focus, passion and the very best performance I can give. It has become clear that I cannot do both jobs to the level they require. Together with the studio, I have decided to find a partner in a director who will collaborate with me on this massive film. I am still in this, and we are making it, but we are currently looking for a director. I remain extremely committed to this project, and look forward to bringing this to life for fans around the world.”<ref>[https://deadline.com/2017/01/ben-affleck-not-directing-batman-1201897975/ Deadline. "Ben Affleck Not Directing Batman" by Mike Fleming Jr. January 30, 2017.]</ref>
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===October 6, 2016: Terrio to Participate in One Voice Series at the Old Vic===
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The Stage reported on October 6, 2016 that the Old Vic will stage a series of monologues by writers including Amelia Bullmore, John Godber and Patrick Marber. Other writers taking part in the One Voice series include Shami Chakrabarti, Mark Watson, Marie Jones and Chris Terrio.<ref>[https://www.thestage.co.uk/news/2016/daniel-radcliffe-star-stoppard-revival-old-vic/ The Stage. "Daniel Radcliffe to star in Stoppard revival at the Old Vic" by David Hutchinson. October 6, 2016.]</ref>
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According to the Old Vic website, this season each production will be accompanied by a one-off performance of new-writing monologues. Influential contemporary writers will give their slant on the multitude of themes presented across the year.<ref>[http://www.oldvictheatre.com/whats-on/2016/one-voice/ Old Vic. "One Voice" retrieved October 6, 2016.]</ref>
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===May 6, 2016: Documentary "High Stakes" Premieres with the 'Real Story' of E. W. Marland, Preempting Hollywood's Inaccuracies===
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[[Image:Marland ends of the earth.jpg|thumb|right|550px|'''Documentary "High Stakes" Tells the 'Real Story' of E. W. Marland.''' Rob Boddick and Leasha Combes portray E.W. and Lydie Marland in a re-enactment from the documentary “High Stakes: The Life and Times of E.W. Marland.” This depicts a party at the mansion at which E.W. introduces Lydie as his new wife. Photo: High Stakes]]
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The Tulsa World reported that “High Stakes: The Life and Times of E.W. Marland" premiered in Ponca City on May 6, 2016 and will premier in Tulsa on  May 12, 2016. The hope is that people learn the real story of oilman, politician, and philanthropist E. W. Marland from the documentary and want to tour the Marland Mansion and the  Marland Grand Home to learn more of the story.<ref>[http://www.tulsaworld.com/homepagelatest/documentary-aims-to-tell-real-story-of-oklahoma-oilman-governor/article_71cefe47-4321-51a1-9abd-a4d90ec9555c.html Tulsa World. "Documentary aims to tell 'real story' of Oklahoma oilman, governor E.W. Marland" by Michael Smith. May 10, 2016.]</ref> The documentary, filmed by Scott Swearingen and Steve Herrin, was funded by a grant of $100,000 from the Marland Estate Foundation. “The project was completely funded with no city funds used,” said David Keathly, director of the Marland Mansion. "We have been working on it over a year.”<ref>[http://poncacitynow.com/news/index.cfm?nk=55626 Ponca City Now. ""High Stakes: The Life & Times of E.W. Marland" premieres May 6" by Beverly Bryant. February 19, 2016.]</ref>
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The impetus for the documentary came in February, 2013 when Hollywood film producer Harvey Weinstein announced [http://marlandmovie.com “The Ends of the Earth,”] a film about E.W. Marland based on a screenplay from Oscar-winner Chris Terrio of “Argo". The hot film project seemed to come together quickly with Jennifer Lawrence slated to play Lydie Marland, the governor’s second wife, and David Russell selected to direct the picture. Residents of Ponca City were excited to learn that a movie would be made about one of it's most prominent citizens as rumors circulated that principal filming and production of the major motion picture would be done in Ponca City and that Christian Bale or Johnny Depp were being considered for the role of E. W. Marland.
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But in May, 2013 a Ponca City citizen alerted local civic leaders to the contents of Chris Terrio's screenplay and passed on a copy of the script for "The Ends of the Earth." When members of the E.W. Marland Estate Foundation were given the opportunity to take a look at Terrio's screenplay and it's “dramatic license, or, well, inaccuracies,” said Scott Swearingen, they decided that something needed to be done. "There was going to be an emphasis on drama, with the facts going by the wayside. The [Marland Estate] Foundation was concerned that people come to see the mansion with that story in mind. The wrong story,” said Swearingen, co-producer of the documentary, who has crafted video productions for exhibits at Gilcrease Museum of Art and the Woody Guthrie Center. Apparently Marland was not going to be shown in a good light, said Swearingen. “Lydie was going to be the heroine of the story, which would show her doing things to help employees that E.W. wouldn’t do, when it was actually E.W. who had instituted the policies that helped these employees.” The foundation hired Swearingen and Herrin to “tell the story as it happened — to get it right.”
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Meanwhile the Hollywood production of "The Ends of the Earth" ” has now gone silent and all involved have moved on to other projects. E. W. Marland's story is "a great story about never giving up. It’s remarkable to see how a person accumulates so much money and then loses it in a perfect storm. Why would you need to fictionalize this?” says Steve Herrin, one of the producers of "High Stakes". “The real story is so much more interesting than anything Hollywood could come up with.”<ref>[http://www.tulsaworld.com/homepagelatest/documentary-aims-to-tell-real-story-of-oklahoma-oilman-governor/article_71cefe47-4321-51a1-9abd-a4d90ec9555c.html Tulsa World. "Documentary aims to tell 'real story' of Oklahoma oilman, governor E.W. Marland" by Michael Smith. May 10, 2016.]</ref>
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* Learn more at [http://marlandmovie.com EW Marland, Ponca City, and the Upcoming Movie "The Ends of the Earth"]
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===May 6, 2016: Ben Affleck Will 'Fine Tune' Terrio's Script for Justice League===
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Borys Kit reported in Hollywood Reporter on May 6, 2016 that Ben Affleck will work with Chris Terrio, his screenwriter from Argo and Batman v. Superman, to fine-tune the script for ''Justice League'' and will also be involved in  the postproduction process according to sources. Affleck, who is already starring in the Zack Snyder-directed Justice League films as Batman, will now act as an executive producer on Warners' currently in-production DC blockbuster. According to Kit, themove comes as BvS has come to the end of its box-office run, grossing $864 million worldwide. "While that number seems solid on paper, the studio was expecting more," says Kit. "The fan reaction and reviews also seemed a rejection of the dark tone created by the movie’s filmmaking team."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/ben-affleck-elevated-justice-league-891514 Hollywood Reporter. "Ben Affleck Elevated to 'Justice League' Executive Producer" by Borys Kit. May 6, 2016.]</ref>
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===April 5, 2016:  Aaron Stockard Signed to Write Script for "Bunker Hill" Instead of Terrio===
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Mike Fleming Jr. reported at Deadline on April 5, 2016 that  Aaron Stockard has signed to script Bunker Hill: A City, A Siege, A Revolution. Stockard co-wrote the script for "The Town"with Ben Affleck and Peter Craig and co-wrote the script for "Gone Baby Gone" with Ben Affleck. "Stockard has been Pearl Street’s go-to guy on Boston-centric films, and that includes Whitey, the pic he scripted on Boston crime kingpin Whitey Bulger that Affleck once hoped to direct with Damon playing the title role," writes Fleming. Pearl Street’s Affleck and Matt Damon are producing with Jennifer Todd, and there’s no solid commitment beyond that at this point.<ref>[https://deadline.com/2016/04/aaron-stockard-bunker-hill-ben-affleck-matt-damon-nathaniel-philbrick-book-pearl-street-1201732476/ Deadline. "Aaron Stockard To Adapt Nathaniel Philbrick Revolutionary War Tale ‘Bunker Hill’ For Pearl Street’s Affleck & Damon" by Mike Fleming Jr. April 5, 2016.]</ref>
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Terrio had previously been named as the screenwriter chosen to write the script for "Bunker Hill" as Mike Fleming Jr reported reported at Deadline on March 11, 2013 that Terrio was attached to write the screenplay for ''Bunker Hill'' about the violent sieges that erupted in Lexington and Concord after a British blockade led to outright war in the Battle of Bunker Hill, a bloody clash that united the colonies and started the war for independence.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/03/argos-ben-affleck-at-center-of-warner-bros-deal-for-nathaniel-philbrick-book-bunker-hill/ Deadline Hollywood.  "‘Argo’s Ben Affleck At Center Of Warner Bros Deal For Nathaniel Philbrick Book ‘Bunker Hill’" by Mike Fleming Jr.  March 18, 2013.]</ref>
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===March 20, 2016: "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice" Released in US===
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Wikipedia reported that Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice premiered at Auditorio Nacional in Mexico City on March 19, 2016, followed by a New York City premiere on March 20 at Radio City Music Hall. The film debuted simultaneously across 30,000 screens in nearly every major foreign territory across 61 markets, including China, with domestic open across roughly 4,242 locations of which 3,500 theaters (85%) were in 3D, 390 IMAX screens, 470 PLF locations, 150 D-Box theaters and ten 70 mm prints. An estimated $165 million marketing effort helped promote Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. The film grossed $166 million in North America in its opening weekend, the seventh biggest opening of all-time, ahead of The Dark Knight Rises' $160.9 million. The film had a worldwide opening of $422.5 million, which stands as the biggest opening for a superhero film, the second biggest for Warner Bros. and the fourth biggest of all-time. It became the fourth film to have a global opening above $400 million<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Batman_v_Superman:_Dawn_of_Justice&oldid=719097151 Wikipedia. "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice" retrieved May 6, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 11, 2016: Terrio is Writing a Play and Developing a Series for Netflix===
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In an article in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Ben Fritz wrote that  Terrio has finished his script for next year’s “Justice League” and is now working on a play and developing a series for Netflix.<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 11, 2016: Terrio Has a Background in Comic Books===
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said that he has a background in comic books and that the first movie he ever saw with ''Superman 2.'' "I almost drowned in a pool at age four playing Aquaman. I went away from comics for most of my life. But I stayed on top of super-hero movies."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 11, 2016: Christopher Nolan's Batman Films Were an Inspiration for Terrio===
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said that the super-hero movies that always intrigues him the most were the ones by Christopher Nolan. "They were ways of asking interesting questions in a genre form. We stand on the shoulders of those films in a way. Nolan helped establish a space in which super-hero movies can be taken more seriously. We thought a lot about those films, to a point where I had to stop watching “The Dark Knight” because I found I was rewriting it."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 11, 2016: Terrio Also Took Inspiration from Frank Miller and Grant Morrison===
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said that he also took inspiration from writer Frank Miller who influenced the film very directly, and from Grant Morrison "who asks difficult philosophical questions in an extremely smart way. I tried to take in as much as I could while also keeping a little bit of an outsider’s eye."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 11, 2016: Terrio Says the Batman-Superman Conflict is Almost Archetypal===
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said that the roots of the conflict between Batman and Superman are almost archtypal and that Batman's origin in the murder of his parents is the primary metaphor for Western Literature. "There was a moment before and then everything fell. That brings up questions of Superman," said Terrio. "I began to think Batman and Superman occupy different parts of the mythic imagination. In superhero stories, Batman is Pluto, god of the underworld, and Superman is Apollo, god of the sky. That began to be really interesting to me — that their conflict is not just due to manipulation, but their very existence. In the end, there’s a common humanity which I think is discovered at a certain moment in the film."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 11, 2016: Terrio Initially Didn't Think He Wanted to Write "Justice League"===
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said he initially thought he wasn't the guy to do "Justice League" and that he went off to work on something else. "But the first day I went to the set, I saw Jesse [Eisenberg] in a scene with Holly Hunter and I really did feel like I was watching some strange, great performance in an independent film," said Terrio. "At that moment, I thought, “I’m not done with this yet. I want to go back and keep telling the story.” “Batman v Superman” is a bit of an “Empire Strikes Back” or “Two Towers” or any similar middle film in a trilogy. The middle film tends to be the darkest one. I do think from “Man of Steel” through “Justice League,” it is one saga really."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 11, 2016: Terrio Says "Batman v Superman" is Dark Because it is the Middle Film of a Trilogy===
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said one reason that “Batman v Superman” seems to dark is that it is the middle film of a trilogy. "“Batman v Superman” is a bit of an “Empire Strikes Back” or “Two Towers” or any similar middle film in a trilogy. The middle film tends to be the darkest one. I do think from “Man of Steel” through “Justice League,” it is one saga really. I expect “Justice League” will be tonally not quite as dark as “Batman v Superman.” From that point of view, I felt compelled to go back and try to lift us and myself into a different tonal place because I think when you write a darker film, sometimes you want to redeem it all a bit."<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 11, 2016: Terrio Will Not Necessarily Be Writing a Second "Justice League"===
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In an interview in the Wall Street Journal on March 11, 2016 about Terrio's work on "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," Terrio said he he won't necessarily be writing Part Two of "Justice League." "This has been the most rigorous intellectual exercise I’ve had in my writing life. For “Batman v Superman,” I wanted to really dig into everything from ideas about American power to the structure of revenge tragedies to the huge canon of DC Comics to Amazon mythology. For “Justice League,” I could be reading in the same day about red- and blueshifts in physics, Diodorus of Sicily and his account of the war between Amazons and Atlanteans, or deep-sea biology and what kind of life plausibly might be in the Mariana Trench," said Terrio. "If you told me the most rigorous dramaturgical and intellectual product of my life would be superhero movies, I would say you were crazy. But I do think fans deserve that. I felt I owed the fan base all of my body and soul for two years because anything less wouldn’t have been appreciating the opportunity I had.<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2016/03/11/inside-chris-terrios-vision-for-batman-superman-and-justice-league/ Wall Street Journal. "Inside Chris Terrio’s Vision for Batman, Superman and ‘Justice League’" by Ben Fritz. March 11, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 10, 2016: “Batman v Superman" Producer Charles Roven Says Terrio is "Brilliant, Brilliant, Complicated"===
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[[Image:Charles roven.jpg|thumb|right|300px|'''“Batman v Superman" Producer Charles Roven Says Terrio is "Brilliant, Brilliant, Complicated".''' Photo: [https://www.flickr.com/photos/nerdcity/2676315944/in/photolist-cyLCgu-cyLBwN-55uPum-cyLAC9-cyLDth-cyLCNL-cyLD3E-cyLBVb-cyLAaL-cyLCwL-57fUhX-57rpBj-kDd9N6 Charles Roven] Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0)]]
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Ben Fritz writes in the Wall Street Journal in an article about "“Batman v Superman" that according to the movie's producer, Charles Roven, Terrio is "brilliant, brilliant, complicated." Fritz writes that Terrio script invokes Italian semiotician Umberto Eco’s 1972 essay “The Myth of Superman” and the W.H. Auden poem “Musée des Beaux Arts,” which contrasts the quotidian details of normal people’s lives with the epic struggles of mythological figures. “Given the scale, you would think the whole thing has a corporate stench, but the way we worked there was this quality of, ‘I can’t believe they’re letting us do this,’ ” Terrio said.<ref>[http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-great-comic-book-movie-debate-1457637539 Wall Street Journal. "The Great Comic-Book Movie Debate" by Ben Fritz. March 10, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 10, 2016: Terrio Recently Finished Script for "Justice League"===
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Terrio recently finished his script for “Justice League,” which starts shooting in April 2016, giving Terrio a key role defining the big- screen versions of DC superheroes. To prepare, the writer says he studied red- and blueshifts in electromagnetic physics to think about the Flash, investigated deep sea biology in the Mariana trench to create the world of Aquaman and read the Greek historian Diodorus of Sicily’s account of the war between Amazon and Atlantis to better understand Wonder Woman. “If you told me the most rigorous dramaturgical and intellectual product of my life would be superhero movies, I would have said you were crazy,” said Terrio.<ref>[http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-great-comic-book-movie-debate-1457637539 Wall Street Journal. "The Great Comic-Book Movie Debate" by Ben Fritz. March 10, 2016.]</ref>
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===March 9, 2016: Ben Affleck Says He and Terrio Were Not a "Package Deal" on "Batman versus Superman"===
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Ben Affleck said in an interview with Anthony Breznican in Entertainment Weekly on March 9, 2016 that when Affleck signed on to play Batman in "Batman versus Superman," it was not part of a "package deal" that Terrio came on to help write the screenplay at about the same time. According to Affleck, Terrio hadn't signed even his deal yet when Batman was first pitched to Affleck. "No, we were not a package deal at all." said Affleck. "We were totally separate components, and this was a coincidence. Obviously we had some history from Argo, but it was just lucky happenstance for me. Obviously, Warner Bros. hired Chris to write Argo before [I signed on to direct], so they knew Chris long ago. I’ve had a long history with him and a successful history with them, and so it was sort of on a parallel track."
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Affleck added that he was excited to work with Terrio again. "Chris is such a smart guy and so thoughtful and so invested in realism that it really was exciting to me. Zack was the guy who is so into the comic books and the fanboy world, and Chris was the guy who did political thrillers and wasn’t a comic book guy. They were sort of perfect compliments to one another. I thought that was a brave partnership on both of their parts, a perfect match, a yin and yang sort of thing. That combination was really exciting to me. So I was really psyched."<ref>[http://www.ew.com/article/2016/03/09/batman-v-superman-ben-affleck-wonder-woman Entertainment Weekly. "Ben Affleck: Bruce Wayne hates Superman, but is 'inspired' by Wonder Woman" by Anthony Breznican. March 9, 2016.]</ref>
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===December 1, 2015: David Betancourt Says Terrio Was Brought into Batman to Put "Some Nicely Spun Words" into the Super-Heroes' Super-Mouths===
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In an interview in the Washington Post on Decmeber 1, 2015 David Betancourt, a self-described "Avid fanboy and lover of all things comic book related" who writes about the comic book industry for the Comic Riffs blog of The Washington Post, says that "Man of Steel,” didn’t give Henry Cavill much in terms of deep dialogue and that's why Ben Affleck brought in Terrio to rework the script from David Goyer. "Both Ben and Henry both get the benefit of looking the part," says Betancourt, "but there should now be some nicely spun words coming out of their super-mouths."<ref>[https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/comic-riffs/wp/2015/12/01/at-last-batfleck-is-unmasked-in-new-batman-v-superman-sneak-heres-a-fanboy-breakdown-of-what-we-see/ Washington Post. "At last, Batfleck is unmasked in ‘Batman v Superman’ sneak. Here’s what we’re really seeing." by Michael Cavna and David Betancourt. December 1 , 2015.]</ref>
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===November 30, 2015: Terrio Returns to CAA===
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Ptrick Hipes reported at Deadline on November 30, 2015 that Terrio has left WME and re-signed with CAA. Terrio continues to be repped by attorney James Feldman at Lichter, Grossman, Nichols, Adler & Feldman. According to Deadline, Terrio has been writing one high-profile project after another since, including Batman V. Superman which is due out March 25, 2016, and Warners’ DC Universe Justice League pictures.<ref>[https://deadline.com/2015/11/chris-terrio-caa-return-argo-batman-v-superman-1201647239/ Deadline.  "Oscar Winner Chris Terrio Returning To CAA"  by Patrick Hipes.  November 30, 2015.]</ref>
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In November, 2013 Terrio changed agencies from CAA to WME.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/11/wme-signs-hot-argo-scribe-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "WME Signs Hot ‘Argo’ Scribe Chris Terrio" by Mike Fleming Jr.  November 15, 2013.]</ref>
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===November 19, 2015: Oscar Isaac is in early talks to star in Terrio's “A Foreigner"===
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Variety reported on November 19, 2015 that Oscar Isaac is in early talks to star in Paramount’s political thriller “A Foreigner,” written by Chris Terrio. “A Foreigner” has been in development for some time; at one point, Matt Damon was being courted to make his directorial debut on the project. When Gomez-Rejon dropped out of “Collateral Beauty,” Paramount quickly moved to offering him the job and offered Isaac the lead role.<ref>[https://variety.com/2015/film/news/a-foreigner-oscar-isaac-1201644648/ Variety. "Oscar Isaac Circles Lead Role in Paramount’s ‘A Foreigner’ (EXCLUSIVE)" by Justin Kroll.  November 19, 2015.]</ref>
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===September 14, 2015: Matt Damon Says Ben Affleck Did ''Batman'' Because Chris Terrio did the Script===
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Matt Damon said in an interview in the NY Times on September 14, 2015 that the reason that Ben Affleck decided to play Batman in ''Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice'' is because Affleck got Chris Terrio on to do the script. "It was obviously a big decision for [Affleck] to make, but I think he did it exactly the right way. It wasn’t about whether or not he was going to play Batman, it was about whether or not, with the team they had in place, he could make a great Batman movie. Because he got Chris Terrio on to do the script, I think that changed everything. And Ben’s a big believer in Zack Snyder. So when those pieces started to come together, it was a different conversation."<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/projects/cp/film-festivals/toronto-2015/matt-damon-answers-reader-questions NY Times. "Matt Damon Answers Reader Questions at the Toronto Film Festival" September 14, 2015.]</ref>
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===September 11, 2015: Tim Hiddleston is Starring in James Ivory's ''Richard II'' Using Terrio's Script===
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The NY Times reported on September 11, 2015 that James Ivory is working on the film of ‘‘Richard II,’’ using Chris Terrio's script and starring Tom Hiddleston.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/11/t-magazine/james-ivory-house.html?_r=0 NY Times. "James Ivory’s Home Befits His Extraordinary Life" by Nancy Hass.  September 11, 2015.]</ref> Ivory previously confirmed Hiddleston's involvement in the movie to Everett Evans of the Houston Chronicle on November 7, 2014.<ref>[http://www.houstonchronicle.com/entertainment/arts-theater/article/Festival-salutes-the-literate-cinema-of-James-5878801.php Houston Chronicle. "Festival salutes the literate cinema of James Ivory" by Everett Evans. November 7, 2014.]</ref>
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===July 3, 2015: Terrio's Justice League Movie Script Is Complete===
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Joe Comicbook reported at Comicbook.com on July 3, 2015 that according to a new report in the Comic-Con print edition of Entertainment Weekly, Warner Bros. already has a complete script for the ''Justice League: Part One'' which is scheduled for release in November, 2017. According to EW, Terrio and director Zack Snyder locked themselves in a room with a large supply of Diet Coke to help them stay alert as they plotted the films. “Chris would talk and I would draw it and it was basically this weird mural of the movies with no words,” said Snyder. Frank Miller’s The Dark Knight Returns is noted as one of the influences on their plot.<ref>[http://comicbook.com/2015/07/03/justice-league-script-is-already-complete/ Comicbook.com "Justice League Movie Script Is Already Complete" by Joe Comicbook.  July 3, 2015.]</ref>
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===December 15, 2014: Devin Faraci writes That Terrio's Superman Script Deals Explicitly With Fan Complaints About the Last Superman Film===
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Devin Faraci wrote at Bad Ass Digest on December 15, 2014 that he has had a chance to read a script of Terrio's ''Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice'' that was handed in a month before principal photography began and although the script is very much a sequel to Man of Steel and follows up on stuff from that movie in big ways, it also deals explicitly with some fan complaints about the last Superman film. "As for being a protector of the people - when the Doomsday fight starts General Swanwick tells the military that Superman will move the battle away from populated areas because he's a hero, and that's what heroes do," writes Faraci. "Again, this is a direct response to complaints about the first film. It's also interesting to see that Swanwick, who was tracking Superman with drones at the end of Man of Steel, is such a supporter in this film. It seems that most people - except Lex Luthor and a cautious Batman, who is prepping anti-Superman weapons - believe Superman is a hero."<ref>[http://badassdigest.com/2014/12/15/find-out-supermans-situation-in-batman-v-superman?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+badassdigest+%28Badass+Digest+ALL%29 Bad Ass Digest.  "Find Out Superman’s Situation In BATMAN V SUPERMAN" by Devin Faraci.  December 15, 2014.]</ref>
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===November 11, 2014: What Ben Affleck and Chris Terrio Made Up About Argo, According To The CIA===
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Gregory Wakeman wrote at CinemaBlend on November 11, 2014 that the Central Intelligence Agency took to Twitter to reveal exactly what Ben Affleck’s film and Chris Terrio’s screenplay got wrong about Tony Mendez’s rescue of six U.S. diplomats who had become stuck in Iran during the 1979-1981 hostage crisis. They did this by prefixing each tweet with either "Reel" or "Real." For example under "Reel", Argo says that when the US Embassy is overtaken the 6 US diplomats go right to the Canadian ambassador's residence to live for the 3 months. The CIA says in "Real" that 5 of them went to many different places until they ended up at the homes of the Canadian Ambassador & the Dep. Chief of Mission. "Yep, that’s right," writes Wakeman . "Argo got one of the most pivotal moments in the film wrong. The hostages actually darted across a number of different places in Tehran before they all eventually ended up at the home of the Canadian Ambassador & the Deputy Chief of Mission. But you can understand why Affleck decided to shorten this down as it would have been rather tedious to see the hostages moving from house to house." The CIA's twitter feed also refers readers who want to know the [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/winter99-00/art1.html real story of Argo to Tony Mendez's firsthand account on the CIA Web Site].<ref>[http://www.cinemablend.com/new/What-Ben-Affleck-Made-Up-About-Argo-According-CIA-68168.html CinemaBlend. "What Ben Affleck Made Up About Argo, According To The CIA" November 11, 2014.]</ref><ref>[https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/winter99-00/art1.html CIA. "A Classic Case of Deception" by Antonio J. Mendez retrieved November 14, 2014.]</ref>
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Affleck and Terrio had previously come under fire for Argo's inaccuracies with regard to the role of Canada in the hostage rescue.<ref>"Canadians are a pretty easy-going bunch, until you get on our bad side and start minimizing our (few) glorious historical victories. Ben Affleck’s Oscar-winning Argo is a prime example. Here are five reasons Canadians are in a twist about the film. Let’s start by saying outright that Argo was a Canadian mission. On November 4, 1979, Islamists overran the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran, upset about the U.S.’s long-standing support for the deposed Shah’s government. It’s been said the plan was to occupy the embassy for only a short time, but once they were able to breach the gates, occupiers bound and blindfolded embassy Marines and staff and paraded them in front of photographers. A joint Canadian government–Central Intelligence Agency covert operation eventually was able to smuggle them out of Iran using Canadian passports and a cover story disguising them as a Canadian film crew on January 28, 1980. When they landed back in the U.S., newscasts were emphatic in their thanks to the Canadian diplomats who lead the rescue mission." [http://heavy.com/entertainment/2013/02/canada-hates-argo-five-fact/ Heavy.  "Why Canada Can’t Stand ‘Argo’: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know"  February 25, 2013.]</ref>
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Patrick Gower, the political editor for 3News had previously called for Affleck to apologize to New Zealand for Argo's deception. "It goes like this; Argo suggests that during the hostage crisis, the New Zealand embassy in Tehran refused to shelter the American fugitives," wrote Gower. "The New Zealand diplomats didn't turn the hostages away at all - in fact we played a key role assisting the Canadians to shelter them. Kiwi Ambassador Chris Beeby and his second secretary Richard Sewell actually went beyond the call of duty to help shelter them - even though Iran was at that stage New Zealand's biggest customer for lamb." Gower added that Affleck portrayed New Zealand's diplomats - and by extension New Zealand - as cowardly, while the opposite is true. "Affleck has not told the truth. Affleck knows it is wrong. "Kiwis didn't turn the hostages away - Kiwis helped them out."<ref>[http://www.3news.co.nz/opinion/patrick-gower/opinion-ben-affleck-must-apologise-to-nz-for-argos-deception-2013022709 3News.  "Opinion: Ben Affleck must apologise to NZ for Argo's deception" by Patrick Gower.  February 27, 2013.]</ref>
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===October 2, 2014: Ben Affleck Blames Terrio for Inaccuracies in Argo's Script===
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3News reported on October 2, 2014 that Ben Affleck responded to inaccuracies with regard to the role of New Zealand in the events portrayed in ''Argo'' by blaming Chris Terrio. "I know I got in trouble because there was a line. The Kiwis wouldn't take them in or something like that," said Affleck. "First of all, I didn't write the script. If you want to burn effigies, the man's name is Chris Terrio, he's a screenwriter, and I took his word for it."<ref>[http://www.3news.co.nz/entertainment/gone-girl-directors-got-great-taste---ben-affleck-2014100218 3News.  "Gone Girl director's got 'great taste' - Ben Affleck" by Kate Rodger.  October 2, 2014.]</ref>
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===August 29, 2014: Terrio worked with Jesse Eisenberg to Create Lex Luthor===
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Jesse Eisenberg, chosen to play he iconic villain Lex Luther in Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice, told ''Total Film'' on Auguust 29, 2014 that he worked with Terrio to create the character. "I got to know one of the writers Chris Terrio, and we were able to discuss things at length and figure out who this person is to create a real psychology behind what is, perhaps, in a comic book, a less than totally modern psychology," says Eisenberg. "I can only say I've been asked to play an interesting role. A complicated, challenging person."<ref>[http://www.totalfilm.com/news/jesse-eisenberg-talks-lex-luthor-1?told Total Film.  "Jesse Eisenberg talks Lex Luthor"  Augustu 29, 2014.]</ref>
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===August 14, 2014:  Ben Affleck Says Chris Terrio Wrote a Terrific Script for "Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice"===
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Entertainment Week reported on August 14, 2014 that Ben Aflleck says that Chris Terrio "wrote a terrific script" for ''Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice''.  Affleck added that it is incumbent on the filmmakers to honor the story. "There are the Greek myths and these are the American myths. The American myths are these superheroes. People care about ‘em a lot. And it’s incumbent on you to do a good job and make it as excellent as you possibly can."<ref>[http://insidemovies.ew.com/2014/08/14/affleck-on-batfleck-i-wouldnt-have-done-it-if-i-didnt-think-i-could/ Entertainment Week.  "Affleck on Batfleck: 'I wouldn't have done it if I didn't think I could'" by Chris Lee.  August 14, 2014.]</ref>
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"This comes as little surprise, given that Batman v Superman will be the official set up for the Justice League; it is the first DC movie to feature two major heroes, and Wonder Woman will be joining Batman and Superman in a smaller role," writes Rose Moore at Moviepilot. "By keeping the same writer for both movies, and filming them back to back, we are guaranteed continuity in style as well as in the details."<ref>[http://moviepilot.com/posts/2014/07/26/batman-vs-superman-scribe-chris-terrio-to-write-justice-league-2139679 Moviepilot. "Batman vs Superman scribe Chris Terrio to write Justice League!" by Rose Moore.  July 26, 2014.]</ref> Considering that Terrio wants to get back to directing, this probably not the career that Terrio envisioned says Edward Davis at Indiewire, "but it's also not the kind of path you say no to, considering the screenwriter is still fairly new."<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/argo-and-batman-v-superman-screenwriter-chris-terrio-courted-to-write-justice-league-too-20140725 Indiewire.  "‘Argo’ And ‘Batman V. Superman’ Screenwriter Chris Terrio Courted To Pen 'Justice League' Too" by Edward Davis.  July 25, 2014.]</ref>
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===June 5, 2014: Glenn Close Pays Tribute to Terrio at Sundance Benefit===
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[[Image:Glenn close and julissa reynoso.JPG|thumb|right|550px|'''Julissa Reynoso and Glenn Close - Two of Chris Terrio's Closest Friends.''' Close paid tribute to Chris Terrio at the 2014 Sundance Institute benefit in New York on June 4, 2014 whom she met when she starred in ''Heights''.  U.S. Ambassador to Uruguay Julissa Reynoso attended Harvard with Terrio and was also the recipient of a Harvard-Cambridge Scholarship at the same time as Terrio. Reynoso says that Terrio is her "best friend."  Photo: [https://www.flickr.com/photos/usembassy_montevideo/12521047434/in/photolist-k5rDbb-7MrUzH-eLqe3c-eLqevp-eLqeAD-eLqett-eLBCKs-eLqexc-4qU25r-eYvcj3-eYiPbD-eYiPma-eYiPtV-eLQWcS-eLQV1Q-eLDypc-eLQWjY-eLQWFU-eLDx8V-eLQWZS-eLQVjj-eLQVWW-eLQWTQ-eLDyYB-eLQV9w-eLDxDk-eLQWWN-eLQWwQ-eLQVQd-e2QReY-e2QRqQ-fVcd1W-GTYotG-9r4cbr-eLDwZa-eLDyGV-eLQXeY-5ccrwB-5MuTwm-eLRcQS-eLRd4u-eLRdi5-eLRdm9-eLRdoW-eLRdrJ-eLDQ3g-eLRdaS-FzrJM-7is4zA-HwXqYF US Embassy in Uruguay] Flickr Creatve Commons Public Domain]]
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Hilary Lewis reported at Hollywood Reporter on June 5, 2014 that Glenn Close and Whiplash director Damien Chazelle stressed the importance of independent film, and the challenges they overcame to make two of their noteworthy indies, at the 2014 Sundance Institute benefit in New York on June 4, 2014 and were both honored for their commitment to indie film by the organization behind Robert Redford's annual Park City festival. "I love being in independent movies," said Close . "I love the casts that gather around a good piece of writing certainly not for the money but because it is good and challenging, and you will spend your days with people who want to be there for all the right reasons. I love to be a part of movies that almost don't get made." During her speech, Close paid tribute to many of the guests at the benefit, including George Lucas and wife Mellody Hobson and Argo screenwriter Chris Terrio, whom she met when she starred in ''Heights''.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/glenn-close-whiplash-director-revel-709773 Hollywood Reporter.  "Glenn Close, 'Whiplash' Director Revel in Rewards of Risky Indie Film Biz at Sundance Benefit" by Hilary Lewis.  June 5, 2014.]</ref>
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===July 25, 2014: Warner Brothers Reportedly Wants Terrio to Write ''Justice League''===
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Mike Fleming reported at Deadline Hollywood on July 25, 2014 that on the heels of rewriting ''Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice'' where he absolutely "crushed the script," Terrio is being courted by Warner Brothers to write the script for its Justice League movie, DC Comics‘ answer to Marvel’s Avengers juggernaut. Touted as perhaps the highest-priority film at Warner Bros for new film division managers Greg Silverman and Sue Kroll, Ben Affleck is going to star as Batman in the Zack Snyder-directed film while Henry Cavill will reprise Superman, Gal Gadot will play Wonder Woman and Game Of Thrones alum Jason Momoa is on the docket to play Aquaman.<ref> [http://www.deadline.com/2014/07/comic-con-batman-v-superman-chris-terrio-justice-league/ Deadline Hollywood.  "Comic-Con Bombshell: WB Wants ‘Batman V Superman’ Scribe Chris Terrio For ‘Justice League’" by Mike Fleming Jr.  July 25, 2014.]</ref> Batman v. Superman is set to hit theaters on May 6, 2016 and the studio aims to shoot the movies back-to-back. "Terrio has a strong relationship with Warners and Affleck, who directed and starred in Argo, a best picture Oscar winner for the studio," write Tatiana Siegel and Borys Kit at ''The Hollywood Reporter''. "The only sliver of Kryptonite in any dealmaking is that Terrio is looking to make the jump to directing and may not want to dedicate his efforts to the high-profile writing assignment."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/comic-con-justice-league-movie-699908?utm_source=twitter The Hollywood Reporter. "Comic-Con: 'Justice League' Movie Courts Oscar-Winning Writer" by Tatiana Siegel and Borys Kit.  July 25, 2014.]</ref>
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===May 8, 2014: Terrio Selected for Sundance Film Festival Screenwriters Lab===
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Dominic Patten reported  at Deadline.com on May 8, 2014 that Terrio was selected to participate in the  Sundance Film Festival Annual Directors and Screenwriters Lab that runs from June 21-26. “For more than 30 years, the Institute labs have challenged and fostered creative voices from around the world,” said Sundance Institute Executive Director Keri Putnam today. “Our lab mentorship continues to serve a critical role in facilitating artist development in a place where they can take risks, challenge norms and grow to produce the best work they can.” The Screenwriters Lab is a workshop where six to eight indie writers work with seasoned screenwriters like Catching Fire scribe Michael Arndt and author and screenwriter Walter Mosley to develop their projects. The June Lab is invite only.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2014/05/sundance-institute-2014-directors-screenwriters-fellows-robert-redford/ Deadline.com "Sundance Institute Selects 2014 Directors & Screenwriters Fellows" by Dominic Patten.  May 8, 2014.]</ref>
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===April 30, 2014: James Feldman Helped Terrio Win One of the Most Coveted Writing Jobs in Hollywood===
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The Hollywood Reporter reported on April 30, 2014 that talent attorney James Feldman struck the deal for Terrio "for one of the most coveted scribe gigs in town: the script for Warner Bros.' Batman-Superman project."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/gallery/photos-power-lawyers-2014-talent-699831#8-james-feldman Holywood Reporter.  "Power Lawyers 2014: The Talent Lawyers: James Feldman."  April 30, 2014.]</ref>
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===April 4, 2014:  Terrio and Glenn Close Discuss 'Superman' at Bar Centrale===
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Gossip Columnist Roger Friedman wrote at ShowBiz411 on April 4, 2014 that he saw Terrio with Glenn Close at Bar Centrale, above Joe Allen’s. Terrio came in from seeing Bryan Cranston in “All the Way”; then Cranston joined Close and Terrio. According to Friedman out of nowhere, someone from Terrio's table screamed, “Superman can’t be dead!” "Everyone in the place turned around. Terrio turned a hot red, imagining tomorrow’s headlines. “Relax, Superman’s not dead,” he reassured us. “Everyone is alive and fine.” Lots of laughter followed."<ref>[http://www.showbiz411.com/2014/04/04/theater-review-denzel-opens-raisin-plus-news-about-batman-and-superman?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=theater-review-denzel-opens-raisin-plus-news-about-batman-and-superman ShowBiz411. "Theater Review: Denzel Opens 'Raisin,' Plus News About 'Batman and Superman'" by Roger Freidman.  April 4, 2014.]</ref>
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===February 1, 2014: 'Man of Steel' Follow-up Being Rebranded with Terrio Credited as Writing the Film===
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Mark Hughes wrote in Forbes on February 1, 2014 that Warner Bros. official statement that Jesse Eisenberg will play Lex Luthor in the upcoming sequel to 2013′s Superman reboot blockbuster contained a few interesting details that speak volumes about how the superhero sequel is evolving.
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<blockquote>The new film is currently being written by Chris Terrio, from a screenplay by David S. Goyer. Charles Roven and Deborah Snyder are producing, with Benjamin Melniker, Michael E. Uslan, Wesley Coller, David S. Goyer and Geoff Johns serving as executive producers.</blockquote>
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"It’s surprising that there’s been no significant reaction to these statements," writes Hughes adding that the project is now being referrred as "new film” that is “being written by Chris Terrio.”<ref>[http://www.forbes.com/sites/markhughes/2014/02/01/how-warner-is-rebranding-batman-vs-superman/ Forbes.  "How Warner Is Rebranding 'Batman Vs. Superman'" by Mark Hughes.  February 1, 2014.]</ref><ref>[http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20140131005753/en/Jesse-Eisenberg-Jeremy-Irons-Join-Cast-Warner Businesswire.  "Jesse Eisenberg and Jeremy Irons Join the Cast of Warner Bros. Pictures’ Untitled Superman/Batman Film from Director Zack Snyder"  January 31, 2014.]</ref>
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Warner Brown commented that Goyer is better when he's collaborating with better writers like Christopher and Jonah Nolan. "It's not a bad thing for Terrio to come in and improve on a draft. As a screenwriter that leaves you alot of room (and fun) to take what is "good" or "ok" and make it great."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/batman-superman-chris-terrio-write-666735 The Hollywood Reporter.  "Batman-Superman Film Enlists 'Argo' Writer (Exclusive)" by Tatiana Siegel.  December 18, 2013.]</ref> Josh Wigler wrote at MTV that Terrio was probably hired by Affleck to polish the dialogue and for some light story restructuring, but that there's no time at this point for a major rewrite. "Terrio's involvement in the film is an encouraging sign, but let's leave it at "encouraging" and nothing more. It's not healthy to view Terrio as the man who will rescue us from repeating any of the first "Man of Steel" film's failings — although that would certainly be nice."<ref>M[http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1719367/batman-superman-argo-writer.jhtml MTV.  "Batman, Superman Join Forces With 'Argo' Writer" by Josh Wigler.  December 19, 2013.]</ref>
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===December 18, 2013: Terrio to Write a Draft of 'Man of Steel' Follow-up===
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Tatiana Siegel reported in ''The Hollywood Reporter'' on December 18, 2013 that Warner Bros. is bringing Terrio in to write a draft of the ''Man of Steel'' follow-up. The untitled Batman-Superman movie, rumored to be called '''Batman vs. Superman,'' will star Ben Affleck. Terrio scripted Affleck's Best Picture winner "Argo," so he has a strong relationship with the Batman actor. David Goyer wrote the screenplay,  but has been tied up with a number of other DC Comics titles including Sandman. Sources say Terrio has been brought in to get the script in shape before filming begins early next year in Michigan.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/batman-superman-chris-terrio-write-666735 The Hollywood Reporter.  "Batman-Superman Film Enlists 'Argo' Writer (Exclusive)" by Tatiana Siegel.  December 18, 2013.]</ref> Terrio is represented by WME, Anonymous Content and attorney James Feldman.<ref>[http://www.thewrap.com/batman-vs-superman-recruits-argo-writer-chris-terrio/ The Wrap.  "'Batman Vs. Superman’ Recruits ‘Argo’ Writer Chris Terrio" by Jeff Sneider.  December 18, 2013.]</ref>
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===November 22, 2013:  Director Selected for "Tell No One"===
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Variety reported on November 22, 2013 that Gavin O’Connor (‘Jane Got A Gun,’ ‘Warrior,’ ‘Pride and Glory’) is in negotiations to direct Terrio's screenplay  for 'Tell No One.' In 2011 Ben Affleck signed on to direct and possibly star in the movie but the exited after scheduling resulted in the remake falling into limbo. Frank Marshall (‘The Bourne Legacy,’ ‘War Horse,’ ‘Back to the Future’) will produce the adaptation of the English language remake of Guillaume Canet’s French hit.<ref>[http://variety.com/2013/film/news/gavin-oconnor-tell-no-one-universal-and-warners-1200865479/ Variety.  "Gavin O’Connor to Direct ‘Tell No One’ Remake for Universal, Warner Bros." by Justin Kroll.  November 22, 2013.]</ref>
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===November 15, 2013:  WME Signs Contract to Represent Terrio===
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Mike Fleming Jr. reported on Deadline on November 15, 2013 that William Morris Endeavor (also known as WME), the world's largest diversified talent agency with offices in Beverly Hills, New York City, London, Miami, and Nashville, is now representing Terrio. Terrio had previously been represented at Creative Artists Agency (CAA). "While Terrio’s run goes back to writing and directing the 2005 pic ''Heights'', his ascension to A-list scribe has been fairly recent," writes Fleming. "Ben Affleck has told me that after carving his previous directing vehicles from the ground up, he could not believe his good fortune when handed Terrio’s Argo script."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/11/wme-signs-hot-argo-scribe-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "WME Signs Hot ‘Argo’ Scribe Chris Terrio" by Mike Fleming Jr.  November 15, 2013.]</ref>
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One commenter to the article on Deadline speculated that the reason that Terrio changed representation is that Ben Affleck is signed with WME and "it’s likely Terrio’s been seeing WME putting together most of his projects already." Another commenter speculated that Terrio "had some frustrating experiences with projects involving CAA talent and potential directing opportunities. His agent there did a great job but WME saw an opportunity via Affleck to launch [Terrio] as a director."<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/11/wme-signs-hot-argo-scribe-chris-terrio/ Deadline.  "WME Signs Hot ‘Argo’ Scribe Chris Terrio" by Mike Fleming Jr.  November 15, 2013.]</ref>
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===October 25, 2013: Jonathan Rhys Meyers Says He Hopes to Be in Terrio's Richard II===
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The Independent of Ireland reported on October 25, 2013 that Jonathan Rhys Meyers hopes to be in James Ivory's ''Richard II'' which he says is slated to begin shooting in 2014 from a screenplay by Terrio.  "Much as I love TV, there are lots of films that I'd like to do," says Rhys Meyers. "I'm meeting for a film next week which is shooting next year and I'd love to do it. It's a James Ivory film on Richard II and it's got a beautiful script from Chris Terrio who did Argo. Fingers crossed."<ref>[http://www.independent.ie/entertainment/tv-radio/interview-with-a-vampire-29698044.html Independent of Ireland.  "Interview with a vampire" by John Meagher.  October 25, 2013.]</ref>
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===October 9, 2013: Terrio Interviews Director Costa-Gavras after the Screening of 'Z'===
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[[Image:Costa gavras.JPG|thumb|300px|Terrio moderated a Question and Answer session with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Costa-Gavras Costa-Gavras] on October 9, 2013 after the screening of Gavras' classic ​"Z" sponsored by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the Academy Theater at Lighthouse International in New York City.  Photo Credit: [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Costa-Gavras_Masterclass_Spielberg.JPG Romain DUBOIS] Wikimedia licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.]]
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Gabriel Byrne reported in the Examiner on October 9, 2013 that Terrio moderated a Question and Answer session with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Costa-Gavras Costa-Gavras] on October 9, 2013 after the screening of Gavras' classic ​"Z" sponsored by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the Academy Theater at Lighthouse International in New York City. During the course of the interview Terrio made the interesting observation that when he is working he "finds anger to be a very useful emotion," a statement with which Costa Gavras concurred. Terrio also remarked that when he was recently in Uruguay, he mentioned the name of director Costa-Gavras during one of his talks and Costa-Gavras is held in such high esteem for his movie "State of Siege" that Terrio was invited the next day to meet the President of Uruguay.<ref>[http://www.examiner.com/article/on-the-scene-at-a-special-screening-of-costa-gavras-capital The Examiner.  "On the scene at a special screening of Costa-Gavras' 'Capital'" by Gabriel Byrne.  October 9, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xgbxgbzNrFs YouTube.com "Costa-Gavras and Chris Terrio on the making of 'Z'"  7:17 minutes October 9, 2013.]</ref>
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===September 12, 2013: Former Primer Minister of Canada Says New Documentary Better than 'Argo'===
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Rob Giles reported in the Associated Press on September 12, 2013 that  former Canadian prime minister Joe Clark, Canada's prime minister in 1979, said the real story presented in the documentary "Our Man in Tehran" of how a former Canadian ambassador protected Americans during the 1979 Iran hostage crisis is a "better story" than Ben Affleck's Oscar-winning picture "Argo." "I think the truth is the better story," said Clark. One year after "Argo" premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival, former ambassador Ken Taylor has debuted his own account of the high-risk caper saying that the documentary offers "a very true" look at Canada's role in rescuing six U.S. citizens during the crisis. Friends of Taylor were outraged when "Argo" debuted at the Toronto International Film Festival last year. "Argo" screenwriter Chris Terrio, who won the best adapted screenplay prize at the Oscars, mentioned Taylor and Sheardown in his speech after saluting Mendez at the awards. Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter has said "90 percent of the contributions to the ideas and the consummation of the plan was Canadian," but "Argo" "gives almost full credit to the American CIA."<ref>[http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2013/09/12/4309567/ex-canada-pm-new-documentary-better.html#.UjMsxhukqWE Charlotte Observer.  "Ex-Canada PM: New documentary better than 'Argo'"  September 12, 2013.]</ref>
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===August 28, 2013:  Matt Damon to Make Directorial Debut with Terrio's ''A Foreigner''===
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Tatiana Siegel reported in the Hollywood Reporter on August 28, 2013 that Matt Damon is in talks to make his directorial debut and to star in the international conspiracy thriller ''A Foreigner'' (formerly ''A Murder Foretold'') for Steve Zaillian and Garrett Basch's Film Rites. Terrio is adapting the screenplay from The New Yorker article "A Murder Foretold" written by David Grann that chronicles the true story of a man gunned down in Guatemala who leaves behind a videotape after his death implicating the country's president and first lady.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/matt-damon-make-directing-debut-616761 Hollywood Reporter.  "Matt Damon to Make Directing Debut With Chris Terrio-Penned 'A Foreigner'" by Tatiana Siegel.  August 28, 2013.]</ref> Asked in 2012 when he would know the right project for him to direct, Damon told ''The Hollywood Reporter'': “I think it’ll just feel right. A lot of the choices I make at this point are just kind of intuitive, just based on years of reading scripts, and it’s just more about a feeling at this point for me."<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/promised-land-matt-damon-hell-406728 The Hollywood Reporter.  "Promised Land': Matt Damon on When He'll Direct His Own Project (Video)" by Rebecca Ford.  December 28, 2012.]</ref>
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===August 22, 2013:  Affleck No Longer Attached to Terrio's "Tell No One"===
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The Wrap reported on August 22, 2013 that with Ben Affleck's attachment to play Batman in Warner Brother's untitled sequel to "Man of Steel" he is no longer attached to direct WB's remake of ''Tell No One'' with script by Chris Terrio. "There's no exact reason why, though not much has been heard about it in a couple of years at least," writes Kevin Jagernauth at Indiewire. "We'd wager that while "Argo" writer Chris Terrio was penning the script, perhaps they couldn't crack the story to make it their own. That, and the fact that producer Kathleen Kennedy, involved with the project from the start (though we're not sure she still is), likely has her hands full as it is shepherding the plethora of "Star Wars" movies on the way. We weren't always so hot on the idea, so perhaps it's not a bad thing this one isn't moving at any kind of speed."<ref>[http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/ben-affleck-drops-tell-no-one-scott-cooper-takes-over-the-stand-20130823 Indiewire.  "Ben Affleck Drops 'Tell No One,' Scott Cooper Takes Over 'The Stand'" by Kevin Jagernauth.  Augusut 23, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://www.thewrap.com/movies/column-post/ben-afflecks-batman-casting-cements-wb-relationship-despite-jeff-robinov-exit-112821 The Wrap.  "Ben Affleck's Batman Casting Bolsters Warner Bros. Relationship - Despite Jeff Robinov Exit"  August 22, 2013.]</ref>
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===June 28, 2013: Terrio Invited to  Join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences===
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On June 28, 2013 the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announced that Terrio is one of 276 new members being invited to join the academy.  "These individuals are among the best filmmakers working in the industry today," said academy President Hawk Koch in a statement. "Their talent and creativity have captured the imagination of audiences worldwide, and I am proud to welcome each of them to the Academy."<ref>[http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/movies/2013/06/28/jennifer-lopez-academy-new-members/2473437/  USA Today.  "Jennifer Lopez, Lucy Liu invited to film academy"  by Bryan Alexander.  June 28, 2013.]</ref>
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===April 9, 2013:  Terrio Visits Uruguay at the Invitation of US Ambassador Julissa Reynoso===
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[[Image:Terrio in uruguay.JPG|thumb|300px|'''Terrio invited to visit Uruguay.''' Terrio visited Uruguay at the invitation of US Ambassador to Uruguay Julissa Reynoso.]]
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[[Image:Julissa reynoso.JPG|thumb|300px|'''US Ambassador Julissa Reynoso invites Terrio to visit Uruguay.''' Terrio visited Uruguay at the invitation of US Ambassador to Uruguay Julissa Reynoso who accompanied Terrio to the Academy Awards ceremony in February 2013. Terrio and Reynoso studied together at Harvard and Cambridge and have been close friends for 15 years. Photo: [https://www.flickr.com/photos/usembassy_montevideo/9457710847/in/photostream/ Public Domain by US Embassy in Uruguay]]]
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[[Image:Terrio at alianza.jpg|thumb|550px|'''Terrio (center) spoke to students from the "Alianza Uruguay Estados Unidos"''' on April 9, 2013. Terrio told the audience pleasantly that he had grown tired of speaking about ''Argo''<ref>[http://telenocheonline.com/de-charla-con-chris-terrio/ Telenoche Online.  "De Charla con Chris Terrio" ]</ref> and this would be the last time he would talk about the movie and that he was happy it was the last time. ]]
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Diario Uruguay reported on March 28, 2013 that Terrio would be traveling to Montevideo, Uruguay at the invitation of US Ambassador to Uruguay Julissa Reynoso who accompanied Terrio to the Academy Awards ceremony in February 2013. Terrio and Reynoso studied together at Harvard and Cambridge and have been close friends for 15 years.  According to sources at the US embassy Terrio planned to spend several days in Uruguay and will meet with local artists and would speak at a special screening of Argo.<ref>[http://www.diariouruguay.com.uy/noticia.php?noticia=5607 Diario Uruguay.  "Chris Terrio, Oscar al mejor guión llega a Uruguay a dar un curso."  March 28, 2013.]</ref> Sociedad Uruguaya reported on April 3, 2013 that Terrio would hold a press conference at the residence of the US Ambassador on April 12, 2013.<ref>[http://www.sociedaduruguaya.org/2013/04/chris-terrio-guionista-de-argo-en-uruguay.html  Sociedad Uruguaya.  "Chris Terrio, guionista de Argo, en Uruguay"  April 3, 2013.]</ref>
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====April 9, 2013: Presentation at the ''Alianza Uruguay Estados Unidos''====
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Montevideo.com reported that Terrio spoke to students from the "Alianza Uruguay Estados Unidos" on April 9, 2013. Terrio told the audience pleasantly that he had grown tired of speaking about ''Argo,''<ref>[http://telenocheonline.com/de-charla-con-chris-terrio/ Telenoche Online.  "De Charla con Chris Terrio" ]</ref> that this would be the last time he would talk about the movie, and that he was happy it was the last time. When asked what makes a good screenplay, Terrio said that the director and actors bring the screenplay to life.  It is easy to be ironic or scornful of actors said Terrio, but when you are in front of a great actor something magical occurs. "The actors are the heroes," said Terrio adding that his greatest personal hero as an actor is Marlon Brando.  Terrio also praised Daniel Day Lewis, Glenn Close, Meryl Streep, and among the new generation Ryan Gosling. When asked what book Terrio would most like to adopt as a screenplay, Terrio said it would without doubt be "Moby Dick," a book that Terrio considers the great story of capitalism.<ref>[http://www.montevideo.com.uy/nottiempolibre_197429_1.html Montevideo.com "Chris y los Argonautas"  April 10, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://fhsi.wordpress.com/the-staten-island-omnibus-incident-that-inspired-herman-melvilles-greatest-novel-artist-recreation/ "The Staten Island Omnibus Incident That Inspired Herman Melville’s Greatest Novel (artist recreation)!"] Note: Herman Melville was once a resident of Staten Island where Terrio grew up and at least one incident that happened to Melville in Staten Island made its way into ''Moby Dick.'' “Oh yes, I had written novels, before I went to Staten Island,” Melville recalled, “but it was in the scheduling office of the omnibus company there that I truly discovered the essence of fiction.”</ref>
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====April 10, 2017: Interview with ''El País''====
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Matías Castro at "El País" reported that Terrio spoke in Spanish at a presentation to the public at Teatro Solís on April 10, 2013. According to Castro, Terrio spent more than an hour telling the details of the writing of the film and also commented on three key scenes of the film. He talked about his vision of the politics of his country, the CIA and interventionism. Terrio said that he has an ambiguous view of respect and criticism; although he emphasized that in this case the agent of the CIA that embodies Ben Affleck had the opportunity to get in a mission where what counts is creativity and not violence and that, in addition, its purpose is to rescue innocent civilians.<ref>[http://www.elpais.com.uy/divertite/cine/chris-terrio-soy-solo-un-estudiante.html El País.  "Chris Terrio: "Soy solo un estudiante" by Matías Castro. April 11, 2013.]</ref><ref>[http://fcd.ort.edu.uy/8985/24/el-guionista-detras-del-guion.html Universidad ORT. "El guionista detrás del guion" by Martín Fernández Navarro. April 17, 2013.]</ref>
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In a subsequent interview with Castro, Terrio said that the work of the director and the screenwriter are entirely separate although symbiotic. Terrio said that he believed that screenwriters need to have the opportunity to hear the actors speaking and saying their lines because this will change the screenwriters way of writing. Terrio said that directors who are also screenwriters write less because they know that the camera can tell stories and it is not  necessary to say everything.  "En Argo hay mucho diálogo, pero también hay muchas secuencias de acción. Creo que el haber trabajado como director me enseñó mucho sobre eso. Todavía tengo mucho para aprender". ''[There is a lot of dialog in ''Argo'' but there are also many action sequences.  I believe tha having worked as a director has taught me a lot about the use of action, although I still have a lot to learn.''] Terrio said that the directors he most admires are ones like Paul Thomas Anderson (''There will be Blood'') who also write their own screenplays. Terrio said that the work of the screenwriter is to provide images without words. "La escritura de guión es una interesante forme de arte porque es una mezcla, un híbrido de dos formas de usar las palabras. Una de ellas es como el trabajo de un pintor que intenta crear imágenes con un significado. Y también está el trabajo de un novelista o de un dramaturgo en el que se intenta recrear un mundo con palabras."  [''Screenwriting is an interesting form of art because it is a hybrid of two forms of writing. One of the forms is that of a painter who tries to create significant images.  The other is that of the novelist or playwrite who attempts to create a wolrd with words."''] Terrio added that when he was writing ''Argo'' one of the points of reference that he took was from [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Costa-Gavras Costa-Gavras'] ''State of Siege'' which takes place in Uruguay.  Another point of reference was from the Italian director [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gillo_Pontecorvo Gillo Pontecorvo].<ref>[http://www.elpais.com.uy/divertite/cine/tengo-mucho-para-aprender.html El País.  "Tengo mucho para aprender"  April 12, 2013.]</ref>
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* Click on the footnote to read the original interview in Spanish.<ref>"Tengo mucho para aprender"
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Con 36 años, el neoyorquino Chris Terrio tiene un Oscar por el libreto de "Argo" aunque su carrera como guionista se ciñe a dos películas. Está en Montevideo y El País tuvo oportunidad de hablar con él tras una charla para todo público.
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"Creo que el trabajo del director y del escritor van por separado. Porque hay una relación simbiótica entre el período en el que estás escribiendo y el momento en que trabajás en un cuarto, escuchando a un actor diciendo sus líneas", explica Terrio. La razón por la que se refiere a esos dos trabajos es que en su carrera ha sido guionista y también dirigió. Solo en dos películas.
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Notoriamente agotado por la agitación de la noche y empujado por el ambiente a su alrededor, Terrio accedió amablemente a responder algunas preguntas. Su visita iba a pasar inicialmente con perfil muy bajo, motivada sobre todo por la amistad que tiene con la embajadora de Estados Unidos, Julissa Reynoso. Sin embargo, aceptó primero hacer una conferencia de prensa, que estaba prevista para hoy a las 10 horas en la residencia de la embajadora, compromiso que luego se tuvo que cancelar. Sí dio el destacado artista una presentación para público en general en el Teatro Solís, que fue presentada por Christian Font al mejor estilo del programa Inside Actors Studio. errio vio cómo su nombre ganaba impacto en todo el mundo gracias al éxito de Argo, la película protagonizada y dirigida por Ben Affleck sobre un operativo de la CIA en 1979 para rescatar seis prófugos estadounidenses refugiados en la embajada de Canadá en Irán. Su libreto ganó el Oscar a Mejor Guión Adaptado ya que se basaba en el libro testimonial de Tony Mendez, el agente que Affleck interpreta.
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El resultado de su trabajo es una mezcla de historia de espías, suspenso con toques de comedia y algo de thriller político. Todo eso corre sobre una base de reconstrucción histórica muy detallada, que se combina con ciertas libertades que despertaron polémicas entre crítica y público.
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Antes de eso, Terrio escribió y dirigió en 2005 la película independiente Heights, ambientada en su Nueva York natal. Fue protagonizada por su amiga Glenn Close (a la que volvió a dirigir en un capítulo de la serie Damages) junto a Elizabeth Banks e Isabella Rosellini. Y a pesar de que le dio la oportunidad de meterse en el alicaído mundillo del cine independiente, no le dio pie para volver a dirigir un largometraje. De hecho, hasta Argo no volvió a escribir otro guión.
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"Creo que los guionistas deberían tener la oportunidad de poder escuchar a los actores hablando y diciendo sus líneas, porque eso cambia tu forma de escribir", comenta sobre cómo su experiencia de director le sirvió para escribir Argo. "Los guionistas que son directores escriben menos, porque saben que la cámara cuenta cosas, uno no tiene que contarle todo. En Argo hay mucho diálogo, pero también hay muchas secuencias de acción. Creo que el haber trabajado como director me enseñó mucho sobre eso. Todavía tengo mucho para aprender".
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"Los directores que más admiro son gente como Paul Thomas Anderson, el director de Petróleo sangriento, que también escribe sus guiones. Anderson, por ejemplo, recibe mucho reconocimiento como director pero rara vez se lo reconoce como escritor. Y cuando ves esa película tiene un guión brillante; cualquier libretista mataría por un guión así".
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DIRIGIENDO. Uno de los puntos que había tocado durante la charla previa, a raíz de una pregunta del público, fue el quiebre de las reglas en su guión hacia el final. La pregunta refería a que casi toda la película se juega hacia el realismo y la reconstrucción histórica, pero en su tramo final se vuelve tensa y apuesta al suspenso puramente cinematográfico en el momento en que los fugitivos intentan salir del país por el aeropuerto. Terrio afirmó que ese cambio había sido intencional y fue motivado por el hecho de que tenían que darle más a los espectadores, ya que se sabe desde el comienzo que escapaban. Además, querían recrear con armas de cine lo que los verdaderos fugitivos sintieron en 1979 cuando sucedieron los hechos.
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"Hay un dramaturgo en mí al que le gustan las conversaciones, las respuestas rápidas y las palabras. Pero pienso que, sobre todo, el trabajo del guionista es darte imágenes sin palabras. La escritura de guión es una interesante forme de arte porque es una mezcla, un híbrido de dos formas de usar las palabras. Una de ellas es como el trabajo de un pintor que intenta crear imágenes con un significado. Y también está el trabajo de un novelista o de un dramaturgo en el que se intenta recrear un mundo con palabras".
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Uno de sus ídolos es el griego Costa-Gavras, también director y libretista. De hecho, sorprendió al comentar que Estado de sitio (1972), película con Yves Montand que se ambientaba en Uruguay, había sido una de las referencias que tomó con Ben Affleck a la hora de pensar ciertas escenas de Argo. También sorprendió al mencionar al italiano Gillo Pontecorvo como otro de sus referentes.
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Terrio ofició como director solamente tres veces. La primera fue en el cortometraje Book of kings, en 2002, la segunda fue con Heights y la tercera fue en 2010, con el episodio I look like Frankenstein, de la serie Damages. Sus guiones son igualmente escasos, ya que escribió el corto y los otros dos largometrajes. Con ese bagaje entre manos, no parece tener intenciones de volver a dirigir un largometraje en lo inmediato.
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"Ahora voy a volver a escribir un guión para Ben Affleck", cuenta sin adelantar el tema ni posibles fechas para la realización de la posible película. "También estoy escribiendo para Paul Greengrass (el director de dos de las tres películas de Bourne con Matt Damon). Y tal vez después de eso vuelva a dirigir. Siento que al escribir me pongo en mi propia escuela de cine, que aprendo a medida que escribo. Y por eso cuando vuelva a dirigir espero ser un mejor director".
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Trabajo extenso, investigando y escribiendo antes y después
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Chris Terrio escuchó por primera vez la historia que cuenta en Argo en 2008, cuando una amiga le hizo llegar un artículo de la revista Wired. Luego descubrió el libro de Tony Mendez y así surgió el proyecto, apadrinado desde el comienzo por George Clooney. Durante esos tres primeros años, dedicados fundamentalmente a la investigación y la escritura, Clooney iba a ser el protagonista. Pero en 2011 Ben Affleck confirmó que actuaría y Clooney quedó solamente como productor. El libretista dedicó buena parte de ese tiempo a aprender sobre cómo funcionaba el mundo en 1979. Contó que incluso tuvo que buscar en revistas un aviso de cierta bebida para comprobar si una alusión brevísima en la película era acertada o no. Hubo mucha investigación en museos de los medios de prensa de Estados Unidos y, por supuesto, entrevistas con los seis rehenes y otros participantes de la operación. "Era la ficción de Ben (Affleck)", comentó en la conferencia. "Pero yo estaba en el rodaje y miraba por el monitor. Si veía que algo no funcionaba, escribía de nuevo la escena. Considero que un guión es como un plano de arquitecto. En el papel eso está bien pero si cuando uno construye las paredes las cosas no salen bien, entonces hay que ajustar el trabajo en el momento". De este modo entre la primera aproximación a la idea hasta el fin del rodaje, el proceso tomó casi cuatro años para 120 minutos de cine.</ref>
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====Interview with Clarin====
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In an interview with Pablo Cohen published in Clarin on August 12, 2017, Terrio said that the challenge in writing ''Argo'' was how to create a classic structure of three acts and at some points insert the most meticulous reality possible and, in others, let the essence of history take over the work, in which the details were less important or that even fiction took its place. Terrio said that it was precisely because of his attraction for details that  at one point his apartment was flooded with yellow post-its.
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Terrio said that to be honest a script like Argo, which contains a lot of dialog is fun and easy for him to write. For example, Terrio said he finds it very easy to write jokes for Alan Arkin.
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When asked by Cohen if a good artist should not only be a retailer but also a neurotic, Terrio responded that he agreed. "I'm a pretty neurotic person and, to be honest, I do not think that while I'm writing, I'm a nice guy to have next. There is a quotation from the poet WH Auden that artists are not good people because they keep the best of themselves for the job. It's not that I'm diabolical, but I can only commit to what I write, and then everything around me is indifferent to me. Besides, I'm neurotic on the set."
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Terrio said that on the set of "Argo" he could not stop biting his nails. "Although Ben (Affleck) is quite neurotic, he also knows how to project peace and balance, which is necessary because the director must create an atmosphere of calmness. In that sense we complement each other very well."
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Terrio said that as a writer he thinks that Paul Thomas Anderson in ''Boogie Nights'' is very intelligent because there it is clear that "he knows perfectly how to elaborate a classic structure in three acts but on the end it offers a scene that, although it seems an arbitrary and too long mess, it is pure cinema and it is very interesting from the atmospheric point of view. In the case of ''Magnolia'' (1999), the whole film is a digression. But, although I like all his films, what I believe to be a true masterpiece is ''Let There Be Blood'' (2007). The script for that movie has its own music."
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Terrio said that Ben Affleck's cinema is related to Clint Eastwood's. "I think what Clint Eastwood has done best is to take generic elements of American cinema, which can range from the western to the action, and give them a humanism they have not had before. And somehow that's what Ben does when he uses his empathy as an actor to achieve the same goal."<ref>[https://www.clarin.com/escenarios/guionista-paranoico-chris-terrio-argo_0_ryruK8sDQe.html Clarin. "Chris Terrio, el guionista paranoico" by Pablo Cohen. August 12, 2013.]</ref>
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* [https://www.clarin.com/escenarios/guionista-paranoico-chris-terrio-argo_0_ryruK8sDQe.html Original Spanish Interview] or click on this footnote.<ref>CUESTION DE ESTRUCTURA
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Cuando la gente observa “Argo” queda claro que quien la ha escrito es una persona preocupada en extremo por los detalles. ¿Siempre ha sido tan minucioso tanto en lo personal como profesionalmente?
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Para mí la macroestructura muchas veces proviene de los “microdetalles”, así que, cuando trabajo, busco detalles que me den una idea de lo que podría ser una gran estructura. Obviamente, en el caso de Argo no pude siempre utilizar la verdad absoluta de la historia.
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¿Eso fue difícil?
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Sí, porque es difícil ser estricto respecto a algunas cosas y luego dejar que la historia fluya con la utilización libre de otros hechos. Así que para mí ahí estaba todo el desafío: cómo crear una estructura clásica de tres actos y en algunos puntos insertarle la realidad más meticulosa que fuera posible y, en otros, dejar que la esencia de la historia se adueñara de la obra, que los detalles fueran menos importantes o que incluso la ficción ocupara el lugar que debía. Precisamente por esa afición por los detalles, en un momento mi apartamento estaba inundado de post-it amarillos. Y para ser sincero debo agregar que un guión como Argo , en el que hay muchos diálogos, cosa que para mí es divertido y fácil de escribir, es más sencillo que gane premios que otros mejores en los que una estructura muy consistente no se vea con facilidad. Por ejemplo, a mí me resulta muy fácil escribir chistes para (el actor) Alan Arkin. Pero darle una verdadera estructura a una película como guionista teniendo en cuenta que, además, mi oficio es un arte híbrido, es lo verdaderamente notable. Y por ello es que admiro tanto a los hermanos Dardenne.
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¿Cree que un buen artista no solo debe ser detallista sino también neurótico?
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Estoy de acuerdo, soy una persona bastante neurótica y, para ser honesto, no creo que mientras estoy escribiendo sea un sujeto agradable para tener al lado. Hay una cita del poeta W. H. Auden según la cual los artistas no son buena gente porque guardan lo mejor de sí mismos para el trabajo. No es que sea diabólico, pero sólo me puedo comprometer con lo que escribo y, entonces, todo lo que me rodea me resulta indiferente. Además, soy neurótico en el set .
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¿En el set de “Argo” usted se volvía loco?
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Totalmente: no paraba de comerme las uñas. A pesar de que Ben (Affleck) es bastante neurótico, también sabe proyectar paz y equilibrio, lo que es necesario porque el director debe crear un ambiente de calma. En ese sentido nos complementamos muy bien.
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Hablemos un poco de Paul Thomas Anderson, un artista que se desempeña al mismo tiempo como director y cineasta y que concilia con inteligencia y sensibilidad la recepción de la crítica con la del público masivo. ¿Por qué usted lo admira y, volviendo a lo estructural, cuál es su película más lograda?
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Creo que Boogie Nights (1997, estrenada entre nosotros como “Juego de placer”) es una película muy lograda. Como escritor pienso que él es muy inteligente porque allí se nota que sabe perfectamente cómo elaborar una estructura clásica en tres actos pero sobre el final ofrece una escena que, aunque parece un lío arbitrario y demasiado largo, para mí es puro cine y resulta muy interesante desde el punto de vista atmosférico. En el caso de Magnolia (1999), toda la película es una digresión. Pero, pese a que me gustan todas sus películas, la que creo que es una auténtica obra maestra es Petróleo sangriento (2007). El guión de ese filme tiene su propia música.
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¿Considera que el cine de Affleck está relacionado con el de Clint Eastwood?
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Sin dudas. Considero que lo que Clint Eastwood ha hecho mejor es llevar elementos genéricos del cine americano, que pueden ir desde el western hasta la acción, y darles un humanismo que no habían tenido antes. Y de alguna manera eso es lo que también hace Ben cuando utiliza su empatía como actor para alcanzar el mismo objetivo.
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Por favor, diga cuál de las dos primeras películas de Ben Affleck le gusta más y por qué.
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Si dieran las dos películas al mismo tiempo en dos televisores distintos, realmente no sé cuál vería; me resulta difícil compararlas. La verdad es que Atracción peligrosa (2010) contiene escenas visualmente hermosas y es estructuralmente muy redonda. Sin embargo, hay escenas y actuaciones en la primera película de Affleck, Desapareció una noche (2007), como la de Amy Ryan, que están entre lo más rico que ha ofrecido Ben a lo largo de su carrera.
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Otro de los cineastas que usted admira es Costa-Gavras, cuya obra tiene un alto porcentaje de paranoia. Así que, más que saber por qué le interesa el director griego, sería interesante que explicara por qué la paranoia le atrae y le parece importante para el cine.
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Hablando de eso, pienso en dos cosas. La primera es que, entre toda la lista de grandes películas paranoicas que hay, Todos los hombres del presidente (1976), de Alan J. Pakula, un director que filmó otras cintas paranoicas, es mi favorita. ¿Por qué? Seguramente porque, mientras tienen lugar diálogos muy sencillos, en una de sus escenas la paranoia se crea meramente a través de la interacción humana. Creo que el cine, en el que la sugestión puede ser clave, es una negociación continua entre lo que se ve y lo que no se ve. Y por eso es que pienso en la segunda cosa, y es que no hay mejor arte para la paranoia que este. Y eso a pesar de Kafka y de su extraordinaria paranoia.
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Para terminar, ¿podría decir si hoy usted es la persona que quería ser cuando era un niño pequeño?
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No, todavía no lo soy. En muchos aspectos aún me considero un aprendiz, lo cual no está mal. Lo cierto es que no he hecho mi trabajo. Pero ya lo haré.
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Ahora sí terminemos. Usted es joven pero, si estuviera muriendo, ¿qué película le gustaría ver?
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¡Oh, Dios, si me estuviera muriendo!
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(Hace una larga pausa) … Dios, eso es difícil, pero seguramente querría algo que no fuera nihilístico ni deprimente sino reafirmante del valor de la vida. En fin, es una pregunta realmente buena (hace otra pausa) … Podría contestarla de una manera cool o pretendidamente inteligente, que sonara bien, pero no sería honesto. El problema es que las películas que me gustan son frecuentemente oscuras. En fin: creo que me gustaría ver videos caseros en los que fueran centrales los recuerdos junto a mis amigos o junto a la gente que he amado. La respuesta es un poco tramposa, pero no quiero ver imágenes de ningún artista que no sea yo en el momento en que muera. Así que me quedaría con mis recuerdos. Y definitivamente tampoco me quedaría con mis obras de ficción, porque en última instancia esto es cine y no música, un terreno donde, por ejemplo, es fácil elegir morir escuchando a Bach.</ref>
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===March 11, 2013: Terrio May Write Screenplay for ''Bunker Hill''===
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On March 11, 2013 Mike Fleming Jr reported that Terrio is attached to write the screenplay for ''Bunker Hill'' about the violent sieges that erupted in Lexington and Concord after a British blockade led to outright war in the Battle of Bunker Hill, a bloody clash that united the colonies and started the war for independence. Terrio will reunite with ''Argo'' director Ben Afleck.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/03/argos-ben-affleck-at-center-of-warner-bros-deal-for-nathaniel-philbrick-book-bunker-hill/ Deadline Hollywood.  "‘Argo’s Ben Affleck At Center Of Warner Bros Deal For Nathaniel Philbrick Book ‘Bunker Hill’" by Mike Fleming Jr.  March 18, 2013.]</ref>
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===February 24, 2013:  Terrio Wins Oscar for Best Adapted Screenplay at 85th Academy Awards===
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* See [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=A_Biography_of_Screenwriter_and_Director_Chris_Terrio#Winning_an_Academy_Award_for_Argo Terrio Wins Academy Award] 
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===February 17, 2013: Terrio Wins the Writers Guild Award for Best Adapted Screenplay===
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On February 17, 2013, Terrio won the Writers Guild Award for Best Adapted Screenplay of 2012.<ref>[http://www.wga.org/wga-awards/nominees-winners.aspx The Writers Guild Awards.  "2013 Nominees and Winners"]</ref> "Everyone has been so calm and collected as if this is something that happens every single day of their lives. I feel like this bird thing (referring to the award), if I leave my window open might get up and fly away to live with David and David and Steven and Tony.  That would be ok because they deserve it. I am so honored to be in the category with you guys. Thank you for making this such a great year for movies," said Terrio in his acceptance of the award.  Terrio thanked his mother who flew in from New York and his agent "who stuck with me when there was very little reason to stick with me" and Josh Berman for "his curiousity and brilliance."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wu1va9SbxH8  You Tube.  "Argo screenwriter Chris Terrio wins the 2013 Writers Guild Award for Adapted Screenplay"  February 17, 2013.]</ref>
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"When I started this in 2008 I couldn't pay my rent and I was living in New York, I defaulted on my student loans and  I had nothing but I had my spec scripts and I had my guild card. I can't tell you how that propped me up that in a very lonely profession I was in the same club as all you guys," continued Terrio. Terrio concluded by thanking Ben Affleck as a fellow WGA member. "This is yours and you are kind a brilliant and a very, very good man."<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wu1va9SbxH8  You Tube.  "Argo screenwriter Chris Terrio wins the 2013 Writers Guild Award for Adapted Screenplay"  February 17, 2013.]</ref>
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===November 29, 2012:  Terrio Signs Two-Script Deal at Warner Bros===
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Borys Kits reported in Hollywood Reporter on November 29, 2012 that Terrio had signed a two-picture blind script pact with Warner Bros. Terrio is expected to tackle the first of the two scripts after he completes penning an untitled crime thriller that reunites him with Argo producers George Clooney and Grant Heslov. Terrio, represented by CAA and Anonymous Content.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/argo-writer-chris-terrio-signs-395731 The Hollywood eporter. "'Argo' Writer Chris Terrio Signs Rich Two-Script Deal at Warner Bros. (Exclusive)" by Borys Kit.  November 29, 2012.]</ref> Terrio insists he hasn't lost his edge after signing the "plum two-picture deal." “It’s not like suddenly my life is glamorous and I have a pool and I’m sipping watermelon margaritas."<ref>[http://www.vogue.com/culture/article/off-camera-a-pregolden-globes-look-at-hollywoods-behind-the-scenes-talent/#1 Vogue.  "Off Camera: A Look at Hollywood's Behind-the-Scenes Talen" by Evelyn Crowley.  January 11, 2013.]</ref>
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Terrio said that he yet know what those films are. "Coming from the New York indie film scene, I had always dreaded the studio system. I thought there’d almost inevitably be this horrible moment where a scene would be re-written to include a CGI monster and a car chase. And yet Warners, probably as a result of the trust they have in Ben, didn’t do that. They left us alone. They said: “Here’s the money, go make a film.” And that’s such a rare thing. It’s the ideal scenario and we all dream about that… that someone will trust you to make a movie. So, I thought I’d be crazy not to sign up to do that again. That being said, maybe in the next movie they’ll need to have a CGI monster marching through a scene… but I hope not!"<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref>
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===October 12, 2012:  Argo Goes into General Release in the United States===
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Argo went into general release in the United States on October 12, 2012.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1024648/releaseinfo IMDb.  "Argo Release Info"]</ref> Argo grossed $19,458,109 in its opening weekend ranking #2 in 3,232 theaters. During its widest release Argo played in  3,247 theaters closing on April 24, 2013 after a run of 195 days / 27.9 weeks. Argo's total lifetime gross was $136,024,128 domestic and $96,300,000 foreign.<ref>[http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=argo.htm Box Office Mojo.  "Argo"]</ref>
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===September, 2012: Terrio Pays Off His Student Loans===
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Scott W. Smith wrote that Terrio's education at Harvard and USC Film School probably cost about $400,000.<ref>[http://screenwritingfromiowa.wordpress.com/2013/02/27/screenwriting-quote-179-chris-terrio/ Screenwriting from Iowa. "Screenwriting Quote #179 (Chris Terrio)" by Scott W. Smith.  February 27, 2013.]</ref> To finance his education, Terrio took on crippling student debt and by 2008 couldn't pay his rent and had defaulted on his student loans.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wu1va9SbxH8 YouTube.  Writers Guild Awards. "Argo screenwriter Chris Terrio wins the 2013 Writers Guild Award. February 17, 2013.]</ref> "It was a weird time for me.  I didn't know what my next job was or how I was going to pay my rent."<ref>[http://www.mydigitalpublication.com/publication/?i=138600&p=28 My Digital Publication.  "You Can't Make This Stuff Up" by Lisa Rosen.]</ref> Although Terrio says that he didn't become a screenwriter to get rich,<ref>Minneapolis Star-Tribune.  "Scaling `Heights'" by Jeff Strickler.  July 1, 2005.</ref>  after his success with ''Argo'' he was finally able to pay off his student debt.  I had "“crippling, crippling debt which I literally paid off two months ago," said Terrio on December 7, 2012.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqeYuWU1Ww8 DP/30.  "An Interview with Chris Terrio" by David Poland.  December 7, 2012.]</ref>
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Terrio told ''Indie London'' in 2013 that when he was at Cambridge in 2000 trying to decide to make films or not, he knew that he was probably looking at ten years of poverty before he had a chance to earn a living with his scriptwriting. "I was sort of pulling my hair out, questioning whether I really could try to make a go of it as a writer. I remember I used to come down to the cinema here and spend many hours trying to get up the courage to decide to commit to possibly 10 years of starving and not paying the rent in order to write scripts."<ref>[http://www.indielondon.co.uk/DVD-Review/argo-chris-terrio-interview-exclusive Indie London.  "Argo - Chris Terrio interview" Interview by Rob Carnevale.]</ref>
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===August 31, 2012:  Argo Gets First Showing at Telluride Film Festival===
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[[Image:Ben affleck telluride.JPG|thumb|550px|Argo had its first release at the Tellurdie Film Festival on August 31, 2012.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1024648/releaseinfo IMDb.  "Argo Release Info"]</ref> Ben Affleck appears on a panel at the Telluride film festival on September 2, 2012.  PhotoCredit: [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Telluride_panel_2012.JPG Philippa Kowarsky] Wikimedia licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.]]
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Argo, filmed from Terrio's screenplay, had its first public showing at the Telluride Film Festival on August 31, 2012.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1024648/releaseinfo IMDb.  "Argo Release Info"]</ref> Glenn Whipp wrote in the Los Angeles Times on August 31, 2012 that "the closing credits on Ben Affleck's period thriller "Argo" hadn't even rolled at Friday evening's Telluride Film Festival screening before audience members were signaling their thunderous approval." "Applause in the middle of the movie. Hearing nothing but 'wow' and 'outstanding' outside the theater. A big hit," tweeted Hitfix's awards columnist Kris Tapley. "Entertaining combo of political intrigue/Hollywood satire," tweeted IndieWire critic Eric Kohn. "Alan Arkin/J. Goodman steal show. A crowd pleasing 'Wag the Dog.'" "'Argo' seems to be coming out of the gate as an Oscar contender," concluded Whipp.<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2012/aug/31/entertainment/la-et-mn-argo-telluride-20120831 Los Angeles Times.  "Argo' wows at Telluride Film Festival" by Glenn Whipp.  August 31, 2012.]</ref>
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===March 15, 2010: Terrio Directs Glenn Close in Episode of ''Damages''===
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In 2010, Terrio reunited with Glenn Close who he had worked with on ''The Divorce'' and ''Heights'' when he directed "I Look Like Frankenstein," Episode 8 in Season 3 of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damages_(TV_series) Damages] on FX.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Wikipedia.  "chris Terrio"  retrieved May 23, 2013.]</ref>
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===November 10, 2007: Interview with James Ivory===
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On November 10, 2007 Terrio interviewed James Ivory at Time and Space Limited, a cultural center in Hudson, NY as part of the Columbia County Historical Society's distinguished author series. Ivory said that he “tweaked the format” and got Terrio to do the interview. “I thought it would be more interesting to have a director, a young director, that we had worked with instead of a film critic or film historian,” said Ivory, adding that film clips of his work would be shown. “It’s up to Chris to decide, but ideally it would be one from our American Period, one from our Indian period, one from our French period and one from our English period.”<ref>[http://www.andrewamelinckx.com/writing/interviews/5-james-ivory.html The Register-Star.  "James Ivory: The inspiration behind the films" by Andrew Amelinckx.  Noember 5, 2007.]</ref>
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===November, 2007: Poetry Reading of Pier Paolo Pasolini===
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Pier Paolo Pasolini thanked Terrio in the introduction to his book "The Selected Poetry of Pier Paolo Pasolini: A Bilingual Edition" for lending his voice to some of Pasolini's poems at a public reading in late November, 2007 at the Italian Cultural Institute of New York as part of a Pasolini festival in New York entitled "poet of Ashes."<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=dmUIBAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=%22chris+terrio%22&ots=b-syVA6Qka&sig=jE4ZkJwdi667Hvwm1KBTx5ERh1c#v=onepage&q=%22chris%20terrio%22&f=false "The Selected Poetry of Pier Paolo Pasolini: A Bilingual Edition" by Pier Paolo Pasolini. Page XVI.  April 2013.]</ref>
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==Awards==
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* Terrio won a $2,500 Thomas Temple Hoopes Prize, an award at Harvard for excellence in scholarly work and research, for for his senior thesis entitled "'The Greatest Book in the World': Toward Virginia Woolf's Literary Phenomenology" together with his supervisor Professor William Handley.<ref>[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1997/05.29/HoopesPrizesGoT.html Harvard News. "Hoopes Prizes Go To Undergraduates and Thesis Advisers"  May 29, 1997.]</ref>
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* ''Book of Kings'' won the award for best short at the Santa Fe Film Festival in 2002<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Fe_Film_Festival Wikipedia. "Santa Fe Film Festival"  retrieved July 7, 2013.]</ref>
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* ''Book of Kings'' won the award for the award for best short at the Deauville Film Festival in 2002.<ref>[http://movies.toptenreviews.com/reviews/mr45114.htm Top Ten Reviews.  "Book of Kings (2002)"]</ref>
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* ''Argo'' won the 25th Annual USC Libraries Scripter Award for best literary movie adaptation in 2013. The award was shared with authors Joshuah Bearman (the Wired article “The Great Escape”) and Antonio J. Mendez (Penguin book The Master Of Disguise) who provided the original source material.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/02/argo-wins-2013-scripter-award-chris-terrio-joshuah-bearman-antonio-j-mendez/ Deadline.  "‘Argo’ Writers Win 2013 Scripter Award: Chris Terrio, Joshuah Bearman, Antonio J. Mendez" by Christy Grosz.  February 9, 2013.]</ref>
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* Terrio won the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_Award_for_Best_Adapted_Screenplay Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay]<ref>http://www.oscars.org/</ref> on February 24, 2013, for his  screenplay for ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argo_(2012_film) Argo]''—which was directed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Affleck Ben Affleck], and released by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warner_Bros._Pictures Warner Bros. Pictures].
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* At the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/70th_Golden_Globe_Awards 70th Golden Globe Awards] Terrio was nominated for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Globe_Award_for_Best_Screenplay Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay].
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* The Argo script brought Terrio a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BAFTA BAFTA] nomination.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Wikipedia. "Chris Terrio"  retrieved May 23, 2013.]</ref>
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* Terrio won the 2013 Los Angeles Film Critics Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Terrio Wikipedia. "Chris Terrio"  retrieved May 23, 2013.]</ref> 
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* Terrio won a Writers Guild of America Award in 2013 in the category of Best Adapted Screenplay for a Motion Picture for  ''Argo'' based on a selection from The Master of Disguise by Antonio J. Mendez and the Wired Magazine article “The Great Escape” by Joshuah Bearman.<ref>[http://www.deadline.com/2013/02/wga-awards-2013-winners-west-coast-list/ Deadline.  "WGA Awards Winners: ‘Zero Dark Thirty’s Mark Boal, ‘Argo’s Chris Terrio, ‘Breaking Bad’, ‘Louie’, ‘Girls’, ‘Portlandia’, ‘Searching For Sugar Man’s Malik Bendjelloul (LIVE)" by Nikki Pinke.  February 17, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
==Personal==
 
==Personal==
Line 554: Line 1,237:
  
 
Cindy Adams, gossip columnist for the New York Post, wrote in 2005 at the New York premier of ''Heights'' that when she first met Terrio in 2002 "He was then a hot 25. And fresh from film school. He's now a hotter 28."<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wondrous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref>
 
Cindy Adams, gossip columnist for the New York Post, wrote in 2005 at the New York premier of ''Heights'' that when she first met Terrio in 2002 "He was then a hot 25. And fresh from film school. He's now a hotter 28."<ref>New York Post.  "View of Wondrous Heights" by Cindy Adams.  June 16, 2005.</ref>
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According to Fred Schruers, Terrio conveys a likable intensity and a subdued, wry wit. That became clear when, intending to text his publicist to set up a meeting for an interview in 2013, Terrio accidentally sent the text to Schruers. "Do we really need to make this guy drive across town in the rain?" Terrio messaged. "Why don't I meet him halfway?" "In a milieu in which such messages are generally complaints about the subject's fizzy water having gone flat," writes Schruers, "such consideration for another comes as a surprise."<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2013/jan/17/news/la-en-chris-terrio-20130117 Los Angeles Times.  "'Argo' writer Chris Terrio on Affleck collaboration" by Fred Schruers.  February 13, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
==Timeline==
 
==Timeline==
Line 632: Line 1,317:
 
==Future Research==
 
==Future Research==
 
*[http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Talk:A_Biography_of_Screenwriter_and_Director_Chris_Terrio Research Issues and Areas of Future Research in the Biography of Chris Terrio]
 
*[http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Talk:A_Biography_of_Screenwriter_and_Director_Chris_Terrio Research Issues and Areas of Future Research in the Biography of Chris Terrio]
 
==Afterword from the Author==
 
[[Image:Poncaphoto08.jpg|thumb|550px|'''Ponca City Main Street Veteran's Day Parade.''' My interest in Terrio began when I started to [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=EW_Marland,_Ponca_City,_and_the_Upcoming_Movie_%22The_Ends_of_the_Earth%22 put together an article about the making of the movie] "The Ends of the Earth" on May 23, 2013. My interest in the movie was obvious because I was born and raised in Ponca City, I love this city, and I returned to live in Ponca City after a 40 year absence. Photo: [http://hughpickens.com Hugh Pickens]]]
 
[[Image:Pioneerwomanmodels01.jpg|thumb|550px|'''Statue of Marland On Ponca City Town Square''' Terrio's movie, "The Ends of the Earth," will be made about our local hero, E. W. Marland, and will have a huge effect on how the rest of the country perceives our city's history. Photo: [http://hughpickens.com Hugh Pickens]]]
 
===Interest in Terrio===
 
My interest in writing an article about Chris Terrio began when I started to [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=EW_Marland,_Ponca_City,_and_the_Upcoming_Movie_%22The_Ends_of_the_Earth%22 put together an article about the making of the movie] "The Ends of the Earth" on May 23, 2013. My interest in the movie came about because I was born and raised in Ponca City, I love this community, I returned to live in Ponca after a 40 year absence, and this movie about our local hero, E. W. Marland will have a big effect on how the rest of the country perceives our community and its history.
 
 
As I began putting together my article I started to write short biographies about each of the major contributors to the movie including both on-screen talent and talent behind the scenes.  I was soon confronted with the paradox that while there was already overwhelming amounts of information available for several of the major players, there  was a dearth of information about other contributors who were just as important. There was too much information available on Jennifer Lawrence, Harvey Weinstein, and David O. Russell so I simply used what I found on Wikipedia and pared it down. However, when I began to write about Chris Terrio, the major contributor to the movie as the author of the screenplay about Marland, I found that there was [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chris_Terrio&oldid=551886696 relatively little biographical information available about him] and that no one had yet put together a comprehensive overview of his life, his evolution as a writer, or his career trajectory. So on July 3, 2013 I began to put together a separate article on Terrio.
 
 
===Why I Enjoy Writing This Kind of Article===
 
During the time I spent working on Wikipedia in 2007 and 2008 I [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Reservoirhill created and/or made major contributions] to articles about Jack Vaughn, Joseph Blatchford, Kevin O'Donnell, Carolyn R. Payton, Loret Miller Ruppe, Paul Coverdell, Mark Gearan, Mark L. Schneider, Gaddi Vasquez, Ron Tschetter, Amy B. Smith, Christopher R. Hill, M. Peter McPherson, Mae Jemison, Reed Hastings, Robert Blackwill, Timothy Crouse, Philip Goldberg, Michael Retzer, Bennett Haselton, E. W. Marland, Robert S. Kerr, T. Boone Pickens, Josué Sánchez, Tania Libertad, Daniel Alomía Robles, Cindy Blackman, Dennis James, Esperanza Spalding, Imani Coppola, Marie Daulne, Nkechi Ka Egenamba, Terry Fator, Rick Benjamin, Lindsay Crouse, Pamela Isaacs, and Marsha Hunt. Most of these are names that are not familiar to the general public but they are people who have great importance in their own specialized fields.
 
 
As I wrote on [http://peacecorpsonline.typepad.com/poncacityweloveyou/2007/11/writing-for-wik.html November 3, 2007 in ''Why I Enjoy Writing for Wikipedia,''] "what I enjoy doing is in-depth research on one person.  I like to find someone, an artist, a politician, a former Peace Corps Director, or an Oklahoman, that I like and am interested in learning more about and write their biography from scratch. First I think of someone I would like to write about, then I go to Wikipedia and see if there is a story started about them already but a story that is incomplete.  What I like is to find a story that is just getting started.  When I go to an article on Wikipedia about someone known best by a small group, and I find only a few sentences written down, then I know I have struck gold.  That's the story I want to write."<ref>[http://peacecorpsonline.typepad.com/poncacityweloveyou/2007/11/writing-for-wik.html Ponca City, We Love You.  " Writing for Wikipedia" by Hugh Pickens.  November 3, 2007.]</ref>
 
 
===Methodology Used===
 
Terrio's life history met those criteria so I began tracking down references, news reports, interviews, and movie reviews related to him.  The methodology that I follow for putting together an article is an iterative process which the Wikimedia software particularly facilitates.  First I will find and archive resources and raw materials for the article in a database. Then I put them into a chronological framework in Wikimedia.  The missing points in the chronological outline will then suggest other avenues of interest so I will repeat the process incorporating new information into the framework, then modifying the framework as new information comes available.
 
 
I was also very encouraged because as I was writing I was contacted by Terrio's research assistant. He had seen some of [http://poncacityweloveyou.com/ the articles I had already done about E. W. Marland and Ponca City] through his searches on the internet and was interested in finding out more about Lydie Marland so that Terrio could put the finishing touches on his screenplay about Marland. Terrio's research assistant and I have communicated extensively and while I was able to help him learn more about Lydie and E. W. Marland, I was able to learn from him about Terrio's background and the process Terrio follows in writing his screenplays.  I need to make clear however that although I have learned a lot from my interactions with Terrio's research assistant, I have been very scrupulous in not using any of the information gained from those interactions directly in the writing of my article and have only incorporated information from publicly available and verifiable sources. That is one reason why every statement in my article has a footnote that shows the source of the information. Private information stays private.
 
 
===Emergent Biographical Properties===
 
What I find most interesting about assembling a biographical article like this one is witnessing the evolution of an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergence emergent] narrative from the relatively simple interactions of uncomplicated factual statements. We [http://www.amazon.com/The-Writers-Journey-Structure-Edition/dp/193290736X understand the world through storytelling] but whether we selectively remember our lives as narratives or whether narratives guide our life choices is a question for philosophers. In the narrative of Terrio's life which emerged from my research, you have a man who from a very early age has a dream, dedicates himself and [http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/StarvingArtist makes sacrifices to follow his dream], has initial success then decides to change his path and [http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/TheHerosJourney embarks on a journey], and finally after years of struggle reemerges to even greater success. It is a classic American story and it is obvious from my research that Terrio still dreams big and will go on to even greater accomplishments in the future. What has most appealed to me in writing about Terrio has been that Terrio has repeatedly put the integrity of his artistic vision above material success and that the well-deserved rewards and recognition he is now receiving are the product of his years of preparation, struggle, and sacrifice.
 
 
At this point I consider the article about Terrio completed. If there are errors in the article, they are errors not of consistency but of omission.  Since I have used only publicly available resources the missing parts of this study are the things that Terrio hasn't talked about or that the people who have interviewed him have failed to elicit. If this article were going to be expanded into a full scale biography, someone would need to interview Terrio and start interviewing people who knew him at different stages of his life.  That is not something that I am going to do because I don't have the time or the resources and at my age investigative journalism is really not something that I find rewarding.  I have taken the article as far as I can at this point and I don't think there are any major aspects to Terrio's public life that have gone undiscovered. The only additional work I plan to put into this article is to spend a few minutes every week maintaining it by incorporating new material about Terrio the same as I do for my articles about [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=A_Biography_of_Jon_Carson,_Executive_Director_of_Organizing_for_Action Jon Carson], [http://honorponcacity.com Phillips 66], and the [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=EW_Marland_and_%22The_Ends_of_the_Earth%22 making of the movie "The Ends of the Earth"].
 
 
Writing this article has been a rewarding journey for me as well. Thank you, Chris Terrio, for your dreams, the way you have achieved them, and the hours of joy you have given me discovering and documenting them. I wish you good fortune in the future.
 
 
Best Regards,
 
 
 
 
Hugh Pickens
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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==About the Author==
 
==About the Author==
 
[[Image:Reservoir Hill.jpg|thumb|right|450px|Hugh Pickens]]
 
[[Image:Reservoir Hill.jpg|thumb|right|450px|Hugh Pickens]]
[http://hughpickens.com Hugh Pickens] (Po-Hi '67) is a physicist who has explored for oil in the Amazon jungle, crossed the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rub'_al_Khali empty quarter of Saudi Arabia], and [http://project-tools.com/projects.htm built satellite control stations for Goddard Space Flight Center] all over the world. Retired in 1999, Pickens and his wife moved from Baltimore back to his hometown of Ponca City, Oklahoma in 2005 where he cultivates his square foot garden, mows [https://www.google.com/maps/preview#!q=2301+Donner+Ave%2C+Ponca+City%2C+OK&data=!1m8!1m3!1d3!2d-97.052085!3d36.733001!2m2!1f349.46!2f95.82!4f75!2m7!1e1!2m2!1svvDhInRwrcsKtmDssDlMoQ!2e0!5m2!1svvDhInRwrcsKtmDssDlMoQ!2e0!4m15!2m14!1m13!1s0x87b0f527d270150b%3A0xc6f2815ca3b9fd20!3m8!1m3!1d229448!2d-122.2366068!3d47.6290804!3m2!1i1423!2i1024!4f13.1!4m2!3d36.733934!4d-97.052318&fid=5 nine acres of lawn], [http://poncacityweloveyou.com writes about local history] and [http://flickr.com/photos/20881138@N00/sets/ photographs events] at the Poncan Theatre and [http://thebrokenstatue.com Ponca Playhouse].
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[http://hughpickens.com Hugh Pickens] (Po-Hi '67) is a physicist who has explored for oil in the Amazon jungle, crossed the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rub'_al_Khali empty quarter of Saudi Arabia], and [http://project-tools.com/projects.htm built satellite control stations for Goddard Space Flight Center] all over the world. Retired in 1999, Pickens and his [http://www.thefreelibrary.com/GREEN+SPRING+NAMES+PICKENS+VICE+PRESIDENT+OF+PHYSICIAN+SERVICES-a018294703 wife] moved from Baltimore back to his hometown of Ponca City, Oklahoma in 2005 where he cultivates his square foot garden, mows [https://www.google.com/maps/preview#!q=2301+Donner+Ave%2C+Ponca+City%2C+OK&data=!1m8!1m3!1d3!2d-97.052085!3d36.733001!2m2!1f349.46!2f95.82!4f75!2m7!1e1!2m2!1svvDhInRwrcsKtmDssDlMoQ!2e0!5m2!1svvDhInRwrcsKtmDssDlMoQ!2e0!4m15!2m14!1m13!1s0x87b0f527d270150b%3A0xc6f2815ca3b9fd20!3m8!1m3!1d229448!2d-122.2366068!3d47.6290804!3m2!1i1423!2i1024!4f13.1!4m2!3d36.733934!4d-97.052318&fid=5 nine acres of lawn], [http://poncacityweloveyou.com writes about local history], [http://flickr.com/photos/20881138@N00/sets/ photographs events] at the Poncan Theatre and, with his wife, produce the annual [http://oklahomapride.com Oklahoma Pride] series at [http://thebrokenstatue.com Ponca Playhouse].
  
Since 2001 Pickens has edited and published [http://peacecorpsonline.org/frontpage/index.html “Peace Corps Online,”] serving over one million monthly pageviews. His other writing includes contributing over 1,500 stories to [http://hughpickens.com/slashdot/ “Slashdot: News for Nerds,”] and articles for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Reservoirhill Wikipedia], [http://poncacityweloveyou.com “Ponca City, We Love You”], and [http://peacecorpsworldwide.org/pickens-writes-writes/ Peace Corps Worldwide].
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In 1996, Pickens edited and published [http://www.amazon.com/My-Life-Review-Have-Lucky/dp/0965560198 ''My Life In Review: Have I Been Lucky of What?''], the memoirs of Jack Crandall, professor of history at SUNY Brockport. Since 2001 Pickens has edited and published [http://peacecorpsonline.org/frontpage/index.html “Peace Corps Online,”] serving over one million monthly pageviews. Pickens' other writing includes contributing [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Hugh_Pickens%27_Stories_on_Slashdot over 2,000 stories to “Slashdot: News for Nerds,”] and articles for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Reservoirhill Wikipedia], [http://poncacityweloveyou.com “Ponca City, We Love You”], and [http://peacecorpsworldwide.org/pickens-writes-writes/ Peace Corps Worldwide]. Pickens can be contacted at hughpickens@gmail.com.
  
===Articles about Ponca City===
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===History, Biography, and Politics===
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Jon_Carson Jon Carson -The Man Who Won the Presidential Nomination for Barack Obama]  (>300,000 pageviews)
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Stanley_Ann_Dunham Barack Obama's Mother Grew Up in Ponca City] February 6, 2009 (>120,000 pageviews)
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=America%27s_Fresh_Water_Submarines America's Fresh Water Submarines in World War II] (>40,000 pageviews)
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*[http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Chris_Terrio:_A_Biography_of_the_Director_and_Academy_Award_Winning_Screenwriter&oldid=5921 Academy Award Winning Screenwriter Chris Terrio] (>90,000 pageviews)
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=What_happened_to_Okies_after_%22The_Grapes_of_Wrath%22 What Happened to Okies after "The Grapes of Wrath"]
 +
 
 +
===Science and Technology===
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Hugh_Pickens%27_Stories_on_Slashdot Stories on Slashdot]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Hugh_Pickens%27_Stories_on_Soylent Stories on Soylent News]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=NASA%27s_GRO_Remote_Terminal_System_(GRTS) Building NASA's GRO Remote Terminal System (GRTS) in Australia]
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Writing_for_Slashdot Why I enjoy Writing for Slashdot]
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* [http://peacecorpsonline.typepad.com/poncacityweloveyou/2007/11/writing-for-wik.html Why I enjoy Writing for Wikipedia]
 +
 
 +
===Business===
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=An_Independent_Evaluation_of_Phillips_66,_its_Business_Strategy,_and_Execution#Introduction An Independent Evaluation of Phillips 66, its Business Strategy, and Execution] (>380,000 pageviews)
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* [http://poncarefinery.com A History of the Ponca Refinery in Ponca City] (>160,000 pageviews)
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* [http://tingmodel.com A Financial Model for Tucows and Ting] (>180,000 pageviews)
 +
 
 +
===Ponca City, Oklahoma===
 +
* [http://poncacityweloveyou.com Ponca City, We Love You]
 
* [http://www.pioneerwomanmodels.com/ The Pioneer Woman Models Should Return to Ponca City] July 13, 2007
 
* [http://www.pioneerwomanmodels.com/ The Pioneer Woman Models Should Return to Ponca City] July 13, 2007
 
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=The_Pioneer_Woman_Models_Come_Home The Pioneer Woman Models Come Home to Ponca City] February 26, 2010
 
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=The_Pioneer_Woman_Models_Come_Home The Pioneer Woman Models Come Home to Ponca City] February 26, 2010
 
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Stanley_Ann_Dunham President Barack Obama's Mother Grew Up in Ponca City] February 6, 2009
 
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Stanley_Ann_Dunham President Barack Obama's Mother Grew Up in Ponca City] February 6, 2009
 
* [http://peacecorpsonline.org/standingbear/ Standing Bear Looks to the Future]
 
* [http://peacecorpsonline.org/standingbear/ Standing Bear Looks to the Future]
* [[What to See in Ponca City]]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=What_to_See_in_Ponca_City What to See in Ponca City]
 
* [http://thebrokenstatue.com/ Ponca Playhouse to Present "The Broken Statue"] January 17, 2012
 
* [http://thebrokenstatue.com/ Ponca Playhouse to Present "The Broken Statue"] January 17, 2012
* [[What Ponca City Owes EW Marland]] June 20, 2012
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=What_Ponca_City_Owes_EW_Marland What Ponca City Owes EW Marland] June 20, 2012
* [http://honorponcacity.com How Much Money Does the Marland Refinery in Ponca City Earn for Phillips 66?] July 23, 2012
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=An_Independent_Evaluation_of_Phillips_66,_its_Business_Strategy,_and_Execution#How_Much_Money_Does_the_Marland_Refinery_in_Ponca_City_Earn_for_Phillips_66.3F How Much Money Does the Marland Refinery in Ponca City Earn for Phillips 66?] July 23, 2012
 
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=EW_Marland_and_%22The_Ends_of_the_Earth%22 EW Marland and the Movie "The Ends of the Earth"] May 23, 2013
 
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=EW_Marland_and_%22The_Ends_of_the_Earth%22 EW Marland and the Movie "The Ends of the Earth"] May 23, 2013
  
===Other Writing===
+
===Peace Corps Writing===
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Jon_Carson Jon Carson is Head of Obama's "Organizing for Action"]
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* [http://peacecorpsonline.org Peace Corps Online]
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=A_Biography_of_Screenwriter_and_Director_Chris_Terrio Academy Award Winner Chris Terrio Writes Screenplay about E.W. Marland]
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* [http://peacecorpslibrary.org/ Peace Corps Library]
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=America%27s_Fresh_Water_Submarines America's Fresh Water Submarines in World War II]
+
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Peace_Corps_Director_Aaron_Williams Peace Corps Director Aaron Williams]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=The_Peace_Corps_Sharp_Incident_in_Kazahkstan The Peace Corps "Sharp Incident" in Kazakhstan]
 
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=The_Peace_Corps_Sharp_Incident_in_Kazahkstan The Peace Corps "Sharp Incident" in Kazakhstan]
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Writing_for_Slashdot Why I enjoy Writing for Slashdot]
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* [http://peacecorpswriters.org/pages/2001/0111/111hpnogv.html Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing on the Nominee for Peace Corps Director]
* [http://peacecorpsonline.typepad.com/poncacityweloveyou/2007/11/writing-for-wik.html Why I enjoy Writing for Wikipedia]
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* [http://peacecorpsonline.org/messages/messages/2629/3212158.html An Interview with Peace Corps Director Ron Tschetter]
 +
* [http://peacecorpsonline.org/messages/messages/2629/2023627.html An Interview with Peace Corps Director Gaddi Vasquez]
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Peace_Corps_Director_Aaron_Williams A Profile of Peace Corps Director Aaron Williams]
 +
 
 +
===Personal Essays===
 
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Death_Be_Not_Proud Death Be Not Proud]
 
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Death_Be_Not_Proud Death Be Not Proud]
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=My_Favorite_Christmas My Favorite Christmas]
 
* [http://reservoirhill.org A Victorian Mansion in Baltimore's Reservoir Hill]
 
* [http://reservoirhill.org A Victorian Mansion in Baltimore's Reservoir Hill]
* [http://peacecorpswriters.org/pages/2001/0111/111hpnogv.html Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing on the Nominee for Peace Corps Director]
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*[http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Remembering_John_D_MacDonald_and_His_House_on_Siesta_Key Remembering John D MacDonald and His House on Siesta Key]
 +
 
 +
===Phillips 66===
 +
[[Image:Phillips conoco 1.jpg|thumb|right|350px|Conoco and Phillips 66 announced on November 18, 2001 that their boards of directors had unanimously approved a definitive agreement for a "merger of equals". The merged company, ConocoPhillips, became the third-largest integrated U.S. energy company based on market capitalization and oil and gas reserves and production.  On November 11, 2011 ConocoPhillips announced that Phillips 66 would be the name of a new independent oil and gasoline refining and marketing firm, created as ConocoPhillips split into two companies. ConocoPhillips kept the current name of the company and concentrated on oil exploration and production side while Phillips 66 included refining, marketing, midstream, and chemical portions of the company. Photo: [http://hughpickens.com Hugh Pickens] all rights reserved.]]
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For nearly 100 years oil refining has provided the bedrock of Ponca City's local economy and shaped the character of our community. Today the Ponca City Refinery is  the best run and most profitable of Phillips 66's fifteen worldwide refineries. The purpose of this collection of reports is to provide a comprehensive overview of Phillips 66's business  that documents and explains the company's business strategy and execution of that strategy.
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{|style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px"
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|-style="vertical-align:top;"
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|scope="col" width="350px"|'''<span style="color:#0000FF">Safety, Environment, Legal</span>'''
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Safety_and_Environmental_Issues_at_Phillips_66#Safety_and_Environment Safety and Environment] - [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Deaths_and_Injuries_at_Phillips_Refineries_and_Chemical_Plants#Deaths_and_Injuries_at_Phillips_Refineries_and_Chemical_Plants Deaths and Injuries]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Litigation_and_Legal_Issues_at_Phillips_66#Litigation_and_Legal_Issues_with_Phillips Litigation and Legal Issues with Phillips 66]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Operational_Excellence_at_Phillips_66#Operational_Excellence Operational Excellence]
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Technology_Development_at_Phillips_66#Technology_Development Technology Development]
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Labor_Relations_at_Phillips_66#Labor_Relations_and_Issues_with_Employees Labor Relations and Human Resources]
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Labor_Relations_at_Phillips_66#Employee_Benefits Employee Benefits]
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Government_Relations_at_Phillips_66#Government_Relations Government Relations]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Media_Relations_and_Public_Relations_at_Phillips_66#Public_Relations_and_Media_Relations Media Relations and Public Relations]
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Philanthropic_and_Community_Benefits_at_Phillips_66#Philanthropic_and_Community_Benefits Philanthropic and Community Benefits]
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 +
<html><HR></html>
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'''<span style="color:#0000FF">Corporate</span>'''
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*[http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=An_Independent_Evaluation_of_Phillips_66,_its_Business_Strategy,_and_Execution#Creation_of_Phillips_66 Creation of Phillips 66]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=An_Independent_Evaluation_of_Phillips_66,_its_Business_Strategy,_and_Execution#Governance_of_Phillips_66 Governance of Phillips 66]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=An_Independent_Evaluation_of_Phillips_66,_its_Business_Strategy,_and_Execution#Greg_Garland.2C_Chairman.2C_President_and_CEO_of_Phillips_66 CEO Greg Garland] - [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=An_Independent_Evaluation_of_Phillips_66,_its_Business_Strategy,_and_Execution#Jim_Mulva.2C_Chairman_and_CEO_of_ConocoPhillips Jim Mulva]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=An_Independent_Evaluation_of_Phillips_66,_its_Business_Strategy,_and_Execution#Board_of_Directors Phillips 66 Board of Directors]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=An_Independent_Evaluation_of_Phillips_66,_its_Business_Strategy,_and_Execution#Management_and_Governance_Effectiveness_at_Phillips_66 Management Effectiveness]
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<html><HR></html>
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 +
'''<span style="color:#0000FF">Strategic and Financial</span>'''
 +
* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=An_Independent_Evaluation_of_Phillips_66,_its_Business_Strategy,_and_Execution#Strategic_Vision_for_Phillips_66 Strategic Vision for Phillips 66]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=Phillips_66_Capital_Programs#Phillips_Capital_Programs Phillips 66 Capital Programs]
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* [http://researchandideas.com/index.php?title=An_Independent_Evaluation_of_Phillips_66,_its_Business_Strategy,_and_Execution#Financial_Stability_of_Phillips_66_and_Risk_Management Financial Stability]
 +